The Analysis of Fractional Differential Equations

An Application-Oriented Exposition Using Differential Operators of Caputo Type

Author: Kai Diethelm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642145736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 707

Bridging the divide between engineers and physicists for whom fractional calculus facilitates numerous applications, this book concentrates on the Caputo operators, providing a self-contained and mathematically rigorous study of their properties and equations.

The Analysis of Fractional Differential Equations

An Application-Oriented Exposition Using Differential Operators of Caputo Type

Author: Kai Diethelm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642145744

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 5326

Fractional calculus was first developed by pure mathematicians in the middle of the 19th century. Some 100 years later, engineers and physicists have found applications for these concepts in their areas. However there has traditionally been little interaction between these two communities. In particular, typical mathematical works provide extensive findings on aspects with comparatively little significance in applications, and the engineering literature often lacks mathematical detail and precision. This book bridges the gap between the two communities. It concentrates on the class of fractional derivatives most important in applications, the Caputo operators, and provides a self-contained, thorough and mathematically rigorous study of their properties and of the corresponding differential equations. The text is a useful tool for mathematicians and researchers from the applied sciences alike. It can also be used as a basis for teaching graduate courses on fractional differential equations.

Basic Theory of Fractional Differential Equations

Author: Yong Zhou,JinRong Wang,Lu Zhang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813148187

Category: Mathematics

Page: 380

View: 5630

This invaluable monograph is devoted to a rapidly developing area on the research of qualitative theory of fractional ordinary and partial differential equations. It provides the readers the necessary background material required to go further into the subject and explore the rich research literature. The tools used include many classical and modern nonlinear analysis methods such as fixed point theory, measure of noncompactness method, topological degree method, the technique of Picard operators, critical point theory and semigroup theory. Based on the research work carried out by the authors and other experts during the past seven years, the contents are very recent and comprehensive. In this edition, two new topics have been added, that is, fractional impulsive differential equations, and fractional partial differential equations including fractional Navier–Stokes equations and fractional diffusion equations. Contents:Preliminaries:IntroductionSome Notations, Concepts and LemmasFractional CalculusSome Results from Nonlinear AnalysisSemigroupsFractional Functional Differential Equations:IntroductionNeutral Equations with Bounded Delayp-Type Neutral EquationsNeutral Equations with Infinite DelayIterative Functional Differential EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Ordinary Differential Equations in Banach Spaces:IntroductionCauchy Problems via Measure of Noncompactness MethodCauchy Problems via Topological Degree MethodCauchy Problems via Picard Operators TechniqueNotes and RemarksFractional Abstract Evolution Equations:IntroductionEvolution Equations with Riemann–Liouville DerivativeEvolution Equations with Caputo DerivativeNonlocal Problems for Evolution EquationsAbstract Cauchy Problems with Almost Sectorial OperatorsNotes and RemarksFractional Impulsive Differential Equations:IntroductionImpulsive Initial Value ProblemsImpulsive Boundary Value ProblemsImpulsive Langevin EquationsImpulsive Evolution EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Boundary Value Problems:IntroductionSolution for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsMultiple Solutions for BVP with ParametersInfinite Solutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsSolutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional DerivativesNotes and RemarksFractional Partial Differential Equations:IntroductionFractional Navier–Stokes EquationsFractional Euler–Lagrange EquationsFractional Diffusion EquationsFractional Schrödinger EquationsNotes and Remarks Readership: Researchers and graduate or PhD students dealing with fractional calculus and applied analysis, differential equations and related areas of research.

Theory and Applications of Fractional Differential Equations

Author: Anatoliĭ Aleksandrovich Kilbas,H. M. Srivastava,Juan J. Trujillo

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444518323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 523

View: 2852

This work aims to present, in a systematic manner, results including the existence and uniqueness of solutions for the Cauchy Type and Cauchy problems involving nonlinear ordinary fractional differential equations.

