The Crisis of the Modern World

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9780900588501

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 7873

It is no longer news that the Western world is in a crisis, a crisis that has spread far beyond its point of origin and become global in nature. In 1927, Rene Guenon responded to this crisis with the closest thing he ever wrote to a manifesto and 'call-to-action'. The Crisis of the Modern World was his most direct and complete application of traditional metaphysical principles-particularly that of the 'age of darkness' preceding the end of the present world-to social criticism, surpassed only by The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times, his magnum opus. In the present work Guenon ruthlessly exposes the 'Western deviation': its loss of tradition, its exaltation of action over knowledge, its rampant individualism and general social chaos. His response to these conditions was not 'activist', however, but purely intellectual, envisioning the coming together of Western intellectual leaders capable under favorable circumstances of returning the West to its traditional roots, most likely via the Catholic Church, or, under less favorable ones, of at least preserving the 'seeds' of Tradition for the time to come.

The Symbolism of the Cross

Author: René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9780900588662

Category: Religion

Page: 149

View: 2551

The Symbolism of the Cross is a major doctrinal study of the central symbol of Christianity from the standpoint of the universal metaphysical tradition, the 'perennial philosophy' as it is called in the West. As Guenon points out, the cross is one of the most universal of all symbols and is far from belonging to Christianity alone. Indeed, Christians have sometimes tended to lose sight of its symbolical significance and to regard it as no more than the sign of a historical event. By restoring to the cross its full spiritual value as a symbol, but without in any way detracting from its historical importance for Christianity, Guenon has performed a task of inestimable importance which perhaps only he, with his unrivalled knowledge of the symbolic languages of both East and West, was qualified to perform. Although The Symbolism of the Cross is one of Guenon's core texts on traditional metaphysics, written in precise, nearly 'geometrical' language, vivid symbols are necessarily pressed into service as reference points-how else could the mind ascend the ladder of analogy to pure intellection? Guenon applies these doctrines more concretely elsewhere in critiquing modernity in such works as The Crisis of the Modern World and The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times, and invokes them also to help explain the nature of initiation and of initiatic organizations in such works as Perspectives on Initiation and Initiation and Spiritual Realization.

The Essential Ren‚ Gu‚non

Metaphysics, Tradition, and the Crisis of Modernity

Author: René Guénon,John Herlihy

Publisher: World Wisdom, Inc

ISBN: 1933316578

Category: Philosophy

Page: 293

View: 3765

A prolific writer and author of over 24 books, Rene Guenon was the founder of the Perennialist/Traditionalist school of comparative religious thought. Known for his discourses on the intellectual and spiritual bankruptcy of the modern world, symbolism, tradition, and the inner or spiritual dimension of religion, this book is a compilation of his most important writings. A key component of his thought was the assertion that universal truths manifest themselves in various forms in the world's religions and his writings on Hinduism, Taoism, and Sufism are particularly illuminating in this regard.

The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times

Author: Rene Guenon,René Guénon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9780900588686

Category: Religion

Page: 284

View: 4768

The Reign of Quantity gives a concise but comprehensive view of the present state of affairs in the world, as it appears from the point of view of the 'ancient wisdom', formerly common both to the East and to the West, but now almost entirely lost sight of. The author indicates with his fabled clarity and directness the precise nature of the modern deviation, and devotes special attention to the development of modern philosophy and science, and to the part played by them, with their accompanying notions of progress and evolution, in the formation of the industrial and democratic society which we now regard as 'normal'. Guinon sees history as a descent from Form (or Quality) toward Matter (or Quantity); but after the Reign of Quantity-modern materialism and the 'rise of the masses'-Guinon predicts a reign of 'inverted quality' just before the end of the age: the triumph of the 'counter-initiation', the kingdom of Antichrist. This text is considered the magnum opus among Guinon's texts of civilizational criticism, as is Symbols of Sacred Science among his studies on symbols and cosmology, and Man and His Becoming according to the Vedanta among his more purely metaphysical works.

