The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website, 2017 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119345138

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5291

The gold-standard guide to nonprofit law, updated for 2017 The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website is the definitive reference for leaders and lawyers of tax-exempt organizations. Written by the field's most respected authority, this book provides comprehensive coverage of all currently relevant regulations to help you make informed decisions about the future of your organization. This new 2017 cumulative supplement includes important updates and revisions with respect to tax regulations and court opinions, including expanded discussion on the private benefit doctrine and unrelated business activity, governance, donor-advised funds, and supporting organizations. Accessible language and extensive tabular information allow for easy navigation and quick reference, while the companion website features additional resources that provide additional depth on specific topics. Tax laws are continuously evolving, and the statutes and regulations for tax-exempt organizations change more quickly than most. This book compiles all of the latest pertinent statutes, regulations, rulings, and court opinions into a single reference that no nonprofit should be without. Get up to date on the latest changes to tax regulations for exempt organizations Learn the new and expanded rules for supporting organizations Review recent IRS rulings, Treasury Department regulations, and court opinions Find answers to the emerging issues surrounding the commerciality doctrine governance, unrelated business, constitutional law issues, and much more Failure to keep pace with changing tax law can easily result in costly penalties; in the non-profit world, each and every dollar is precious—by staying up to date on tax-exempt regulations, you not only avoid penalties, but you may discover new developments that actually benefit your bottom line. The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website provides the information you need, and the expert guidance to help you take advantage of every opportunity.

The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website, 2017 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119345189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 3175

The gold-standard guide to nonprofit law, updated for 2017 The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website is the definitive reference for leaders and lawyers of tax-exempt organizations. Written by the field's most respected authority, this book provides comprehensive coverage of all currently relevant regulations to help you make informed decisions about the future of your organization. This new 2017 cumulative supplement includes important updates and revisions with respect to tax regulations and court opinions, including expanded discussion on the private benefit doctrine and unrelated business activity, governance, donor-advised funds, and supporting organizations. Accessible language and extensive tabular information allow for easy navigation and quick reference, while the companion website features additional resources that provide additional depth on specific topics. Tax laws are continuously evolving, and the statutes and regulations for tax-exempt organizations change more quickly than most. This book compiles all of the latest pertinent statutes, regulations, rulings, and court opinions into a single reference that no nonprofit should be without. Get up to date on the latest changes to tax regulations for exempt organizations Learn the new and expanded rules for supporting organizations Review recent IRS rulings, Treasury Department regulations, and court opinions Find answers to the emerging issues surrounding the commerciality doctrine governance, unrelated business, constitutional law issues, and much more Failure to keep pace with changing tax law can easily result in costly penalties; in the non-profit world, each and every dollar is precious—by staying up to date on tax-exempt regulations, you not only avoid penalties, but you may discover new developments that actually benefit your bottom line. The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website provides the information you need, and the expert guidance to help you take advantage of every opportunity.

The Law of Fundraising, 2017 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins,Alicia M. Kirkpatrick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119345146

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 3151

Untangle the web of fundraising regulations, with the latest updates for 2017 The Law of Fundraising is the definitive reference by the field's most respected authority, and the only book to tackle the increasingly complex maze of federal and state fundraising regulations. Updated to cover the latest changes to fundraising law for 2017, this book includes new coverage of donor-advised funds, international fundraising, and the IRS's charitable spending initiative alongside updates on Form 990, political fundraising, and more. Both state and federal regulations are covered with an emphasis on administrative, tax, and constitutional law, alongside expert discussion on compliance issues, trends, and upcoming legislation. Accessible language aids in conceptual understanding, while extensive tables of cases, IRS rulings and pronouncements, checklists, and sample forms facilitate correct application. The companion website features additional tables, appendices, IRS guidelines, and other useful documents, providing attorneys, accountants, and nonprofit professionals with a rich toolkit for ensuring compliance. With all topics pertaining to finance under increasing federal scrutiny, laws surrounding fundraising are becoming increasingly difficult to parse. Mistakes can impact the nonprofit's bottom line, so keeping up-to-date is crucial; this book provides a comprehensive reference to the latest developments, along with expert forecasting of what is to come. Understand the latest state and federal laws surrounding fundraising activities Learn how the law governs Internet fundraising and other emerging issues Get up to date on the new rules surrounding donor-advised funds and international fundraising Examine prospective laws, regulatory trends, and how new rules impact fundraising professionals Fundraising is critical to the nonprofit's ability to carry out their mission, yet the regulatory tangle at both the state and federal level can be a nightmare to navigate. The Law of Fundraising streamlines compliance with the latest legal developments and invaluable tools for application.

