This guide to the methodology of geography surveys proposed approaches to geography and assesses their advantages and disadvantages. Bird discusses scale in geography, behavioral geography, systems, physical geography, and creativity and change in geography.
Author: Sarah Holloway,Stephen P Rice,Gill Valentine
Defining the key terms that inform the language of geography and define the geographical imagination: space, time, place, scale, landscape, this volume provides definitions of terms from both human and physical geography.
Author: Hans Heinrich Blotevogel,Gerald Wood,Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geographie
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Der globale Wandel der �kosysteme kritisch beleuchtet. Im Mittelpunkt der einzelnen Beitr�ge des Geographentages stehen die vielf�ltigen Verflechtungen und Abh�ngigkeiten von lokalen und globalen Strukturen. Das Thema des Geographentages 1999 in Hamburg setzt den Akzent auf Fragestellungen, die sich auf den globalen Wandel in seinen �kologischen, sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Formen beziehen. Dazu geh�ren besonders die regionalen Auswirkungen globaler Umweltver�nde-rungen, neue Formen weltweiter wirtschaftlicher Verflechtungen als Folge der Globalisierung oder Umbruch- und Konfliktsituationen in den Entwicklungsl�ndern nach dem Ende des Ost-West-Gegensatzes. Die einzelnen Sektionen der Tagung befassten sich mit folgenden Themen: �Kuesten und Meere im globalen Wandel� - �Weltwirtschaft, Mobilit�t und Hafenst�dte� - �Die Zukunft der Entwicklungsl�nder� und �Geographie zwischen dem 19. und 20. Jahrhundert�. .
Geography is often regarded as a disorganized and fragmenting subject that has no clear focus. Themes identified in this study include those of the traditional core as well as new and developing topics that are based upon subject matter, concepts, methodology, theory, techniques and applications.
A Guide to the Recent Literature of Trends, Forecasts and Policy Proposals
Author: Michael Marien,Lane Jennings
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Political Science
BMW Z-cars have carved a huge reputation for themselves in a very short time. From the revolutionary and innovative Z1 of the late 1980s to the beautiful and exclusive Z8 of more recent times, via the popular Z3 and its controversial replacement, the Z4, the family has made BMW's name in the increasingly competitive sports-car market.
Understanding Language Teachers' Conceptual Change
Author: M. Kubanyiova
Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change.
Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World
Author: Ben Ramalingam
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Business & Economics
Many agree that the foreign aid system - which today involves virtually every nation on earth - needs drastic change. But there is much conflict as to what should be done. In Aid on the Edge of Chaos, Ben Ramalingam argues that what is most needed is the creative and innovative transformation of how aid works. Foreign aid today is dominated by linear, mechanistic ideas that emerged from early twentieth century industry, and are ill-suited to the world we face today. The problems and systems aid agencies deal with on a daily basis have more in common with ecosystems than machines: they are interconnected, diverse, and dynamic; they cannot be just simply re-engineered or fixed. Outside of aid, social scientists, economists, business leaders, and policy makers have started applying innovative and scientific approaches to such problems, informed by ideas from the 'new science' of complex adaptive systems. Inspired by these efforts, aid practitioners and researchers have started experimenting with such approaches in their own work. This book showcases the experiences, insights, and often remarkable results of innovative thinkers and practitioners who are working to bring these approaches into the mainstream of aid. From transforming child malnutrition to rethinking economic growth, from building peace to reversing desertification, from rural Vietnam to urban Kenya, the ideas of complex systems thinking are starting to be used to make foreign aid more relevant, more appropriate, and more catalytic. Aid on the Edge of Chaos argues that such ideas and approaches should play a vital part of the transformation of aid. Aid should move from being an imperfect post-World War II global resource transfer system, to a new form of global cooperation that is truly fit for the twenty-first century.
Phylogenies in Ecology is the first book to critically review the application of phylogenetic methods in ecology, and it serves as a primer to working ecologists and students of ecology wishing to understand these methods. This book demonstrates how phylogenetic information is transforming ecology by offering fresh ways to estimate the similarities and differences among species, and by providing deeper, evolutionary-based insights on species distributions, coexistence, and niche partitioning. Marc Cadotte and Jonathan Davies examine this emerging area's explosive growth, allowing for this new body of hypotheses testing. Cadotte and Davies systematically look at all the main areas of current ecophylogenetic methodology, testing, and inference. Each chapter of their book covers a unique topic, emphasizes key assumptions, and introduces the appropriate statistical methods and null models required for testing phylogenetically informed hypotheses. The applications presented throughout are supported and connected by examples relying on real-world data that have been analyzed using the open-source programming language, R. Showing how phylogenetic methods are shedding light on fundamental ecological questions related to species coexistence, conservation, and global change, Phylogenies in Ecology will interest anyone who thinks that evolution might be important in their data.