The Simple Life of Rene Guenon

Author: Paul Chacornac

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9781597310550

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 128

View: 2014

Rene Guenon (1886-1951) is undoubtedly one of the luminaries of the twentieth century, whose critique of the modern world has stood fast against the shifting sands of recent philosophies. His oeuvre of 26 volumes is providential for the modern seeker: pointing ceaselessly to the perennial wisdom found in past cultures ranging from the Shamanistic to the Indian and Chinese, the Hellenic and Judaic, the Christian and Islamic, and including also Alchemy, Hermeticism, and other esoteric currents, at the same time it directs the reader to the deepest level of religious praxis, emphasizing the need for affiliation with a revealed tradition even while acknowledging the final identity of all spiritual paths as they approach the summit of spiritual realization. The present volume, first published in 1958 by Guenon's friend and collaborator Paul Chacornac, whose bookstore, journal (first called Le Voile d'Isis, later changed to Etudes Traditionnelles), and publishing venture-Editions Traditionnelles-were so instrumental in furthering Guenon's work, was the first full-length biography of this extraordinary man to appear, and has served as the foundation for the many later biographies that have appeared in French, as well as the lone biography in English, Rene Guenon and the Future of the West, by Robin Waterfield. Its translation and publication in conjunction with The Collected Works of Rene Guenon represents an important step in the effort to bring Guenon's oeuvre before a wider public.

Spiritual Authority and Temporal Power

Author: René Guénon,S. D. Fohr

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9780900588471

Category: Religion

Page: 87

View: 6402

Spiritual Authority and Temporal Power is an analysis of cyclical manifestation, and more specifically of the relationship between royal and sacerdotal power. In accord with the Hindu doctrine of manvantaras and Plato's depiction of historical degeneration in the Republic, Gunon views history here as a series of 'revolts' of lower castes against the higher. The kshatriyas (warriors) revolt against the brahmins (priests), thus setting the stage for a revolt of the vaishyas (loosely, the bourgeoisie), as in the French revolution-and, finally, the shudras (the proletariat), as in the Russian revolution (which Gunon does not touch upon in this work). From one point of view, this is a progressive degeneration; from another it is entirely lawful, given the 'entropic' nature of manifestation itself. External, historical descent reflects an inner degeneration: knowledge (the celestial paradise) is eclipsed by heroic action (the terrestrial paradise), which is in turn overrun by the inertia and agitation of the passions. Yet the nadir of degeneration is also the point of renewal: the dawning of the Heavenly Jerusalem-spiritual Knowledge-which begins a new cycle of manifestation.

Insights Into Christian Esoterism

Author: Rene Guenon

Publisher: Sophia Perennis

ISBN: 9780900588396

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 3254

One of Ren Gunon's lifelong quests was to discover, or revive, the esoteric, initiatory dimension of the Christian tradition. In the present volume, along with its companion volume The Esoterism of Dante, Gunon undertakes to establish that the three parts of The Divine Comedy represent the stages of initiatic realization, exploring the parallels between the symbolism of the Commedia and that of Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism, and Christian Hermeticism, and illustrating Dante's knowledge of traditional sciences unknown to the moderns: the sciences of numbers, of cosmic cycles, and of sacred astrology. In these works Gunon also touches on the all-important question of medieval esoterism and discusses the role of sacred languages and the principle of initiation in the Christian tradition, as well as such esoteric Christian themes and organizations as the Holy Grail, the Guardians of the Holy Land, the Sacred Heart, the Fedeli d'Amore and the 'Courts of Love', and the Secret Language of Dante. One chapter in the present volume, 'Christianity and Initiation', is of special interest with regard to the history of the Traditionalist School. When first published as an article, it gave rise to some controversy because Gunon here reaffirmed his denial of the efficacy of the Christian sacraments as rites of initiation, a point of divergence between the teachings of Gunon and those of other key perennialist thinkers. Both The Esoterism of Dante and Insights into Christian Esoterism will be of inestimable value to all who are struggling to come to terms with the fullness of the Christian tradition.

