Constituents of Medicinal Plants

An Introduction to the Chemistry and Therapeutics of Herbal Medicine

Author: Andrew Pengelly

Publisher: Cab International

ISBN: 9780851998077

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 172

View: 9780

Recent studies on the scientific basis for plant therapeutic capabilities are establishing credibility and acceptance for herbal medicine in the medical community. This book provides an introduction to the complex area of plant constituents and the therapeutic effects associated with them.

The Constituents of Medicinal Plants

An Introduction to the Chemistry & Therapeutics of Herbal Medicines

Author: Andrew Pengelly

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780646315959

Category: Herbs

Page: 109

View: 4309

Medicinal Plants

Chemistry and Properties

Author: M Daniel

Publisher: Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781578083954

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 1261

This treatise is a unified and single-source reference book providing the latest and the most significant data on a wide spectrum of medicinal herbs practised worldwide and their chemical ingredients. Of the 550 plants referred to in the book in relation to their phytochemicals, 350 are dealt in detail dovetailing their distinguishing botanical characters, chemical components and biomarkers of all the useful parts, authentic medicinal properties and the pharmacological actions they elicit. About 10,000 constituent compounds have been mentioned and these have been grouped according to their natural product classification. This book is intended to oncompass an in-depth coverage of the chemistry of "Plant Products" such as alkaloids, terponoids, phenolics, etc. In addition to emphasizing the synergism of the components of these herbs, emerging trends like aromatherapy and antioxidant therapy are discussed and a handy user's guide is appended at the end. This book is a valuable and indispensable reference book designed for teachers and students of phytochemistry, medicinal botany and pharmacy as also for biochemists, organic chemists, chemotaxonomists, medicinal practitioners (practicing herbal medicine), foresters, drug manufacturers, chemo/bioprospectors, and of course, to a layman interested in medicinal herbs.

Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy E-Book

Author: Michael Heinrich,Joanne Barnes,Simon Gibbons,Elizabeth M. Williamson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702052310

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 4043

‘A new classic’ in a new edition! Fully revised and updated throughout New sections on antimicrobials From journal reviews of the previous edition: ‘Drawing on their wealth of experience and knowledge in this field, the authors, who are without doubt among the finest minds in pharmacognosy today, provide useful and fascinating insights into the history, botany, chemistry, phytotherapy and importance of medicinal plants in some of today's health care systems. This is a landmark textbook, which carefully brings together relevant data from numerous sources and provides in an authoritative and exhaustive manner, cutting edge information that is relevant to pharmacists, pharmacognocists, complementary practitioners, doctors and nurses alike.’ The Pharmaceutical Journal ‘This is the first book that I have encountered which combines the compounds and plants found in standard pharmacognosy textbooks, i.e. those used in orthodox Western medicine, with the 'new phytopharmaceuticals' which have become established in Western culture over the last 20 years. The medical establishment in this environment is finally catching up with the practices of the general population and so this book is an excellent choice for those who wish to investigate which of the many plants available have some scientific credence. I shall be adding this book to the Essential Reading list for all of the undergraduate students on our pharmacy degree course and would encourage all those involved in teaching pharmacy students to do the same." P.J. Houghton, Department of Pharmacy, King's College London, Journal of Ethnopharmacology ‘Educated pharmacists no doubt equate Pharmacognosy with hours spent hunched over a microscope identifying vegetable drugs. Many probably consider it as a subject with little importance in a modern pharmacy curriculum. How wrong they are! ... This book is designed to give an overview at an easy-to-understand level of a broad subject area... For students of science and of the healthcare professions it is a useful text and the authors are to be commended for their work.’ Irish Pharmacy Journal From customer reviews: ‘A new classic. This is an excellent publication both for science students and the non scientific who have an interest in phytotherapy. The layout is logical and clearly set out. I love the chemical structural diagrams, and the explanations of even complex sequences are easy to understand with very little jargon. It is encouraging to see pharmacognosy being given a prominent place in a modern textbook, and interesting to see both hand drawings and chemical structures on the same page!’ ‘I can recommend this to anyone who is interested in the science behind herbal products and medicines; especially if you are interested in plants. It's quite simple to follow and very concise! Good for pharmacy students.’ ‘This is an ultimate textbook in this subject and a boon for students of M Pharmacy (Pharmacognosy) as well as undergraduates students of Pharmacy. Besides them, it is really suitable for every course comprising a study of plants and their medicinal use.’ ‘Excellent reference book. As an editor, I instantly found the answers to various questions I had regarding botanical descriptions. And it even answered questions that I hadn't gotten around to asking. Highly recommended!’

