The Lords Of Avaris

Author: David Rohl

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1407010921

Category: History

Page: 720

View: 2837

The Lords of Avaris is one man's journey in search of the legendary origins of the Western World. Our story begins in a small rock-cut tomb below the desolate ruin-mound of Jericho in the Jordan Valley. This is the start of an epic journey of discovery, in the Homeric mould, which ranges across the ancient lands and archaeological sites of the Mediterranean. From Joshua's Jericho to Romulus' Rome, the true chronicle of our pre-Christian past is uncovered revealing an extraordinary historical picture, previously unimagined by scholars. The epic legends of the West, which permeate the writings of Greece and Rome, appear to have been based on the exploits of genuine historical figures and actual events. There really was an 'Heroic Age' of brazen-clad warriors, the last of which fought before the walls of Troy, just as described in Homer's Iliad. At the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age - two thousand years before the assassination of Julius Caesar in the Roman Senate - a new people appeared on the stage of history to join the great civilisations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. These 'Indo-European'-speaking tribes were chariot-riding warriors from the northern mountains and plains. They became the Hittites, the Aryan kings of Mitanni, the Vedic heroes of the Indus, and the founders of the later empires of Greece, Persia and Rome. They had many legendary names - the Divine Pelasgians of Greece, the Luwians of Troy and western Anatolia, the Rephaim and Anakim of the Bible, and the Hyksos rulers of Avaris who suppressed Egypt for generations. Their heroes and heroines are legionary: Inachus, mythical king of Argos in the Peloponnese; his daughter the beautiful Princess Io who married an Egyptian pharaoh; Danaus, the Hyksos ruler who, fleeing from Egypt to Greece, founded the Mycenaean dynasty which culminated in Agamemnon's ill-fated Trojan War; Cadmus, the bringer of writing to the West; Minos, the Cretan high-king of Knossos who built the infamous Labyrinth; Mopsus, warrior and sage who led a vast Greek, Philistine and Anatolian army into the Levant in a daring attempt to seize Egypt in the time of Ramesses III. All these, and more, are the stuff of legend - but The Lords of Avaris reveals these Classical heroes as flesh-and-blood characters from our ancestral past.

The Lords of Avaris

Uncovering the Legendary Origins of Western Civilisation

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780712677622

Category: Bible

Page: 524

View: 4577

The Lords of Avaris is one man's journey in search of the legendary origins of the Western World. Our story begins in a small rock-cut tomb below the desolate ruin-mound of Jericho in the Jordan Valley. This is the start of an epic journey of discovery, in the Homeric mould, which ranges across the ancient lands and archaeological sites of the Mediterranean. From Joshua's Jericho to Romulus' Rome, the true chronicle of our pre-Christian past is uncovered revealing an extraordinary historical picture, previously unimagined by scholars. The epic legends of the West, which permeate the writings of Greece and Rome, appear to have been based on the exploits of genuine historical figures and actual events. There really was an 'Heroic Age' of brazen-clad warriors, the last of which fought before the walls of Troy, just as described in Homer's Iliad. At the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age - two thousand years before the assassination of Julius Caesar in the Roman Senate - a new people appeared on the stage of history to join the great civilisations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. These 'Indo-European'-speaking tribes were chariot-riding warriors from the northern mountains and plains. They became the Hittites, the Aryan kings of Mitanni, the Vedic heroes of the Indus, and the founders of the later empires of Greece, Persia and Rome. They had many legendary names - the Divine Pelasgians of Greece, the Luwians of Troy and western Anatolia, the Rephaim and Anakim of the Bible, and the Hyksos rulers of Avaris who suppressed Egypt for generations. Their heroes and heroines are legionary: Inachus, mythical king of Argos in the Peloponnese; his daughter the beautiful Princess Io who married an Egyptian pharaoh; Danaus, the Hyksos ruler who, fleeing from Egypt to Greece, founded the Mycenaean dynasty which culminated in Agamemnon's ill-fated Trojan War; Cadmus, the bringer of writing to the West; Minos, the Cretan high-king of Knossos who built the infamous Labyrinth; Mopsus, warrior and sage who led a vast Greek, Philistine and Anatolian army into the Levant in a daring attempt to seize Egypt in the time of Ramesses III. All these, and more, are the stuff of legend - but The Lords of Avaris reveals these Classical heroes as flesh-and-blood characters from our ancestral past.

