The Economics of the World Trading System

Author: Kyle Bagwell,Robert W. Staiger

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262524346

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 6534

An economic analysis of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization.

The Political Economy of the World Trading System

The WTO and Beyond

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman,M. M. Kostecki

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199553769

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 740

View: 4169

This is a highly readable, completely revised and updated analytical account of the mechanics of the world trading system - how it works, what it does, and why. It provides insight into the basic economic rationale for international cooperation and the political economic forces that shape the global commercial environment and that determine the rules of the game and the commitments that governments agree to through WTO negotiations. Short case studies and specificdisputes are used to illustrate the workings of the institution in practice and the interest groups that drive the WTO processes. This edition highlights the increasing role of developing countries inthe WTO. This is a book that will be of interest to teachers and students of international economics and business, international relations and economic development, government officials and business people interested in the functioning of the multilateral trading system.

The World Trading System

Law and Policy of International Economic Relations

Author: John Howard Jackson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262600279

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 8943

Since the first edition of The World Trading System was published in 1989, the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations has been completed, and most governments have ratified and are in the process of implementing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). In the Uruguay Round, more than 120 nations negotiated for over eight years, to produce a document of some 26,000 pages. This new edition of The World Trading System takes account of these and other developments. Like the first edition, however, its treatment of topical issues is grounded in the fundamental legal, constitutional, institutional, and political realities that mold trade policy. Thus the book continues to serve as an introduction to the study of trade law and policy. Two basic premises of The World Trading System are that economic concerns are central to foreign affairs, and that national economies are growing more interdependent. The author presents the economic principles of international trade policy and then examines how they operate under real- world constraints. In particular, he examines the extremely elaborate system of rules that governs international economic relations. Until now, the bulk of international trade policy has addressed trade in goods; issues inadequately addressed by policy include trade in services, intellectual property rights, certain investment measures, and agriculture. The author highlights the tension between legal rules, designed to create predictability and stability, and the governments need to make exceptions to solve short-term problems. He also looks at weaknesses of international trade policy, especially as it applies to developing countries and economies in transition. He concludes with a look at issues that will shape international trade policy well into the twenty-first century.

The World Trading System

Challenges Ahead

Author: Jeffrey J. Schott,Institute for International Economics (U.S.)

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 9780881322354

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 2486

This text offers recommendations to deal with issues such as investment, environment, trade, labour standards, and accession to the WTO. It discusses: the Uruguay Round accords; the remaining barriers to trade; regional and multilateral initiatives; and the political support for negotiations.

The World Trade Organization

Legal, Economic and Political Analysis

Author: International Trade Law Center,Arthur E. Appleton,Michael G. Plummer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387226880

Category: Law

Page: 3117

View: 1068

The editors have succeeded in bringing together an excellent mix of leading scholars and practitioners. No book on the WTO has had this wide a scope before or covered the legal framework, economic and political issues, current and would-be countries and a outlook to the future like these three volumes do. 3000 pages, 80 chapters in 3 volumes cover a very interdiscplinary field that touches upon law, economics and politics.

The Economics of International Integration, Second Edition

Author: Miroslav N. Jovanović

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781954534

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 720

View: 9555

The dissipating multilateral trading system and splintering in a number of trading blocs and arrangements has been one of the most important issues in international economics, particularly after the establishment of the World Trade Organisation in 1995.

The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Author: Richard Pomfret

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199248877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 1463

Regional trading arrangements have become a feature of international trade in the 1990s. 'The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements' provides a unified analysis of policies which discriminate among trading partners.

Africa and the World Trading System

Author: T. Ademola Oyejide,W. M. Lyakurwa

Publisher: Africa World Press

ISBN: 9781592211333

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 6632

This three-volume set presents the results of a research project initiated by the African Economic Research Consortium. The project intended to identify and examine the critical analytical and policy issues involved in Africa's economic links with the rest of the world, particularly in the context of the emerging global trading system. The project had two distinct but closely related component parts. The first was based on empirical, region-wide analysis and was designed to provide the framework for the menu of issues explored.

