The Marshmallow Test

Mastering Self-Control

Author: Walter Mischel

Publisher: Little, Brown Spark

ISBN: 0316230855

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 9080

Renowned psychologist Walter Mischel, designer of the famous Marshmallow Test, explains what self-control is and how to master it. A child is presented with a marshmallow and given a choice: Eat this one now, or wait and enjoy two later. What will she do? And what are the implications for her behavior later in life? The world's leading expert on self-control, Walter Mischel has proven that the ability to delay gratification is critical for a successful life, predicting higher SAT scores, better social and cognitive functioning, a healthier lifestyle and a greater sense of self-worth. But is willpower prewired, or can it be taught? In The Marshmallow Test, Mischel explains how self-control can be mastered and applied to challenges in everyday life--from weight control to quitting smoking, overcoming heartbreak, making major decisions, and planning for retirement. With profound implications for the choices we make in parenting, education, public policy and self-care, The Marshmallow Test will change the way you think about who we are and what we can be.

The Marshmallow Test

Why Self-Control Is the Engine of Success

Author: Walter Mischel

Publisher: Back Bay Books

ISBN: 9780316230865

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 7530

Renowned psychologist Walter Mischel, designer of the famous Marshmallow Test, explains what self-control is and how to master it. A child is presented with a marshmallow and given a choice: Eat this one now, or wait and enjoy two later. What will she do? And what are the implications for her behavior later in life? The world's leading expert on self-control, Walter Mischel has proven that the ability to delay gratification is critical for a successful life, predicting higher SAT scores, better social and cognitive functioning, a healthier lifestyle and a greater sense of self-worth. But is willpower prewired, or can it be taught? In The Marshmallow Test, Mischel explains how self-control can be mastered and applied to challenges in everyday life--from weight control to quitting smoking, overcoming heartbreak, making major decisions, and planning for retirement. With profound implications for the choices we make in parenting, education, public policy and self-care, The Marshmallow Test will change the way you think about who we are and what we can be.

The Marshmallow Test

Understanding Self-control and How To Master It

Author: Walter Mischel

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448154227

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 5712

A child is presented with a marshmallow and given a choice: Eat this one now, or wait and enjoy two later. What will she do? And what are the implications for her behaviour later in life? Walter Mischel’s now iconic 'marshmallow test,' one of the most famous experiments in the history of psychology, proved that the ability to delay gratification is critical to living a successful and fulfilling life: self-control not only predicts higher marks in school, better social and cognitive functioning, and a greater sense of self-worth; it also helps us manage stress, pursue goals more effectively, and cope with painful emotions. But is willpower prewired, or can it be taught? In his groundbreaking new book, Dr. Mischel draws on decades of compelling research and life examples to explore the nature of willpower, identifying the cognitive skills and mental mechanisms that enable it and showing how these can be applied to challenges in everyday life--from weight control to quitting smoking, overcoming heartbreak, making major decisions, and planning for retirement. With profound implications for the choices we make in parenting, education, public policy and self-care, The Marshmallow Test will change the way we think about who we are and what we can be. And since, as Mischel argues, a life with too much self-control can be as unfulfilling as one with too little, this book will also teach you when it’s time to ring the bell and enjoy that marshmallow.

Willpower

Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength

Author: Roy F. Baumeister,John Tierney

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101543779

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 7744

One of the world's most esteemed and influential psychologists, Roy F. Baumeister, teams with New York Times science writer John Tierney to reveal the secrets of self-control and how to master it. Pioneering research psychologist Roy F. Baumeister collaborates with New York Times science writer John Tierney to revolutionize our understanding of the most coveted human virtue: self-control. Drawing on cutting-edge research and the wisdom of real-life experts, Willpower shares lessons on how to focus our strength, resist temptation, and redirect our lives. It shows readers how to be realistic when setting goals, monitor their progress, and how to keep faith when they falter. By blending practical wisdom with the best of recent research science, Willpower makes it clear that whatever we seek—from happiness to good health to financial security—we won’t reach our goals without first learning to harness self-control. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Introduction to Personality

Toward an Integrative Science of the Person

Author: Walter Mischel,Yuichi Shoda,Ozlem Ayduk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047008765X

Category: Psychology

Page: 570

View: 8350

Reflecting the latest developments, this eighth edition paints a picture of the field as a cumulative, integrative science that builds on its rich past. It provides a much more coherent view of the whole functioning individual in the social world. Throughout the chapters, emphasis is placed on practical applications and personal relevance to everyday life in a clear and compelling way. The book also explores the essential features and contributions from the field's heritage

How We Learn

The Surprising Truth about When, where and why it Happens

Author: Benedict Carey

Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks

ISBN: 0812984293

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 3438

Award-winning science reporter Benedict Carey sifts through decades of education research and landmark studies to uncover the truth about how our brains absorb and retain information.--From publisher

