Analysis of reasonings in archaeology

the case of Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek numismatics

Author: Olivier Guillaume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 133

View: 526

East and West

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5661

The Peoples of Pakistan

An Ethnic History

Author: I͡Uriĭ Vladimirovich Gankovskiĭ

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: 246

View: 6331

The Archaeology of the Hellenistic Far East

A Survey

Author: Rachel Mairs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 75

View: 7626

Revision of: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Cambridge, 2006.

The Hellenistic Far East

Archaeology, Language, and Identity in Greek Central Asia

Author: Rachel Mairs

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292464

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1875

In the aftermath of Alexander the Great’s conquests in the late fourth century B.C., Greek garrisons and settlements were established across Central Asia, through Bactria (modern-day Afghanistan) and into India. Over the next three hundred years, these settlements evolved into multiethnic, multilingual communities as much Greek as they were indigenous. To explore the lives and identities of the inhabitants of the Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms, Rachel Mairs marshals a variety of evidence, from archaeology, to coins, to documentary and historical texts. Looking particularly at the great city of Ai Khanoum, the only extensively excavated Hellenistic period urban site in Central Asia, Mairs explores how these ancient people lived, communicated, and understood themselves. Significant and original, The Hellenistic Far East will highlight Bactrian studies as an important part of our understanding of the ancient world.

Revolutionizing a World

From Small States to Universalism in the Pre-Islamic Near East

Author: Mark Altaweel,Andrea Squitieri

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 1911576631

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4190

This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.

History of Humanity: From the third millennium to the seventh century B.C.

Author: Sigfried J. de Laet,Ahmad Hasan Dani

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789231028113

Category: Civilization

Page: 569

View: 1956

The second volume covers the first two and a half thousand years of recorded history, from the start of the Bronze Age 5,000 years ago to the beginnings of the Iron Age. Written by a team of over sixty specialists, this volume includes a comprehensive bibliography and a detailed index.

Arabia and the Arabs

From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam

Author: Robert G. Hoyland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134646348

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3577

Long before Muhammed preached the religion of Islam, the inhabitants of his native Arabia had played an important role in world history as both merchants and warriors Arabia and the Arabs provides the only up-to-date, one-volume survey of the region and its peoples, from prehistory to the coming of Islam Using a wide range of sources - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological evidence - Robert Hoyland explores the main cultural areas of Arabia, from ancient Sheba in the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the major themes of *the economy *society *religion *art, architecture and artefacts *language and literature *Arabhood and Arabisation The volume is illustrated with more than 50 photographs, drawings and maps.

Greek

A History of the Language and its Speakers

Author: Geoffrey Horrocks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444318920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 528

View: 4808

Greek: A History of the Language and its Speakers, Second Edition reveals the trajectory of the Greek language from the Mycenaean period of the second millennium BC to the current day. • Offers a complete linguistic treatment of the history of the Greek language • Updated second edition features increased coverage of the ancient evidence, as well as the roots and development of diglossia • Includes maps that clearly illustrate the distribution of ancient dialects and the geographical spread of Greek in the early Middle Ages

The Court and Court Society in Ancient Monarchies

Author: A. J. S. Spawforth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466631

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5058

Monarchy was widespread as a political system in the ancient world. This volume offers a substantial discussion of ancient monarchies from the viewpoint of the ruler's court. The monarchies treated are Achaemenid and Sassanian Persia, the empire of Alexander, Rome under both the early and later Caesars, the Han rulers of China and Egypt's Eighteenth Dynasty. A comparative approach is adopted to major aspects of ancient courts, including their organisation and physical setting, their role as a vehicle for display, and their place in monarchial structures of power and control. This approach is broadly inspired by work on courts in later periods of history, especially early-modern France. The case studies confirm that ancient monarchies created the conditions for the emergence of a court and court society. The culturally specific conditions in which these monarchies functioned meant variety in the character of the ruler's court from one society to another.

Religions of Iran

From Prehistory to the Present

Author: Richard Foltz

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780743092

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 8778

Although today associated exclusively with Islam, Iran has in fact played an unparalleled role within all the world religions, injecting Iranian ideas into the Jewish, Buddhist, Christian, and Manichaean traditions of the merchants who passed along the Silk Road. This vivid and surprising work explores the manner in which Persian culture has interacted with and transformed each world faith, from the migration of the Israelites to Iran thousands of years ago to the influence of Iranian notions on Mahayana Buddhism and Christianity. Foltz considers Iran’s role in shaping the Muslim world, not only in the Middle East but also in South Asia in an evocative and informative journey through the spiritual heritage of an ancient and influential region.

