Retaining the signature clarity and depth that made it an instant classic, this new fourth edition of The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization examines both the institutional and substantive law of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Fully updated to incorporate all new developments in the WTO's body of case law, this market-leading text offers readers a clear introduction to the basic principles of the multilateral trading system and a detailed examination of the law of the WTO. With integrated questions and assignments which allow readers to easily assess and reinforce their understanding and develop their analytical skills, The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization is essential reading for all WTO law students and practitioners. Suitable for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students, this classic text is also the ideal resource for practitioners, diplomats and policymakers looking for an introduction to the law of the WTO.
Since its first edition, this textbook has been the first choice of teachers and students alike, due to its clear introduction to the basic principles of the multilateral trading system and its detailed examination of the law of the World Trade Organization. The third edition continues to explore the institutional and substantive law of the WTO. Material has been restructured to closely align with teaching approaches making it even more user-friendly. It has been updated to incorporate all new developments in the WTO's body of case law. Questions and assignments are integrated to allow students to assess their understanding, while chapter summaries reinforce learning. Chapters end with an exercise reflecting real-life trade problems: these challenge students (and practitioners) and enable them to hone their analytical skills. This title is an essential tool for all WTO law students and will also serve as the practitioner's introductory guide to the WTO.
This is primarily a textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students of law. However, practising lawyers and policy-makers who are looking for an introduction to WTO law will also find it invaluable. The book covers both the institutional and substantive law of the WTO. While the treatment of the law is often quite detailed, the main aim of this textbook is to make clear the basic principles and underlying logic of WTO law and the world trading system. Each section contains questions and assignments, to allow students to assess their understanding and develop useful practical skills. At the end of each chapter there is a helpful summary, as well as an exercise on specific, true-to-life international trade problems.
This volume discusses the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the global forum for trade liberalization. It discusses in exhaustive manner the legal framework governing international trade that evolves out of the treaty regime and elaborates upon the major case law issued by the WTO. It further includes references to academic scholarship critiquing the caselaw, as well as discussions of the economic and political science theories of how WTO law is shaped.
The Legal and Economic Analysis of the WTO/FTA System presents a collation of interdisciplinary studies covering a wide range of issues from WTO dispute settlement issues to trade remedy systems and FTA negotiations. The author applies legal as well as economic rationales and methods to analyze core issues in the world trading system and in doing so, sheds an interesting light on various trade issues. The interdisciplinary analysis on WTO and FTA issues provides a unique opportunity to reconsider many conventional trade topics. For instance, the author shows that third country dumping rarely used in the GATT/WTO system may have a new role with economic incentives in the context of FTAs. Contents:Dispute Settlement in the WTO System:Understanding Non-litigated Disputes in the WTO Dispute Settlement SystemKorea in the GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System: Legal Battle for Economic DevelopmentPractices and Theoretical Foundations of the Trade Remedy System:Alternative Approach to Causation Analysis in Trade Remedy Investigations: 'Cost of Production' TestThird Country Dumping: Origin, Evolution and ProspectRestructuring the WTO Safeguard Mechanism in The WTO Trade Remedy SystemFoe or Friend of GATT Article XXIV: Diversity in Trade Remedy RulesCountervailing Duty against China: Opening a Pandora's Box in the WTO System?United States — Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Shrimp and Diamond Sawblades from China: Never Ending Zeroing in the WTO?International Decisions: United States — Definitive Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Products from ChinaInterrelation between Trade and Finance:Linkages between International Trade and Financial Institutions: IMF, World Bank and WTOWTO Disciplines Under the IMF Program: Congruence or Conflict?Is the Chinese Exchange-rate Regime 'WTO-legal'?Book Review: International Law in Financial Regulation and Monetary AffairsLegal and Economic Analysis of Free Trade Agreements:Dispute Settlement Systems in Asian FTAs: Issues and ProblemsAnalysis of Anti-dumping Use in Free Trade AgreementsLegal Issues for Korea's "Internal Trade" in the WTO System Readership: Researchers, students, and members of the public who are interested in international trade or economic law, international economics and international political economy.
Addressing Conflicts and Overlaps between the WTO and Other Regimes
Author: Anastasios Gourgourinis
This book analyses whether, and how, equity and equitable principles can be employed as juridical tools in the legal reasoning of judges and lawyers in World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes where there is interaction between norms derived from the multilateral trade regime and other international legal regimes. Bringing the literature on equity and equitable principles in international law up to date this book tackles several legal problems which have emerged in WTO dispute settlement practice as well as engaging with the concept of the fragmentation of international law. The book provides an original argument about the role and significance of equity and equitable principles in the debate over fragmentation by providing a coherent methodology for addressing conflicts and overlaps between WTO and non-WTO norms in the context of Dispute Settlement Body proceedings.
Access to and Development of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Infrastructure Under EU and WTO Frameworks
Author: Karolis Gudas
The book examines the legal guarantees provided under the European Union (EU) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules for the development of electricity transmission systems, either by constructing new transmission lines or by increasing transmission capacity. In the context of an analysis of trade rules, the book makes the argument that, if long-distance trade in electricity remains a feasible option, the development of electricity transmission projects must be made subject to economic, technological, and environmental criteria. This topic is dealt with in light of specific challenges of electricity trade related to its dependence on networks, storage and balancing. The book offers insights into the scope of the WTO and the EU related to access to and the development of cross-border electricity infrastructure development, connection, and integration of abundant renewable energies into the electricity systems. It criticizes the EU's regulations in terms of a lack of technological neutrality, as well as the WTO system in terms of lack of sector-tailored regulations that are necessary to achieve the objectives of the WTO to facilitate trade and transit. The regulatory environment for the development of cross-border electricity transmission projects has been examined based on identified obstacles from the analysis of the major multinational electricity systems in the world. Dissertation. [Subject: International Trade Law, Energy Law, EU Law, WTO]
Mitsuo Matsushita,Thomas J. Schoenbaum,Petros C. Mavroidis,Michael Hahn
The Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization and its Annexes
Author: World Trade Organization
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This publication contains the text of the WTO's founding agreement, the 1994 Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, and its Annexes, including all amendments and additions since its entry into force until September 2017. These include an amendment to the WTO's intellectual property agreement (TRIPS Agreement) aimed at improving developing countries' access to medicines, the WTO's Trade Facilitation Agreement, which entered into force in February 2017, an amendment adopted in July 2017 to extend the frequency of peer review periods under the Trade Policy Review Mechanism as of 2019, and the amended Government Procurement Agreement. This publication updates and replaces The Legal Texts: The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, which was first printed in 1994.
