The Origins of American Criminology

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson,Andrew J. Myer,Freda Adler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412814677

Category: Social Science

Page: 433

View: 7119

The essays contained in this book capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives and preserves information from the generation that defined the field for the past decades that otherwise would have been lost. This history shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Its ideas were not driven primarily by data, nor were the theories invented solely as part of the scientific process. To the contrary, American criminology's great theories most often preceded the collection of data; they guided and produced empirical inquiry, not vice versa. This volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible in that diverse experiences allow individual scholars to see the world differently, and thus shape theoretical paradigms based on their own unique life stories.

The Origins of American Criminology

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson,Andrew J. Myer,Freda Adler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412814677

Category: Social Science

Page: 433

View: 6707

The essays contained in this book capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives and preserves information from the generation that defined the field for the past decades that otherwise would have been lost. This history shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Its ideas were not driven primarily by data, nor were the theories invented solely as part of the scientific process. To the contrary, American criminology's great theories most often preceded the collection of data; they guided and produced empirical inquiry, not vice versa. This volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible in that diverse experiences allow individual scholars to see the world differently, and thus shape theoretical paradigms based on their own unique life stories.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 632

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.

New Directions in Criminological Theory

Author: Steve Hall,Simon Winlow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136306269

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 393

This edited collection brings together established global scholars and new thinkers to outline fresh concepts and theoretical perspectives for criminological research and analysis in the 21st century. Criminologists from the UK, USA, Canada and Australia evaluate the current condition of criminological theory and present students and researchers with new and revised ideas from the realms of politics, culture and subjectivity to unpack crime and violence in the precarious age of global neoliberalism. These ideas range from the micro-realm of the ‘personality disorder’ to the macro-realm of global ‘power-crime’. Rejecting or modifying the orthodox notion that crime and harm are largely the products of criminalisation and control systems, these scholars bring causes and conditions back into play in an eclectic yet thematic way that should inspire students and researchers to once again investigate the reasons why some individuals and groups elect to harm others rather than seek sociability. This collection will inspire new criminologists to both look outside their discipline for new ideas to import, and to create new ideas within their discipline to reinvigorate it and further strengthen its ability to explain the crimes and harms that we see around us today. This book will be of particular interest to academics and both undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of criminology, especially to those looking for theoretical concepts and frameworks for dissertations, theses and research reports.

Crime and Justice, Volume 42

Crime and Justice in America: 1975-2025

Author: Michael Tonry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022609765X

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 9678

For the American criminal justice system, 1975 was a watershed year. Offender rehabilitation and individualized sentencing fell from favor. The partisan politics of “law and order” took over. Among the results four decades later are the world’s harshest punishments and highest imprisonment rate. Policymakers’ interest in what science could tell them plummeted just when scientific work on crime, recidivism, and the justice system began to blossom. Some policy areas—sentencing, gun violence, drugs, youth violence—became evidence-free zones. In others—developmental crime prevention, policing, recidivism studies, evidence mattered. Crime and Justice in America: 1975-2025 tells how policy and knowledge did and did not interact over time and charts prospects for the future. What accounts for the timing of particular issues and research advances? What did science learn or reveal about crime and justice, and how did that knowledge influence policy? Where are we now, and, perhaps even more important, where are we going? The contributors to this volume, the leading scholars in their fields, bring unsurpassed breadth and depth of knowledge to bear in answering these questions. They include Philip J. Cook, Francis T. Cullen, Jeffrey Fagan, David Farrington, Daniel S. Nagin, Peter Reuter, Lawrence W. Sherman, and Franklin E. Zimring. For thirty-five years, the Crime and Justice series has provided a platform for the work of sociologists, psychologists, criminal lawyers, justice scholars, and political scientists as it explores the full range of issues concerning crime, its causes, and it remedies.

Contemporary Issues in Criminological Theory and Research

Author: Richard Rosenfeld,Kenna Quinet,Crystal A. Garcia

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111771812

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 1191

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE THEORY, 1/e is an outstanding anthology of social institution-focused essays ideal for stimulating discussions and debates in the classroom. This collection features all 26 proposals and response essays presented at the American Society of Criminology's 2010 annual meeting, on the major social institutions family, education, religion, the economy, and the political system and features a lead paper and commentaries on the paper written by subject experts. The book's concise format makes it an invaluable resource for those wanting to incorporate current research and critical thinking into their criminology and criminal justice curricula. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminology

Theory and context

Author: John Tierney,Maggie O’Neill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317903145

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 2083

Criminology: theory and context, third edition, expands upon the ideas presented in previous editions, while introducing new material on critical theory, feminism, masculinities, cultural criminology and postmodernism. The text has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect key perspectives in contemporary criminological theory. Relevant updates include discussions on New Labour’s criminal justice and penal policies in its third term in office, and the latest developments in criminal justice and the politics of law and order in the UK and US. This edition revisits societal and cultural influences that have shaped the discipline and invites the reader to re-examine the phenomena of crime and deviance. Criminology: theory and context, third edition, is presented in a logical structure and adopts an accessible framework. The text is essential reading for students of criminology, criminological theory and criminal justice and will also be of key interest to those studying sociology, law and the wider social sciences.

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

Author: Marilyn McShane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135632731

Category: Reference

Page: 300

View: 1570

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Advances in Criminological Theory

Author: Robert Frank Meier,Leslie W. Kennedy,Vincent Sacco

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 315

View: 3672

Criminology

Author: Freda Adler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780072321500

Category: Criminology

Page: 508

View: 7754

This leading text for courses in Criminology is known for its lucid style, student-oriented approach, and its interdisciplinary global perspective. The Fourth Edition further underscores this unique student-centered approach by making a free student study CD ("Making the Grade") available with every copy of the text. A robust Online Learning Center featuring chapter quizzes with feedback, vocabulary flashcards, interactive exercises, and more is also available. The Adler text comes in two versions, one with, and the other without coverage of the criminal justice system. For schools that retain the traditional criminology course, which includes criminological coverage of criminal justice, "Criminology and the Criminal Justice System, Fifth Edition," is the ideal text. For schools that offer a separate introductory course in criminal justice, "Criminology, Fifth Edition" is the appropriate text.