Pharoahs [sic] and Kings

A Biblical Quest

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: Three Rivers Press

ISBN: 9780609801307

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 708

The basis of a series produced by The Learning Channel, a survey shows how archaeological evidence uncovered over the past two centuries validates the history of the biblical lands as it is told in the Old Testament. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

A Test of Time

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: Arrow

ISBN: 9780099365617

Category: Bible

Page: 425

View: 5359

Through a revision of the master chronology of the ancient world, David Rohl attempts to prove that the events of the Bible really did happen as recorded in the Books of Genesis, Exodus, Judges, Samuel, Kings and Chronicles

A Test of Time

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0099416565

Category: Bible

Page: 608

View: 6077

Rohl reveals the true historical setting of the biblical epics, providing astonishing archaeological evidence for the existence of the Old Testament’s most charismatic personalities: Joseph, Moses, Joshua, Saul, David and Solomon.

The Lost Testament

From Eden to Exile : the Five-thousand-year History of the People of the Bible

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780712669931

Category: Archaelogy

Page: 513

View: 3044

The stories of the Old Testament retold from a modern, historical perspective. As the leading figure in the New Archaeology, David Rohl has been at the forefront of the movement to discover the archaeological evidence for events described in the Old Testament that we have come to think of as myths. From the rise of Neolithic civilization in a region now a part of Iran and which inspired the Garden of Eden story, Rohl traces the historical route of the stories of Noah, Abraham and the sojourn in Egypt, to the fall of Jericho. He looks at the dual kingdoms of the Promised Land and lastly, the exile in Babylon which is where the stories of the Old Testament were collected into something very like their present form.

From Eden to Exile

The Epic History of the People of the Bible

Author: David Rohl

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9780099415664

Category: Bible

Page: 528

View: 3695

The earliest part of the Bible is recognized as the foundation-stone of three great religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam - yet over the last century, archeologists and historians have signally failed to find any evidence to confirm the events described in the 'book of books' prior to the 9th century BC. As a consequence, many scholars took the view that the Old Testament was little more than a work of fiction.As the leading figure in the New Archaeology, David Rohl has been at the forefront of the movement to discover the archaeological evidence for events described in the Old Testament which we have come to think of as myths. His previous books, The Test of Time and Legend presented the arguments and counter arguments. In the Lost Testament this discursive approach is replaced by historical stort-telling, which follows the e=sequence of events from the rise of Neolithic civilisation a region now part of Iran which inspired the story of the Garden of Eden, through Noah, Abraham and the sojourn in Egypt, to the fall of Jerico, the dual kingdoms of the Promised Land and lastly, the exile in Babylon, where the stories of the Old Testament were collated into something very like their present form.

War of the Crowns

A Novel of Ancient Egypt

Author: Christian Jacq

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781416592051

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 9243

Christian Jacq, author of the international sensations Ramses and The Stone of Light, continues his epic Queen of Freedom trilogy as the fiercely determined Queen Ahhotep struggles to save her people -- and reclaim her own legacy. The barbaric Hyksos have taken possession of the whole of Egypt, imposing their harsh rule with unimaginable cruelty. Only Queen Ahhotep has yet to succumb. Not far from Thebes, the only city that retains its independence, she has established a secret military base to train her loyal fighters. Even when her husband is killed, Ahhotep refuses to yield, turning instead to her eldest son, Kames, who must take his father's place as pharaoh. Leading an increasingly powerful army, Ahhotep steals victory after victory -- despite the treachery that threatens Egypt from within. Slowly, the Egyptians are recovering their honor, growing stronger by the day -- and the brutal invaders no longer seem invincible. Unless Queen Ahhotep and her followers are being lured into an elaborately designed trap that may seal their doom.... Combining historical fact with a vivid imagination, Christian Jacq tells the enthralling true story of the Ancient Egyptian warrior-queen Ahhotep -- without whose valiant courage the Valley of the Kings and the glorious treasures of the pharaohs, including Ramses the Great, would never have existed.