Fractional Differential Equations

An Introduction to Fractional Derivatives, Fractional Differential Equations, to Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications

Author: Igor Podlubny

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080531984

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 9572

This book is a landmark title in the continuous move from integer to non-integer in mathematics: from integer numbers to real numbers, from factorials to the gamma function, from integer-order models to models of an arbitrary order. For historical reasons, the word 'fractional' is used instead of the word 'arbitrary'. This book is written for readers who are new to the fields of fractional derivatives and fractional-order mathematical models, and feel that they need them for developing more adequate mathematical models. In this book, not only applied scientists, but also pure mathematicians will find fresh motivation for developing new methods and approaches in their fields of research. A reader will find in this book everything necessary for the initial study and immediate application of fractional derivatives fractional differential equations, including several necessary special functions, basic theory of fractional differentiation, uniqueness and existence theorems, analytical numerical methods of solution of fractional differential equations, and many inspiring examples of applications. A unique survey of many applications of fractional calculus Presents basic theory Includes a unified presentation of selected classical results, which are important for applications Provides many examples Contains a separate chapter of fractional order control systems, which opens new perspectives in control theory The first systematic consideration of Caputo's fractional derivative in comparison with other selected approaches Includes tables of fractional derivatives, which can be used for evaluation of all considered types of fractional derivatives

Hadamard-Type Fractional Differential Equations, Inclusions and Inequalities

Author: Bashir Ahmad,Ahmed Alsaedi,Sotiris K. Ntouyas,Jessada Tariboon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319521411

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 4490

This book focuses on the recent development of fractional differential equations, integro-differential equations, and inclusions and inequalities involving the Hadamard derivative and integral. Through a comprehensive study based in part on their recent research, the authors address the issues related to initial and boundary value problems involving Hadamard type differential equations and inclusions as well as their functional counterparts. The book covers fundamental concepts of multivalued analysis and introduces a new class of mixed initial value problems involving the Hadamard derivative and Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals. In later chapters, the authors discuss nonlinear Langevin equations as well as coupled systems of Langevin equations with fractional integral conditions. Focused and thorough, this book is a useful resource for readers and researchers interested in the area of fractional calculus.

Topics in Fractional Differential Equations

Author: Saïd Abbas,Mouffak Benchohra,Gaston M. N'Guérékata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146144036X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 6686

​​​ Topics in Fractional Differential Equations is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions for various classes of Darboux problems for hyperbolic differential equations or inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative. ​​Fractional calculus generalizes the integrals and derivatives to non-integer orders. During the last decade, fractional calculus was found to play a fundamental role in the modeling of a considerable number of phenomena; in particular the modeling of memory-dependent and complex media such as porous media. It has emerged as an important tool for the study of dynamical systems where classical methods reveal strong limitations. Some equations present delays which may be finite, infinite, or state-dependent. Others are subject to an impulsive effect. The above problems are studied using the fixed point approach, the method of upper and lower solution, and the Kuratowski measure of noncompactness. This book is addressed to a wide audience of specialists such as mathematicians, engineers, biologists, and physicists. ​

Fuzzy Arbitrary Order System

Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations and Applications

Author: Snehashish Chakraverty,Smita Tapaswini,Diptiranjan Behera

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111900411X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 6469

Presents a systematic treatment of fuzzy fractional differential equations as well as newly developed computational methods to model uncertain physical problems Complete with comprehensive results and solutions, Fuzzy Arbitrary Order System: Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations and Applications details newly developed methods of fuzzy computational techniquesneeded to model solve uncertainty. Fuzzy differential equations are solved via various analytical andnumerical methodologies, and this book presents their importance for problem solving, prototypeengineering design, and systems testing in uncertain environments. In recent years, modeling of differential equations for arbitrary and fractional order systems has been increasing in its applicability, and as such, the authors feature examples from a variety of disciplines to illustrate the practicality and importance of the methods within physics, applied mathematics, engineering, and chemistry, to name a few. The fundamentals of fractional differential equations and the basic preliminaries of fuzzy fractional differential equations are first introduced, followed by numerical solutions, comparisons of various methods, and simulated results. In addition, fuzzy ordinary, partial, linear, and nonlinear fractional differential equations are addressed to solve uncertainty in physical systems. In addition, this book features: Basic preliminaries of fuzzy set theory, an introduction of fuzzy arbitrary order differential equations, and various analytical and numerical procedures for solving associated problems Coverage on a variety of fuzzy fractional differential equations including structural, diffusion, and chemical problems as well as heat equations and biomathematical applications Discussions on how to model physical problems in terms of nonprobabilistic methods and provides systematic coverage of fuzzy fractional differential equations and its applications Uncertainties in systems and processes with a fuzzy concept Fuzzy Arbitrary Order System: Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations and Applications is an ideal resource for practitioners, researchers, and academicians in applied mathematics, physics, biology, engineering, computer science, and chemistry who need to model uncertain physical phenomena and problems. The book is appropriate for graduate-level courses on fractional differential equations for students majoring in applied mathematics, engineering, physics, and computer science.

