Offering a succinct approach to the vocabulary and terminology of historical and contemporary approaches to crime and punishment, it includes concise but robust definitions of key terms and concepts from expert contributors in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear direction to related entries and further reading.
The Blackwell Companion to Criminology provides a contemporary and global resource to scholarship in both classical and topical areas of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its international perspective and first-rate scholarship, this is truly the first global handbook of criminology. Editors and contributors are international experts in criminology, offering a comparative perspective on theories and systems Contains full discussion of key debates and theories, the implications of new topics, studies and ideas, and contemporary developments Coverage includes: class, gender, and race, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, international crimes, and social control
This companion presents the major debates and issues in critical criminology. It presents new research on crime, policy and the internationalisation of the criminal justice system. It sheds light on traditional debates in critical criminology through a confronting analysis of contemporary developments in criminal justice and criminology. This is the first textbook that brings together the major Australian and New Zealand theorists in critical criminology. The chapters represent the contribution of these authors in both their established work and their recent scholarship. It includes new approaches to theory, methodology, case studies and contemporary issues. It traverses a range of debates including the criminalisation of Indigenous people, ethnic communities, the working class, rural communities and young people from critical perspectives, as well as introduces new concepts of state crime. There is coverage of the developments in the penal system that have responded to globalisation and neo-liberalism, particularly in law and order and anti-terror campaigns. This coverage is counterpoised by portrayals of resistance within the penal system and considerations of restorative justice. The companion is relevant to a broad range of courses and levels of study. It covers the major components of a criminology course through a critical lens. It is a wonderful introduction to the concepts and critiques in criminology, as well as a provocative analysis of the assumptions underpinning the criminal justice system. Students, teachers and scholars in criminology, law and sociology will find this reader an invaluable companion.
Within the domains of criminal justice and mental health care, critical debate concerning ‘care’ versus ‘control’ and ‘therapy’ versus ‘security’ is now commonplace. Indeed, the ‘hybridisation’ of these areas is now a familiar theme. This unique and topical text provides an array of expert analyses from key contributors in the field that explore the interface between criminal justice and mental health. Using concise yet robust definitions of key terms and concepts, it consolidates scholarly analysis of theory, policy and practice. Readers are provided with practical debates, in addition to the theoretical and ideological concerns surrounding the risk assessment, treatment, control and risk management in a cross-disciplinary context. Included in this book is recommended further reading and an index of legislation, making it an ideal resource for students at undergraduate and postgraduate level, together with researchers and practitioners in the field.
This is the first accessible, succinct text to provide definitions and explanations of key terms and concepts relating to the expanding field of crime, harm and victimisation. Written by a wide range of experts, it includes theories, ideas and case studies relating to victims of conventional crime and victims outside the remit of criminal law. It encapsulates the domestic and international nature, extent and measurement of victims of crime and harm, together with responses to victims and victimisation as a result of conventional, corporate and state crimes and harms. As part of the Companion series, entries are presented in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear links to related entries and further reading, allowing easy navigation for both students and practitioners. Filling a gap in the market, this is a good source and quick reference point for undergraduates studying a variety of courses in criminology, criminal justice, victimology and other related disciplines.
This book provides succinct yet robust definitions and explanations of core concepts and themes in relation to state power, liberties and human rights. Laid out in a user-friendly A-Z format, entries have with clear direction to related entries and further reading. It will be suitable for students on a variety of courses.
Coverage of all the core aspects of Criminal Justice is accompanied by details of a wide range of insights and experiences of real world practitioners to really bring the subject to life, providing students with a resource they can rely on throughout their degree
'This Course Companion in Criminal Justice by Ursula Smartt is to be applauded. It is an essential handbook for all students and practitioners who are studying the criminal justice system. The user-friendly framework provides students with practical support in how they can organise their approach to studying to maximise their knowledge and revision skills. I have no hesitation in commending this Companion as a valuable complementary text' - Professor Allyson MacVean, John Grieve Centre for Policing & Community Safety, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College "Congratulations to Ursula Smartt and Sage on a most welcome 'skills' text for Criminal Justice students... The book is concise, clear, well-organised and accessible - highly recommended." Stephen Parrott, Birkbeck, University of London Criminal Justice by Ursula Smartt is part of an exciting new series from SAGE. It is designed to help students to make the most of their undergraduate or foundation course in criminal justice or criminology. Developed as accessible reference tools, SAGE Course Companions offer an introduction to the subject and encourage students to extend their understanding of key concepts, issues and debates. Criminal Justice This book provides a basic grounding in criminal justice, alongside pointers to further reading and advice on study skills. It can be used as an overview of the subject and referred to throughout the degree for tips and revision guidance. Smartt's Criminal Justice is designed to complement, rather than replace, existing textbooks for the course, and will provide: - Helpful summaries of the course curriculum to aid exam revision and essay planning - Key summaries of the approach taken by the main textbooks on the course - Guidance on the essential study skills required to pass the course - Help with developing critical thinking - Route-maps to aid the development of wider learning above and beyond the textbook - Pointers to success in course exams and written assessment exercises - A tutor's-eye view of what course examiners are looking for - An insider's view of what key course concepts are really all about SAGE Course Companions are much more than revision guides for undergraduate. They are an essential tool to success in undergraduate courses, enriching the learning experience and developing students' understanding.