The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations, 2018 Cumulative Supplement, + Website

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119486971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4737

The gold-standard guide to nonprofit law, updated for 2018 The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website is the definitive reference for leaders and lawyers of tax-exempt organizations. Written by the field's most respected authority, this book provides comprehensive coverage of all currently relevant regulations to help you make informed decisions about the future of your organization. Accessible language and extensive tabular information allow for easy navigation and quick reference, while the companion website features additional resources that provide additional depth on specific topics. Tax laws are continuously evolving, and the statutes and regulations for tax-exempt organizations change more quickly than most. This book compiles all of the latest pertinent statutes, regulations, rulings, and court opinions into a single reference that no nonprofit should be without. Get up to date on the latest changes to tax regulations for exempt organizations Learn the new and expanded rules for supporting organizations Review recent IRS rulings, Treasury Department regulations, and court opinions Find answers to the emerging issues surrounding the commerciality doctrine governance, unrelated business, constitutional law issues, and much more Failure to keep pace with changing tax law can easily result in costly penalties; in the non-profit world, each and every dollar is precious—by staying up to date on tax-exempt regulations, you not only avoid penalties, but you may discover new developments that actually benefit your bottom line. The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations + Website provides the information you need, and the expert guidance to help you take advantage of every opportunity.

The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations 2017 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Thomas K. Hyatt,Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119346398

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 96

View: 5299

2017's must-have reference for nonprofit healthcare organizations The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations is a one-stop reference for organizations and their advisors, providing accessible explanations of the complex legal framework surrounding tax-exempt status, healthcare organizations, and other pertinent regulations. This new supplement has been updated to reflect the latest changes to federal law, IRS forms, requirements, and related tax procedures, with extensive citations to facilitate further research if needed. Coverage includes healthcare reform, the Affordable Care Act, activities of tax-exempt organizations, political campaign activity, charitable reforms, intermediate sanctions, and more, including the fiduciary duty of directors on the governing body of nonprofit organizations. Organized for easy navigation and quick reference, this book is also valuable as a learning resource for nonprofit professionals seeking to make more informed decisions for their organizations. The laws and regulations surrounding both health care and the nonprofit world are continuously evolving; when the two fields merge in a single organization, they create a legal area that is continuously in flux. This book provides up-to-the-minute guidance on all relevant aspects of federal law to ensure the clear understanding that streamlines compliance. Get up to date on the latest changes to federal law Delve into the complex rules regarding tax-exempt status Ensure compliance with practical guidance and tools Examine the impact of the Affordable Care Act, charitable reforms, new restrictions, and more By compiling all legal and tax-related information specific to tax-exempt health care organizations into a single volume, this book dramatically reduces research time and eliminates the need to wade through legal libraries to locate specific information—it's all here. The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations is the must-have reference with the latest information and down-to-earth explanations.

