The Cultural Nature of Human Development

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199726660

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 6621

Three-year-old Kwara'ae children in Oceania act as caregivers of their younger siblings, but in the UK, it is an offense to leave a child under age 14 ears without adult supervision. In the Efe community in Zaire, infants routinely use machetes with safety and some skill, although U.S. middle-class adults often do not trust young children with knives. What explains these marked differences in the capabilities of these children? Until recently, traditional understandings of human development held that a child's development is universal and that children have characteristics and skills that develop independently of cultural processes. Barbara Rogoff argues, however, that human development must be understood as a cultural process, not simply a biological or psychological one. Individuals develop as members of a community, and their development can only be fully understood by examining the practices and circumstances of their communities.

The Cultural Nature of Human Development

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199813620

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 7615

Three-year-old Kwara'ae children in Oceania act as caregivers of their younger siblings, but in the UK, it is an offense to leave a child under age 14 ears without adult supervision. In the Efe community in Zaire, infants routinely use machetes with safety and some skill, although U.S. middle-class adults often do not trust young children with knives. What explains these marked differences in the capabilities of these children? Until recently, traditional understandings of human development held that a child's development is universal and that children have characteristics and skills that develop independently of cultural processes. Barbara Rogoff argues, however, that human development must be understood as a cultural process, not simply a biological or psychological one. Individuals develop as members of a community, and their development can only be fully understood by examining the practices and circumstances of their communities.

The Cultural Nature of Human Development

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195131339

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 434

View: 5103

"Barbara Rogoff argues that human development must be understood as a cultural process. Individuals develop as participants in their cultural communities, engaging with others in shared endeavors and building on cultural practices of prior generations ... [This book] identifies patterns in the differences and similarities among cultural communities, such as children's opportunities to engage in mature activities of their community or in specialized child-focused activities. The book examines classic aspects of development afresh from a cultural angle--childrearing, social relations, interdependence and autonomy, developmental transitions across the lifespan, gender roles, attachment, and learning and cognitive development"--Dust jacket.

Developing Destinies

A Mayan Midwife and Town

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199717804

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 9294

Born with the destiny of becoming a Mayan sacred midwife, Chona P?rez has carried on centuries-old traditional Indigenous American birth and healing practices over her 85 years. At the same time, Chona developed new approaches to the care of pregnancy, newborns, and mothers based on her own experience and ideas. In this way, Chona has contributed to both the cultural continuities and cultural changes of her town over the decades. In Developing Destinies, Barbara Rogoff illuminates how individuals worldwide build on cultural heritage from prior generations and at the same time create new ways of living. Throughout Chona's lifetime, her Guatemalan town has continued to use longstanding Mayan cultural practices, such as including children in a range of community activities and encouraging them to learn by observing and contributing. But the town has also transformed dramatically since the days of Chona's own childhood. For instance, although Chona's upbringing included no formal schooling, some of her grandchildren have gone on to attend university and earn scholarly degrees. The lives of Chona and her town provide extraordinary examples of how cultural practices are preserved even as they are adapted and modified. Developing Destinies is an engaging narrative of one remarkable person's life and the life of her community that blends psychology, anthropology, and history to reveal the integral role that culture plays in human development. With extensive photographs and accounts of Mayan family life, medical practices, birth, child development, and learning, Rogoff adeptly shows that we can better understand the role of culture in our lives by examining how people participate in cultural practices. This landmark book brings theory alive with fascinating ethnographic findings that advance our understanding of childhood, culture, and change.

The Cultural Nature of Attachment

Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Author: Heidi Keller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036908

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 9041

It is generally acknowledged that attachment relationships are important for infants and young children, but there is little clarity on what exactly constitutes such a relationship. Does it occur between two individuals (infant--mother or infant--father) or in an extended network? In the West, monotropic attachment appears to function as a secure foundation for infants, but is this true in other cultures? This volume offers perspectives from a range of disciplines on these questions. Contributors from psychology, biology, anthropology, evolution, social policy, neuroscience, information systems, and practice describe the latest research on the cultural and evolutionary foundations on children's attachment relationships as well as the implications for education, counseling, and policy. The contributors discuss such issues as the possible functions of attachment, including trust and biopsychological regulation; the evolutionary foundations, if any, of attachment; ways to model attachment using the tools of information science; the neural foundations of attachment; and the influence of cultural attitudes on attachment. Taking an integrative approach, the book embraces the wide cultural variations in attachment relationships in humans and their diversity across nonhuman primates. It proposes research methods for the culturally sensitive study of attachment networks that will lead to culturally sensitive assessments, practices, and social policies. ContributorsKim Bard, Marjorie Beeghly, Allyson J. Bennett, Yvonne Bohr, David L. Butler, Nandita Chaudhary, Stephen H. Chen, James B. Chisholm, Lynn A. Fairbanks, Ruth Feldman, Barbara L. Finlay, Suzanne Gaskins, Valeria Gazzola, Ariane Gernhardt, Jay Giedd, Alma Gottlieb, Kristen Hawkes, William D. Hopkins, Johannes Johow, Elfriede Kalcher-Sommersguter, Heidi Keller, Michael Lamb, Katja Liebal, Cindy H. Liu, Gilda A. Morelli, Marjorie Murray, Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi, Naomi Quinn, Mariano Rosabal-Coto, Dirk Scheele,Gabriel Scheidecker, Margaret A. Sheridan, Volker Sommer, Stephen J. Suomi, Akira Takada, Douglas M. Teti, Bernard Thierry, Ross A. Thompson, Akemi Tomoda, Nim Tottenham, Ed Tronick, Marga Vicedo, Leslie Wang, Thomas S. Weisner, Relindis D. Yovsi

