Social and Cultural Anthropology: the Key Concepts is an easy to use A-Z guide to the central concepts that students are likely to encounter in this field. Now fully updated, this third edition includes entries on: Material Culture Environment Human Rights Hybridity Alterity Cosmopolitanism Ethnography Applied Anthropology Gender Cybernetics With full cross-referencing and revised further reading to point students towards the latest writings in Social and Cultural Anthropology, this is a superb reference resource for anyone studying or teaching in this area.
Among the Berti of Northern Darfur (Sudan), as among many Muslim societies, the formal religious practices are predominantly the concern of men, while local, unorthodox customary rituals are performed mainly by women. It is usual to dismiss such local, popular practices as pre-Islamic survivals, but Professor Holy shows that the customary rituals constitute an integral part of the religious system of the Berti. Carefully analysing the symbolic statements made in Berti rituals, Professor Holy demonstrates that the distinction between the two classes of rituals is an expression of the gender relationships characteristic of the society. He also examines the social distribution of knowledge about Islam, and explains the role of the religious schools in sustaining religious ideas. The work is not only an ethnographic study of ritual, belief and gender in an African society. It also makes a significant contribution to current anthropological discussion of the interpretation and meaning of rituals and symbols.
Author: Zosia Archibald,John K. Davies,Vincent Gabrielsen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
A collection of essays investigating the economic transformations that took place in the states and kingdoms around the eastern Mediterranean following the conquests of Alexander the Great - changes which have had an enduring effect on global cultural patterns.
Challenging the idea that fieldwork is the only way to gather data, and that standard methods are the sole route to fruitful analysis, Serendipity in Anthropological Research explores the role of fortune and happenstance in anthropology. It conceives of anthropological research as a lifelong nomadic journey of discovery in which the world yields an infinite number of unexplored issues and innumerable ways of studying them, each study producing its own questions and demanding its own methodologies. Drawing together the latest research from a team of senior scholars from around the world to reflect on the experience of research, Serendipity in Anthropological Research presents rich new case studies from Europe and the Middle East to examine both new and old questions in novel and enriching ways. An engaging examination of methodology and anthropological fieldwork, this book will appeal to all those concerned with writing ethnography.
Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of P.R.S. Moorey
Author: Timothy Potts,Michael Roaf,Diana L. Stein
Publisher: Griffith Inst
Published in honour of P. R. S. Moorey, one of the foremost Near Eastern scholars of his generation, this book brings together nineteen studies by leading international specialists on the archaeology of the ancient Near East. The volume focuses on three main themes that have been central to Moorey's extensive contributions to the field: tracking cultural transfers, understanding images, and the study of ancient materials and manufacture. Ranging widely in time and space from Egypt to Central Asia and from the Neolithic to the Sasanian period, the studies are linked by their shared methodology, namely a commitment to the crucial role played by objects in the reconstruction of past cultures and the recognition of the importance of contextual analysis in evaluating the material evidence. The papers present the results of current research on a variety of topics including the origins of pharaonic iconography, the spread of writing, stone vessels, prehistoric figurines, the iconography of seals, early metallurgy,,ancient cuisine and the use of works of art in ancient societies.
über die Grundlagen sozialer Prozesse bei den Pashtunen Pakistans und Afghanistans anhand ihrer Heiratsformen
Author: Jeanne Berrenberg
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Category: Social Science
Heirat ordnet in pashtunischen Gesellschaften die soziale Welt, doch ihre Formen lassen sich mit den Methoden der Verwandtschaftsethnologie allein nicht analysieren. Ausgehend von diesen Schwierigkeiten werden die zentralen Werte untersucht, die im vielschichtigen Konzept der Ehre zusammengefasst sind und jeden Lebensaspekt bestimmen. Alttestamentarische Grundlagen, historisch-politische Erfahrung, die Konzepte von Person und <I>gender, offentliche Interaktionsformen und einige Kernbegriffe islamisch-mittelostlicher Gesellschaftsvorstellungen kommen zur Sprache. Der Text arbeitet grundlegende Kategorien des Denkens heraus, eine -Weltsicht-, die verstandlich macht, wie und auf welchen Annahmen basierend soziale Prozesse aller Art in ihrer spezifischen Form ablaufen."
Based on his own field research and the ethnographic reports of other scholars, anthropologist Salzman presents an analysis of Middle Eastern culture that goes a long way toward explaining the gulf between Western and Middle Eastern cultural perspectives
The First Parkes Foundation Workshop, Oxford, January 1994
Author: Parkes Foundation. Workshop
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Adaptation (Biology)
Adaptation and adaptability are central issues in human population biology and biological anthropology. They are the processes by which relationships between humans and their environments are established and maintained. This volume charts developments in the study of human adaptation and adaptability at the population level in both theoretical and methodological terms. It represents a unique evaluation by the leading researchers in the field, offers a unique review of adaptability studies, and it identifies future directions for the study of human population biology in a changing world.
A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World
Author: David B. Barrett,George Thomas Kurian,Todd M. Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Provides an overview of contemporary Christianity, including its history, ecclesiastical branches, subdivisions, and denominations, and examines Christianity in relation to other faiths and the secular realm.