The Anti-politics Machine

"development," Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho

Author: James Ferguson

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816624379

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4516

Development, it is generally assumed, is good and necessary, and in its name the West has intervened, implementing all manner of projects in the impoverished regions of the world. When these projects fail, as they do with astonishing regularity, they nonetheless produce a host of regular and unacknowledged effects, including the expansion of bureaucratic state power and the translation of the political realities of poverty and powerlessness into "technical" problems awaiting solution by "development" agencies and experts. It is the political intelligibility of these effects, along with the process that produces them, that this book seeks to illuminate through a detailed case study of the workings of the "development" industry in one country, Lesotho, and in one "development" project. Using an anthropological approach grounded in the work of Foucault, James Ferguson analyzes the institutional framework within which such projects are crafted and the nature of "development discourse," revealing how it is that, despite all the "expertise" that goes into formulating development projects, they nonetheless often demonstrate a startling ignorance of the historical and political realities of the locale they are intended to help. In a close examination of the attempted implementation of the Thaba-Tseka project in Lesotho, Ferguson shows how such a misguided approach plays out, how, in fact, the "development" apparatus in Lesotho acts as an "anti-politics machine," everywhere whisking political realities out of sight and all the while performing, almost unnoticed, its own pre-eminently political operation of strengthening the state presence in the local region.James Ferguson is an associate professor of anthropology at the University of California at Irvine.

The Anti-Politics Machine

Author: Julie Jenkins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351351141

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8315

The Anti-Politics Machine (1990) examines how international development projects are conceived, researched, and put into practice. It also looks at what these projects actually achieve. Ferguson criticizes the idea of externally-directed 'development' and argues that the process doesn't take proper account of the daily realities of the communities it is intended to benefit. Instead, they often prioritize technical solutions for addressing poverty and ignoring its social and political dimensions, so the structures that these projects put in place often have unintended consequences. Ferguson suggests that until the process becomes more reflective, development projects will continue to fail.

Schelling und die Antipolitische Moderne

Ist die Parlamentarische Demokratie in Gefahr?

Author: André Schmiljun,Volker Thiel

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832544216

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 143

View: 5968

Was ist Antipolitik, wie entsteht Antipolitik und wie ist ihr Verhältnis zur Parlamentarischen Demokratie? Stellt sie vielleicht sogar eine Gefahr für die Parlamentarische Demokratie dar? Die vorliegende Untersuchung diskutiert diese Fragen mit Rückgriff auf eine historische Analyse, nämlich am Beispiel des Idealisten und Philosophen Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, der sich mit seinen Überlegungen sehr nah am heutigen Zeitgeist antipolitischer Strömungen bewegt und eine soziologische Einordnung ermöglicht. Wenn antipolitischen Bewegungen der Sprung in die institutionalisierte Politik gelingt, wie etwa in Italien der "Fünf-Sterne-Bewegung" (Mo Vimento 5 Stelle, M5S) oder auch der deutschen Piratenpartei und AFD in den letzten Jahren, verlieren sie ihre Antipolitische Legitimität und Dynamik. Sie werden zum Teil des politischen Systems. Das aktuellste Beispiel ist die Wahl von Donald Trump zum nächsten Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Er hatte es geschafft u.a. mit einfachen Schlagworten, wie "Amerika First", sich zum Kopf einer Antipolitischen Bewegung zu machen und tatsächlich Betroffene, diffus Unzufriedene und Rassisten für sich zu mobilisieren. Für die Parlamentarische Demokratie sind antipolitische Bewegungen eine ernst zu nehmende und anhaltende Herausforderung, zumal der Trend des antipolitischen Protests zukünftig vermutlich eher zunehmen als abnehmen wird.

Koloniale Herrschaft

zur soziologischen Theorie der Staatsentstehung am Beispiel des "Schutzgebietes Togo"

Author: Trutz von Trotha

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161462016

Category: Political Science

Page: 516

View: 2453

Siebzehn Widersprüche und das Ende des Kapitalismus

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710716

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1979

WORUM GEHT ES? Gibt es seit dem Ende des Kommunismus wirklich keine echten Alternativen zum Kapitalismus? David Harvey meint: Doch! Man muss allerdings das Wesen des Kapitalismus genau verstehen, um ihn durch einen revolutionären Humanismus ersetzen zu können, in dessen Zentrum nicht das Kapital, sondern der Mensch steht. Konkret untersucht Harvey die Anhäufung von Kapital, das fatale Wachstumscredo, den spekulativen Immobilienmarkt und den Raubbau an der Natur. Er beschreibt jedoch nicht nur Krisen, sondern zeigt auch Chancen auf. Denn gerade die Widersprüche im Kapitalismus können Anfangspunkte für neue politische und kulturelle Bewegungen sein. Die utopische Kraft dafür kommt aus den Städten. WAS IST BESONDERS? Eine fundierte, realitätsnahe Kapitalismuskritik und zugleich ein Manifest des Wandels – geschrieben von einem der führenden Sozialtheoretiker der heutigen Zeit. WER LIEST? • Jeder, der die globalen Machtverhältnisse kritisch sieht • Leser von Stéphane Hessel, Michael J. Sandel, David Graeber und Thomas Piketty

