A Wall Street Journal and Washington Post Bestseller "Tyler Cowen's blog, Marginal Revolution, is the first thing I read every morning. And his brilliant new book, The Complacent Class, has been on my nightstand after I devoured it in one sitting. I am at round-the-clock Cowen saturation right now."--Malcolm Gladwell Since Alexis de Tocqueville, restlessness has been accepted as a signature American trait. Our willingness to move, take risks, and adapt to change have produced a dynamic economy and a tradition of innovation from Ben Franklin to Steve Jobs. The problem, according to legendary blogger, economist and best selling author Tyler Cowen, is that Americans today have broken from this tradition—we’re working harder than ever to avoid change. We're moving residences less, marrying people more like ourselves and choosing our music and our mates based on algorithms that wall us off from anything that might be too new or too different. Match.com matches us in love. Spotify and Pandora match us in music. Facebook matches us to just about everything else. Of course, this “matching culture” brings tremendous positives: music we like, partners who make us happy, neighbors who want the same things. We’re more comfortable. But, according to Cowen, there are significant collateral downsides attending this comfort, among them heightened inequality and segregation and decreased incentives to innovate and create. The Complacent Class argues that this cannot go on forever. We are postponing change, due to our near-sightedness and extreme desire for comfort, but ultimately this will make change, when it comes, harder. The forces unleashed by the Great Stagnation will eventually lead to a major fiscal and budgetary crisis: impossibly expensive rentals for our most attractive cities, worsening of residential segregation, and a decline in our work ethic. The only way to avoid this difficult future is for Americans to force themselves out of their comfortable slumber—to embrace their restless tradition again.
From the legendary former Fed Chairman and the acclaimed Economist writer and historian, the full, epic story of America's evolution from a small patchwork of threadbare colonies to the most powerful engine of wealth and innovation the world has ever seen. Longlisted for the 2018 Financial Times and McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award From even the start of his fabled career, Alan Greenspan was duly famous for his deep understanding of even the most arcane corners of the American economy, and his restless curiosity to know even more. To the extent possible, he has made a science of understanding how the US economy works almost as a living organism--how it grows and changes, surges and stalls. He has made a particular study of the question of productivity growth, at the heart of which is the riddle of innovation. Where does innovation come from, and how does it spread through a society? And why do some eras see the fruits of innovation spread more democratically, and others, including our own, see the opposite? In Capitalism in America, Greenspan distills a lifetime of grappling with these questions into a thrilling and profound master reckoning with the decisive drivers of the US economy over the course of its history. In partnership with the celebrated Economist journalist and historian Adrian Wooldridge, he unfolds a tale involving vast landscapes, titanic figures, triumphant breakthroughs, enlightenment ideals as well as terrible moral failings. Every crucial debate is here--from the role of slavery in the antebellum Southern economy to the real impact of FDR's New Deal to America's violent mood swings in its openness to global trade and its impact. But to read Capitalism in America is above all to be stirred deeply by the extraordinary productive energies unleashed by millions of ordinary Americans that have driven this country to unprecedented heights of power and prosperity. At heart, the authors argue, America's genius has been its unique tolerance for the effects of creative destruction, the ceaseless churn of the old giving way to the new, driven by new people and new ideas. Often messy and painful, creative destruction has also lifted almost all Americans to standards of living unimaginable to even the wealthiest citizens of the world a few generations past. A sense of justice and human decency demands that those who bear the brunt of the pain of change be protected, but America has always accepted more pain for more gain, and its vaunted rise cannot otherwise be understood, or its challenges faced, without recognizing this legacy. For now, in our time, productivity growth has stalled again, stirring up the populist furies. There's no better moment to apply the lessons of history to the most pressing question we face, that of whether the United States will preserve its preeminence, or see its leadership pass to other, inevitably less democratic powers.