Von Der Inneren Einheit Der Religionen

Author: Frithjof Schuon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783929345346

Category: Philosophy

Page: 167

View: 8361

Von der menschlichen Seite aus gesehen, sind die gro Wer Schuons anspruchsvollen, aber stets logischen Ausfhrungen folgt, wird sehr bald einem Verfasser begegnen, der aus einer wahrhaft zyklischen Sendung heraus dem Leser gleichsam ein Pfingsterlebnis beschert, nmlich den Aufstieg aus der Vielheit der Formensprache in der Welt der Religion zur Einheit der paradiesischen oder adamischen Ursprache: als Form und Inhalt, Gestalt und Gehalt, Wort und Bedeutung noch unmittelbar eins waren. Welche weiten Wege der Leser dabei durchwandert, mag eine Wiedergabe des Inhaltsverzeichnisses zeigen: Vom inneren Wesen der Idee - Von den Grenzen der Exoterik - Erscheinungsweisen der Esoterik - Von den Formen der Kunst - Grundzge der Metaphysik - Von den Grenzen der Glaubensverbreitung - Der Dreiklang der monotheistischen Offenbarung - Christentum, Islam und Buddhismus.

Ordnung und Geschichte

Author: Eric Voegelin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783770538447

Category: Civilization

Page: 264

View: 6142

Der erste Teil von Das Ökumenische Zeitalter befasst sich mit den Problemen einer nicht-eurozentrischen Geschichtsphilosophie und den Symbolismen, die zur Entwicklung einer solchen Geschichtsphilosophie herangezogen werden müssen. Der zeit-räumliche Bereich des ersten Auftretens dieser neuen Symbolismen sind die Jahrhunderte zwischen dem Aufstieg des persischen und dem Untergang des römischen Reiches. Voegelins Neuordnung dieses Zeitalters wird in der Einleitung zu diesem Band philosophisch begründet und als ein Prozess zwischen kosmologischem Anfang und transkosmischem Jenseits dargestellt, in dem die Menschheit das Feld bildet, das von der Spannung dieses Prozesses gestaltet wird. Die Legitimität der ökumenischen Antike besteht nach Voegelin darin, dass sie grundsätzlich die Möglichkeiten von dem, was als Geschichte bezeichnet werden kann, abgrenzt und zugleich die Spannung des geschichtlichen Prozesses als das Wesen des Menschseins schlechthin aufzeigt.

Zwischen Autor und Text

Interpretation und Überinterpretation

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446173262


Page: 163

View: 4200

Was ist Gott?

Das Buch der 24 Philosophen

Author: Kurt Flasch

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406621023

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 720

Das „Buch der 24 Philosophen“ ist einer der geheimnisvollsten und wirkungsmächtigsten philosophischen Texte des Mittelalters. Angeblich geht das Buch auf Hermes Trismegistos zurück. Doch wahrscheinlich stammt es aus dem 12. Jahrhundert. Auf die Frage „Was ist Gott?“ geben vierundzwanzig philosophische Meister eine Antwort. Die 24 Definitionen (z. B. „Gott ist eine unendliche Sphäre, deren Mitte überall und deren Umkreis nirgends ist“) haben das philosophische und spekulative Denken durch viele Jahrhunderte bis in unsere Zeit angeregt. Kurt Flasch hat diesen Klassiker erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt und in diesem Band kommentiert herausgeben.

