This companion examines all aspects of Roman history and civilization from the founding of the republic in 509 BC to the crossing of the Rubicon in 49 BC, by which Julius Ceasar precipitated the civil war against Pompey that led first to his dictatorship & subsequently to the Augustan empire.
Rome was the largest city in the ancient world. As the capital of the Roman Empire, it was clearly an exceptional city in terms of size, diversity and complexity. While the Colosseum, imperial palaces and Pantheon are among its most famous features, this volume explores Rome primarily as a city in which many thousands of men and women were born, lived and died. The thirty-one chapters by leading historians, classicists and archaeologists discuss issues ranging from the monuments and the games to the food and water supply, from policing and riots to domestic housing, from death and disease to pagan cults and the impact of Christianity. Richly illustrated, the volume introduces groundbreaking new research against the background of current debates and is designed as a readable survey accessible in particular to undergraduates and non-specialists.
The age of Augustus, commonly dated to 30 BC--AD 14, was a pivotal period in world history. A time of tremendous change in Rome, Italy, and throughout the Mediterranean world, many developments were underway when Augustus took charge and a recurring theme is the role that he played in shaping their direction. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus captures the dynamics and richness of this era by examining important aspects of political and social history, religion, literature, and art and architecture.
No field of Latin literature has been more transformed over the last couple of decades than that of the Roman historians. Narratology, a new receptiveness to intertextuality, and a re-thinking of the relationship between literature and its political contexts have ensured that the works of historians such as Livy, Sallust, and Tacitus will be read as texts with the same interest and sophistication as they are used as sources. In this book, topics central to the entire tradition, such as conceptions of time, characterization, and depictions of politics and the gods, are treated synoptically, while other essays highlight the works of less familiar historians, such as Curtius Rufus and Ammianus Marcellinus. A final section focuses on the rich reception history of Roman historiography, from the ancient Greek historians of Rome to the twentieth century. An appendix offers a chronological list of the ancient historians of Rome.
This volume does not aim to reveal all of the mysteries of ancient philosophy to the novice, but it does aim to equip that reader with enough background material that he will be able to enter that world. Twelve overviews, each written by an authority in that area of philosophy, guides the reader through the principal schools of thought and the ideas of their main proponents. Concepts are sometimes explained in tables and are always supported by extracts but the main attraction of this work is that the contributors explain in layman's terms the basic ideas of philosophy and discuss clearly the logic of the ancient arguments. The book gets off to a good start with David Sedley's introduction which argues that Greek and Roman philosophers were mainly concerned with two dilemmas: what is a good life and why doesn't the earth fall. Includes a useful glossary.
Rhetoric thoroughly infused the world and literature of Graeco-Roman antiquity. This Companion provides a comprehensive overview of rhetorical theory and practice in that world, from Homer to early Christianity, accessible to students and non-specialists, whether within classics or from other periods and disciplines. Its basic premise is that rhetoric is less a discrete object to be grasped and mastered than a hotly contested set of practices that include disputes over the very definition of rhetoric itself. Standard treatments of ancient oratory tend to take it too much in its own terms and to isolate it unduly from other social and cultural concerns. This volume provides an overview of the shape and scope of the problems while also identifying core themes and propositions: for example, persuasion, virtue, and public life are virtual constants. But they mix and mingle differently, and the contents designated by each of these terms can also shift.
Offers an overview of Roman Republican history. This book highlights developments, including archaeological discoveries, fresh approaches to textual sources, and the opening up of areas of historical study. It emphasizes not just the evidence of texts and physical remains, but also the models and assumptions that scholars bring to these artefacts.
A Companion to Livy is a collection of essays representing the most up-to-date international scholarship on the life and works of the Roman historian Livy. Featuring contributions by some of the world’s top contemporary Livian scholars, essays shed important new light on myriad aspects of Livy while exploring the complexity and originality of his monumental study of Roman history and the people of Rome. Collectively, essays offer powerful evidence to support the elevation of Livy’s Ab Urbe Condita from a history book to a literary masterpiece centred on a particular moment in time and space—the end of Rome’s civil wars and the establishment of the principate under Augustus—that expresses a unique philosophical approach to history. A ground-breaking new interpretation of Livy’s historical philosophy, one based on a cyclical conception of the life of cities, is also presented for the first time in this collection. Innovative and thought-provoking, A Companion to Livy offers illuminating insights into one of the greatest Roman historians while setting a new standard in contemporary Livian scholarship.
A Companion to Roman Italy investigates the impact of Rome in all its forms—political, cultural, social, and economic—upon Italy’s various regions, as well as the extent to which unification occurred as Rome became the capital of Italy. The collection presents new archaeological data relating to the sites of Roman Italy Contributions discuss new theories of how to understand cultural change in the Italian peninsula Combines detailed case-studies of particular sites with wider-ranging thematic chapters Leading contributors not only make accessible the most recent work on Roman Italy, but also offer fresh insight on long standing debates
Comprises 34 essays from leading scholars in history, classics,philosophy, and political science to illuminate Greek and Romanpolitical thought in all its diversity and depth. Offers a broad survey of ancient political thought from ArchaicGreece through Late Antiquity Approaches ancient political philosophy from both a normativeand historical focus Examines Greek and Roman political thought within historicalcontext and contemporary debate Explores the role of ancient political thought in a range ofphilosophies, such as the individual and community, human rights,religion, and cosmopolitanism
This companion provides an extensive account of the Roman army, exploring its role in Roman politics and society as well as the reasons for its effectiveness as a fighting force. An extensive account of the Roman army, from its beginnings to its transformation in the later Roman Empire Examines the army as a military machine – its recruitment, training, organization, tactics and weaponry Explores the relationship of the army to Roman politics, economics and society more broadly Considers the geography and climate of the lands in which the Romans fought Each chapter is written by a leading expert in a particular subfield and takes account of the latest scholarly and archaeological research in that area
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527) is the most famous and controversial figure in the history of political thought and one of the iconic names of the Renaissance. The Cambridge Companion to Machiavelli brings together sixteen original essays by leading experts, covering his life, his career in Florentine government, his reaction to the dramatic changes that affected Florence and Italy in his lifetime, and the most prominent themes of his thought, including the founding, evolution, and corruption of republics and principalities, class conflict, liberty, arms, religion, ethics, rhetoric, gender, and the Renaissance dialogue with antiquity. In his own time Machiavelli was recognized as an original thinker who provocatively challenged conventional wisdom. With penetrating analyses of The Prince, Discourses on Livy, Art of War, Florentine Histories, and his plays and poetry, this book offers a vivid portrait of this extraordinary thinker as well as assessments of his place in Western thought since the Renaissance.
This collection of essays provides a comprehensive account of the culture of modern Italy. Contributions focus on a wide range of political, historical and cultural questions. The volume provides information and analysis on such topics as regionalism, the growth of a national language, social and political cultures, the role of intellectuals, the Church, the left, feminism, the separatist movements, organised crime, literature, art, design, fashion, the mass media, and music. While offering a thorough history of Italian cultural movements, political trends and literary texts over the last century and a half, the volume also examines the cultural and political situation in Italy today and suggests possible future directions in which the country might move. Each essay contains suggestions for further reading on the topics covered. The Cambridge Companion to Modern Italian Culture is an invaluable source of materials for courses on all aspects of modern Italy.