Frontiers in Fractional Calculus

Author: Sachin Bhalekar

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1681085992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 381

View: 9382

This book brings together eleven topics on different aspects of fractional calculus in a single volume. It provides readers the basic knowledge of fractional calculus and introduces advanced topics and applications. The information in the book is presented in four parts: Fractional Diffusion Equations: (i) solutions of fractional diffusion equations using wavelet methods, (ii) the maximum principle for time fractional diffusion equations, (iii) nonlinear sub-diffusion equations. Mathematical Analysis: (i) shifted Jacobi polynomials for solving and identifying coupled fractional delay differential equations, (ii) the monotone iteration principle in the theory of Hadamard fractional delay differential equations, (iii) dynamics of fractional order modified Bhalekar-Gejji System, (iv) Grunwald-Letnikov derivatives. Computational Techniques: GPU computing of special mathematical functions used in fractional calculus. Reviews: (i) the popular iterative method NIM, (ii) fractional derivative with non-singular kernels, (iii) some open problems in fractional order nonlinear system This is a useful reference for researchers and graduate level mathematics students seeking knowledge about of fractional calculus and applied mathematics.

The Fractional Trigonometry

With Applications to Fractional Differential Equations and Science

Author: Carl F. Lorenzo,Tom T. Hartley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119139406

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 8791

Addresses the rapidly growing ­field of fractional calculus and provides simpli­fied solutions for linear commensurate-order fractional differential equations ­The Fractional Trigonometry: With Applications to Fractional Differential Equations and Science is the result of the authors’ work in fractional calculus, and more particularly, in functions for the solutions of fractional di­fferential equations, which is fostered in the behavior of generalized exponential functions. The authors discuss how fractional trigonometry plays a role analogous to the classical trigonometry for the fractional calculus by providing solutions to linear fractional di­fferential equations. The book begins with an introductory chapter that o­ffers insight into the fundamentals of fractional calculus, and topical coverage is then organized in two main parts. Part One develops the definitions and theories of fractional exponentials and fractional trigonometry. Part Two provides insight into various areas of potential application within the sciences. The fractional exponential function via the fundamental fractional differential equation, the generalized exponential function, and R-function relationships are discussed in addition to the fractional hyperboletry, the R1-fractional trigonometry, the R2-fractional trigonometry, and the R3-trigonometric functions. ­The Fractional Trigonometry: With Applications to Fractional Differential Equations and Science also: Presents fractional trigonometry as a tool for scientists and engineers and discusses how to apply fractional-order methods to the current toolbox of mathematical modelers Employs a mathematically clear presentation in an e­ ort to make the topic broadly accessible Includes solutions to linear fractional di­fferential equations and generously features graphical forms of functions to help readers visualize the presented concepts Provides e­ffective and efficient methods to describe complex structures ­The Fractional Trigonometry: With Applications to Fractional Differential Equations and Science is an ideal reference for academic researchers, research engineers, research scientists, mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and chemists who need to apply new fractional calculus methods to a variety of disciplines. The book is also appropriate as a textbook for graduate- and PhD-level courses in fractional calculus. Carl F. Lorenzo is Distinguished Research Associate at the NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. His past positions include chief engineer of the Instrumentation and Controls Division and chief of the Advanced Controls Technology and Systems Dynamics branches at NASA. He is internationally recognized for his work in the development and application of the fractional calculus and fractional trigonometry. Tom T. Hartley, PhD, is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at The University of Akron. Dr Hartley is a recognized expert in fractional-order systems, and together with Carl Lorenzo, has solved fundamental problems in the area including Riemann’s complementary-function initialization function problem. He received his PhD in Electrical Engineering from Vanderbilt University.