Criminology

Author: Adler Ruth,Freda A. Adler,Gerhard O. W. Mueller,William S. Laufer

Publisher: WCB/McGraw-Hill

ISBN: 9780072434897

Category:

Page: 448

View: 1424

This leading text for courses in Criminology is known for its lucid style, student-oriented approach, and its interdisciplinary global perspective. The Fourth Edition further underscores this unique student-centered approach by making a free student study CD ("Making the Grade") available with every copy of the text. A robust Online Learning Center featuring chapter quizzes with feedback, vocabulary flashcards, interactive exercises, and more is also available. The Adler text comes in two versions, one with, and the other without coverage of the criminal justice system. For schools that retain the traditional criminology course, which includes criminological coverage of criminal justice, "Criminology and the Criminal Justice System, Fifth Edition," is the ideal text. For schools that offer a separate introductory course in criminal justice, "Criminology, Fifth Edition" is the appropriate text.

Essential criminology

Author: Mark Lanier,Stuart Henry

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 6032

The updated edition builds on the authors' acclaimed theory of the "Crime Prism"

Biosocial Criminology

New Directions in Theory and Research

Author: Anthony Walsh,Kevin M. Beaver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 4199

Designed to bring criminology into the 21st century by showing how leading criminologists have integrated aspects of the biological sciences into their discipline. This book covers behavior and molecular genetics, epigenetics, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience, and apply them to various correlates of crime such as age, race, and gender.

Preventing Crime and Violence

Author: Brent Teasdale,Mindy S. Bradley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319441248

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 2160

This insightful volume integrates criminological theories, prevention science, and empirical findings to create an up-to-date survey of crime prevention research and strategies. Its interdisciplinary perspective expands on our knowledge of risk factors to isolate the malleable mechanisms that produce criminal outcomes, and can therefore be targeted for intervention. In addition, the text identifies developmental, lifespan, and social areas for effective intervention. Reviews of family-, community-, and criminal justice-based crime prevention approaches not only detail a wide gamut of successful techniques, but also provide evidence for why they succeed. And as an extra research dimension, the book’s chapters on methodological issues and challenges uncover rich possibilities for the next generation of crime prevention studies. Included in the coverage: Integrating criminology and prevention research Social disorganization theory: its history and relevance to crime prevention Research designs in crime and violence prevention Macro- and micro-approaches to crime prevention and intervention programs Implications of life course: approaches for prevention science Promising avenues for prevention, including confronting sexual victimization on college campuses Spotlighting current progress and continuing evolution of the field, Preventing Crime and Violence will enhance the work of researchers, practitioners, academicians, and policymakers in public health, prevention science, criminology, and criminal justice, as well as students interested in criminology and criminal justice.

Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 4446

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Population

Author: John R. Weeks

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780534627799

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1631

Social Deviance

Readings in Theory and Research

Author: Henry N. Pontell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Deviant behavior

Page: 437

View: 5207

This collection of classic and contemporary readings in social deviance provides a balanced overview of theories, concepts and research related to the topic. The book examines specific deviant behaviors, as well as the research issues in studying them and the application theories to specific behavior through the use of various research methodologies. For those interested in sociology and the field of criminal justice.

Der gemachte Mann

Konstruktion und Krise von Männlichkeiten

Author: Robert W. Connell

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663096041

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 418

4. Lebe wild und gefährlich (Live Fast and Die Young) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Gruppe und Kontext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Abstrakte Arbeit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Gewalt und das Gesetz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Zwangsheterosexualität . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Männlichkeit als kollektive Praxis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Protestierende Männlichkeit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Andere Entwicklungslinien . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Divergente Männlichkeiten und Geschlechterpolitik . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 5. Eine ganz(e) neue Welt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Die Moment des Sich-Einlassens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Distanzierung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7 Die Umweltschutzbewegung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Die Bewegung mit dem Feminismus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Der Moment der Abwendung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Die Annulierung von Männlichkeit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Der Moment der Herausforderung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 6. Ein sehr normaler Schwuler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Der Moment des Sich-Einlassens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Sexualität als Initialzündung. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Schwulsein: Identität und Beziehungen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Relationen zwischen Männlichkeiten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 176 Veränderungen ins Auge sehen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Schwule Männlichkeit als Entwurf und Geschichte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 7. Männer von Vernunft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Konstruktion von Männlichkeit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Konstruktion von Rationalität. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 Karrieren und Arbeitsplätze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Das Irrationale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Vernunft und Veränderung. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 Dritter Teil: Geschichte und Politik. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 8. Die Geschichte der Männlichkeit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Die Herstellung von Männlichkeit in der Entstehung der modernen Geschlechterordnung. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Transformationen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Die gegenwärtige Lage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 6 9. Männlichkeitspolitik . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Männerpolitik und Männlichkeitspolitik . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Männlichkeitstherapie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Die Waffen-Lobby als Bastion hegemonialer Männlichkeit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 Schwulenbewegung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238 Politik des Austritts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 10. Praxis und Utopie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Historisches Bewußtsein . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Handlungsziele . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Praktische Dekonstruktion und Neugestaltung von "Geschlecht". . . . . . 255 Formen des Handeins . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Bildung. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 Ausblick. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 Literatur. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Personenregister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 . . . . . . . . . . Sachregister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 . . . . . . . .