The Empire of Darkness

A Novel of Ancient Egypt

Author: Christian Jacq

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 141659132X

Category: Fiction

Page: 368

View: 2557

Christian Jacq, author of the international triumphs Ramses and The Stone of Light, brings the people and passions of ancient Egypt to life in an enthralling epic novel in three volumes. Egypt is a shadow of its former self. An army of barbarians mounted on horse-drawn chariots has swept through the Empire, destroying everything in its path. Known as the Hyksos, these "leaders from foreign lands" have reduced the country of the pharaohs to slavery. Only the city of Thebes resists, protected by the widow of the last pharaoh, Teti the Small. But Teti knows that her reign is limited, that it's only a matter of time before her men succumb to the barbarities of the cruel Hyksos. She has an eighteen-year-old daughter, however: Ahhotep. Fierce, beautiful, and courageous, this girl whom history will call "Egypt's Joan of Arc" will never accept defeat. And so she decides to re-ignite the flame of Egyptian resistance. All by herself. Combining historical fact with a vivid imagination, Christian Jacq tells the enthralling true story of this Ancient Egyptian warrior-heroine. Without the courage and passion of Queen Ahhotep, the Valley of the Kings and the glorious treasures of the pharaohs, including Ramses the Great, would never have existed.

Thebes at War

Author: Naguib Mahfouz

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0307429679

Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 5918

Known and loved throughout Egypt as a work that celebrates the national character, Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz’s Thebes at War tells of a high point in Egyptian history–ancient Egypt’s defeat of Asiatic foreigners who had dominated northern Egypt for two hundred years. With a visit from a court official and a provocative insult, the southern pharaoh’s long simmering resentment boils over, leading him to commit himself and his heirs to an epic struggle for the throne. Filled with the grand clash of armies, staggering defeats, daring escapes, and glorious victories, and written at a time when Egypt was again under the sway of foreign powers, Thebes at War is a resounding call to remember Egypt’s long and noble history. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Empires of the Bible

Author: Alonzo Trévier Jones

Publisher: TEACH Services, Inc.

ISBN: 157258288X

Category: Religion

Page: 410

View: 2610

From the chaos of the Tower of Babel to the tragedy of the Babylonian captivity, Empires of the Bible tells the story of the ancient civilizations in the Old Testament. Using research conducted in Babylon and Egypt, this book includes many valuable and historical records inscribed in stone by the very men living in those ancient times. These records combined with Bible history of the same, are woven together in one connected story. Reprinted exactly from the 1904 original, this book also includes a series of 21 maps which trace the course of those empires. The unique design of this book will be found useful by every student, either of the Bible or history.

The Pharaoh of the Exodus: Fairy tale or real history?

Author: Gerard Gertoux

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 136570291X

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 5946

For Egyptologists as well as archaeologists, and even now Bible scholars, the answer to the question: Who was the pharaoh of the Exodus, the answer is obvious: there was nobo because the biblical story was a myth (Dever: 2003, 233). Consequently, who to believe: Moses or Egyptologists? Several scholars (Finkelstein, Dever and others) posit that the Exodus narrative may have developed from collective memories of the Hyksos expulsions of Semitic Canaanites from Egypt, possibly elaborated on to encourage resistance to the 7th century domination of Judah by Egypt. For these scholars the liberation from Egypt after the "10 plagues," as it is written in the Book of Exodus, is quite different from the historical "war of liberation against the Hyksos." What are the Egyptian documents underlying this hypothesis: none, and what is the chronology of this mysterious war: nobody knows! Consequently, who to believe: Moses or Egyptologists? This study will give the answer.

The Ancient Greeks

Ten Ways They Shaped the Modern World

Author: Edith Hall

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1473548969

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 854

They gave us democracy, philosophy, poetry, rational science, the joke. They built the Parthenon and the Library of Alexandria. They wrote the timeless myths of Odysseus and Oedipus, and the histories of Leonidas’s three hundred Spartans and Alexander the Great. But who were the ancient Greeks? And what was it that enabled them to achieve so much? Here, Edith Hall gives us a revelatory way of viewing this geographically scattered people, visiting different communities at various key moments during twenty centuries of ancient history. Identifying ten unique traits central to the widespread ancient Greeks, Hall unveils a civilization of incomparable richness and a people of astounding complexity – and explains how they made us who we are today. ‘A thoroughly readable and illuminating account of this fascinating people... This excellent book makes us admire and like the ancient Greeks equally’ Independent ‘A worthy and lively introduction to one of the two groups of ancient peoples who really formed the western world’ Sunday Times ‘Throughout, Hall exemplifies her subjects’ spirit of inquiry, their originality and their open-mindedness’ Daily Telegraph ‘A book that is both erudite and splendidly entertaining’ Financial Times

The Priests of Ancient Egypt

Author: Serge Sauneron,David Lorton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801486548

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 454

Using as his sources the Egyptian texts and the testimony of classical authors, Serge Sauneron illuminates the role of the priesthood in Ancient Egypt.