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Author: Diana Tietjens Meyers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 8120

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights collects thirteen new essays that analyze how human agency relates to poverty and human rights respectively as well as how agency mediates issues concerning poverty and social and economic human rights. No other collection of philosophical papers focuses on the diverse ways poverty impacts the agency of the poor, the reasons why poverty alleviation schemes should also promote the agency of beneficiaries, and the fitness of the human rights regime to secure both economic development and free agency. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 considers the diverse meanings of poverty both from the standpoint of the poor and from that of the relatively well-off. Part 2 examines morally appropriate responses to poverty on the part of persons who are better-off and powerful institutions. Part 3 identifies economic development strategies that secure the agency of the beneficiaries. Part 4 addresses the constraints poverty imposes on agency in the context of biomedical research, migration for work, and trafficking in persons.

Neo-Institutionalismus

Author: Raimund Hasse,Georg Krücken

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839400287

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 9978

Der soziologische Neo-Institutionalismus hat seine Ursprünge in der US-amerikanischen Organisationssoziologie. Im Vordergrund stehen Fragen des institutionellen Wandels und des gesellschaftlichen Umgangs mit institutionellen Vorgaben. Dabei liegt ein besonderes Augenmerk auf der gesellschaftlichen Durchsetzung und Einbettung vorherrschender Grundüberzeugungen rationalen Handelns. Die Insignien moderner Rationalität werden in ganz unterschiedlichen Handlungsbereichen aufgespürt. Der Band führt in die Grundlagen des Neo-Institutionalismus ein, er beschreibt die wichtigsten empirischen Ergebnisse und diskutiert theoretische Weiterentwicklungen. Darüber hinaus werden in der vorliegenden zweiten Auflage Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zur Netzwerksoziologie, zu den Strukturtheorien von Giddens und Bourdieu sowie zur Systemtheorie Luhmanns benannt.

In fremden Räumen

Author: Damon Galgut

Publisher: Manhattan

ISBN: 3641049725

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 783

Er ist ein Wanderer, der nie anzukommen scheint: Damon, der junge Mann, der auf langen Reisen nach sich selbst sucht und dessen Weg stets auch in sein Inneres führt, ist ein Rastloser, ein Getriebener. Heimatlos, aber voller Sehnsucht nach einem Ort oder einem Menschen, der ihm Geborgenheit vermitteln kann. Doch ob als Gefährte eines jungen Deutschen in Afrika, als Begleiter einer Gruppe Rucksacktouristen oder als Beschützer einer psychisch labilen Frau: Er muss schließlich alle Wege allein zu Ende gehen. Sein Leben aber wird durch jede Reise tief geprägt und für immer verändert. In drei Geschichten über Sehnsucht und unerfülltes Verlangen, Zorn und Mitleid entblößt der Erzähler vor dem Leser sein Innerstes. »In fremden Räumen« ist ein schockierend schonungsloses, herzzerreißendes Meisterwerk.

Depoliticizing Development

The World Bank and Social Capital

Author: John Harriss

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1843310481

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 158

View: 2708

'Depoliticizing Development' explores the meaning of social capital.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 3169

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Wagadu Volume 6 Journal of International Women's Studies Volume 10:1

Author: Bernstein,Colleen Kattau,Katherine Ndinda,Lisa Bernstein

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465333398

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 7298

Women's Activism for Gender Equality in Africa This volume on Womens Activism for Gender Equality in Africa is a special collaboration between the Journal of International Womens Studies (JIWS) and Wagadu, two open-access journals that address gender issues within a transnational and cross-cultural context. Using interdisciplinary feminist and activist approaches these essays explore individual and collective actions undertaken by African women in cultural, social, economic, historical and political contexts. In revealing the diversity of African womens activism, the underlying issues around which womens social change work develops, and the impact that work has on individuals and communities, this volume has significance for women and men throughout the world.