Implicit Fractional Differential and Integral Equations

Existence and Stability

Author: Saïd Abbas,Mouffak Benchohra,John R. Graef,Johnny Henderson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110553813

Category: Mathematics

Page: 359

View: 6452

This book deals with the existence and stability of solutions to initial and boundary value problems for functional differential and integral equations and inclusions involving the Riemann-Liouville, Caputo, and Hadamard fractional derivatives and integrals. A wide variety of topics is covered in a mathematically rigorous manner making this work a valuable source of information for graduate students and researchers working with problems in fractional calculus. Contents Preliminary Background Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Impulsive Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Boundary Value Problems for Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Boundary Value Problems for Impulsive NIFDE Integrable Solutions for Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Partial Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations and Inclusions Stability Results for Partial Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations and Inclusions Hadamard–Stieltjes Fractional Integral Equations Ulam Stabilities for Random Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations

Advances in Fractional Calculus

Theoretical Developments and Applications in Physics and Engineering

Author: J. Sabatier,O. P. Agrawal,J. A. Tenreiro Machado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402060424

Category: Mathematics

Page: 552

View: 9293

In the last two decades, fractional (or non integer) differentiation has played a very important role in various fields such as mechanics, electricity, chemistry, biology, economics, control theory and signal and image processing. For example, in the last three fields, some important considerations such as modelling, curve fitting, filtering, pattern recognition, edge detection, identification, stability, controllability, observability and robustness are now linked to long-range dependence phenomena. Similar progress has been made in other fields listed here. The scope of the book is thus to present the state of the art in the study of fractional systems and the application of fractional differentiation. As this volume covers recent applications of fractional calculus, it will be of interest to engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians.

Fractals in Biology and Medicine

Author: Gabriele A. Losa,Theo F. Nonnenmacher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764371722

Category: Computers

Page: 314

View: 9472

This book is a compilation of the presentations given at the Fourth International Symposium on Fractals in Biology and Medicine held in Ascona, Switzerland on 10-13 March 2004 and was dedicated to Professor Benoît Mandelbrot in honour of this 80th birthday. The symposium was the fourth of a series that originated back in 1993, always in Ascona. This title highlights the potential that fractal geometry offers for elucidating and explaining the complex make-up of cells, tissues and biological organisms either in normal, abnormal and tumoral conditions.

Fractional Partial Differential Equations and Their Numerical Solutions

Author: Boling Guo,Xueke Pu,Fenghui Huang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814667064

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 4886

This book aims to introduce some new trends and results on the study of the fractional differential equations, and to provide a good understanding of this field to beginners who are interested in this field, which is the authors' beautiful hope. This book describes theoretical and numerical aspects of the fractional partial differential equations, including the authors' researches in this field, such as the fractional Nonlinear Schrödinger equations, fractional Landau–Lifshitz equations and fractional Ginzburg–Landau equations. It also covers enough fundamental knowledge on the fractional derivatives and fractional integrals, and enough background of the fractional PDEs. Contents:Physics BackgroundFractional Calculus and Fractional Differential EquationsFractional Partial Differential EquationsNumerical Approximations in Fractional CalculusNumerical Methods for the Fractional Ordinary Differential EquationsNumerical Methods for Fractional Partial Differential Equations Readership: Graduate students and researchers in mathematical physics, numerical analysis and computational mathematics. Key Features:This book covers the fundamentals of this field, especially for the beginnersThe book covers new trends and results in this fieldThe book covers numerical results, which will be of broad interests to researchersKeywords:Fractional Partial Differential Equations;Numerical Solutions

Mittag-Leffler Functions, Related Topics and Applications

Author: Rudolf Gorenflo,Anatoly A. Kilbas,Francesco Mainardi,Sergei V. Rogosin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662439301

Category: Mathematics

Page: 443

View: 8475

As a result of researchers’ and scientists’ increasing interest in pure as well as applied mathematics in non-conventional models, particularly those using fractional calculus, Mittag-Leffler functions have recently caught the interest of the scientific community. Focusing on the theory of the Mittag-Leffler functions, the present volume offers a self-contained, comprehensive treatment, ranging from rather elementary matters to the latest research results. In addition to the theory the authors devote some sections of the work to the applications, treating various situations and processes in viscoelasticity, physics, hydrodynamics, diffusion and wave phenomena, as well as stochastics. In particular the Mittag-Leffler functions allow us to describe phenomena in processes that progress or decay too slowly to be represented by classical functions like the exponential function and its successors. The book is intended for a broad audience, comprising graduate students, university instructors and scientists in the field of pure and applied mathematics, as well as researchers in applied sciences like mathematical physics, theoretical chemistry, bio-mathematics, theory of control and several other related areas.