Herbal Principles in Cosmetics

Properties and Mechanisms of Action

Author: Bruno Burlando,Luisella Verotta,Laura Cornara,Elisa Bottini-Massa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439812143

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 460

View: 9619

Interest in the molecular and mechanistic aspects of cosmetic research has grown exponentially during the past decade. Herbal Principles in Cosmetics: Properties and Mechanisms of Action critically examines the botanical, ethnopharmacological, phytochemical, and molecular aspects of botanical active ingredients used in cosmetics. Along with dermatological and cosmetic uses, the book also explores the toxicological aspects of these natural ingredients, maintaining a balanced view that carefully dissects the hype from the solid science. Contains Comprehensive Monographs of Herbs Useful for Skin Care & Diseases Authored by a panel of experts in cell physiology, phytochemistry, ethnopharmacology, applied botany, ethnobotany, and cosmetic science, the book begins with background in skin anatomy and physiology and also the classification, mechanisms of action, and application of herbal compounds. It provides monographs complete with therapeutic properties, specific action and dermatologic properties, toxicities, pictures, and references. The book also addresses the complexities of green biodiversity, including not only higher plants, but also mushrooms, algae, lichens, and bacteria – each chosen for their importance in traditional use, potential for innovation, or recent introduction to market. Includes a Vivid Color Insert with Photographs of Botanical Species Herbal Principles in Cosmetics: Properties and Mechanisms of Action is one of the few books devoted to the mechanisms of action of herbal compounds based on scientific analysis, making it an exceptionally valuable reference for pharmacologists, natural product chemists, skin physiologists, and dermatologists.

Medicinal Plants of the World

Volume 1: Chemical Constituents, Traditional and Modern Medicinal Uses

Author: Ivan A. Ross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592593658

Category: Medical

Page: 491

View: 2503

Plants and the Human Brain

Author: David O. Kennedy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199914028

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 2465

We're all familiar with the idea that plant-derived chemicals can have an impact on the functioning of the human brain. Most of us reach for a cup of coffee or tea in the morning, many of us occasionally eat some chocolate, some smoke a cigarette or take an herbal supplement, and some people use illicit drugs. We know a great deal about the mechanisms by which the psychoactive components of these various products have their effects on human brain function, but the question of why they have these effects has been almost totally ignored. This book sets out to describe not only how, in terms of pharmacology or psychopharmacology, but more importantly why plant- and fungus-derived chemicals have their effects on the human brain. The answer to this last question resides, in part, with the terrestrial world's two dominant life forms, the plants and the insects, and the many ecological roles the 'secondary metabolite' plant chemicals are trying to play; for instance, defending the plant against insect herbivores whilst attracting insect pollinators. The answer also resides in the intersecting genetic heritage of mammals, plants, and insects and the surprising biological similarities between the three taxa. In particular it revolves around the close correspondence between the brains of insects and humans, and the intercellular signaling pathways shared by plants and humans. Plants and the Human Brain describes and discusses both how and why phytochemicals affect brain function with respect to the three main groups of secondary metabolites: the alkaloids, which provide us with caffeine, a host of poisons, a handful of hallucinogens, and most drugs of abuse (e.g. morphine, cocaine, DMT, LSD, and nicotine); the phenolics, including polyphenols, which constitute a significant and beneficial part of our natural diet; and the terpenes, a group of multifunctional compounds which provide us with the active components of cannabis and a multitude of herbal extracts such as ginseng, ginkgo and valerian.

Medical Herbalism

The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine

Author: David Hoffmann

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1594778906

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 672

View: 6742

A foundational textbook on the scientific principles of therapeutic herbalism and their application in medicine • A complete handbook for the medical practitioner • Includes the most up-to-date information on preparations, dosage, and contraindications • By the author of The Complete Illustrated Holistic Herbal Medical Herbalism contains comprehensive information concerning the identification and use of medicinal plants by chemical structure and physiological effect, the art and science of making herbal medicine, the limitations and potential of viewing herbs chemically, and the challenge to current research paradigms posed by complex plant medicines. It also includes information on toxicology and contraindications, the issues involved in determining dosage and formulation types for an individual, guides to the different measurement systems and conversion tables, and the pros and cons of both industrial and traditional techniques. With additional sections devoted to the principles of green medicine, the history of Western Herbalism, the variety of other medical modalities using medicinal plants, an extensive resource directory, and a discussion of treatments organized by body system, Medical Herbalism is the comprehensive textbook all students and practitioners of clinical herbalism need to develop their healing practices.

Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants

Author: Ashish Tewari,Supriya Tiwari

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081022743

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 8187

Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants highlights the importance of synthesizing medicinal agents from plants and outlines methods for performing it effectively. Beginning with an introduction to the significance of medicinal plants, the book goes on to provide a historical overview of drug synthesis before exploring how this can be used to successfully replicate and adapt the active agents from natural sources. Chapters then explore the medicinal properties of a number of important plants, before concluding with a discussion of the future of drugs from medicinal plants. Illustrated with real-world examples, it is a practical resource for researchers in this field. In an age of rapid environmental destruction, hundreds of medicinal plants are at risk of extinction from overexploitation and deforestation, limiting the natural resources available for active agent extraction, thereby threatening the discovery of future cures for diseases. Simultaneously, with the increasing population and advances in medical sciences, the demand for drugs is continuously increasing and cannot be met with just plants. The ability to synthetically replicate the active compounds from these plants is essential in creating an ecologically-aware, sustainable future for drug design Includes detailed coverage of therapeutic compound synthesis Uses multiple real-world examples to support content Lays out a sustainable template for the future of developing active agents from natural products

Chinese and Related North American Herbs

Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values

Author: Thomas S. C. Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420031880

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 616

View: 7302

Covering 1800 species of Chinese herbs and 700 related North American species, Chinese and Related North American Herbs: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values provides clearly formatted tables that give you quick and easy access to information gathered from a wide variety of sources, both eastern and western, including those not generally available through usual searches. Written by the author of Medicinal Plants this book: Presents the major constituents and therapeutic values of Chinese medicinal herbs Contains data on toxicity, major chemical components and their therapeutic values Provides Latin, Chinese, and English names for more than 1800 species Includes three appendices that provide handy cross-references: Chinese and scientific names; major chemical components of Chinese herbs, and major chemical components of related North American herbs Highlights the relationship between Chinese and North American medicinal herbs and possible replacements for Chinese with North American herbs Compares active ingredients and claimed therapeutic values The wealth of information, attention to detail, and extensive research and references presented by Chinese and Related North America Herb: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values makes it the resource to have on your shelf.

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia

Botanical Pharmacognosy - Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines

Author: Roy Upton,Alison Graff,Georgina Jolliffe,Reinhard Länger,Elizabeth Williamson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420073281

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 5588

Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the American Botanical Council Compiled by the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia®, this volume addresses the lack of authoritative microscopic descriptions of those medicinal plant species currently in trade. It includes an atlas providing detailed text and graphic descriptions of more than 140 medicinal plant species and their adulterants. Designed to meet the needs of the herbal products industry, regulatory agencies, and academic researchers, the book covers plant anatomy at a level appropriate for the pharmacognostic analysis of plant tissues, provides extensive coverage of the history and importance of botanical microscopy, and gives instruction on how to set up a microscopy lab and prepare, view, and archive whole and powdered plant parts for microscopic analysis. The botanicals covered represent 90 percent of the dollar value of botanical sales in the United States. The focus is on those species that are in high use, and those that are commonly adulterated. It also covers a number of popular Asian botanicals, providing the first English language description for many of these.

The Chemistry of Plants

Perfumes, Pigments and Poisons

Author: Margareta Sequin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625569

