After Newton died in 1727, a monument was erected in the Scientist's Corner of Westminster Abbey. It was decorated with a pile of four books and adorned with cherubs holding a prism, a telescope and newly minted coins. The implication is clear. Newton's towering intellect and god-given gift for creative thinking was the origin of his inspiration. Not far away, at the front of the monument to Newton, is the tomb of Charles Darwin, who published On the Origin of Species, which first discussed the evolution of man. The proximity of the monuments is telling. If we are to define the single, most unique human attribute evolution has produced, it must be our ability to think creatively. Thinking is the ultimate human resource. Breaking through the barriers posed by dogma, and reaching beyond the limits of established patterns of thinking to discover what is new and useful is the engine that drives society. This book, which had its genesis in a conference organized by Karl Pfenninger, and held at Aspen, Colorado, entitled 'Higher brain function, art and science: an interdisciplinary examination of the creative process', brings together articles by thirteen contributors from the fields of science, art and music. Two of the contributors have been awarded Nobel prizes, and all are distinguished representatives of their fields. The Origins of Creativity is organized around four central themes of creativity: the creative experience in art and science; the biologicalbasis of imagination, emotion and reason; creative powers and the environment; and the mind's perception of patterns. The views of artists, who couch their ideas in more metaphorical language, mingle with the analytical thoughts of scientists who strive to understand how the brain generates images and ideas. The voices of creators - artist, scientist, mathematician - and of those who study creative activity - neuroscientist, psychologist, philosopher - generate a broad spectrum of views on creativity whose integration offers new insights and becomes a creative act in itself. This book offers insights into the origins of human creativity to scientists, artists, and general readers. Its inter-disciplinary authorship presents a uniquely broad perspective on current research, and the style throughout is accessible and engaging.
An eloquent exploration of creativity, The Origins of Creativity grapples with the question of how this uniquely human expression—so central to our identity as individuals and, collectively, as a species—came about and how it has manifested itself throughout the history of our species. In this profound and lyrical book, one of our most celebrated biologists offers a sweeping examination of the relationship between the humanities and the sciences: what they offer to each other, how they can be united, and where they still fall short. Both endeavours, Edward O. Wilson reveals, have their roots in human creativity—the defining trait of our species. Reflecting on the deepest origins of language, storytelling, and art, Wilson demonstrates how creativity began not ten thousand years ago, as we have long assumed, but over one hundred thousand years ago in the Paleolithic age. Chronicling this evolution of creativity from primate ancestors to humans, The Origins of Creativity shows how the humanities, spurred on by the invention of language, have played a largely unexamined role in defining our species. And in doing so, Wilson explores what we can learn about human nature from a surprising range of creative endeavors—the instinct to create gardens, the use of metaphors and irony in speech, and the power of music and song. Our achievements in science and the humanities, Wilson notes, make us uniquely advanced as a species, but also give us the potential to be supremely dangerous, most worryingly in our abuse of the planet. The humanities in particular suffer from a kind of anthropomorphism, encumbered by a belief that we are the only species among millions that seem to matter, yet Wilson optimistically reveals how researchers will have to address this parlous situation by pushing further into the realm of science, especially fields such as evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and anthropology. With eloquence and humanity, Wilson calls for a transformational "Third Enlightenment," in which the blending of these endeavors will give us a deeper understanding of the human condition and our crucial relationship with the natural world.
Die wunderbare Welt der Pflanzen. Aus dem Leben einer leidenschaftlichen Forscherin
Author: Hope Jahren
Eine hinreißende Geschichte über Pflanzen, Liebe und die Wissenschaft Hope Jahren hat das, wovon viele Menschen träumen: einen Beruf, der ihr Herz und ihr Leben erfüllt. Seit sie denken kann, ist die Geo-Biologin fasziniert von der Natur – von Pflanzen, Bäumen, Blättern, Samenkörnern und den unglaublichen Geschichten, die sie uns erzählen, sogar noch in fossiler Form. Wie ist es beispielsweise möglich, dass ein Kirschkern hundert Jahre lang geduldig warten kann, bis er sich auf einmal dazu entscheidet zu keimen? Hope Jahrens Werdegang von der kindlichen Forscherin zur angesehenen Wissenschaftlerin, die sich trotz zahlreicher Hindernisse in einer Männerwelt behauptet, ist eine inspirierende und mitreißende Geschichte voller Leidenschaft, Durchhaltevermögen und ewiger Neugierde. Ein wunderbares Gleichnis über die Kraft der Natur und die Freude des Entdeckens, das einen ganz neuen Blick auf die Pflanzenwelt eröffnet. Seite für Seite. Blatt für Blatt. Für die New York Times ist Hope Jahrens »Blattgeflüster« eines der 100 besten Bücher des Jahres 2016.
Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton
"In thinking of creating as a form of relating, Jerome D. Oremland has created a communicative book that initiates a dialogue that does not come to an end when one has finished reading it. "Origins and Psychodynamics of Creativity should be studied by every psychoanalyst to develop psychoanalytic competence in working with creative individuals. Oremland provides definitions regarding conditions for creativity and its unfolding, and the complex relations of the arts to his art." -- Dr. Peter Schuster.
