The Challenger Launch Decision

Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA

Author: Diane Vaughan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226851761

Category: History

Page: 575

View: 9036

Discusses the social impact of the crash and analyzes the NASA decision making process.

The Challenger Launch Decision

Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA, Enlarged Edition

Author: Diane Vaughan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022634696X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 7414

When the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded on January 28, 1986, millions of Americans became bound together in a single, historic moment. Many still vividly remember exactly where they were and what they were doing when they heard about the tragedy. Diane Vaughan recreates the steps leading up to that fateful decision, contradicting conventional interpretations to prove that what occurred at NASA was not skullduggery or misconduct but a disastrous mistake. Why did NASA managers, who not only had all the information prior to the launch but also were warned against it, decide to proceed? In retelling how the decision unfolded through the eyes of the managers and the engineers, Vaughan uncovers an incremental descent into poor judgment, supported by a culture of high-risk technology. She reveals how and why NASA insiders, when repeatedly faced with evidence that something was wrong, normalized the deviance so that it became acceptable to them. In a new preface, Vaughan reveals the ramifications for this book and for her when a similar decision-making process brought down NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia in 2003.

The Challenger Disaster

Author: Sylvia Engdahl

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 0737770600

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 184

View: 2561

For the first time in history, a teacher was going to outerspace. All eyes were focused on the doomed flight of the space shuttle Challenger. A heart-breaking seventy-three seconds into lift-off, the Challenger caught aflame and broke apart. This volume details the events of January 28, 1986, which resulted in the death of seven astronauts. Readers are provided with background information on the tragedy, while examining related controversies. Readers are also given personal narratives from those who witnessed or were involved in the disaster.

Truth, Lies, and O-Rings

Inside the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

Author: Allan J. McDonald,James R. Hansen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813041933

Category: History

Page: 626

View: 3839

Originally published in hardcover in 2009.

The Challenger Report

A Critical Analysis of the Report to the President of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident

Author: Richard C. Cook

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Challenger (Spacecraft)

Page: 224

View: 9487

Kopflos

Wie unser Bauchgefühl uns in die Irre führt - und was wir dagegen tun können

Author: Ori Brafman,Rom Brafman

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593386593

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 2882

Wir alle kennen es: Man hält an einer Entscheidung fest, obwohl deutlich absehbar ist, dass sie falsch ist. Schlimmer noch, man ignoriert alle Warnungen, verpasst die Gelegenheit, die Katastrophe abzuwenden und steuert sogar noch direkt in sie hinein. Ein unerklärliches Verhalten? Mitnichten, sagen Ori und Rom Brafman.

Believe Me - Spiel Dein Spiel. Ich spiel es besser.

Thriller

Author: JP Delaney

Publisher: Verlagsgruppe Random House GmbH

ISBN: 3641235537

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 6820

Du triffst sie. Du vertraust ihr. Du gehst ihr in die Falle. Claire finanziert ihr Schauspielstudium mit einem lukrativen Nebenjob: Für Geld flirtet sie mit verheirateten Männern, deren Ehefrauen wissen wollen, ob sie ihnen wirklich treu sind. Doch die Frau von Patrick Fogler ist nicht nur misstrauisch – in ihren Augen liest Claire Angst. Und am Morgen nach Patricks und Claires Begegnung ist sie tot. Die Polizei verdächtigt den Witwer, und Claire soll helfen ihn zu überführen – wenn sie nicht will, dass die Polizei herausfindet, was sie selbst in der Mordnacht getan hat. Doch Patrick wirkt nicht nur beängstigend und undurchschaubar, er fasziniert Claire. Und sie ahnt: Sie muss die Rolle ihres Lebens spielen ...

Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt

Eine Einleitung in die Verstehende Soziologie

Author: Alfred Schütz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709131081

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 7095

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

No Logo!