Mindestlöhne, Lohnverhandlungen und Monopson – Theoretische Überlegungen

Author: Michaela Paul

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 364022177X

Category: Political Science

Page: 48

View: 4781

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich BWL - Wirtschaftspolitik, Note: 2,0, FernUniversität Hagen, 37 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „No business which depends for existence on paying less than living wages to its workers has any right to continue in this country. By "business" I mean the whole of commerce as well as the whole of industry; by workers I mean all workers, the white collar class as well as the men in overalls; and by living wages I mean more than a bare subsistence level - I mean the wages of decent living.“ Dieses Zitat stammt aus einer von Franklin D. Roosevelt im Jahr 1933 gehaltenen Rede, in der er sich vor dem US-Kongress u.a. für einen „fairen Lohn“ einsetzte, der jedem Beschäftigten ein bestimmtes sozio-kulturelles Existenzminimum sichern soll. Ein solcher Lohn ist ein soziales Grundrecht, das sich in zahlreichen internationalen Vereinbarungen (z.B. Europäische Sozialcharta von 1960 oder EU-Gemeinschaftscharta der sozialen Grundrechte der Arbeitnehmer von 1989) wiederfindet. Heutzutage gehört die verbindliche Festlegung von Mindestlöhnen in einer Mehrzahl der weltweiten Staaten zu den etablierten Instrumenten bei der politischen Regulierung des Arbeitsmarkts. Ziel dieser Arbeit, ist es die grundlegende Theorie der Thematik Mindestlöhne zu analysieren und dabei verschiedenen Arbeitsmarkt-Modelle vorzustellen, die sowohl Gegnern als auch Befürwortern von Mindestlöhnen als Argumentationshilfe dienen. Die Ausführungen beginnen mit einer Definition des Begriffs Mindestlohn und dem Aufzeigen der historischen Entwicklung der Mindestlohn-Gesetzgebung.

The World Trading System at Risk

Author: Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400861594

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 4749

Jagdish Bhagwati, one of the world's leading economists, offers a fascinating overview of the perils and promise facing the world trading system. That system is now being subjected to powerful centrifugal forces. Concerns with unfair trade are rampant, managed trade is increasingly popular, and regionalism is spreading. The United States, the traditional bulwark of multilateralism, has recently resorted to aggressive, unilateral tactics in trade policy. To a consideration of these developments, Bhagwati brings a unique blend of economic theory, historical scholarship, and familiarity with the institutions of world trade. Bhagwati refutes facile but fashionable criticisms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Warning of the dangers of flouting the GATT's provisions, he shows that its underlying conception of trading by rules will be undermined if we extend accusations of "unfair trade" practices to areas as diverse as retail distribution systems, infrastructure spending, saving rates, and workers' rights. He challenges the economic and cultural stereotypes of Japan that fuel the sentiments supporting managed trade and aggressive unilateralism. In addition, he provides novel suggestions for rebuilding the GATT and with it the world trading system itself--suggestions that should prove useful at the Uruguay Round and beyond. Originally published in 1991. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517


Page: 415

View: 4340

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.

The WTO as an International Organization

Author: Anne O. Krueger

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226454498

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 425

View: 7925

In this volume, some of the world's foremost authorities analyze the many challenges and opportunities confronting the WTO, addressing issues such as national policies, labor standards, and the environment. Presuming no technical background in economics, this is a comprehensive introduction to the WTO's place in the global economy and will appeal to anyone interested in world trade. "[T]his book is a tour de force, with consistently fine papers by leading experts, and it is worthy of any bookshelf." —Joel P. Trachtman, American Journal of International Law "This latest conference volume from the National Bureau of Economic Research is likely to be the definitive reference work on the WTO for years to come. . . . Specialists and non-specialists alike will gain a great deal from a careful reading of this impressive volume." —John Ravenhill, Australian Journal of Political Science "For anyone who is interested in the further development of the rule system for the world economy, this book is a must." —Horst Siebert, Review of World Economics

Dancing with Giants

China, India, and the Global Economy

Author: Alan Winters,Shahid Yusuf

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821367506

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3937

China is now the world's fourth largest economy and growing very fast. India's economic salience is also on the rise. Together these two countries will profoundly influence the pace and nature of global economic change. Drawing upon the latest research, this volume analyzes the influences on the rapid future development of these two countries and examines how their growth is likely to impinge upon other countries. It considers international trade, industrialization, foreign investment and capital flows, and the implications of their broadening environmental footprints. It also discusses how the two countries have tackled poverty, inequality and governance issues and whether progress in these areas will be a key to rapid and stable growth.

