The Greek World 479-323 BC has been an indispensable guide to classical Greek history since its first publication nearly thirty years ago. Now Simon Hornblower has comprehensively revised and partly rewritten his original text, bringing it up-to-date for yet another generation of readers. In particular, this fourth edition takes full account of recent and detailed scholarship on Greek poleis across the Hellenic world, allowing for further development of the key theme of regional variety across the Mediterranean and beyond. Other extensive changes include a new sub-chapter on Islands, a completely updated bibliography, and revised citation of epigraphic material relating to the fourth-century BC. With valuable coverage of the broader Mediterranean world in which Greek culture flourished, as well as close examination of Athens, Sparta, and the other great city-states of Greece itself, this fourth edition of a classic work is a more essential read than ever before.
Zur politischen Kommunikation im Athen des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.
Author: Christian Mann
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
In der athenischen Demokratie des 5. Jahrhunderts besaß jeder Bürger das Recht, in Volksversammlungen zu reden, in der Praxis aber ergriff nur eine kleine Minderheit das Wort. Diese Männer wurden Demagogen genannt. Sie erfüllten als politische Experten eine wichtige Funktion bei der demokratischen Entscheidungsfindung, indem sie das Volk in den Versammlungen mit Informationen versorgten, politische Konzepte vorstellten und alternative Handlungsoptionen aufzeigten. Nach herkömmlicher Forschungsmeinung entstammten die Demagogen lange Zeit der alten Aristokratie; politische Macht habe auch in der Demokratie zunächst noch auf vornehmer Abkunft, Reichtum, überlegener Bildung und adligen Freundeszirkeln beruht. Erst nach dem Tod des Perikles 429 v. Chr. hätten Aufsteiger mit populistischen Methoden Einfluss auf das Volk gewinnen können. In Auseinandersetzung mit dieser Position plädiert der Autor dafür, dass die Auftretensweise der Demagogen auch schon vor dieser angeblichen Zäsur durch eine Inszenierung von Loyalität gegenüber der Polis und dem Volk geprägt war. Zwar besaßen alle Demagogen überdurchschnittliche ökonomische Ressourcen, doch in der politischen Kommunikation betonten sie gerade nicht ihre soziale Überlegenheit, sondern verringerten symbolisch den Abstand zum einfachen Bürger, etwa durch demonstrativen Verzicht auf eine luxuriöse Lebensführung und auf aristokratische Beziehungsnetze. Die politische Ordnung der athenischen Demokratie war eben gerade nicht in die traditionelle Sozialordnung eingebettet, sondern weitgehend von dieser losgelöst. Eine Veränderung trat erst im vorletzten Jahrzehnt des 5. Jahrhunderts ein, als ein Anspruch auf politischen Einfluss zunehmend mit traditionellen aristokratischen Ressourcen begründet wurde; dieser Prozess führte schließlich zum Umsturz von 411.
Thucydides' history of the Peloponnesian War combines brilliant narrative and penetrating analysis; his writing has had more lasting influence on western thought than all but Plato and Aristotle. This masterly new translation is the most comprehensive single-volume edition currently available.
Classical Greece and its legacy have long inspired a powerful and passionate fascination. The civilization that bequeathed to later ages drama and democracy, Homer and heroism, myth and Mycenae and the Delphic Oracle and the Olympic Games has, perhaps more than any other, helped shape the intellectual contours of the modern world. P J Rhodes is among the most distinguished historians of antiquity. In this elegant, zesty new survey he explores the archaic (8th - early 5th centuries BCE), classical (5th and 4th centuries BCE) and Hellenistic (late 4th - mid-2nd centuries BCE) periods up to the beginning of Roman hegemony. His scope is that of the people who originated on the Greek mainland and Aegean islands who later migrated to the shores of the Mediterranean and Black Seas, and then (following the conquests of Alexander) to the Near East and beyond. Exploring topics such as the epic struggle with Persia; the bitter rivalry of Athens and Sparta; slaves and ethnicity; religion and philosophy; and literature and the visual arts, this authoritative book will attract students and non-specialists in equal measure.
With its mixture of famous battles and storied commanders, warfare in 4th century B.C. Greece has long held a fascination for military enthusiasts and the general public alike. Histories, biographies, and popular culture have turned the exploits of noted generals like Xenophon and Iphicrates of Athens, Epaminondas of Thebes, and the father-son team of Philip II and Alexander the Great of Macedonia into the stuff of legend. Drawing from ancient accounts along with suitable analogs, this detailed work offers meticulous reconstructions of 187 of the 4th century’s most significant land engagements, considering tactical patterns, evolving trends, and the lasting impact of the era’s most influential military minds. By separating myth from reality, these recreations provide incredible insight into past ways of war that continue to influence the course of combat today.