Culture and Human Development

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857022040

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 1243

This major new textbook by Jaan Valsiner focuses on the interface between cultural psychology and developmental psychology. Intended for students from undergraduate level upwards, the book provides a wide-ranging overview of the cultural perspective on human development, with illustrations from pre-natal development to adulthood.A key feature is the broad coverage of theoretical and methodological issues which have relevance to this truly interdisciplinary field of enquiry encompassing developmental psychology, cultural anthropology and comparative sociology. The text is organized into five coherent parts: Part 1: Developmental theory and methodology; Part 2: Analysis of environments for human development Part 3: Cultural organization of pregnancy and infancy; Part 4: Early childhood development; and Part 5: Entering the world of activities - culturally ruled.

Culture and Human Development

The Importance of Cross-Cultural Research for the Social Sciences

Author: Wolfgang Friedlmeier,Pradeep Chakkarath,Beate Schwarz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135420939

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 7787

As intercultural encounters between people in the modern world become more common, important questions have been raised about the nature of culture-specific differences and similarities. Focusing on the relationship between culture and human development, this timely book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of key developmental processes. It combines psychological and sociological approaches with cross-cultural research to examine phenomena such as the transfer of culture between generations and the universality of attachment theory. Drawing on detailed research from a range of cultural groups, leading international researchers consider the impact of social change and modernization on the development of the individual and at the societal level. Theoretical and methodological issues are presented in terms of how to apply the results of cross-cultural research as well as recent empirical research done in specialized areas of the field. Finally, short-term intercultural exchanges are examined and used to suggest some of the potential practical uses of cross-cultural research for the future. This book will be essential reading for anyone studying or researching in cultural psychology, cross-cultural psychology, acculturation or behavioral development. It will also prove an invaluable source of information for anyone interested in sociology and the social sciences in general.

Cultural Psychology

A Once and Future Discipline

Author: Michael Cole

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674179561

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 6542

In a rare synthesis of the theory and empirical work shaping the field, distinguished psychologist Michael Cole, known for his pioneering work in literacy, cognition, and human development, offers a multi-faceted account of what cultural psychology is, what it has been, and what it can be.

Apprenticeship in thinking

cognitive development in social context

Author: Barbara Rogoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 242

View: 7856

This interdisciplinary work presents an integration of theory and research on how children develop their thinking as they participate in cultural activity with the guidance and challenge of their caregivers and other companions. The author, a leading developmental psychologist, views development as an apprenticeship in which children engage in the use of intellectual tools in societally structured activities with parents, other adults, and children. The author has gathered evidence from various disciplines--cognitive, developmental, and cultural psychology; anthropology; infancy studies; and communication research--furnishing a coherent and broadly based account of cognitive development in its sociocultural context. This work examines the mutual roles of the individual and the sociocultural world, and the culturally based processes by which children appropriate and extend skill and understanding from their involvement in shared thinking with other people. The book is written in a lively and engaging style and is supplemented by photographs and original illustrations by the author.

The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture

An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Author: Lene Arnett Jensen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199948550

Category: Psychology

Page: 742

View: 7539

The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture provides a comprehensive synopsis of theory and research on human development, with every chapter drawing together findings from cultures around the world. This includes a focus on cultural diversity within nations, cultural change, and globalization. Expertly edited by Lene Arnett Jensen, the Handbook covers the entire lifespan from the prenatal period to old age. It delves deeply into topics such as the development of emotion, language, cognition, morality, creativity, and religion, as well as developmental contexts such as family, friends, civic institutions, school, media, and work. Written by an international group of eminent and cutting-edge experts, chapters showcase the burgeoning interdisciplinary approach to scholarship that bridges universal and cultural perspectives on human development. This "cultural-developmental approach" is a multifaceted, flexible, and dynamic way to conceptualize theory and research that is in step with the cultural and global realities of human development in the 21st century.