The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Author: Shenggen Fan,Ravi Kanbur,Shang-Jin Wei,Xiaobo Zhang

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030236

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 4887

China's rise as an economic powerhouse raises a number of questions that are the subject of lively debate. How did the country do it? How applicable are the lessons of China's economic reform of the past thirty years to the challenges it faces in the next three decades? What does the detailed pattern of China's success and challenges look like the sub-sectoral and sub-national levels, and what does this mean for future policy? How will China's role as a global economic player evolve? This Oxford Companion to the Economics of China presents an original collection of perspectives on the Chinese economy's past, present and future. The contributors of these entries include: the best of young Chinese researchers based in China and outside; renowned academics from the top universities in China, Europe, and North America; present and past senior officials of international agencies like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; senior Chinese government officials from the Centre and the Provinces; and four recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics. The Companion consists of 99 entries written by the leading China analysts of our time. The topics covered include: The China Model, Future Prospects for China , China and the Global Economy, Trade and the Chinese Economy, Macroeconomics and Finance, Urbanisation, Industry and Markets, Agriculture and Rural Development, Land, Infrastructure and Environment, Population and Labour, Dimensions of Wellbeing and Inequality, Health and Education, Gender Equity, Regional Divergence in China, and China's Provinces: Selected Perspectives. The Editors are four global leaders in Chinese economic analysis and policy who between them have held or hold the following positions: Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute; Co-Editor, China Economic Review; President Chinese Economists Society; Assistant Director of Research at the IMF; Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank; and Professors of Economics at Ivy League Universities.

Global Trade

Past Mistakes, Future Choices

Author: Greg Buckman

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136927

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6726

Trade, along with the free movement of capital, is at the heart of today's international economy. But international trade is an intensely political and contested subject. In this book, Greg Buckman details possible future directions in global energy supplies and balance-of-payments imbalances. He argues that, just as current trading arrangements have been the product of past decisions emerging out of apparently unrelated considerations, so factors like future fossil fuel costs, global warming, and the economic imbalances between North and South are likely to impel a radical reshaping of the WTO and the principles enshrined in its agreements as well as the global trading system in general. A key contribution to thinking about possible trade policy reforms are the reforms and alternatives - themselves not always agreed or sufficiently thought through -- advocated by the global justice movement. This book outlines these diverse proposals to make global trade more sustainable in some detail. This book has been written to be both informative and empowering. It is an important contribution to clearer thinking, more effective campaigning, and fundamental policy reform in the field of international trade.

Efficiency, Equity, and Legitimacy

The Multilateral Trading System at the Millennium

Author: Roger B. Porter

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815771630

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 4043

Despite its widely acknowledged contribution to global prosperity over the past half century, the movement toward further liberalization has increasingly been challenged. This collection of essays examine several key issues at the heart of the debate over the multilateral trading system.

From Gatt to the WTO:The Multilateral Trading System

Author: World Trade Organization,Edward McWhinney,World Trade Organization. Secretariat,WTO Secretariat

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041112537

Category: Law

Page: 183

View: 7272

Om det nuværende og fremtidige verdenshandelsystem

The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

Author: Amrita Narlikar,Martin Daunton,Robert M. Stern

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191628441

Category: Political Science

Page: 880

View: 7288

The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization provides an authoritative and cutting-edge account of the World Trade Organization. Its purpose is to provide a holistic understanding of what the WTO does, how it goes about fulfilling its tasks, its achievements and problems, and how it might contend with some critical challenges. The Handbook benefits from an interdisciplinary approach. The editorial team comprises a transatlantic partnership between a political scientist, a historian, and an economist. The distinguished and international team of contributors to the volume includes leading political scientists, historians, economists, lawyers, and practitioners working in the area of multilateral trade. All the chapters present original and state-of-the-art research material. They critically engage with existing academic and policy debates, and also contribute to the evolution of the field by setting the agenda for current and future WTO studies.The Handbook is aimed at research institutions, university academics, post-graduate students, and final-year undergraduates working in the areas of international organization, trade policy and negotiations, global economic governance, and economic diplomacy. As such, it should find an enthusiastic readership amongst students and scholars in History, Economics, Political Science, International Relations, Public Policy, and Law. Equally important, the book should have direct relevance for diplomats, international bureaucrats, government officials, and other policy-makers and practitioners in the area of trade and economic governance.

Fair Trade

Agenda für einen gerechten Welthandel

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Andrew Charlton

Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE

ISBN: 9783938017630


Page: 374

View: 7676