This resource strategically traces Greek warfare from 720 to 30 BC and its specific and extensive details-the wars, the troops, the armor, the military tactics, and other factors either affecting or affected by the wars. Read how warfare evolved during the centuries in ancient Greece from rudimentary, non-sophisticated strategies and weaponry to more complex arsenals and tactics. Includes entries on many aspects of war for which ancient Greece is historically recognized, as well as profiles of famous military and civilian leaders, including Alcibiades and Alexander the Great, who were involved in the battles on both land and sea. An extensive bibliography suggests further reading of interest. No other general work on ancient Greek warfare covers the entire period included in this volume.
Ideas of masculinity and femininity become sharply defined in war-reliant societies, resulting in a presumed enmity between men and women. This so-called "battle of the sexes" is intensified by the use of misogyny to encourage men and boys to conform to the demands of masculinity. These are among Tom Digby's fascinating insights shared in Love and War, which describes the making and manipulation of gender in militaristic societies and the sweeping consequences for men and women in their personal, romantic, sexual, and professional lives. Drawing on cross-cultural comparisons and examples from popular media, including sports culture, the rise of "gonzo" and "bangbus" pornography, and "internet trolls," Digby describes how the hatred of women and the suppression of empathy are used to define masculinity, thereby undermining relations between women and men—sometimes even to the extent of violence. Employing diverse philosophical methodologies, he identifies the cultural elements that contribute to heterosexual antagonism, such as an enduring faith in male force to solve problems, the glorification of violent men who suppress caring emotions, the devaluation of men's physical and emotional lives, an imaginary gender binary, male privilege premised on the subordination of women, and the use of misogyny to encourage masculine behavior. Digby tracks the "collateral damage" of this disabling misogyny in the lives of both men and women, but ends on a hopeful note. He ultimately finds the link between war and gender to be dissolving in many societies: war is becoming slowly de-gendered, and gender is becoming slowly de-militarized.
Greece in the Making 1200–479 BC is an accessible and comprehensive account of Greek history from the end of the Bronze Age to the Classical Period. The first edition of this book broke new ground by acknowledging that, barring a small number of archaic poems and inscriptions, the majority of our literary evidence for archaic Greece reported only what later writers wanted to tell, and so was subject to systematic selection and distortion. This book offers a narrative which acknowledges the later traditions, as traditions, but insists that we must primarily confront the contemporary evidence, which is in large part archaeological and art historical, and must make sense of it in its own terms. In this second edition, as well as updating the text to take account of recent scholarship and re-ordering, Robin Osborne has addressed more explicitly the weaknesses and unsustainable interpretations which the first edition chose merely to pass over. He now spells out why this book features no ‘rise of the polis’ and no ‘colonization’, and why the treatment of Greek settlement abroad is necessarily spread over various chapters. Students and teachers alike will particularly appreciate the enhanced discussion of economic history and the more systematic treatment of issues of gender and sexuality.
This book brings together reference material and primary source documents concerning the most important people, places, events, and technologies of Classical Greek warfare in one easy-to-use volume—an invaluable resource for students, educators, and general readers interested in this compelling subject. • Charts present at-a-glance statistical information • Maps depict important battles and the political delineation of Greece at different time periods • Numerous illustrations of important people, events, and technologies help bring history to life
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Who were the Titans? How did the Greek alphabet evolve? What sort of weapons did the Greek warriors use? Three millennia of life in ancient Greece, from the advent of the Minoan civilization through the rise and fall of numerous city states, the emergence of democracy and the huge expansion of the Greek world under Alexander the Great to the Roman conquest of 30 BCE, are explored in this guide to the history, archaeology, literature and culture of ancient Greece. Chapters covering: civilizations, city-states and empires; rulers and leaders; military affairs; geography of the Greek world; economy, trade and transport; towns and countryside; written evidence; religion and mythology; art, science and philosophy; everyday life.
From the beginning of the Minoan civilization to the fall of the Greek states to the Romans by 30 B.C., this handy reference provides comprehensive access to over three millennia of ancient Greek history and archaeology. 179 halftones and linecuts.
Greek People explains the ancient classical Greek world by focusing on individual personalities--what is known about them and their world views. Both famous and everyday individuals become lenses through which the reader can understand the values and characteristics of ancient Greece.