Early India

From the Origins to A.D. 1300

Author: Romila Thapar

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520242258

Category: History

Page: 555

View: 9832

"Romila Thapar is the most eminent Indian historian. This superb book is not only the basic history of how India came to be and an introduction to how the writing of history takes shape, but also, not the least, a deconstruction of the historical myth and inventions on which is based the present intolerant and exclusivist Hindu nationalism. It is essential reading today."--Eric Hobsbawm "One of the world's most eminent historians of India, Thapar gives us a thoroughly revised edition of her authoritative general history. This one contains the accumulated research of the last thirty years and includes richly textured accounts of life in ancient India. Like its predecessor, this is indispensable reading for anyone interested in India's long and complex history."--Thomas R. Metcalf, Professor of History and Sarah Kailath Professor of Indian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, and co-author of A Concise History of India "Incorporating newer findings, methods, and interpretations, this thorough and outstandingly written addition to the author's highly acclaimed History of India, Volume One manifests her long and distinguished service to the study of Indian history. Thapar's skillful analysis of how India's past has been interpreted not only brings greater clarity to the understanding of contemporary India, but also contributes usefully to a broader study of history and historiography."--Peter L. Schmitthenner, Associate Professor of History, Virginia Tech

Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity

Rome, China, Iran, and the Steppe, ca. 250–750

Author: Nicola Di Cosmo,Michael Maas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108547001

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1727

Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity offers an integrated picture of Rome, China, Iran, and the Steppes during a formative period of world history. In the half millennium between 250 and 750 CE, settled empires underwent deep structural changes, while various nomadic peoples of the steppes (Huns, Avars, Turks, and others) experienced significant interactions and movements that changed their societies, cultures, and economies. This was a transformational era, a time when Roman, Persian, and Chinese monarchs were mutually aware of court practices, and when Christians and Buddhists criss-crossed the Eurasian lands together with merchants and armies. It was a time of greater circulation of ideas as well as material goods. This volume provides a conceptual frame for locating these developments in the same space and time. Without arguing for uniformity, it illuminates the interconnections and networks that tied countless local cultural expressions to far-reaching inter-regional ones.

Selective Remembrances

Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration, and Consecration of National Pasts

Author: Philip L. Kohl,Mara Kozelsky,Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226450643

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1877

When political geography changes, how do reorganized or newly formed states justify their rule and create a sense of shared history for their people? Often, the essays in Selective Remembrances reveal, they turn to archaeology, employing the field and its findings to develop nationalistic feelings and forge legitimate distinctive national identities. Examining such relatively new or reconfigured nation-states as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, India, and Thailand, Selective Remembrances shows how states invoke the remote past to extol the glories of specific peoples or prove claims to ancestral homelands. Religion has long played a key role in such efforts, and the contributors take care to demonstrate the tendency of many people, including archaeologists themselves, to view the world through a religious lens—which can be exploited by new regimes to suppress objective study of the past and justify contemporary political actions. The wide geographic and intellectual range of the essays in Selective Remembrances will make it a seminal text for archaeologists and historians.

Melammu

The Ancient World in an Age of Globalization

Author: Assyrian and Babylonian intellectual heritage project. Annual symposium

Publisher: epubli

ISBN: 3945561000

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5847

A collection of articles from various disciplines on globalization

Hellenism in the East

the interaction of Greek and non-Greek civilizations from Syria to Central Asia after Alexander

Author: Amélie Kuhrt,Susan M. Sherwin-White

Publisher: Duckbacks

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 2439

The Huns, Rome and the Birth of Europe

Author: Hyun Jin Kim

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067227

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7670

The Huns have often been treated as primitive barbarians with no advanced political organisation. Their place of origin was the so-called 'backward steppe'. It has been argued that whatever political organisation they achieved they owed to the 'civilizing influence' of the Germanic peoples they encountered as they moved west. This book argues that the steppes of Inner Asia were far from 'backward' and that the image of the primitive Huns is vastly misleading. They already possessed a highly sophisticated political culture while still in Inner Asia and, far from being passive recipients of advanced culture from the West, they passed on important elements of Central Eurasian culture to early medieval Europe, which they helped create. Their expansion also marked the beginning of a millennium of virtual monopoly of world power by empires originating in the steppes of Inner Asia. The rise of the Hunnic Empire was truly a geopolitical revolution.

Asia in Western and World History

A Guide for Teaching

Author: Ainslie Thomas Embree,Carol Gluck

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563242656

Category: Education

Page: 998

View: 2463

This comprehensive volume provides teachers and students with broad and stimulating perspectives on Asian history and its place in world and Western history. Essays by over forty leading scholars suggest many new ways of incorporating Asian history, from ancient to modern times, into core curriculum history courses. Now featuring "Suggested Resources for Maps to Be Used in Conjunction with Asia in Western and World History".

Beyond the Steppe and the Sown

Proceedings of the 2002 University of Chicago Conference on Eurasian Archaeology

Author: David L. Peterson,Laura M. Popova,Adam T. Smith

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789004146105

Category: Art

Page: 509

View: 1754

This collection of articles presents a wide array of fresh new perspectives on the archaeology of Eurasia from the Copper Age to early Mediaeval times, in the Independent States of the former USSR, as well as Turkey, China and Mongolia.

The Spread of Buddhism

Author: Ann Heirman,Stephan Peter Bumbacher

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004158308

Category: Social Science

Page: 474

View: 4583

This book unravels some of the complex factors that allowed or hampered the presence of (certain aspects of) Buddhism in the regions to the north and the east of India, such as Central Asia, China, Tibet, Mongolia, or Korea.