Joint Ventures Involving Tax-Exempt Organizations

Author: Michael I. Sanders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111842168X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1472

View: 1494

A comprehensive, revised, and expanded guide covering tax-exempt organizations engaging in joint ventures Joint Ventures Involving Tax-Exempt Organizations, Fourth Edition examines the liability of, and consequences to, exempt organizations participating in joint ventures with for-profit and other tax-exempt entities. This authoritative guide provides unbridled access to relevant IRC provisions, Treasury regulations, IRS rulings, and pertinent judicial decisions and legislative developments that impact exempt organizations involved in joint ventures. Features in depth analysis of the IRS's requirements for structuring joint ventures to protect a nonprofit's exemption as well as to minimize UBIT Includes sample models, checklists, and numerous citations to Internal Revenue Code sections, Treasury Regulations, case law, and IRS rulings Presents models, guidelines, and suggestions for structuring joint ventures and minimizing the risk of audit Contains detailed coverage of: new Internal Revenue Code requirements impacting charitable hospitals including Section 501(r) and related provisions; university ventures, revised Form 990, with a focus on nonprofits engaged in joint ventures; the IRS's emphasis on good governance practices; international activities by nonprofits; and a comprehensive examination of the New Market Tax Credits and Low Income Housing Tax Credits arena Written by a noted expert in the field, Joint Ventures Involving Tax-Exempt Organizations, Fourth Edition is the most in-depth discussion of this critical topic.

The Law of Fundraising

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119486599

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 7894

Untangle the web of fundraising regulations, with the latest updates for 2018 The Law of Fundraising is the definitive reference by the field's most respected authority, and the only book to tackle the increasingly complex maze of federal and state fundraising regulations. Updated to cover the latest changes to fundraising law for 2018, this book includes new coverage of donor-advised funds, international fundraising, and the IRS's charitable spending initiative alongside updates on Form 990, political fundraising, and more. Both state and federal regulations are covered with an emphasis on administrative, tax, and constitutional law, alongside expert discussion on compliance issues, trends, and upcoming legislation. Accessible language aids in conceptual understanding, while extensive tables of cases, IRS rulings and pronouncements, checklists, and sample forms facilitate correct application. The companion website features additional tables, appendices, IRS guidelines, and other useful documents, providing attorneys, accountants, and nonprofit professionals with a rich toolkit for ensuring compliance. With all topics pertaining to finance under increasing federal scrutiny, laws surrounding fundraising are becoming increasingly difficult to parse. Mistakes can impact the nonprofit's bottom line, so keeping up-to-date is crucial; this book provides a comprehensive reference to the latest developments, along with expert forecasting of what is to come. Understand the latest state and federal laws surrounding fundraising activities Learn how the law governs Internet fundraising and other emerging issues Get up to date on the new rules surrounding donor-advised funds and international fundraising Examine prospective laws, regulatory trends, and how new rules impact fundraising professionals Fundraising is critical to the nonprofit's ability to carry out their mission, yet the regulatory tangle at both the state and federal level can be a nightmare to navigate. The Law of Fundraising streamlines compliance with the latest legal developments and invaluable tools for application.

The Tax Law of Charitable Giving

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118768035

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 928

View: 8972

A completely updated guide to the laws and regulations governing charitable giving This fully updated Fifth Edition of The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the definitive resource for nonprofit lawyers, accountants, and fundraising professionals charged with navigating the increasingly complex maze of charitable giving regulations. This new edition includes: Detailed documentation and citations, including references to regulations, rulings, cases, and tax literature An exhaustive index allowing for quick and easy reference Annual supplements to keep readers apprised of the latest developments affecting tax–exempt healthcare organizations

Private Foundation Law Made Easy

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470454326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 2562

Now your foundation can be fully informed about the basic legal requirements affecting private foundations and avoid the perils lurking in nonprofit tax law traps. Private Foundation Law Made Easy clearly shows you how, with information on reaping the charitable and tax advantages of your private foundation. Filled with straightforward guidance, author Bruce Hopkins?a leading authority on the laws regulating private foundations?demystifies this topic for you and your board members with practical legal information in easy-to-understand English.

Private Foundations

Tax Law and Compliance

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins,Jody Blazek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470447370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 768

View: 2387

With more than 50,000 private foundations in the United States and the increasing scrutiny of the IRS, this much-needed, annually updated manual provides you with a wide range of tax rules and regulations for these foundations. Coauthored by a lawyer and tax accountant, the revised and expanded Third Edition includes practical tax compliance suggestions and in-depth legal explanations. Capturing all-new developments in the private foundations arena, the new edition presents you with line-by-line instructions, sample-filled IRS forms, and complete citations.