Through substantive investigation, African Participation at the World Trade Organization: Legal and Institutional Aspects, 1995-2010 offers thorough explanations for the nominal, minimal, and largely ineffective activity of African members in the WTO, focusing on the three core areas of regular committee work, dispute settlement and negotiations, and considering the Group's size, compared to non-African Members. Fundamentally, the research examines the longstanding and continuing question in the Multilateral Trading System revolving around the substantive quality and effectiveness of African participation in a rules-based Multilateral Trading System with a balance of rights and obligations. The book is a must-read for anyone interested in the factors, motivations and explanations that have underpinned the behavior of African countries in the GATT/WTO system of trade rules.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is one of the most important international organizations in existence today. It contains a set of disciplines that affect the ability of governments to impose trade restrictions, and has helped to support the steady expansion of international trade since the 1950s. The WTO has been the focus of vociferous protests by anti-globalization activists and has experienced great difficulties in agreeing to new trade rules since its establishment. At the same time it has become the premier global forum for the settlement of trade disputes and has proven to provide a robust framework for international cooperation in the trade area. This book separates the facts from the propaganda and provides an accessible overview of the WTO’s history, structure and policies as well as a discussion of the future of the organization. It also confronts the criticisms of the WTO and assesses their validity. New to the second edition: discussion of legislative amendments to the WTO Agreement, in particular Aid for Trade, the Agreement on Trade Facilitation and the Bali Package evaluation of case law developments and major disputes since 2007, including analysis of the WTO and the financial crisis – in particular the trade policy responses of WTO Members and institutional response reflection on recent shifts to mega-regional agreements (TPP, TISA, TTIP) and their implications what next post Bali? Fully updated throughout, this book continues to be essential reading for students of international trade, international political economy, commercial law and international organizations as well as activists and others interested in a balanced account of a key global institution.
This comprehensive account of the establishment of the WTO focuses on those who shaped its creation as well as those who have influenced its evolution. It also examines trade negotiations, the WTO's dispute settlement role, the process of joining, and what lies ahead for the organization.
The World Trade Organization is one of the most important yet least understood organizations in the world. As a lynchpin of globalization, the WTO allows us to enjoy products and services from around the world, but it also lays bare the frailty of many industries, in some cases leading to unemployment and even threatening social cohesion. In this beginner’s guide, Dr. David Collins explores the goals of the WTO and how these have created difficulties for its member countries as they adapt to the pressures of globalization. With high-profile case studies straight from the headlines and textboxes that clearly outline complex issues such as regional trade agreements and currency manipulation, this engaging and highly-informative book explains what the WTO does and how it fits into the world we know. Anti-globalizationists say it should expand its mandate to cover social issues that matter to real people but, as Collins shows, to pursue these goals would likely involve taking steps back from liberalizing international trade — the primary objective of the WTO and why the organization was created in the first place.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) has become a centerpiece of global economic governance in a fragmented international legal and institutional system. The WTO oversees an extensive body of international trade rules. But it has also become a widely contested organization, as its trade rules affect a great variety of rules and policies on environmental protection, public health, technical standards, cultural diversity, financial stability, and professional qualifications. Whether it likes it or not, the WTO is put at the center of global economic governance and no internationally-oriented legal practitioner, government official, academic, or student can afford to neglect this swiftly developing body of law. This book introduces the institutional and substantive legal aspects of the WTO. It thereby addresses both the vertical interactions of WTO law with domestic legal systems and the horizontal interactions between WTO rules and other areas of international regulation. Starting from the history and theory of international trade law, the book discusses the content and application of the basic principles in the different WTO agreements. Furthermore, it also clarifies the decision-making processes and dispute settlement system of the WTO.
Author: Michael Trebilcock,Robert Howse,Antonia Eliason
Category: Business & Economics
Drawing on a wide variety of classic and contemporary sources, respected authors Trebilcock and Howse here provide a critical analysis of the institutions and agreements that have shaped international trade rules. In light of the growing debate over globalization, they include special sections examinations of topics such as: * agriculture * services and trade-related intellectual property rights * labor rights * the environment * migration. *competition Drawing on previous highly praised editions, this comprehensive text is an invaluable guide to students of economics, law, politics and international relations. Now fully updated, this fourth edition includes full coverage of new developments including the Doha trade round, the proliferation of preferential trade agreements, the debate on trade, climate change and green energy, the response of the trading system to the 2007-2010 financial and economic crisis, the controversy over trade and exchange rate manipulation, and the growing body of WTO dispute resolution case law.
This book examines, from the legal perspective, China's process of WTO accession, its commitments to the accession, the implications of such commitments for its trade and legal systems, and its efforts towards WTO compliance. It also discusses the issue of the capacity of the evolving Chinese legal system for ensuring compliance. In particular, the book probes into the trade and legal systems at the turn of the accession and evaluates selected trade and legal issues, including intellectual property, foreign investment law and settlement of trade disputes.