The physical and human geography of Sub-Saharan Africa are explored with a systematic, thematic approach in this multi-faceted reference. Designed to expose readers to a variety of contemporary ideas, theories, and concepts in African geography—and their applicability in “real world” situations—each chapter is written by an expert in the field. Key definitions and basic geographic principles are specified in each chapter, providing a more comprehensive view of the themes presented. Completely revised, this edition examines recent developments and data that are important to understanding the geography of the region. Introduction; Understanding Africa in a Global Context; The Physical Environment; Human-Environmental Impacts: Forest Degradation and Desertification; Historical Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Constraints; Political Landscape of Sub-Saharan Africa: From Instability to Democratization?; Culture, Conflict, and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa; Population Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Geography and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Transport, Communication, and Information Technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa: Digital Bridges Over Spatial Divides; Urban Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Geography, Gender, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Medical Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Agricultural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Spatial Organization and Distribution of Economic Activity: Industry, and Entrepreneurship in Africa; Looking Ahead: Prospects for Africa in a New Global Economy. A useful reference for anyone interested in learning more about current issues in sub-Saharan Africa.
Survey of Subsaharan Africa: A Regional Geography provides empirical, analytical, and thought-provoking coverage of the different countries, populations, economies, and climates of Subsaharan Africa, a geographic realm that has changed dramatically over the last twenty years. It retains the successful structure of de Blij and Best's classic work, African Survey. Designed to stimulate discussion and debate, Survey of Subsaharan Africa consists of nine systematic chapters that look at central and southern Africa as a whole and twenty-one regional chapters that cover individual countries. The systematic chapters explore broad themes including the geography of human origin, lingual patterns, historical and political geography, urbanization and development, health, the diffusion of AIDS, and agriculture. Both the systematic chapters and the regional chapters weave themes of democracy, human rights, and private enterprise throughout. In addition, Survey of Subsaharan Africa offers rich visual content, with more than 190 illustrations and 160 maps. Featuring a lively writing style that embraces all the diverse theoretical interpretations of geography, Survey of Subsaharan Africa is ideal for advanced undergraduate courses in African Geography or African Studies.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Geography of Sub- Saharan Africa. In this book, you will learn topics such as The Physical Environment, Human-Environmental Impacts: Forest Degradation and Desertification, Historical Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Constraints, and Political Landscape of Sub-Saharan Africa: From Instability to Democratization? plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
The second edition of A History of Sub-Saharan Africa continues to provide an accessible introduction to the continent's history for students and general readers. The authors employ a thematic approach to their subject, focusing on how the environment has shaped the societies and cultures of the African peoples. The text demonstrates how the geography, climate, and geology of Africa influenced the rise of states and empires, the emergence of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the European conquest, and the creation of independent African nations. Yet the book maintains a focus on the peoples whose creative energies built unique communities and traditions within the challenging context of the Africa landmass. In the process of reconstructing this continent's rich history, the authors analyze the contentious scholarly debates that have emerged out of this field. The book is illustrated with photographs, maps, and sidebars that feature the salient points on either side of the debates.
This revised and updated thirty-third edition provides a complete survey of the region including: * Over 1,300 pages of economic and demographic statistics, wide-ranging directory material and authoritative articles * Contributions from over 50 leading experts on African affairs * Incisive analysis of the latest available information. General Survey * Thoroughly revised and updated analytical articles written by acknowledged experts covering the issues affecting the area as a whole: Reforming Africa: Continuities and Changes; Economic Trends in Africa South of the Sahara 2003; The Privatization of Security in Sub-Saharan Africa andEuropean Colonial Rule in Africa * New for this edition: Health and Medical Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa * A political map of contemporary Africa and a chronological list of the dates of independence of African countries. Country Surveys Individual chapters on every country incorporating: * An introductory survey, containing essays on the physical and social geography, recent history and economy of each country * An extensive statistical survey of economic indicators, which include area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, media and education * A full directory containing names, addresses and contact numbers for key areas such as the government, political organizations, diplomatic representation, the judiciary, religion, the media, finance, trade and industry, tourism, defence and education * A useful bibliography, providing sources for further research. Regional Information * Detailed information on the following: regional organizations; major commodities; calendars, time reckoning, and weights and measures; research institutes concerned with Africa and a select periodicals bibliography.
This authoritative text provides a broad introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. Exploring contemporary issues without losing sight of their historical roots, the volume analyzes the sociocultural, political, economic, and environmental processes that shape resource use and development in this rapidly changing region. Students gain a balanced view of the continent's trials and triumphs—from postcolonial political strife and the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS to progress toward democratization and sustainable growth.
An important feature of Ghanaian tertiary education is the foundational African Studies Programme which was initiated in the early 1960s. Unfortunately hardly any readers exist which bring together a body of knowledge on the themes, issues and debates which inform and animate research and teaching in African Studies particularly on the African continent. This becomes even more important when we consider the need for knowledge on Africa that is not Eurocentric or sensationalised, but driven from internal understandings of life and prospects in Africa. Dominant representations and perceptions of Africa usually depict a continent in crisis. Rather than buying into external representations of Africa, with its 'lacks' and aspirations for Western modernities, we insist that African scholars in particular should be in the forefront of promoting understanding of the pluri-lingual, overlapping, and dense reality of life and developments on the continent, to produce relevant and usable knowledge. Continuing and renewed interest in Africa's resources, including the land mass, economy, minerals, visual arts and performance cultures, as well as bio-medical knowledge and products, by old and new geopolitical players, obliges African scholars to transcend disciplinary boundaries and to work with each other to advance knowledge and uses of those resources in the interests of Africa's people.
