The Death of Common Sense

How Law Is Suffocating America

Author: Philip K. Howard

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0679644105

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 1422

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “We need a new idea of how to govern. The current system is broken. Law is supposed to be a framework for humans to make choices, not the replacement for free choice.” So notes Philip K. Howard in the new Afterword to his explosive manifesto The Death of Common Sense. Here Howard offers nothing less than a fresh, lucid, practical operating system for modern democracy. America is drowning—in law, lawsuits, and nearly endless red tape. Before acting or making a decision, we often abandon our best instincts. We pause, we worry, we equivocate, and then we divert our energy into trying to protect ourselves. Filled with one too many examples of bureaucratic overreach, The Death of Common Sense demonstrates how we—and our country—can at last get back on track.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 2214

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9417

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 5077

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Mein Katalonien

Bericht über den Spanischen Bürgerkrieg

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602480

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 5580

Ende 1936 kam Orwell als Zeitungsreporter nach Barcelona, um über den Bürgerkrieg zu berichten. Er schloß sich der Miliz P.O.U.M. an, der Arbeiterpartei der marxistischen Einigung, und kämpfte den Winter über an der Front in Aragonien. Als er wenig später mit ansehen mußte, wie die Kommunisten bei der Ausschaltung der ihnen nicht genehmen Truppen Methoden der faschistischen Geheimpolizei anwandten, wurde er zu einem der erbittertsten Feinde des sowjetischen Totalitarismus.

Was ich euch nicht erzählte

Roman

Author: Celeste Ng

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423429607

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 5993

Von den Verheerungen, die wir einander zufügen »Lydia ist tot.« Der erste Satz, ein Schlag, eine Katastrophe. Am Morgen des 3. Mai 1977 erscheint sie nicht zum Frühstück. Am folgenden Tag findet die Polizei Lydias Leiche. Mord oder Selbstmord? Die Lieblingstochter von James und Marilyn Leewar ein ruhiges, strebsames und intelligentes Mädchen. Für den älteren Bruder Nathan steht fest, dass der gutaussehende Jack an Lydias Tod Schuld hat. Marilyn, die ehrgeizige Mutter, geht manisch auf Spurensuche. James, Sohn chinesischer Einwanderer, bricht vor Trauer um die Tochter das Herz. Allein die stille Hannah ahnt etwas von den Problemen der großen Schwester. Was bedeutet es, sein Leben in die Hand zu nehmen? Welche Kraft hat all das Ungesagte, das Menschen oft in einem privaten Abgrund gefangen hält? Nur der Leser erfährt am Ende, was sich in jener Nacht wirklich ereignet hat.

Verschwörung der Narren

der Enron-Skandal: eine wahre Geschichte

Author: Kurt Eichenwald

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154555

Category:

Page: 927

View: 9640

Regretting Motherhood

Wenn Mütter bereuen

Author: Orna Donath

Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag

ISBN: 364118701X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2637

Darf man es bereuen, Mutter zu sein? Ein Tabubruch "Regretting Motherhood" thematisiert, was bisher kaum ausgesprochen wird: Dass viele Frauen in der Mutterschaft nicht die "vorgeschriebene" Erfüllung finden. Dass sie ihre Kinder lieben und trotzdem nicht Mutter sein wollen. Ih ihrem bahnbrechenden Buch analysiert die engagierte Soziologin Orna Donath die Dimension des Tabus und lässt Mütter selbst von ihren Erfahrungen berichten.

Promoting Legal and Ethical Awareness

A Primer for Health Professionals and Patients

Author: Ronald W. Scott

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070612

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 2992

Combining the best of author Ron Scott’s books, Promoting Legal Awareness in Physical and Occupational Therapy and Professional Ethics: A Guide for Rehabilitation Professionals, his newest text Promoting Legal and Ethical Awareness: A Primer for Health Professionals and Patients includes the latest case, regulatory, and statutory law. This valuable ethical and legal resource also includes an alphabetized section on HIPAA, current information on the reauthorized IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act), and expanded coverage of alternative dispute resolution and attorney-health professional-client relations. Cases and Questions allow you to apply key legal and ethical principles to a rehabilitation practice situation. Special Key Term boxes introduce and define important vocabulary to ensure your understanding of chapter content. Additional resource lists in each chapter include helpful sources for articles, books, and websites to further your learning. Case Examples let you put new ideas and concepts into practice by applying your knowledge to the example. Legal Foundations and Ethical Foundations chapters introduce the basic concepts of law, legal history, the court system, and ethics in the professional setting to provide a solid base for legal and ethical knowledge. An entire chapter devoted to healthcare malpractice provides vital information on practice problems that have legal implications, the claim process, and claim prevention. An extended discussion of the Americans with Disabilities Act informs you of your rights as an employee as well as the challenges faced in the workforce by your rehabilitation patients. Content on employment legal issues includes essential information for both employees and employers on patient interaction and the patient’s status in the workplace. Coverage of end-of-life issues and their legal and ethical implications provides important information for helping patients through end-of-life decisions and care.