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5342

This book is an introduction to organic chemistry and its compounds as related to plants. Chemistry tends to be seen as a field that is hard to comprehend and that has few connections with the living world. This book fills a gap as it eases access to organic chemistry by connecting it with plants and includes numerous photos and other illustrations. The book is a combination of organic chemistry with the living world of plants and is an introduction to organic plant compounds for the non-chemist. It starts with a review of basic concepts of chemistry as they relate to plant life, followed by an introduction to structures of organic compounds, which prepares the reader for the following chapters on primary metabolites and on plant fragrances, pigments, and plant defensive compounds. The final chapter relates plant compounds to human life, with subchapters on foods from plants, medicines, psychoactives, fibers, and dyes. Historic discoveries of plant compounds and their developments to contemporary uses, like modern pharmaceuticals, and a section on genetically modified plants, connect with topics of recent interest. The book leads the serious reader from chemistry basics to complex plant substances and their human uses and plant photos and stories accompany chemistry topics and chemical structures to aid understanding. The author, an organic chemist and plant enthusiast, has taught popular undergraduate college level courses on plant chemistry to non-chemistry majors and numerous field seminars to the general public for more than fifteen years. The book's topics and contents have been taught for many years and have proved successful in providing an understanding of plant compounds, organic compounds, and their importance. The book provides a basis for a better understanding of chemistry and its connections to the world of plants, the natural world in general, and to daily life. It is aimed at non-chemistry undergraduate students and to people in general who are interested in plants and who would like to learn more about them. It addresses an audience with little previous chemistry knowledge, yet, leads the serious reader to an understanding of sometimes complex plant compounds, by providing an introduction to chemistry basics, combining the chemistry with pictures and stories, and using simple, clear language. The book can be used both as a text to introduce organic chemistry as it relates to plants and as a text of reference for more advanced readers.

Planetary Herbology

Author: Michael Tierra

Publisher: Lotus Press

ISBN: 160869061X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 490

View: 8542

A major work integrating the herbal traditions of the East with those of the West by the bestselling author of The Way of Herbs. This practical handbook and reference guide is a landmark publication in this field. For unprecedented usefulness in practical applications, the author provides a comprehensive listing of the more than 400 medicinal herbs available in the west, classified according to their chemical constituents, properties and actions, indicated uses and suggested dosages.

Prescription for Herbal Healing

Author: Phyllis A. Balch

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780895298690

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 545

View: 3861

Looks at the basic principles of herbal medicine and outlines the properties of herbs and herbal combination forumlas for various kinds of ailments and alternative treatments.

Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition

Author: Maurice M. Iwu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466571977

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 506

View: 825

With over 50,000 distinct species in sub-Saharan Africa alone, the African continent is endowed with an enormous wealth of plant resources. While more than 25 percent of known species have been used for several centuries in traditional African medicine for the prevention and treatment of diseases, Africa remains a minor player in the global natural products market largely due to lack of practical information. This updated and expanded second edition of the Handbook of African Medicinal Plants provides a comprehensive review of more than 2,000 species of plants employed in indigenous African medicine, with full-color photographs and references from over 1,100 publications. The first part of the book contains a catalog of the plants used as ingredients for the preparation of traditional remedies, including their medicinal uses and the parts of the plant used. This is followed by a pharmacognostical profile of 170 of the major herbs, with a brief description of the diagnostic features of the leaves, flowers, and fruits and monographs with botanical names, common names, synonyms, African names, habitat and distribution, ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents, and reported pharmacological activity. The second part of the book provides an introduction to African traditional medicine, outlining African cosmology and beliefs as they relate to healing and the use of herbs, health foods, and medicinal plants. This book presents scientific documentation of the correlation between the observed folk use and demonstrable biological activity, as well as the characterized constituents of the plants.

Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants

Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values

Author: Thomas S. C. Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142000896X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 400

View: 7470

Written by internationally renowned scientist and author Thomas S.C. Li, Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants presents information critical to assessing the medicinal potential of Taiwanese herbs. A comprehensive review of chemical constituents, toxicity, and therapeutic values, the book focuses on documentation of the chemical components present and their therapeutic properties. The author begins with a general introduction regarding the geographic advantages for growing varieties of medicinal plants, followed by tables presenting information on the major constituents and therapeutic values of more than 1000 species. He includes an index, three appendices cross-referencing major chemical components and their sources, and the common and scientific names of the medicinal plants cited in the table. Arranged alphabetically by Latin name into tables, the information is easy to find and the book easy to use.

Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy,Modern Herbal Medicine,2

Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy

Author: Kerry Bone,Simon Mills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0443069921