Social geography has been one of the great growth areas in geography in recent decades. It has brought within geographical analysis a wide range of new subject matter that has proved extremely invigorating for the discipline, such as ethnic segregation, crime and environment, differences in residential housing and public service provision, and inner city problems. At the same time the growth of social geography has heightened geographers' awareness of social questions and given rise to the so-called "welfare approach" whereby geographers express their social conscience and call for greater social justice in the spatial distribution of social services. The social geography movement however has not been evenly spread throughout the worldódifferent parts of the world vary in the emphasis they give to topics. This book surveys the current international situation of the social geography school. It discusses the contemporary trends, the leading figures, issues of concern, and differences of approach that are now to be found in social geography around the world.
Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt
Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.
The human resources crisis in the health sector has been gathering attention on the global stage. To date, however, most of this attention has focused on shortages of health human resources (HRH) at the national level. At least as important are problems at the sub-national level. Massive geographic and skill mix imbalances are reflected in the perilous undersupply of HRH in most rural areas. Virtually all Sub-Saharan African countries suffer from significant geographic imbalances. Very little substantive information or documentation exists on the problem. Even less is known about the lessons from policies aimed at addressing urban-rural human resource imbalances, let alone experiences of Sub-Saharan Africa countries, with such policies. There also appears to be a disconnect between the objectives and efforts of policymakers on the one hand and the functioning of national health labor markets and labor market behavior on the other hand. This disconnect hinders policy effectiveness and the efficient utilization of resources intended to narrow urban-rural inequities. In Sub-Saharan Africa government policies, often limited to the management of public sector vacancies, appear to be elaborated, prescribed, and implemented independently of labor market considerations. Partly as a result, they are unable to effectively address urban-rural imbalances, which are an outcome of labor market dynamics. This report discusses and analyzes labor market dynamics and outcomes (including unemployment, worker shortages, and urban-rural imbalances of categories of health workers) from a labor economics perspective. It then use insights from this perspective as a basis for elaborating policy options that incorporate the underlying labor market forces. The goal of the study is to address undesirable outcomes (including urban-rural HRH imbalances) more effectively. The book is thus suitable for researchers, policy analysts and policy makers with an interest in understanding and improving the allocation of human resources for health in the developing world.
Cooperation and conflict, resource abundance and scarcity, poverty and prosperity, floods and droughts--all play roles in transforming the Earth’s surface. This insightful text presents world regional geography as a way to comprehend the world’s connections and continuous interplay between features of place, populations, resources, cultures, and political systems. Retaining its balanced cultural and physical geographic perspectives on the world’s eight regions, the sixth edition includes new illustrations, examples, and cross-references to show students how human activities and natural processes reshape places and landscapes. From current information on the geographies of energy and terrorism to the repercussions of China’s booming economy, WORLD REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY, Sixth Edition, presents a meaningful context to help students grasp the geographic issues underlying today’s headlines. The result? Students develop their own deeper understanding of how the world works--and what can happen when natural events or human decisions make things go wrong. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
This clear and engaging text introduces undergraduate students to the vast and diverse subject of tourism through the lens of geography. Indeed, geography and tourism have always been interconnected, and Velvet Nelson draws on human and physical geography to interpret all facets of tourism—economic, social, and environmental. She shows how geography provides the tools and concepts to consider both the positive and negative factors that affect tourists and destinations, as well as the effects tourism has on both peoples and places. Her thematic approach uses real-world case studies, based on research and on the experiences of tourists themselves, to vividly illustrate key issues. This comprehensive introduction will enhance students’ understanding of geographic concepts and how they can be used as a way of viewing and understanding the world.
Author: Bruce Currie-Alder,Ravi Kanbur,David M. Malone,Rohinton Medhora
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Business & Economics
Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations, and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they have changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines how the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. The extent to which development 'works' depends in part on particular local, historical, or institutional contexts. General policy prescriptions fail when the necessary conditions that make them work are either absent, ignored, or poorly understood. There is a need to grasp how people understand their own development experience. If the countries of the world are varied in every way, from their initial conditions to the degree of their openness to outside money and influence, and success is not centred in any one group, it stands to reason that there cannot be a single recipe for development. Each chapter provides an analytical survey of thinking about development that highlights debates and takes into account critical perspectives. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners from the global North and the global South, spanning at least two generations and multiple disciplines. It will be a key reference on the concepts and theories of development - their origins, evolution, and trajectories - and act as a resource for scholars, graduate students, and practitioners.
Unlock your full potential with these revision guides which focus on the key content and skills you need to know. With My Revision Notes for Edexcel AS Geography you can: Take control of your revision: plan and focus on the areas you need to revise with content summaries and commentary from author Michael Raw Show you fully understand key topics by using specific examples to add depth to your knowledge of geographical issues and processes Apply geographical terms accurately with the help of definitions and key words on all topics Improve your skills to tackle specific exam questions with self-testing and exam-style questions and answers Get exam-ready with last-minute quick quizzes at www.hodderplus.co.uk/myrevisionnotes
The authors provide a basic geographic overview of the world and each major geographic region, providing insights about the geographic character of specific regions to show how they establish a setting for tourism.