For almost two decades, Community Practice has been a definitive text for social workers, community practitioners, and students eager to help individuals contribute to and use community resources or work to change oppressive community structures. In this third edition, a wealth of new charts and cases spotlight the linkages between theoretical orientations and practical skills, with an enhanced emphasis on the inherently political nature of social work and community practice. Boxes, examples, and exercises illustrate the range of skills and strategies available to savvy community practitioners in the 21st century, including networking, marketing and staging, political advocacy, and leveraging information and communication technologies. Other features include: - New material on community practice ethics, critical practice skills, community assessment and assets inventory and mapping, social problem analysis, and applying community ractice skills to casework practice - Consideration of post-9/11 community challenges - Discussion on the changing ethnic composition of America and what this means for practitioners - An exploration of a vastly changed political landscape following the election of President Obama, the Great Recession, the rise of the Tea Party, and the increasing political and corporate use of pseudo-grassroots endeavors - A completely revamped instructor's manual available online at www.oup.com/us/communitypractice This fully revised classic text provides a comprehensive and integrated overview of the community theory and skills fundamental to all areas of social work practice. Broad in scope and intensive in analysis, it is suitable for undergraduate as well as graduate study. Community Practice offers students and practitioners the tools necessary to promote the welfare of individuals and communities by tapping into the ecological foundations of community and social work practice.
This now standard student reference has been totally revised and updated. It remains the definitive introduction to the history, philosophy, and methodology of human geography. The book is organized into five sections: An historical overview of the discipline and an explanation of its organization; with more on the growth of spatial sciences, Geographical Information Systems, and ways of representing the world An examination of geography from Antiquity to the early modern period An analysis of paradigm shifts in geography, the philosophy of science, and the quantitative revolution; A critical discussion of positivism, empiricism, structuration theory, realism; as well as an introduction to core themes and concepts in current geographical thought including space, place, and post-modernism A review of global processes and local responses, from economic globalization to global environmental change
Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt
Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.
Miles Ogborn,Alison Blunt,Pyrs Gruffudd,David Pinder
Author: Miles Ogborn,Alison Blunt,Pyrs Gruffudd,David Pinder
Cultural Geography in Practice provides an innovative and accessible approach to the sources, theories and methods of cultural geography. Written by an international team of prominent cultural geographers, all of whom are experienced researchers, this book is a fully illustrated guide to methodological approaches in cultural geography. In order to demonstrate the practice of cultural geography each chapter combines the following features: ·Practical instruction in using one of the main methods of cultural geography (e.g. interviewing, interpreting texts and visual images, participatory methods) ·An overview of a key area of concern in cultural geography (e.g. the body, national identity, empire, marginality) ·A nuts and bolts description of the actual application of the theories and methods within a piece of research With the addition of boxed definitions of key concepts and descriptions of research projects by students who devised and undertook them, Cultural Geography in Practice is an essential manual of research practice for both undergraduate and graduate geography students.
Following the successful first edition, this revised and updated book continues to provide students with a detailed guide to the planning and procedures they must consider when preparing dissertations in geography, environmental science and geology. Written by well-respected authors in the field, it takes new sources, improved technology in production of the dissertation, and changes in teaching style into account. Guiding the reader through each stage in the process, it deals with many of the common concerns and issues involved in dissertation writing, ranging from deciding which topic to work on, through research design and data collection, to handing in the final bound volume. With an extended consideration of different types of data (qualitative, quantitative and spatial) and a broad reflection on different approaches to problem solving, this useful text suggests practical ways of dealing with the tasks involved, locates the common pitfalls associated with each, and helps readers write the best dissertation possible.
This is the first in-depth guide to global community psychology research and practice, history and development, theories and innovations, presented in one field-defining volume. This book will serve to promote international collaboration, enhance theory utilization and development, identify biases and barriers in the field, accrue critical mass for a discipline that is often marginalized, and to minimize the pervasive US-centric view of the field.
"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.