Making Habits, Breaking Habits

Author: Jeremy Dean

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780742177

Category: Self-Help

Page: 256

View: 1793

Habits are more powerful than your will – if you know how to make them work for you Two strings are hanging from a ceiling, one at the centre of the room, one near the wall. You’re asked to tie the strings together, but you can’t reach both at the same time. You look around the room and see a table and a pair of pliers. How would you solve the problem? When confronted with challenges, most people let habits rule them (in this case, ignoring the pliers, the creative tool at your disposal). That is not surprising when you realise that at least a third of our waking hours are lived on auto-pilot – ruminating over past events, clicking through websites trawling for updates and the like. Such unconscious thoughts and actions are powerful. But the habits of the mind do not have to control us – we can steer them. Drawing on hundreds of fascinating studies, psychologist Jeremy Dean – the mind behind the hugely popular and insightful website PsyBlog – shares how the new brain science of habit can be harnessed to your benefit, whether you’re hoping to eat moreveg, take an evening run, clear out your email backlog, or be more creative when faced with challenges at work and at home.

The Age of Insight

The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain, from Vienna 1900 to the Present

Author: Eric R. Kandel

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 1400068711

Category: Psychology

Page: 636

View: 9845

A Nobel Prize-winning neuroscientist and author of In Search of Memory documents the work of five leading minds including Sigmund Freud and Gustave Klimt in 1900 Vienna, revealing how their critical breakthroughs in science, medicine and art laid the groundwork for present-day discoveries in brain science.

The Organized Mind

Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload

Author: Daniel J. Levitin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698157222

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 7244

New York Times bestselling author and neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin shifts his keen insights from your brain on music to your brain in a sea of details. The information age is drowning us with an unprecedented deluge of data. At the same time, we’re expected to make more—and faster—decisions about our lives than ever before. No wonder, then, that the average American reports frequently losing car keys or reading glasses, missing appointments, and feeling worn out by the effort required just to keep up. But somehow some people become quite accomplished at managing information flow. In The Organized Mind, Daniel J. Levitin, PhD, uses the latest brain science to demonstrate how those people excel—and how readers can use their methods to regain a sense of mastery over the way they organize their homes, workplaces, and time. With lively, entertaining chapters on everything from the kitchen junk drawer to health care to executive office workflow, Levitin reveals how new research into the cognitive neuroscience of attention and memory can be applied to the challenges of our daily lives. This Is Your Brain on Music showed how to better play and appreciate music through an understanding of how the brain works. The Organized Mind shows how to navigate the churning flood of information in the twenty-first century with the same neuroscientific perspective.

Willpower

Discover It, Use It and Get What You Want

Author: Ros Taylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0857087142

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 4363

Whip your self-control into shape Willpower is the handbook you need for success in all areas of your life. Regardless of what you want to achieve, you need the strength to persevere, forge ahead and keep going no matter how tough it gets. If you find that you allow weakness to take control of getting what you want in life, then you need this book. Written by an expert psychologist and executive coach, these proven techniques are the missing ingredient for your new life of success. Learn the skills that lead to stronger willpower Develop new positive habits in just three weeks Overcome obstacles and break through barriers Find the success you want, and hold on to it long-term Researchers have found that willpower is a better predictor of life and work success than IQ. It's the skill that keeps you moving ahead, blowing past barriers and smashing through any obstacle that dares threaten your progress. It may be the most important skill you ever learn, and your most valuable tool for personal and professional success.

How We Decide

Author: Jonah Lehrer

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618620117

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 2188

Offers a fascinating look at the new science of decision-making--and how it can help us make better choices.

The Willpower Instinct

How Self-Control Works, Why It Matters, and What You Can Do to Get More of It

Author: Kelly McGonigal

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101553731

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5558

Based on Stanford University psychologist Kelly McGonigal's wildly popular course "The Science of Willpower," The Willpower Instinct is the first book to explain the new science of self-control and how it can be harnessed to improve our health, happiness, and productivity. Informed by the latest research and combining cutting-edge insights from psychology, economics, neuroscience, and medicine, The Willpower Instinct explains exactly what willpower is, how it works, and why it matters. For example, readers will learn: Willpower is a mind-body response, not a virtue. It is a biological function that can be improved through mindfulness, exercise, nutrition, and sleep. Willpower is not an unlimited resource. Too much self-control can actually be bad for your health. Temptation and stress hijack the brain's systems of self-control, but the brain can be trained for greater willpower Guilt and shame over your setbacks lead to giving in again, but self-forgiveness and self-compassion boost self-control. Giving up control is sometimes the only way to gain self-control. Willpower failures are contagious—you can catch the desire to overspend or overeat from your friends­­—but you can also catch self-control from the right role models. In the groundbreaking tradition of Getting Things Done, The Willpower Instinct combines life-changing prescriptive advice and complementary exercises to help readers with goals ranging from losing weight to more patient parenting, less procrastination, better health, and greater productivity at work.