The Official Handbook of the Vast Right-Wing Conspiracy 2008

The Arguments You Need to Defeat the Loony Left This Election Year

Author: Mark W. Smith

Publisher: Regnery Publishing

ISBN: 1596980494

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 4397

Offers a conservative response to liberal ideas and policies on such topics as the war on terror, taxes, abortion, immigration, Social Security, and global warming.

The Limits of Idealism

When Good Intentions Go Bad

Author: Melvyn L. Fein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585296014

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 8524

If the truth be known, I am only a partially reformed idealist. In the secret depths of my soul, I still wish to make the world a better place and sometimes fantasize about heroically eradicating its faults. When I encounter its limitations, it is consequently with deep regret and continued surprise. How, I ask myself, is it possible that that which seems so fight can be a chimera? And why, I wonder, aren't people as courageous, smart, or nice as I would like? The pain of realizing these things is sometimes so intense that I want to close my eyes and lose myself in the kinds of daydreams that comforted me as a youngster. One thing is clear, my need to come to grips with my idealism had its origin in a lifetime of naivet6. From the beginning, I wanted to be a "good" person. Often when life was most treacherous, I retreated into a comer from whence I escaped into reveries of moral glory. When I was very young, my faith was in religion. In Hebrew school, I took my lessons seriously and tried to apply them at home. By my teen years, this had been replaced by an allegiance to socialism. In the Brooklyn where I grew up, my teachers and relatives made this seem the natural course. When I reached my twenties, however, and was obliged to confront a series of personal deficiencies, psychotherapy shouldered its way to the fore.

Good Government? Good Citizens?

Courts, Politics, and Markets in a Changing Canada

Author: W.A. Bogart

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774845228

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 9569

Three forces are at work in reconstituting the citizen in this society: courts, politics, and markets. Many see these forces as intersecting and colliding in ways that are fundamentally reshaping the relationship of individuals to the state and to each other. How has Canadian society actually been transformed? Good Government? Good Citizens? examines the altered roles of courts, politics, and markets over the last two decades. It includes chapters on the Aboriginal peoples, cyberspace, education, and on an ageing Canada. The book concludes with reflections on the "good citizen."

The Lost Art of Drawing the Line

How Fairness Went Too Far

Author: Philip K. Howard

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0375506993

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 8935

The Lost Art of Drawing the Line will appall and irritate — and entertain — readers every bit as much as Philip Howard’s first book. Why is it that no one can fix the schools? Why do ordinary judgements fill doctors with fear? Why are seesaws disappearing from playgrounds? Why has a wave of selfish people overtaken America? In our effort to protect the individual against unfair decisions, we have created a society where no one’s in charge of anything. Silly lawsuits strike fear in our hearts because judges don’t think they have the authority to dismiss them. Inner-city schools are filthy and mired in a cycle of incompetence because no one has the authority to decide who’s doing the job and who’s not. When no one’s in charge, we all lose our link to the common good. When principals lack authority over schools, of what use are the parents’ views? When no one can judge right and wrong, why not be as selfish as you can be? Philip Howard traces our well-meaning effort to protect individuals through the twentieth century, with the unintended result that we have lost much of our individual freedom. Buttressed with scores of stories that make you want to collar the next self-centered jerk or hapless bureaucrat, The Lost Art of Drawing the Line demonstrates once again that Philip Howard is “trying to drive us all sane.”

Soul, Self, and Society

The New Morality and the Modern State

Author: Edward L. Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199348677

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 2033

Political and social commentators regularly bemoan the decline of morality in the modern world. They claim that the norms and values that held society together in the past are rapidly eroding, to be replaced by permissiveness and empty hedonism. But as Edward Rubin demonstrates in this powerful account of moral transformations, these prophets of doom are missing the point. Morality is not diminishing; instead, a new morality, centered on an ethos of human self-fulfillment, is arising to replace the old one. As Rubin explains, changes in morality have gone hand in hand with changes in the prevailing mode of governance throughout the course of Western history. During the Early Middle Ages, a moral system based on honor gradually developed. In a dangerous world where state power was declining, people relied on bonds of personal loyalty that were secured by generosity to their followers and violence against their enemies. That moral order, exemplified in the early feudal system and in sagas like The Song of Roland, The Song of the Cid, and the Arthurian legends has faded, but its remnants exist today in criminal organizations like the Mafia and in the rap music of the urban ghettos. When state power began to revive in the High Middle Ages through the efforts of the European monarchies, and Christianity became more institutionally effective and more spiritually intense, a new morality emerged. Described by Rubin as the morality of higher purposes, it demanded that people devote their personal efforts to achieving salvation and their social efforts to serving the emerging nation-states. It insisted on social hierarchy, confined women to subordinate roles, restricted sex to procreation, centered child-rearing on moral inculcation, and countenanced slavery and the marriage of pre-teenage girls to older men. Our modern era, which began in the late 18th century, has seen the gradual erosion of this morality of higher purposes and the rise of a new morality of self-fulfillment, one that encourages individuals to pursue the most meaningful and rewarding life-path. Far from being permissive or a moral abdication, it demands that people respect each other's choices, that sex be mutually enjoyable, that public positions be allocated according to merit, and that society provide all its members with their minimum needs so that they have the opportunity to fulfill themselves. Where people once served the state, the state now functions to serve the people. The clash between this ascending morality and the declining morality of higher purposes is the primary driver of contemporary political and cultural conflict. A sweeping, big-idea book in the vein of Francis Fukuyama's The End of History, Charles Taylor's The Secular Age, and Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man, Edward Rubin's new volume promises to reshape our understanding of morality, its relationship to government, and its role in shaping the emerging world of High Modernity.