Category: Medical

Page: 1051

View: 1834

The authoritative and comprehensive modern textbook on western herbal medicine - now in its second edition This long-awaited second edition of Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy covers all major aspects of herbal medicine from fundamental concepts, traditional use and scientific research through to safety, effective dosage and clinical applications. Written by herbal practitioners with active experience in clinical practice, education, manufacturing and research, the textbook is both practical and evidence based. The focus, always, is on the importance of tailoring the treatment to the individual case. New insights are given into the herbal management of approxiately 100 modern ailments, including some of the most challenging medical conditions, such as asthma, inflammatory bowel disease and other complex autoimmune and inflammatory conditions, and there is vibrant discussion around the contribution of phytotherapy in general to modern health issues, including health ageing. Fully referenced throughout, with more than 10, 000 citations, the book is a core resource for students and practitioners of phytotherapy and naturopathy and will be of value to all healthcare professionals - pharmacists, doctors, nurses - with an interest in herbal therapeutics. 50 evidence-based monographs, including 7 new herbs Rational guidance to phytotherapeutic strategies in the consulting room New appendices provide useful information on topics such as herbal actions, dosage in children and reading and interpreting herbal clinical trials Comprehensive revision of vital safety data, including an extensive herb-drug interaction chart.

The Complete Natural Medicine Guide to the 50 Most Common Medicinal Herbs

Author: Heather Boon,Michael Smith

Publisher: Robert Rose

ISBN: 9780778800811

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 352

View: 8812

Presents a comprehensive, full illustrated reference on the fifty most commonly prescribed herbal remedies, furnishing a detailed description of each herb, as well as information on potential side effects, drug interactions, and therapeutic uses, covering such herbs as Goldenseal, Burdock, Tumeric, Evening Primrose, and Aloe Vera, among others. Simultaneous.

Herbal Medicine

Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects, Second Edition

Author: Iris F. F. Benzie,Sissi Wachtel-Galor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439807163

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 500

View: 5450

The global popularity of herbal supplements and the promise they hold in treating various disease states has caused an unprecedented interest in understanding the molecular basis of the biological activity of traditional remedies. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects focuses on presenting current scientific evidence of biomolecular effects of selected herbs and their relation to clinical outcome and promotion of human health. It includes experimental approaches for looking at the bioactive components in herbs. This book also addresses the ethical challenges of using herbal medicine and its integration into modern, evidence-based medicine. Drawing from the work of leading international researchers in different fields, this volume contains an in-depth scientific examination of effects of individual herbs, as well as their use in the treatment of important diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, dermatologic disorders, neurodegenerative disease, and diabetes. Due to the strong associations between oxidative stress, ageing, and disease, the powerful antioxidant properties of herbs and spices are also examined. The herbs featured are some of the most widely used remedies and cover a wide range, including flowering herbs, fruits and berries, roots and rhizomes, and fungi. The fact that composition of natural products can vary greatly and contamination and misidentification can occur are important issues in the use of herbal medicines. To help bring a new level of quality control to the production of herbal extracts, the use of mass spectrometry and chemometric fingerprinting technology is presented as a means for improved identification and authentication of herbs. As the need for effective, affordable health promotion and treatment increases, especially in the growing ageing population, there is a need for rigorous scientific examination of herbal medicines. This timely and comprehensive volume addresses this need and is an important text for medical professionals and researchers, as well as those interested in herbal or complementary medicine.

Modern Herbal Dispensatory

A Medicine-Making Guide

Author: Thomas Easley,Steven Horne

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 1623170796

Category: Herbals

Page: 250

View: 1373

This comprehensive, full-color guide provides detailed, easy-to-follow instructions for making and using approximately 250 herbal medicines at home, including practical tips and numerous effective formulas developed and tested by the authors, both expert herbalists with years of experience. Readers who appreciate the health-giving properties of herbal medicines but are discouraged by the high price of commercial products can now make their own preparations for a fraction of the cost. The authors tell you everything you need to know about harvesting, preparing, and administering herbs in many different forms, including fresh, bulk dried herbs, capsules, extracts in water, alcohol, glycerin, vinegar and oil, and even preparations like essential oils and flower essences. The book also covers topical applications of herbs as salves, lotions, poultices, tooth powders, ear drops, and more, and includes an extensive chapter on herbal hydrotherapy. The Modern Herbal Dispensary explains why different preparations of the same herb will obtain better results, demonstrating how capsules, teas, tinctures, or glycerites of the same plant will not have exactly the same effect on the body. Leading herbalists Thomas Easley and Steven Horne have tested and proven the herbal formulas they offer, along with suggestions for treating more than one hundred illnesses. They lay out the principles of herbal formulation and also provide instructions on how to prepare single herbs, a procedure that has been largely ignored in other references. More comprehensive than any other guide, thoroughly researched, beautifully illustrated, and presented with ease of use in mind, this book will take its place as the premier reference for those who want to produce all the herbal remedies they need, and to save money in the process.