Der Name und das Benannte

Die Heiligen Eigenschaften Gottes

Author: Shaykh Tosun Bayrak

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3906005089


Page: 240

View: 3392

Phenomenology and The Social Science: A Dialogue

a dialogue

Author: Joseph Bien

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400996934

Category: Philosophy

Page: 108

View: 4981

The five essays in this work attempt in interpretive and original ways to further the common field of investigation of man in the life-world. Richard Zaner in his examination of the multi-level approach of the social sciences to the social order points us toward essences and the manner in which they are epistemically understood. By contrasting the work of the later Durkheim with that of Husserl, Edward Tiryakian is able to suggest a commonality of endeavor between them. Paul Ricoeur, after phenomenologically distinguishing three concepts of ideology, examines the supposed conflict between science and ideology and its resolution through a hermeneutics of historical understanding. Maurice N at anson in his discussion of the problem of anonymity reflects on both the sociological givenness of the world and its phenomenological reconstruction, showing the necessary interrelationship of both prior ities. Fred Dallmayr, after a presentation of the state of validation in the social sciences and their problems in attempting to ground them selves either in regard to logical positivism or phenomenology, refers us to the perspective of Merleau-Ponty concerning the relationship of cognition and experience.

Esoterik als Grundsatz und als Weg

Author: Frithjof Schuon

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3847241796

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 388

View: 4795

Esoterik ist für Frithjof Schuon die Innenseite oder der Kern der Religion, deren Außenseite oder Hülle die Exoterik ist. Dieses Buch ist eine Fundgrube dafür, was Esoterik vom metaphysischen Grundsatz her und im Hinblick auf die Verwirklichung durch den geistigen Weg bedeutet. Es enthält Kapitel über Metaphysik, Kosmologie, Anthropologie, Ästhetik und Kunst sowie aufschlussreiche Einblicke in die Sinnbildlichkeit verschiedener Überlieferungen. Zum Inhalt gehören eine tiefsinnige metaphysische Betrachtung über das Doppelgesicht der Welt anhand des Begriffes des Schleiers, Einblicke in die überlieferungstreue Kosmologie anhand einer Lehre über Zahlen sowie grundlegende und praktische Aufsätze zur Anthropologie: Tugenden, Sexualität, Gottes- und Nächstenliebe. Kapitel über Ästhetik und Kunst sowie aufschlussreiche Einblicke in die Überlieferungen der nordamerikanischen Indianer und in das Wesen des islamischen Sufitums runden das Buch ab. Frithjof Schuon (1907-1998) wird in weiten Teilen der Welt als einer der bedeutendsten religionsphilosophischen Schriftsteller des 20. Jahrhunderts angesehen. Er besaß einen außerordentlichen Einblick in die religiösen Überlieferungen der Menschheit, konnte die Vielfalt der Erscheinungen bis in ihre Tiefe durchdringen und seine Erkenntnisse in meisterhafter, oft dichterischer Sprache ausdrücken. Er gilt als führender Vertreter jener Denkrichtung, die »Sophia perennis«, »Philosophia perennis« oder »Religio perennis« (also immerwährende Weisheit, immerwährende Philosophie oder immerwährende Religion) genannt wird, und welche die zeitlosen, überall gültigen Grundsätze enthält, die den verschieden Lehren, den Sinnbildern, der heiligen Kunst und den geistigen Übungen der Weltreligionen zugrunde liegen. »Frithjof Schuon war einer der führenden Metaphysiker und Visionäre des 20. Jahrhunderts, und seine brillanten Schriften dringen außerordentlich tief in die Bedeutung und die Botschaft der großen Religionen und heiligen Überlieferungen der Menschheit ein. ›Esoterik als Grundsatz und als Weg‹ gehört zu seinen wichtigsten Werken. Es ist daher eine wunderbare Nachricht, dass dieses bedeutende Buch zum ersten Mal in seiner Muttersprache Deutsch erscheint. Möge diese Übersetzung die kostbaren Lehren dieses außergewöhnlichen, typisch deutschen Philosophen und Metaphysikers in seinem Heimatland bekannter machen.« (Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Professor an der George Washington University, Autor von »Die Erkenntnis und das Heilige«)