The Liability Century

Insurance and Tort Law from the Progressive Era To 9/11

Author: Kenneth S. Abraham

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674033771

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 3513

Kenneth Abraham explores the development and interdependency of the tort liability regime and the insurance system in the United States during the twentieth century and beyond, including the events of September 11, 2001. From its beginning late in the nineteenth century, the availability of liability insurance led to the creation of new forms of liability, heavily influenced expansion of the liabilities that already existed, and continually promoted increases in the amount of money that was awarded in tort suits. A "liability-and-insurance spiral" emerged, in which the availability of liability insurance encouraged the imposition of more liability, and, in turn, the imposition of liability encouraged the further spread of insurance. Liability insurance was not merely a source of funding for ever-greater amounts of tort liability. Liability insurers came to dominate tort litigation. They defended lawsuits against their policyholders, and they decided which cases to settle, fight, or appeal. The very idea behind insurance--that spreading losses among large numbers of policyholders is desirable--came to influence the ideology of tort law. To serve the aim of loss spreading, liability had to expand. Today the tort liability and insurance systems constantly interact, and to reform one the role of the other must be fully understood.

KL

Die Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager

Author: Nikolaus Wachsmann

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364118892X

Category: History

Page: 992

View: 4461

"Ergreifend, zutiefst menschlich und großartig erzählt." (Sir Richard Evans) Ein historisches Werk, das seinesgleichen sucht: Nikolaus Wachsmanns lang erwartete, monumentale Geschichte der Konzentrationslager von den improvisierten Anfängen 1933 bis zu ihrer Auflösung 1945. Diese erste umfassende Darstellung vereint auf eindrückliche Weise sowohl die Perspektive der Täter als auch jene der Opfer, sie zeigt die monströse Dynamik der Vernichtungspolitik und verleiht zugleich den Gefangenen und Gequälten eine Stimme. Ein gewaltiges Buch – erschütternd und erhellend zugleich. Für seine Geschichte der Konzentrationslager hat Nikolaus Wachsmann eine enorme Menge an Quellen und Forschungsliteratur ausgewertet, Tagebücher und Briefe der Lagerinsassen, Prozessunterlagen, SS- und Polizeiakten, ein Teil davon erstmals hier verwendet. Auf diese Weise konnte er die Praktiken der Täter, die Einstellungen der Gesellschaft und die Welt der Opfer in einem großen epischen Rahmen zusammenführen, konnte das Leben und Sterben im Lager, die individuellen Schicksale schildern, aber auch die politischen, ökonomischen und militärischen Umstände, die Hintergründe der NS-Vernichtungspolitik. Beides, die Nahaufnahme wie die historische Entwicklung, vereint Wachsmann zu einer eindringlichen Erzählung – ein historisches Werk, das, wie Ian Kershaw schreibt »kaum jemals übertroffen werden wird«.

Unchecked And Unbalanced

Presidential Power in a Time of Terror

Author: Schwarz O.,Aziz Huq

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595587454

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2175

Thirty years after the Church Committee unearthed COINTELPRO and other instances of illicit executive behavior on the domestic and international fronts, the Bush administration has elevated the flaws identified by the committee into first principles of government. Through a constellation of non-public laws and opaque, unaccountable institutions, the current administration has created a “secret presidency” run by classified presidential decisions and orders about national security. A hyperactive Office of Legal Counsel in the Department of Justice is intent on eliminating checks on presidential power and testing that power’s limits. Decisions are routinely executed at senior levels within the civilian administration without input from Congress or the federal courts, let alone our international allies. Secret NSA spying at home is the most recent of these. Harsh treatment of detainees, “extraordinary renditions,” secret foreign prisons, and the newly minted enemy combatant designation have also undermined our values. The resulting policies have harmed counterterrorism efforts and produced few tangible results. With a partisan Congress predictably reluctant to censure a politically aligned president, it is all the more important for citizens themselves to demand disclosure, oversight, and restraint of sweeping claims of executive power. This book is the first step.

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

Author: Keith Roberts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526857

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 9495

To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.