Eine wahre Geschichte aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg Während der Zweite Weltkrieg tobt, wird der Warschauer Zoo Schauplatz einer dramatischen Rettungsaktion, die über 300 Juden vor dem sicheren Tod bewahrt. Als Jan und Antonina Żabiński, der Zoodirektor und seine Frau, mitansehen, wie die Nazis in Polen einmarschieren, ist ihr Entsetzen groß. Die jüdische Bevölkerung wird im Warschauer Ghetto zusammengepfercht. Zeitgleich beginnen die Nazis den Zoo für ihre Zwecke zu nutzen, um ausgestorbene Tierarten rückzuzüchten. Als die Nazis den brachliegenden Zoo verlassen, nutzen die Żabińskis die Situation und schmuggeln Juden aus dem Warschauer Ghetto auf das Zoogelände, wo sie die Todgeweihten in den leeren Tierkäfigen verstecken. Sie retten ihnen damit das Leben. Ausgezeichnet mit dem Orion Award
Der britische Biologe Dave Goulson unternimmt eine Expedition auf den Planeten der Insekten – genauer auf die Blumenwiesen rund um sein marodes französisches Landhaus. Die Helden seiner Feldforschungsabenteuer sind nicht nur Bienen und Hummeln, sondern alles, was kreucht und fleucht: Grillen, Grashüpfer, Glühwürmchen – und Libellen, denen beim Liebemachen zuzusehen eine Freude ist. Goulson taucht dabei so tief ins Reich der Tiere ein wie kaum jemand zuvor. Ein Buch, das die entscheidende Bedeutung von Insekten für unsere Umwelt und das ganze globale Ökosystem beleuchtet. Und ein Weckruf, die Nutzung von Insektiziden zurückzufahren, um das Sterben der Bienen und anderer Bestäuber zu stoppen.
Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing ‘state of art’ discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts
How can we account for the sudden appearance of such dazzling artists and scientists as Mozart, Shakespeare, Darwin, or Einstein? How can we define such genius? What conditions or personality traits seem to produce exceptionally creative people? Is the association between genius and madness really just a myth? These and many other questions are brilliantly illuminated in The Origins of Genius. Dean Simonton convincingly argues that creativity can best be understood as a Darwinian process of variation and selection. The artist or scientist generates a wealth of ideas, and then subjects these ideas to aesthetic or scientific judgment, selecting only those that have the best chance to survive and reproduce. Indeed, the true test of genius is the ability to bequeath an impressive and influential body of work to future generations. Simonton draws on the latest research into creativity and explores such topics as the personality type of the genius, whether genius is genetic or produced by environment and education, the links between genius and mental illness (Darwin himself was emotionally and mentally unwell), the high incidence of childhood trauma, especially loss of a parent, amongst Nobel Prize winners, the importance of unconscious incubation in creative problem-solving, and much more. Simonton substantiates his theory by examining and quoting from the work of such eminent figures as Henri Poincare, W. H. Auden, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Charles Darwin, Niels Bohr, and many others. For anyone intrigued by the spectacular feats of the human mind, The Origins of Genius offers a revolutionary new way of understanding the very nature of creativity.
"Genesis of Creativity and the Origin of the Human Mind" is a collective monograph which comprises scientific studies written by foremost world experts specialising on evolution of the man, culture and art. Seen from the interdisciplinary perspective, the monograph aspires to describe, analyse and interpret the nascence of artistic creativity and the constitution of the anatomically modern man's mind. It also focuses on the origins of art in the Upper Paleolithic as well as on manifestations of artistic creativity in pre-literary societies and tribal cultures that have preserved until present, e.g. in Southern Africa. The fact that the monograph is a result of works by experts with different specialisations enables us to compare their different approaches to the topic and accentuate the wide array of possible approaches and interpretations of artistic manifestations in a particular historic and cultural context.
The origins of creativity and its novel implementations in an organizational context
Author: Christoph Rosenthal
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Social Science
Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, grade: 9.0/10, Erasmus University Rotterdam, language: English, abstract: Leadbeater’s (2000) metaphor of “a new economy living on thin air” gives a good idea of how to conceive of the knowledge economy. Creativity is an essential feature of the knowledge economy and has transferred from being characteristic for particular niche industries to an overarching, critical, and peculiar feature of various sectors (Pratt & Jeffcutt, 2009). Organizations have been trying to find management solutions and entrepreneurial approaches to fruitfully implement creativity and balance the innate tensions between creativity, control, and organizational structure. The essay at hand provides solutions to this dilemma and identifies starting points for implementing key characteristics and management strategies of creative organizations into creatively managing non-creative organizations. The subject matter will be discussed along the lines of the following set of interrelated questions. • What exactly is creativity, where does it come from and what is its significance in an organizational management context? • What constitutes creative organizations and where does innovation fit in? • To what extend has creativity forged new forms of organizations or has been beneficially implemented by technically non-creative organizations? • What are some innovative and collaborative approaches by organizations to take advantage of the collective nature of the knowledge economy?
In the middle of the 19th century a new value began to appear in Western Europe - the belief that (in the words of Matthew Arnold) 'the exercise of a creative activity is the true function of man'. This book gives an account of the stages by which, and the reasons why, this development occurred at that time. In so doing it reveals a historical puzzle, for the main factors which can be seen to have given rise to the new value - mainly scientific, technological, economic and political - were not reflected in the value itself, for that was applied almost exclusively to artistic and cultural activity. John Hope Mason sets out to explain this puzzle by showing how throughout European history there have been two radically different views of the creative attribute. An early example of one view was the character of Prometheus in Greek mythology; influential examples of the second were the figures of God the Creator in Judaeo-Christian theology and the neo-Platonic One in Hellenistic philosophy. The book shows how the contrast represented by those figures informed discussions of genius in the 18th century and indicates why the notion of creativity which came to prevail then assimilated it with purely aesthetic and moral concerns. Combining a broad perspective with a close analysis of key figures - from Adam Smith, Rousseau and Kant, to Arnold, Marx and Nietzsche - this book casts a new light on a central value of the modern world.