The Power of Habit

Author: Charles Duhigg

Publisher:

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1055

A young woman walks into a laboratory. Over the past two years, she has transformed almost every aspect of her life. She has quit smoking, run a marathon, and been promoted at work. The patterns inside her brain, neurologists discover, have fundamentally changed. Marketers at Procter & Gamble study videos of people making their beds. They are desperately trying to figure out how to sell a new product called Febreze, on track to be one of the biggest flops in company history. Suddenly, one of them detects a nearly imperceptible pattern--and with a slight shift in advertising, Febreze goes on to earn a billion dollars a year. An untested CEO takes over one of the largest companies in America. His first order of business is attacking a single pattern among his employees--how they approach worker safety--and soon the firm, Alcoa, becomes the top performer in the Dow Jones. What do all these people have in common? They achieved success by focusing on the...

Marshmallow

Author: Clare Turlay Newberry

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0060724862

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 32

View: 1328

Oliver is a tabby cat who is always the center of attention. Marshmallow is a baby rabbit who moves into Oliver's home. At first Oliver does not welcome Marshmallow, but the little bunny's charms are impossible to resist. This is the true story of how Oliver and Marshmallow become friends. Clare Turlay Newberry's lifelong passions for cats and for drawing come together in this elegantly illustrated book, winner of the 1943 Caldecott Honor. Her legacy as an author of more than fifteen picture books, most of which feature cats, still endures.

Me, Myself, and Us

The Science of Personality and the Art of Well-Being

Author: Brian R Little

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1586489682

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 4876

In the past few decades, personality psychology has made considerable progress in raising new questions about human nature—and providing some provocative answers. New scientific research has transformed old ideas about personality based on the theories of Freud, Jung, and the humanistic psychologies of the nineteen sixties, which gave rise to the simplistic categorizations of the Meyer-Briggs Inventory and the 'enneagream'. But the general public still knows little about the new science and what it reveals about who we are. In this book, Brian Little, one of the psychologists who helped re-shape the field, provides the first in-depth exploration of the new personality science and its provocative findings for general readers. The book explores questions that are rooted in the origins of human consciousness but are as commonplace as yesterday's breakfast conversation. Are our first impressions of other people's personalities usually fallacious? Are creative individuals essentially maladjusted? Are our personality traits, as William James put it “set like plaster” by the age of thirty? Is a belief that we are in control of our lives an unmitigated good? Do our singular personalities comprise one unified self or a confederacy of selves, and if the latter, which of our mini-me-s do we offer up in marriage or mergers? Are some individuals genetically hard-wired for happiness? Which is the more viable path toward human flourishing, the pursuit of happiness or the happiness of pursuit? Little provides a resource for answering such questions, and a framework through which readers can explore the personal implications of the new science of personality. Questionnaires and interactive assessments throughout the book facilitate self-exploration, and clarify some of the stranger aspects of our own conduct and that of others. Brian Little helps us see ourselves, and other selves, as somewhat less perplexing and definitely more intriguing. This is not a self-help book, but students at Harvard who took the lecture course on which it is based claim that it changed their lives.

Seeing What Others Don't

The Remarkable Ways We Gain Insights

Author: Gary Klein

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1610392515

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7494

Using a vast array of stories to illuminate his research, a leading psychologist and decision-making expert reveals how insights are formed and how insight can be a new way of understanding what occurs under certain psychological and environmental conditions.

Learn Better

Mastering the Skills for Success in Life, Business, and School, or, How to Become an Expert in Just About Anything

Author: Ulrich Boser

Publisher: Rodale

ISBN: 1623365260

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 3593

For centuries, learning emphasized memorizing information: You were supposed to study facts, dates, and details, and burn them into your consciousness. But this approach to learning is outdated and contrary to how our brains really work. In Learn Better, writer and education researcher Ulrich Boser maps out the new science of learning, demonstrating how we can gain expertise in dramatically better ways. In this entertaining and engrossing book, Boser argues that learning is a skill, showing how techniques like self-questioning and thinking about thinking can create much deeper levels of understanding. Among the important findings and practical tips, Boser tells fascinating stories, like how Jackson Pollock came to his revolutionary drip painting method--and why an ancient counting device helps people gain superhuman math skills. This powerful book will revolutionize the way that you acquire mastery, with far-reaching implications for both you and society. But perhaps most importantly, you will be able to fully capitalize on your mind's remarkable ability to develop new skills.

Why we do what we do

the dynamics of personal autonomy

Author: Edward L. Deci,Richard Flaste

Publisher: Putnam Adult

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 1902

Arguing that human motivation is driven more by autonomy than a system of rewards and punishments, a guide for parents, teachers, and managers offers insight into how to promote learning and effectiveness by instilling freedom-based practices.

This Will Make You Smarter

150 New Scientific Concepts to Improve Your Thinking

Author: Mr. John Brockman

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062109405

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6419

Edge.org presents brilliant, accessible, cutting-edge ideas to improve our decision-making skills and improve our cognitive toolkits, with contributions by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Richard Dawkins, Brian Eno, Steven Pinker, and more. Featuring a foreword by New York Times columnist David Brooks and edited by John Brockman, This Will Make You Smarter presents some of the best wisdom from today’s leading thinkers—to make better thinkers out of the leaders of tomorrow.