Institutional Constraints to Small Farmer Development in Southern Africa

Author: Ajuruchukwu Obi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867049

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 5230

The Southern Africa region has experienced more than its fair share of problems in recent years. Just when it seemed that the hardships wrought by the devastating cycle of droughts and floods of 2000 to 2002 were a thing of the past, other problems emerged. At one level, there have been the weak and often erratic governance mechanisms and political crises in some countries of the region, leading to severe disruptions in agricultural production to the point that supplies and markets have virtually disappeared. At another level, socio-cultural rigidities have often militated against the adoption of efficient farming practices, resulting in sub-optimal choices that lock smallholders into a low equilibrium trap. In the face of the disappearing supplies and missing markets, these have engendered hyper-inflationary trends of a magnitude unknown anywhere else in the world. But in the midst of all this apparent dreariness, cases are emerging from which immense lessons can be drawn. This book assembles a collection of research papers based on studies completed in 2008 and 2009 in Southern Africa that examine various dimensions of the institutional constraints small farmers are facing in the region and how they are going about dealing with them. The papers draw from these diverse and polar experiences and present some theoretical and practical insights that should form the basis for more in-depth, country-level, sector-specific analyses, focusing mainly on citrus, horticultures, cotton and livestock. The thematic issues of income inequality, land reform, natural resource management and value chain governance and chain choice, are covered in this book and are expected to be of interest for a wide constituency, including researchers, development practitioners, rural animators, and policy makers.

Dams and Development in China

The Moral Economy of Water and Power

Author: Bryan Tilt

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153826X

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8672

China is home to half of the world's large dams and adds dozens more each year. The benefits are considerable: dams deliver hydropower, provide reliable irrigation water, protect people and farmland against flooding, and produce hydroelectricity in a nation with a seeimingly insatiable appetite for energy. As hydropower responds to a larger share of energy demand, dams may also help to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, welcome news in a country where air and water pollution have become dire and greenhouse gas emissions are the highest in the world. Yet the advantages of dams come at a high cost for river ecosystems and for the social and economic well-being of local people, who face displacement and farmland loss. This book examines the array of water-management decisions faced by Chinese leaders and their consequences for local communities. Focusing on the southwestern province of Yunnan—a major hub for hydropower development in China—which encompasses one of the world's most biodiverse temperate ecosystems and one of China's most ethnically and culturally rich regions, Bryan Tilt takes the reader from the halls of decision-making power in Beijing to Yunnan's rural villages. In the process, he examines the contrasting values of government agencies, hydropower corporations, NGOs, and local communities and explores how these values are linked to longstanding cultural norms about what is right, proper, and just. He also considers the various strategies these groups use to influence water-resource policy, including advocacy, petitioning, and public protest. Drawing on a decade of research, he offers his insights on whether the world's most populous nation will adopt greater transparency, increased scientific collaboration, and broader public participation as it continues to grow economically.

Reshaping the Holy

Democracy, Development, and Muslim Women in Bangladesh

Author: Elora Shehabuddin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512554

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 4179

Through extensive field research, Elora Shehabuddin explores the profound implications of women's political and social mobilization for reshaping Islam. Specifically, she examines the lives of Muslim women in Bangladesh who have become increasingly mobilized by the activities of predominantly secular NGOs, yet who desire to retain, reclaim, and reshape-rather than reject-their faith. In their employment and in their interactions with the legal system, the state, NGOs, and political and religious groups, women are changing state practices, views of women in the public sphere, and the nature of lived Islam itself. In contrast to most work on Islam and Muslims, which has focused on the Middle East and has privileged the study of religious and legal texts, this book redirects our attention to South Asia, home to one of the largest Muslim populations in the world, and emphasizes the actual experiences of Muslims. Women and gender, as well as Bangladesh's formally democratic context, are central to this inquiry and analysis.

Desire for Development

Whiteness, Gender, and the Helping Imperative

Author: Barbara Heron

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554580994

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1177

In Desire for Development: Whiteness, Gender, and the Helping Imperative, Barbara Heron draws on poststructuralist notions of subjectivity, critical race and space theory, feminism, colonial and postcolonial studies, and travel writing to trace colonial continuities in the post-development recollections of white Canadian women who have worked in Africa. Following the narrative arc of the development worker story from the decision to go overseas, through the experiences abroad, the return home, and final reflections, the book interweaves theory with the words of the participants to bring theory to life and to generate new understandings of whiteness and development work. Heron reveals how the desire for development is about the making of self in terms that are highly raced, classed, and gendered, and she exposes the moral core of this self and its seemingly paradoxical necessity to the Other. The construction of white female subjectivity is thereby revealed as contingent on notions of goodness and Othering, played out against, and constituted by, the backdrop of the NorthSouth binary, in which Canada’s national narrative situates us as the “good guys” of the world.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9817

Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.