Der Kampf der Global Players um Marktmacht - Ein Spiel mit vielen Verlierern und wenigen Gewinnern

Author: Naomi Klein

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031533

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 3725

+++ Der Klassiker der Globalisierungskritik und Bestseller, jetzt im FISCHER Taschenbuch +++ Die führende Intellektuelle unserer Zeit und Bestsellerautorin Naomi Klein offenbart die Machenschaften multinationaler Konzerne hinter der Fassade bunter Logos. Der von ihr propagierte Ausweg aus dem Markendiktat ist eine Auflehnung gegen die Täuschung der Verbraucher, gegen menschenunwürdige Arbeitsbedingungen, Zerstörung der Natur und kulturellen Kahlschlag. Denn durch ihre Demystifizierung verlieren die großen, global agierenden Marken an Glanz und Macht – zum Wohle aller.

Challenger

A Major Malfunction

Author: Malcolm McConnell

Publisher: Doubleday

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 269

View: 9836

Recounts the Challenger tragedy, describes how politics has influenced the space program, and reexamines the decision to launch

Disastrous High-Tech Decision Making

From Disasters to Safety

Author: Frederick F. Lighthall

Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing

ISBN: 1457532972

Category: Psychology

Page: 286

View: 3311

Disastrous High-Tech Decision Making: From Disasters to Safety offers new insights for scholars studying management, decision making, cognition in the wild, and safety in the context of imperatives to continue operations. This book takes you inside the deliberations and action that have produced high-tech disasters in safetycritical enterprises. From primary data and analyses never before considered in scholarly assessments of the Challenger disaster, Frederick F. Lighthall, Professor Emeritus at The University of Chicago, applies the insights of macroergonomics, social psychology, naturalistic decision making, and legal argumentation to this expanded set of documents and data. He argues that the Challenger case represents a prototype of decision making that arises whenever a possibly threatening change in operating conditions becomes evident. In this situation, inevitable in boundarypushing enterprises, four generic decision-making pitfalls await engineers and managers who must decide whether continuing to operate is safe or dangerous. These four decision-making vulnerabilities are also evident, Lighthall argues, in the decision situations of other high-tech disasters both similar (the Columbia shuttle) and dissimilar (Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster). In Part I of the book Lighthall traces decision participants’ chart-by-chart deliberations and argument about whether proceeding with the Challenger’s launch would be dangerous. Part II analyzes from contrasting perspectives the dynamics revealed in the narrative. Lighthall’s analysis ends by examining the demanding changes in outlook, knowledge disciplines, and learning processes required for safety to compete with the production imperatives of high-tech enterprises operating in unforgiving environments. This book is a must read both for students of management and of engineering who may find themselves working in these high-tech settings, and for managers and engineers who now work in these settings.

Die Logik des Misslingens

Strategisches Denken in komplexen Situationen

Author: Dietrich Dörner

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644011613

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 1588

«Komplexität erzeugt Unsicherheit. Unsicherheit erzeugt Angst. Vor dieser Angst wollen wir uns schützen. Darum blendet unser Gehirn all das Komplizierte, Undurchschaubare, Unberechenbare aus. Übrig bleibt ein Ausschnitt – das, was wir schon kennen. Weil dieser Ausschnitt aber mit dem Ganzen, das wir nicht sehen wollen, verknüpft ist, unterlaufen uns viele Fehler – der Misserfolg wird logisch programmiert.» (Rheinischer Merkur) Seit Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe 1989 hat sich «Die Logik des Misslingens» zum «Standardwerk des Querdenkens» für Psychologen, Kognitionswissenschaftler, Risikoforscher und Motivationstrainer entwickelt. Dass komplexe Systeme nicht nur individuelle Entscheidungen, sondern auch Dynamik und erfolgreiches Handeln in Gruppen maßgeblich beeinflussen, ist neu in dieser erweiterten Ausgabe.

Saving Human Lives

Lessons in Management Ethics

Author: Robert E. Allinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402029802

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 1012

This is a pioneering work. Recent disasters such as the tsunami disaster continue to demonstrate Professor Allinson’s thesis that valuing human lives is the core of ethical management. His unique comparison of the ideas of the power of Fate and High Technology, his penetrating analysis of the very concept of an "accident", demonstrate how concepts rule our lives. His wide-ranging investigation of court cases and government documents from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, and from places as diverse as the USA, UK and New Zealand provide ample supporting evidence for the universality and the power of explanation of his thesis. Saving Human Lives will have an impact beyond measurement on the field of management ethics.