يتناول هذا الكتاب قصة احلام الناى وقصص آخرى وهى تروى الاتى:أبى قال لى وهو يناولنى نايا صغيرا من العاج : إليك هذا خذه ولا تنس والدك العجوز عندما تسرى عن الناس بعزفك فى بلاد غريبة.فلقد حان الوقت لكى تشاهد العالم وتكتسب المعرفة.فأنا طلبت صنع هذا الناى لك,لأنك لا تحب عملا سواه,ولايطيب لك إلا أن تغنى دائما,ولكن تأكد أنك تختار الأغانى المشرقة المرحة,وإلا فستكون الهبة التى أودعها الله فيك مدعاه للأسف.
إذا وجِدَ كتاب يستحق أن يقرأه المراهقون وأولياء الأمور (وأي شخص آخر)، فهو هذا الكتاب - صحيفة دنفر بوست. ميلودي، 11 عامًا، تملك ذاكرة مرآتية، ورأسها مثل آلة تصوير سينمائية تسجل طوال الوقت، ولكن لا يوجد فيها زر للحذف؛ كانت أذكى طفلة في مدرستها، ولكن لم يكن أي إنسان يعرف ذلك؛ فقد اعتقد معظم الناس، ومنهم المعلمون والأطباء، أنها غير قادرة على التعلُّم، وكانت أيام المدرسة - حتى وقت قريب - تمر وهي تستمع باستمرار إلى دروس أحرف الهجاء لمستوى الروضة مرة تلو الأخرى؛ تمنَّت لو أنها تستطيع الصراخ... لو أنها تستطيع إخبار من حولها كيف تفكر، وماذا تعرف؛ لكنها لا تستطيع؛ لأنها لا تقدر على الكلام، ولا تستطيع المشي ولا الكتابة. كانت أشياء كثيرة حبيسة في رأسها ولا تستطيع التعبير عنها، وهذا ما كان يسبب لها الجنون - إلى أن اكتشفت شيئًا جعلها تتكلم لأول مرة في حياتها؛ أخيرًا، أصبح لها صوت، لكن لا يوجد أحد ممن حولها يريد سماعه! العبيكان 2017
يروى الكاتب فى هذا الكتاب أنه حدث فى تلك الايام التى كنت فيها مشردا أتضور جوعا فى مدينة كريستيانا,تلك المدينة العجيبة التى لا يغادرها أحد قبل أن تسمه بسماتها وتترك عليه آثارها.كنت راقدا متيقظا فى مخدعى الحقير الواقع تحت سند السقف, فسمعت تحتى فى الدور الأول ساعة تدق ست دقات,وكان الصبح قد تنفس وأخذ الناس يصعدون السلم ويهبطون.
Violence and the History of Inequality from the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century
Author: Walter Scheidel
Publisher: Princeton Economic History of
Category: Business & Economics
Are mass violence and catastrophes the only forces that can seriously decrease economic inequality? To judge by thousands of years of history, the answer is yes. Tracing the global history of inequality from the Stone Age to today, Walter Scheidel shows that inequality never dies peacefully. Periods of increased equality are usually born of carnage and disaster and are generally short-lived, disappearing with the return of peace and stability. The Great Leveler is the first book to chart the crucial role of violent shocks in reducing inequality over the full sweep of human history around the world. Ever since humans began to farm, herd livestock, and pass on their assets to future generations, economic inequality has been a defining feature of civilization. Over thousands of years, only violent events have significantly lessened inequality. The "Four Horsemen" of leveling--mass-mobilization warfare, transformative revolutions, state collapse, and catastrophic plagues--have repeatedly destroyed the fortunes of the rich. Scheidel identifies and examines these processes, from the crises of the earliest civilizations to the cataclysmic world wars and communist revolutions of the twentieth century. Today, the violence that reduced inequality in the past seems to have diminished, and that is a good thing. But it casts serious doubt on the prospects for a more equal future. An essential contribution to the debate about inequality, The Great Leveler provides important new insights about why inequality is so persistent--and why it is unlikely to decline anytime soon.