Research should be enjoyable - whether it is a college student completing a project for a degree or a professor meeting requirements or expectations associated with his or her position. Learning the basics for conducting research is the first step. This text is a reader-friendly primer which has as its strength the facility to positively and gently ease the reader into the task of conducting research. Each chapter begins with a vignette, describing a hypothetical situation in which students might find themselves. By chapter's end, students should be equipped with the knowledge on how to address the confusion or problem presented in the appropriate scenario. Another pedagogical tool is the Methodological Link which refers to excerpts from actual criminal justice and criminological research, the full text which is available in a companion text Readings for Research Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice. Each chapter also ends with Methodological Queries, questions and exercises requiring students to apply what has been learned. Uses practical examples from criminal justice scenarios to bring complex and involved issues to life Hypothetical scenarios at the beginning of each chapter Shows the relevance of research methodology to the practical problems of everyday criminal justice operations in a reader-friendly manner
`Youth Crime and Justice presents a detailed and comprehensive critical analysis of evidence from leading national and international scholars. As such it provides a powerful antidote to the excesses of contemporary correctionalism' - Professor Andrew Rutherford, University of Southampton `Youth Crime and Justice is the most comprehensive and up-to-date collection on the market today. A must for all researchers, teachers and students of youth justice' - Professor Tim Newburn, London School of Economics and Political Science and President of the British Society of Criminology For the first time, leading national and international scholars have been brought together to engage explicitly with a comprehensive critical assessment of the relation between 'evidence' and contemporary youth justice policy formation. This book, along with its companion volume Comparative Youth Justice (edited by John Muncie and Barry Goldson) , will significantly advance the development of an emerging 'youth criminology'. The book is essential reading for criminology and criminal justice students, researchers and practitioners. Contributors' Affiliations: Tim Bateman is a Senior Policy Development Officer with Nacro, a UK-based crime reduction agency Chris Cunneen is Professor of Criminology and Director of the Institute of Criminology at the University of Sydney Matthew Follett is a Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Leicester Loraine Gelsthorpe is a Reader in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge Barry Goldson is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Liverpool, England. Kevin Haines is Head of Applied Social Sciences at the University of Swansea Lynn Hancock is a Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Liverpool Harry Hendrick is an Associate Professor of History at the University of Southern Denmark Gordon Hughes is Professor of Criminology at the International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research at the Open University Fergus McNeill is a Senior Lecturer at the Glasgow School of Social Work, Universities of Glasgow and Strathclyde Phil Mizen is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Warwick John Muncie is Professor of Criminology and Co-Director of the International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research at the Open University David O'Mahony is a Senior Lecturer in Youth Justice at the Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast Gilly Sharpe is a Doctoral Research Student at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge David Smith is Professor of Criminology at Lancaster University Roger Smith is a Lecturer in Social Work at the University of Leicester Colin Webster is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Teesside Rob White is Professor of Sociology and Head of the School of Sociology and Social Work at the University of Tasmania
In response to exciting developments in genetics, neuroscience and evolutionary psychology, a number of criminologists have embraced the position that criminal behaviour is the product of biological, psychological, and sociological factors operating together in complex ways. They have come to realize that if they are to capture the dynamic nature of criminal behaviour then they must span multiple levels of analysis and thus multiple disciplines. The explosion of interest in this field of biosocial criminology over the past ten years means that the time is ripe for this research companion aimed at graduate students and scholars, giving them an essential overview of the current state of research in the field. The authors are experts in a variety of disciplines (sociology, psychology, biology, criminal justice, and neuroscience), but they all have in common a strong interest in criminal behaviour. This unique book is essential and accessible reading for all students and scholars in the field.