Dynamik der Gewalt

Eine mikrosoziologische Theorie

Author: Randall Collins

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868546707

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 5522

Obwohl es Zeiten gibt, in denen uns Gewalt allgegenwärtig erscheint, hält Randall Collins den tatsächlichen Ausbruch von gewalttätigen Handlungen für eine Ausnahme. In seiner Analyse der Dynamik der Gewalt legt der renommierte amerikanische Soziologe den Fokus auf die situative Interaktion zwischen den Kontrahenten. Ob eine spannungsgeladene Situation zu gewalttätigen Handlungen führt, hängt seiner Untersuchung zufolge nicht in erster Linie von der sozialen Herkunft, der Ethnie oder dem kulturellen Hintergrund der Beteiligten ab, sondern häufig von der Situation, in der sie stattfindet.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 3206

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Against All Enemies

Der Insiderbericht über Amerikas Krieg gegen den Terror

Author: Richard A. Clarke

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455850790

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 8091

"Fast 500.000 verkaufte Exemplare in drei Tagen - die Enthüllung von Bushs ehemaligem Terrorberater Richard Clarke schlägt alle Rekorde" (SPIEGEL ONLINE) Binnen weniger Tage wurde "Against All Enemies" zu einem hochbrisanten Politikum, über das die Medien weltweit berichteten. Was macht die Schlagkraft dieses Buches aus? "Die Bush-Administration hat die Gelegenheit verpasst, Al Qaida zu zerschlagen", schreibt Richard A. Clarke. Sie habe alle Warnungen vor Al Qaida ignoriert, in einem unnötigen Krieg gegen Irak wertvolle Zeit verloren und dem Terrorismus Gelegenheit gegeben, sich neu zu organisieren. Wie kein anderer ist Clarke berechtigt, ein solches Urteil zu fällen. Zwei Jahrzehnte seines Lebens hat er dem Kampf gegen den Terrorismus gewidmet. Er war unter Clinton und Bush Cheforganisator der amerikanischen Anti-Terror-Politik und leitete in den entscheidenden Stunden nach den Anschlägenvom 11. September den Krisenstab im Weißen Haus. Sein Bericht, der sich auf die Entwicklungen vom ersten Golfkrieg bis zu "Bushs Vietnam" im Irak konzentriert, liest sich wie ein autobiografischer Thriller.

Memory as a Moral Decisión

The Role of Ethics in Organizational Culture

Author: Steven Paul Feldman

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412828437

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 5404

The notion of organizational culture has become a matter of central importance with the great increase in the size of organizations in the twentieth century and the need for managers to run them. Like morale in the military, organizational culture is the great invisible force that decides the difference between success and failure and serves as the key to organizational change, productivity, effectiveness, control, innovation, and communication. Memory as a Moral Decision, provides a historical review of the literature on organizational culture. Its goal is to investigate the kind of world conceptualized by those who have described organizations and the kind of moral world they have in fact constructed, through its ideals and images, for the men and women who work in organizations. Feldman builds his analysis around a historically grounded concept of moral tradition. He demonstrates a central insight: when those who have written on organizational culture have addressed issues of ethics, they have ignored the past as a foundation to stabilize and maintain moral commitments. Instead, they have fluctuated between attempts to base ethics on executive rationality and attempts to escape the suffocating logic of rationalism. After an opening chapter defining the concept of moral tradition, Feldman focuses on early works on organizational management by Chester Barnard and Melville Dalton. These define the tension between ethical rationalism and ethical relativism. He then turns to contemporary frameworks, analyzing critical organizational theory and the "new institutionalism." In the final chapters, Feldman considers ethical relativism in contemporary thinking, including postmodern organization theory, the exaggerated drive for diversity, and such concepts as power/knowledge and deconstructionism. Memory as a Moral Decision is unique in its understanding of organizational culture as it relates to past, present, and future systems. Its interdisciplinary approach uses the insights of sociology, psychology, and culture studies to create an invaluable framework for the study of ethics in organizations. Steven P. Feldman is associate professor of management policy at the Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University. He is the author of The Culture of Monopoly Management: An Interpretive Study in an American Utility.