The Tax Law of Charitable Giving

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119486564

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 5176

The classic reference for charitable gift regulations, updated for 2018 The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the leading guide to the law, rules, and regulations governing charitable giving. Author Bruce R. Hopkins is the most respected authority in the field; in this book, he provides a comprehensive update on the latest changes to the law, new Treasury Department regulations, and much more to help lawyers, managers, and development directors in tax-exempt organizations stay up-to-date on all regulations pertaining to charitable gifts. The companion website provides additional tables, appendices, IRS guidelines, and other useful documents to help nonprofits make fully informed decisions about their fund-development programs. As quickly as tax law evolves, it remains the nonprofit's responsibility to stay up-to-date and compliant with all relevant regulations. This book provides a definitive reference for the latest changes, new laws, and upcoming legislation to provide an accessible one-stop reference. Examine the latest changes to the laws surrounding charitable giving Learn how the new healthcare tax affects pooled income funds Understand the Treasury Department's new regulations for reporting, appraisal, and more Access reference tables, IRS guidelines, and other useful documents Charitable gifts are the cornerstone of the nonprofit organization's support, and American taxpayers give more than any other group worldwide. The rules surrounding these gifts are complex, but compliance is critical to the health of the organization. The Tax Law of Charitable Giving provides an authoritative reference for all aspects of the law, with the most up-to-date information available anywhere.

Private Foundations

Tax Law and Compliance

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins,Jody Blazek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111853249X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 896

View: 640

Stay updated on the latest tax regulations with this private foundation tax manual Knowledge of tax regulations surrounding private foundations isn't enough if you're an executive of such an organization or a professional supporting a tax-exempt foundation. Annual changes to IRS rules and increased scrutiny by regulators mean it's necessary for you to keep abreast of myriad changes that come into existence each year. From authors Bruce R. Hopkins and Jody Blazek comes the definitive guide for those responsible for guiding the financial and tax filing operations of private foundations. The complexity of tax regulations related to private foundations extends to a level that is out of proportion to the relatively small number of such entities. Nonetheless, recent statutory requirements that apply solely to private foundations can make untangling filing and reporting activities overly burdensome without a developed knowledge of the underlying theory and practice. To navigate this maze of add-on regulations, Hopkins and Blazek provide background knowledge, in-depth explanations of regulatory changes, and real-world examples to bring as much simplicity to the process as possible. Receive guidance from the 2007 Outstanding Nonprofit Lawyer Award recipient Learn about the details of private foundation taxes from leading experts in the field Make use of checklists and sample documents to prepare organizational filings Utilize line-by-line instructions for completing exemption applications and forms For professionals working closely with private foundations, including accountants, lawyers, and foundation executives, Private Foundations: Tax Law and Compliance, 4th Edition is a welcome resource for keeping your clients or your organization on the right track. Brings clarity, real-world examples, and checklists to help professionals deal with the burdensome process of complying with IRS regulations governing private foundations Clarifies the underlying logic behind statutory tax regulations governing private foundations and the practical implications of maintaining compliance Supplemented annually online to keep subscribers up-to-date on relevant changes in IRS forms requirements, and related tax procedures Includes easy-to-use checklists highlighting such critical concerns as tax-exempt eligibility and tax compliance Offers line-by-line instructions for completing a variety of exemption applications and tax forms Features sample documents, letters of application, completed forms and practice aids summarizing the differences between public and private charitable organizations