The Egyptian Heaven and Hell

Author: E. A. Wallis Budge,Sir Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486293688

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 6855

Complete hieroglyphic renderings of two ancient "books of the underworld" which provided the dead with a guide their souls would need to make the journey from the world of the living to the "abode of the blessed." Ancient texts shed considerable light on the development of material and spiritual elements in Egyptian religion and on numerous primitive gods.

Akhenaten and Tutankhamun

Revolution and Restoration

Author: David P. Silverman,Josef W. Wegner,Jennifer Houser Wegner

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9781931707909

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 5487

The Amarna Period, named after the site of an innovative capital city that was the center of the new religion, included the reigns Akhenaten and his presumed son, Tutankhamun.

Scroll Of Saqqara

Author: Pauline Gedge

Publisher: Penguin Canada

ISBN: 0143179438

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 2141

Prince Khaemwaset is a powerful man. The son of Ramses II and a revered physician, his wisdom is respected throughout Egypt. But Khaemwaset harbours a strong and secret desire—to find the mysterious Scroll of Thoth and receive the power to raise the dead. When Khaemwaset hears of the discovery of a hidden tomb on the plain of Saqqara, he is quick to break its seal and take its secrets—secrets that he soon learns he should never have disturbed. Richly detailed with the exotic realities of Ancient Egypt, Scroll of Saqqara is a compelling tale of power, lust, and obsession.

Legend

The Genesis of Civilisation

Author: David M. Rohl

Publisher: Arrow Books

ISBN: 9780099799917

Category: Bible

Page: 540

View: 9472

David Rohl continues his quest to reach the historical kernel lying at the heart of some of the greatest unsolved problems and mysteries of Old World history and archaeology. He reveals what really happened in seven famous myths and legends bequeathed to us by the ancients and shows us that the passage of time has not wiped away all the evidence, and it is possible to reach the reality behind the legends. LEGEND reveals the historical truth which lies at the heart of the Book of Genesis: * The Garden of Eden is finally found * Heroes from the Book of Genesis are indentified in ancient records * The true site of Noah's Ark is located in Kurdistan * Paradise is discovered on a desert island in the Persian Gulf * The mysterious origins of the first pharaohs are revealed

Brotherhood of Kings

How International Relations Shaped the Ancient Near East

Author: Amanda H. Podany

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199718296

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 8965

Amanda Podany here takes readers on a vivid tour through a thousand years of ancient Near Eastern history, from 2300 to 1300 BCE, paying particular attention to the lively interactions that took place between the great kings of the day. Allowing them to speak in their own words, Podany reveals how these leaders and their ambassadors devised a remarkably sophisticated system of diplomacy and trade. What the kings forged, as they saw it, was a relationship of friends-brothers-across hundreds of miles. Over centuries they worked out ways for their ambassadors to travel safely to one another's capitals, they created formal rules of interaction and ways to work out disagreements, they agreed to treaties and abided by them, and their efforts had paid off with the exchange of luxury goods that each country wanted from the other. Tied to one another through peace treaties and powerful obligations, they were also often bound together as in-laws, as a result of marrying one another's daughters. These rulers had almost never met one another in person, but they felt a strong connection--a real brotherhood--which gradually made wars between them less common. Indeed, any one of the great powers of the time could have tried to take over the others through warfare, but diplomacy usually prevailed and provided a respite from bloodshed. Instead of fighting, the kings learned from one another, and cooperated in peace. A remarkable account of a pivotal moment in world history--the establishment of international diplomacy thousands of years before the United Nations--Brotherhood of Kings offers a vibrantly written history of the region often known as the "cradle of civilization."