Now in its Third Edition, this bestselling reference text has established itself as the authoritative source covering the key concepts, theories, and methods in criminology and criminal justice. Edited by Eugene McLaughlin and John Muncie, two of the leading figures in the discipline, the book is: Comprehensive: with over 300 entries, the new edition contains multiple revisions, new entries and an expanded editorial introduction Definitive: concepts are precisely defined so students have a clear understanding of the history and development of each topic Student-focused: each entry maps connections across various fields and issues and includes further reading to extend students’ knowledge International: over 90 contributions from internationally renowned academics and practitioners ensure this book is global and comparative throughout
Ein Rentner wird in der U-Bahn von Jugendlichen fast totgeschlagen, eine Theatergruppe von Rechtsextremen krankenhausreif geprügelt und gedemütigt, ein Mann wegen seiner Hautfarbe von einer Gang durch die Straßen getrieben und schwer traumatisiert. Was geht in Jugendlichen vor, die sich so brutal verhalten? Warum schließen sie sich gewalttätigen Gruppen wie Hooligans oder Skinheads an? Und: Nimmt ihre Gewaltbereitschaft zu? Die Autoren lassen in ihrem Buch gewalttätige Jugendliche selbst zu Wort kommen: Sie sprechen über ihre Familien und ihre Kindheit und zeichnen nach, wie sie so aggressiv wurden. Ihre Berichte verdeutlichen, wie aus Opfern Täter werden können; sie sollen die Gewalttaten aber keineswegs rechtfertigen. Daher ergänzen die beiden Autoren die Täterbiografien durch moderne wissenschaftliche Erklärungsansätze. So bekommen professionelle Helfer - vor allem SozialpädagogInnen, ErzieherInnen und LehrerInnen - aktuelles Wissen darüber, wie Aggression und Gewaltneigung in Menschen entstehen. Klaus Wahl und Katja Hees stellen in einer leicht verständlichen Sprache Forschungsbefunde und Praxiserfahrungen aus dem Deutschen Jugendinstitut vor und zeigen, wie man der Gewalt gezielt gegensteuern und frühzeitig prosoziale Kompetenzen fördern kann. Sie liefern eine Übersicht über Trainings und Programme zur Gewaltprävention, die in Kindergärten, Schulen und in der Jugendhilfe eingesetzt werden können. Prof. Dr. Klaus Wahl, Sozialwissenschaftler, leitet die wissenschaftliche Stabsabteilung des Deutschen Jugendinstituts, forscht über aggressive Kinder und Jugendliche, lehrt an der Universität München und ist derzeit Fellow am Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, Delmenhorst. Katja Hees, Dipl.-Kulturwirtin, arbeitet als selbstständige Journalistin in München. Sie war Stipendiatin der Evangelischen Journalistenschule, Berlin.
Designed for introductory-level statistics courses, Understanding Statistics for the Social Sciences, Criminal Justice, and Criminology presents the fundamentals of statistics in a clear and simplified format. This accessible text addresses all of the basics of statistical analysis while still providing the reader with the larger view of statistics. The authors focus on calculating the basic formulas yet preserve enough advanced material to prepare the student for further study. The book also provides information on deciding when to use particular statistical analyses, how to input and analyze data through programs such as Microsoft Excel and SPSS, the interpretation of statistical output, and making conclusions based on those results. The student-friendly and simplified presentation of Understanding Statistics makes it the ideal introductory statistics text and will provide readers with a strong foundation in statistics – conceptually and pragmatically. Understanding Statistics for the Social Sciences, Criminal Justice, and Criminology boasts a variety of in-text study aids, such as key terms, equation summaries, exercises, end-of-chapter references, and suggested readings, and an equation glossary; as well as a collection of online study tools housed on the dedicated student companion website. The student-friendly presentation of the material coupled with the rich variety of student and instructor resources make Understanding Statistics the ideal introductory statistics text for undergraduate students! Every new printed copy is packaged with full access to the student companion website featuring a a rich variety of study tools! (eBook version does not include access to the student companion website. Standalone access can be purchased here http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449649234/) Student Resources: -Microsoft and Excel SPSS data sets -Companion website featuring: *interactive flashcards *interactive glossary *practice quiz (with answers) *student data sets, in Excel and SPSS, that correlate to the chapter material *weblinks
As part of the SAGE Course Companion series, this book provides a comprehensive introduction and overview of the discipline of penology. It provides hints and tips on how to apply this information to maximum effect in coursework and examinations. This is a highly accessible text for those new to prison studies, or for anyone looking for a refresher. It provides structure and background for all prison and punishment modules on undergraduate criminology and criminal justice degrees. Written in a straightforward and clear style, the book gives detailed explanations for all academic terms used. The Penology Course Companion provides: - Easy access to the key themes in punishment and prison studies - Helpful summaries of the approach taken by the main course textbooks - Guidance on the essential study skills required to pass the course - Help with developing critical thinking - Taking it Further sections that suggest how readers can extent their thinking beyond the "received wisdom" - Pointers to success in course exams and written assessment exercises
This accessible text enables criminology and criminal justice students to understand and critically evaluate criminal law in the context of criminal justice and wider social issues. The book explains criminal law comprehensively, covering both general principles and specific types of criminal offences. It examines criminal law in its social context, as well as considering how it is used by the criminal justice processes and agencies which enforce it in practice. Covering all the different theoretical approaches that the student of criminology and criminal justice will need to understand, the book provides learning tools such as: -chapter objectives - making the structure of the book easy to follow for students -questions for discussion and student exercises - helping students to think critically about the ideas and concepts in each chapter, and to undertake further independent and reflective study -'definition boxes' explaining key concepts - helping students who are not familiar with specialist criminal law terminology to understand what the key basic concepts in criminal law really mean in practice -a companion Website which incorporates a range of resources for lecturers and students.
Now in a Second Edition, this comprehensive reference book includes key terms from criminal justice, criminology and criminal law. Ideal as a companion reference in any criminal justice, criminology or criminal law course, the book is an invaluable tool for students and professionals, providing clear, complete definitions of all-important terminology.