The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118874226

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1152

View: 8921

The authoritative reference for nonprofit law, by leading expert Bruce R. Hopkins The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations 11th edition details the complex set of statutes, regulations that govern this diverse category of organizations, IRS rulings, and court opinions. This new edition includes the most up-to-date coverage of subjects such as: nonprofit governance, and new rules for donor advised funds and supporting organizations, updates on unrelated business activities. Discussion of subjects such as the private inurement doctrine and private benefit doctrine have been expanded in light of recent IRS ruling activity. Written in plain English and supplemented annually, this book helps the lawyers and managers of tax-exempt organizations stay up to date on relevant law developments so they can make more informed decisions about their organization's actions and future direction. This eleventh edition is an important revision, with significant updates and vital information you need to know. Get up to date on the latest regulations and court opinions See how recent IRS rulings impact many aspects of tax-exempt organizations law Learn how the health care shift has generated new guidelines Read new law concerning legislative and political activities, intermediate sanctions, and more Written by one of the country's leading authorities on the law surrounding tax-exempt organizations, this comprehensive and authoritative reference allows you to learn the particulars of the subject matter or get a quick refresher regarding specific rules of interest. For newcomers and experienced practitioners alike, The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations 11th edition provides a single-volume resource for the latest, most up-to-date information aspects of the law.

The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations 2016 Supplement

Author: Thomas K. Hyatt,Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118874188

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 96

View: 6239

Get up to date on 2016 healthcare law and newly relevant issues The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations 2016 Supplement provides complete and comprehensive practitioner updates and analysis in a single volume. Tackling complex legal issues with plain-English explanations and the appropriate citations, this guide is a must-have resource for organizations and their advisors. This new supplement to the Fourth Edition has been fully updated with the latest IRS guidance and requirements, and expanded with additional coverage of relevant topics. The new discussion includes healthcare reform and the Affordable Care Act, the fiduciary duty of directors on the governing body of nonprofit organizations, executive compensation, activities of tax-exempt organizations that appear more commercial than charitable, political campaign activity, charitable reforms, restrictions on supporting organizations, intermediate sanctions, and much more. The companion website provides extensive appendices for further reference, as well as helpful downloadable tables that facilitate a more efficient approach to practice. Healthcare law is a complex field, and keeping up with the frequent changes to federal law is itself a full time job. This book eliminates the need for extended research time by collecting all of the newest and relevant guidelines into one place. Get up to date on the latest IRS forms, guidance, and procedures Interpret complex legal issues correctly and appropriately Reference relevant federal guidelines quickly and easily Access extensive appendices and tables to streamline application As the field evolves and new issues arise, practitioners need a working knowledge of the legal implications behind organizational activities, structure, practices, and more. This most recent annual supplement to The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations is a must-have resource for anyone in the field.

The Tax Law of Charitable Giving 2016 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119238455

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 7357

The classic tax guide for charitable giving, updated and expanded for 2016 The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is the leading guide to the rules, regulations, and laws governing charitable gifts, written by one of the most trusted legal authorities on tax-exempt organizations. Completely revised, revamped, and updated for 2016, this invaluable guide provides plain-English explanations and supporting documentation to assist in the decision making process. This supplement includes discussion of the new healthcare tax on investment income of trusts and the impact on pooled income funds, updates to federal estate tax law, and case law on substantiation and appraisal requirements, as well as detailed coverage of new Department of Treasury regulations concerning recordkeeping, an update of law summary for donor-advised funds, and an updated summary of recent legislation's impact on the U.S. tax system. Supporting citations and documentation are provided, and references to rulings, regulations, cases, and tax literature are included throughout. The companion website features appendices, tables, IRS examination guidelines for charitable giving, and more, to help you stay fully up-to-date with the most current tax laws related to charitable giving. Tax law changes continuously, and the rules surrounding charitable gifts are under increasing scrutiny. This book provides clear, easy-to-follow guidance on the latest updates to help ensure complete compliance and well-informed decision-making. Get up to date on the most recent charitable gift regulations Dig deep into healthcare tax, federal estate tax, donor-advised funds, and more Gain access to downloadable tables, IRS guidelines, and other helpful documents Make the right decisions about your organization's fund–development program With comprehensive, authoritative guidance and the most current applicable laws, rules, and regulations, The Tax Law of Charitable Giving is an invaluable resource for any tax-exempt organization.