Fractional Calculus and Waves in Linear Viscoelasticity

An Introduction to Mathematical Models

Author: Francesco Mainardi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908978570

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 6091

This monograph provides a comprehensive overview of the author's work on the fields of fractional calculus and waves in linear viscoelastic media, which includes his pioneering contributions on the applications of special functions of the Mittag-Leffler and Wright types. It is intended to serve as a general introduction to the above-mentioned areas of mathematical modeling. The explanations in the book are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to delve further into the subject and explore the research literature given in the huge general bibliography. This book is likely to be of interest to applied scientists and engineers. Contents:Essentials of Fractional CalculusEssentials of Linear ViscoelasticityFractional Viscoelastic ModelsWaves in Linear Viscoelastic Media: Dispersion and DissipationWaves in Linear Viscoelastic Media: Asymptotic RepresentationsDiffusion and Wave–Propagation via Fractional CalculusAppendices:The Eulerian FunctionsThe Bessel FunctionsThe Error FunctionsThe Exponential Integral FunctionsThe Mittag-Leffler FunctionsThe Wright Functions Readership: Graduate and PhD students in applied mathematics, classical physics, mechanical engineering and chemical physics; academic institutions; research centers. Keywords:Fractional Calculus;Fractional Derivatives;Fractional Integrals;Linear Viscoelasticity;Rheological Models;Special Functions;Mittag-Leffler Functions;Wright Functions;Integral Transforms;Laplace Transforms;Fourier Transforms;Waves;Dispersion;Dissipation;Diffusion;Anomalous DiffusionKey Features:Contains accessible mathematical language for easy understandingFeatures ample examples to reiterate concepts in the bookMakes extensive use of graphical imagesIncludes a large and informative general bibliography for further research

Modeling and Analysis of Modern Fluid Problems

Author: Liancun Zheng,Xinxin Zhang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128117591

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 5020

Modeling and Analysis of Modern Fluids helps researchers solve physical problems observed in fluid dynamics and related fields, such as heat and mass transfer, boundary layer phenomena, and numerical heat transfer. These problems are characterized by nonlinearity and large system dimensionality, and ‘exact’ solutions are impossible to provide using the conventional mixture of theoretical and analytical analysis with purely numerical methods. To solve these complex problems, this work provides a toolkit of established and novel methods drawn from the literature across nonlinear approximation theory. It covers Padé approximation theory, embedded-parameters perturbation, Adomian decomposition, homotopy analysis, modified differential transformation, fractal theory, fractional calculus, fractional differential equations, as well as classical numerical techniques for solving nonlinear partial differential equations. In addition, 3D modeling and analysis are also covered in-depth. Systematically describes powerful approximation methods to solve nonlinear equations in fluid problems Includes novel developments in fractional order differential equations with fractal theory applied to fluids Features new methods, including Homotypy Approximation, embedded-parameter perturbation, and 3D models and analysis

Fractional-Order Equations and Inclusions

Author: Michal Fečkan,JinRong Wang,Michal Pospíšil

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110521555

Category: Mathematics

Page: 383

View: 1299

This book presents fractional difference, integral, differential, evolution equations and inclusions, and discusses existence and asymptotic behavior of their solutions. Controllability and relaxed control results are obtained. Combining rigorous deduction with abundant examples, it is of interest to nonlinear science researchers using fractional equations as a tool, and physicists, mechanics researchers and engineers studying relevant topics. Contents Fractional Difference Equations Fractional Integral Equations Fractional Differential Equations Fractional Evolution Equations: Continued Fractional Differential Inclusions