Human Development in Cultural Context

A Third World Perspective

Author: A Bame Nsamenang

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452246122

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 1218

A comprehensive, systematic account of human development which is sensitive to the needs, interests and ecologies of nonwestern cultures and individuals is provided in this unique volume. The importance and value of the sociocultural milieu in shaping the growth and development of children is emphasized, and the author asserts throughout that children do not grow and develop according to the same patterns regardless of culture. The author describes developmental psychology from the perspective of West Africa, demonstrating how the local ecology and the resulting cultural ideology lead to differing ways in which children are conceptualized and socialized, and in turn how they develop. While much of his case material is from

Lives Across Cultures

Cross-Cultural Human Development

Author: Harry Gardiner

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134629922

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 9027

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For courses in Cross-Cultural Development An interdisciplinary exploration of cross-cultural human development throughout the lifespan Lives Across Cultures: Cross-Cultural Human Developmen t focuses on cultural similarities and differences in human development throughout the world and across the lifespan, while emphasizing the links between theory, research, and practical applications. Presented chronologically by topic, Harry Gardiner’s Sixth Edition combines the most current information with engaging vignettes, stories, and personal experiences in his highly praised, scholarly yet conversational, and often humorous writing style.

The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature

Author: Scott Atran,Douglas L. Medin

Publisher: Bradford Books

ISBN: 9780262514088

Category: Psychology

Page: 333

View: 1024

An analysis of the cognitive consequences of diminished contact with nature examinesthe relationship between how people think about the natural world and how they act on it, and howthese are affected by cultural differences.

Cultural Diversity and Families

Expanding Perspectives

Author: Bahira Sherif Trask,Raeann R Hamon

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483316831

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 312

View: 3618

Cultural Diversity and Families: Expanding Perspectives breaks new ground by investigating how concepts of cultural diversity have shaped the study of families from theoretical and applied perspectives. Authors Bahira Sherif Trask and Raeann R. Hamon move the dialogue about culturally diverse families to a new level by topically discussing the issues affecting culturally diverse families rather than organizing the information by racial and or ethnic groups.

Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy

The Human Development Sequence

Author: Ronald Inglehart,Christian Welzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521609715

Category: Political Science

Page: 333

View: 8685

This book presents a revised version of modernisation theory.

Learning Together

Children and Adults in a School Community

Author: Barbara Rogoff,Carolyn Goodman Turkanis,Leslee Bartlett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190289589

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 3501

In lhis book, Barbara Rogoff puts into practice the theoretical account she presented in her highly acclaimed book Apprenticeship in Thinking. Here, Rogoff collaborates with two master teachers from an innovative school in Salt Lake City, Utah, where she conducted extensive research into what is involved when people learn--students, parents, and teachers alike. Illustrated with observations by participants in this school, this book shows that children and adults learn by participating within a community of learners. Their experiences will speak to all those interested in school improvement and in how people learn through engaging together in activities of mutual interest.

Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology

New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Author: Lene Arnett Jensen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195383435

Category: Psychology

Page: 332

View: 7198

The book is in step with a world where culturally diverse peoples interact with one another more than ever due to migration, worldwide media, and international trade and travel. With these interactions come changes to cultures and the psychological development of their members, and the implications for scholarship and policy are thoughtfully examined here. --

Growing Up in a Culture of Respect

Child Rearing in Highland Peru

Author: Inge Bolin

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292783116

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1363

Far from the mainstream of society, the pastoral community of Chillihuani in the high Peruvian Andes rears children who are well-adjusted, creative, and curious. They exhibit superior social and cognitive skills and maintain an attitude of respect for all life as they progress smoothly from childhood to adulthood without a troubled adolescence. What makes such child-rearing success even more remarkable is that "childhood" is not recognized as a distinct phase of life. Instead, children assume adult rights and responsibilities at an early age in order to help the community survive in a rugged natural environment and utter material poverty. This beautifully written ethnography provides the first full account of child-rearing practices in the high Peruvian Andes. Inge Bolin traces children's lives from birth to adulthood and finds truly amazing strategies of child rearing, as well as impressive ways of living that allow teenagers to enjoy the adolescent stage of their lives while contributing significantly to the welfare of their families and the community. Throughout her discussion, Bolin demonstrates that traditional practices of respect, whose roots reach back to pre-Columbian times, are what enable the children of the high Andes to mature into dignified, resilient, and caring adults.

The Cultural Context of Human Resource Development

Author: C. Hansen,Y. Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230236669

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 5454

An insight into the understanding of human resource development (HRD) in various cultural contexts. This book looks at how culture shapes our expectations for what is appropriate in the workplace and aims to broaden the reader's knowledge of HRD by exploring the boundaries of existing theories.

Different Faces of Attachment

Cultural Variations on a Universal Human Need

Author: Hiltrud Otto,Heidi Keller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107027748

Category: Psychology

Page: 338

View: 7515

This groundbreaking reconceptualization of attachment theory brings together leading scholars from psychology, anthropology and related fields to reformulate the theory to fit the cultural realities of our world. It will be of particular interest to scholars and graduate students interested in developmental psychology, developmental anthropology, evolutionary biology and cross-cultural psychology.