How to Be a Global Nonprofit

Legal and Practical Guidance for International Activities

Author: Lisa Norton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118534727

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7875

Solid guidance for the complex legal issues faced by international nonprofits When a nonprofit operates across borders, whether by making grants or directly operating programs, the interaction among legal requirements of two or more countries quickly becomes highly complex. How To Be A Global Nonprofit fills a need for legal and practical guidance for nonprofit organizations with international activities, and includes ten case studies to provide insights into the ways real organizations have dealt with various legal and practical issues. Along the way, it skillfully explores alternatives for advancing a nonprofit's mission across borders, while also looking at the legal and practical issues nonprofits encounter as they work internationally. Includes ten case studies based on interviews with large and small international nonprofits Offers a realistic sense of the complexity of legal and practical issues global nonprofits face Features a companion website with a variety of online tools and materials related to key concepts discussed in this book Not long ago international philanthropy was the province of large organizations like the Red Cross, UNICEF, and Save the Children. This has radically changed. How to Be a Global Nonprofit thoroughly explores the legal and practical issues nonprofits encounter as they work internationally and the resources required to deal with them.

Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, 2017 Cumulative Supplement

Author: Jody Blazek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119352118

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 9976

The essential time-saving guide to the latest in nonprofit tax rules, regulations, and procedures Tax rules and regulations change annually, and nonprofit organizations know that staying compliant means staying up to date. But wading through tax code is less than helpful in the field, whereas the clear, practically oriented instruction inside provides the quick reference accountants, lawyers, and executives need. In the latest edition of Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations, you'll find straightforward information on changing Unrelated Business Income (UBI) rules, joint ventures, sponsorships, deductions against UBI, preparation of IRS forms, and more. Nonprofit organizations—including health and welfare organizations, colleges and universities, private foundations, churches, libraries, museums, cultural institutions, and other smaller groups—contend daily with the possibility of losing their tax-exempt status. From qualifying and applying for that status, to maintaining and managing it, every nonprofit organization must plan and monitor ongoing procedures, activities, and forms to comply with federal, state, and local regulations. Access easy checklists for reporting, compliance, eligibility, and more Examine sample bylaws, applications, and forms Utilize comparison charts and other visual aids for easy reference Review bullet lists that compare what is and what is not acceptable Tax Planning and Compliance for Tax-Exempt Organizations is an indispensable guide to navigating the complex maze of nonprofit tax rules and regulations.

The Legal Answer Book for Private Foundations

Author: Bruce R. Hopkins,Jody Blazek

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 6732

A must-have guide that enables managers and trustees of private foundations, as well as their lawyers and accountants, to successfully navigate today's increasingly complex tax laws and reporting requirements Private foundations are the most regulated of nonprofit organizations. Burdened with laws written over thirty years ago, which have become more complex and intricate, private foundations are forced to operate in a harsh legal environment. An operational or reporting mistake, no matter how innocent or inadvertent, can lead to immense tax and other penalties. To reap the charitable, tax, and other economic advantages of private foundations while avoiding the perils lurking in the myriad of tax-law traps, you must be fully informed about the basic legal requirements and the many subtleties and current developments affecting private foundations. Written by two of today's leading authorities on the laws regulating private foundations, The Legal Answer Book for Private Foundations provides this critical information in an efficient and comprehensible fashion. In clear, easy-to-understand language, the authors provide expert guidance on everything from how to set up a private foundation to how assets are invested, how funds are distributed to grantees, and how to avoid self-dealing. You'll find answers to such critical questions as: * What are the legal definitions of private foundation and public charity, and what constitutes a disqualified person? * Just what are the private foundation rules and what are the penalties for violating them? * What assets are involved in the calculations of the mandatory payout requirement? * How are self-dealing rules avoided? * What is an excess business holding? * Do foundations have to file annual returns with the IRS? * What are the alternatives to private foundations? With the increasing opportunities for the establishment of private foundations, The Legal Answer Book for Private Foundations is an invaluable resource that is mandatory reading for anyone contemplating creation of a foundation or managing or advising an existing foundation.