This volume ranges widely across the social, religious and political history of revolution in seventeenth-century Britain and Ireland, from contemporary responses to the outbreak of war to the critique of the post-regicidal regimes; from royalist counsels to Lilburne's politics; and across the three Stuart kingdoms. However, all the essays engage with a central issue - the ways in which individuals experienced the crises of mid seventeenth-century Britain and Ireland and what that tells us about the nature of the Revolution as a whole. Responding in particular to three influential lines of interpretation - local, religious and British - the contributors, all leading specialists in the field, demonstrate that to comprehend the causes, trajectory and consequences of the Revolution we must understand it as a human and dynamic experience, as a process. This volume reveals how an understanding of these personal experiences can provide the basis on which to build up larger frameworks of interpretation.
The study of the Reformation in England and Wales, Ireland and Scotland has usually been treated by historians as a series of discrete national stories. Reformation in Britain and Ireland draws upon the growing genre of writing about British History to construct an innovative narrative ofreligious change in the four countries/three kingdoms. The text uses a broadly chronological framework to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the pre-Reformation churches; the political crises of the break with Rome; the development of Protestantism and changes in popular religious culture.The tools of conversion - the Bible, preaching and catechising - are accorded specific attention, as is doctrinal change. It is argued that political calculations did most to determine the success or failure of reformation, though the ideological commitment of a clerical elite was also of centralsignificance.
The Impact of the King-stadholder in International Context
Author: Esther Mijers
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
William III's (1650-1702) reign as Stadholder in the United Provinces and King of England, Scotland and Ireland has always intrigued historians. This volume contains a number of innovative essays from specialists in the field, moving historical discussion away from the traditional analysis of single events to encompass William's entire reign from a variety of political, religious, intellectual and cultural positions.
In 1567 James Stuart, the infant son of Mary Queen of Scots, became king of Scotland (as James VI) on his mother's forced abdication; almost thirty-six years later, on 24th March 1603, he also inherited the English throne (this time as James I) on the death of Elizabeth. His subsequent joint reign united the two crowns, and established the Stuart - dynasty in England - and with it, according to many, much of the disastrous agenda that would lead to the deposition of his ill-starred son, Charles I. Roger Lockyer's new study (based throughout on primary as well as secondary sources) is the first major reappraisal of James in recent years to take new historiography fully into account. It throws fresh light on the major themes of early seventeenth-century British history, including religion, royal relations with political institutions, and the divine right of kings. Above all, while fully acknowledging James's limitations, it rescues the king from undeserved contempt.
'For those readers who have always wanted to see him as the author of quiet, meditative verse, it will come as a revelation - even, perhaps as a shock - to find him being cast as one who was consciously constructing his verse, with its profoundly biblical sensibility, as a bulwark against puritan attack. The erudition and sensitivity with which West has set about his task makes his case incontrovertible; he is in complete control of his material and his reading of the poetry in its biblical framework will enable readers to enter more sympathetically into the poet's world and more deeply into his imagination.' -Journal of Theological Studies'West's detailed exposition of the poetry convincingly demonstrates not only the poet's profound knowledge of Scripture, but the extent to which he used it to shape his imagination and inform his verse... This study will be of interest not only to lovers of English poetry but also to anyone wanting to know more about the history of England at a particularly violent and critical period.' -Journal of Theological StudiesThe poems of Henry Vaughan (1622-95), particularly Silex Scintillans, published during the Commonwealth period, are probably the most biblical in English. Philip West's study relates these great works to the wider biblical culture of the 'Godly nation' of the mid-seventeenth century, and reveals the political and devotional styles which underpinned Vaughan's literary achievements.