*An Application-Oriented Exposition Using Differential Operators of Caputo Type*

**Author**: Kai Diethelm

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 3642145736

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 247

**View:** 2630

Fractional calculus was first developed by pure mathematicians in the middle of the 19th century. Some 100 years later, engineers and physicists have found applications for these concepts in their areas. However there has traditionally been little interaction between these two communities. In particular, typical mathematical works provide extensive findings on aspects with comparatively little significance in applications, and the engineering literature often lacks mathematical detail and precision. This book bridges the gap between the two communities. It concentrates on the class of fractional derivatives most important in applications, the Caputo operators, and provides a self-contained, thorough and mathematically rigorous study of their properties and of the corresponding differential equations. The text is a useful tool for mathematicians and researchers from the applied sciences alike. It can also be used as a basis for teaching graduate courses on fractional differential equations.

This invaluable monograph is devoted to a rapidly developing area on the research of qualitative theory of fractional ordinary and partial differential equations. It provides the readers the necessary background material required to go further into the subject and explore the rich research literature. The tools used include many classical and modern nonlinear analysis methods such as fixed point theory, measure of noncompactness method, topological degree method, the technique of Picard operators, critical point theory and semigroup theory. Based on the research work carried out by the authors and other experts during the past seven years, the contents are very recent and comprehensive. In this edition, two new topics have been added, that is, fractional impulsive differential equations, and fractional partial differential equations including fractional Navier–Stokes equations and fractional diffusion equations. Contents:Preliminaries:IntroductionSome Notations, Concepts and LemmasFractional CalculusSome Results from Nonlinear AnalysisSemigroupsFractional Functional Differential Equations:IntroductionNeutral Equations with Bounded Delayp-Type Neutral EquationsNeutral Equations with Infinite DelayIterative Functional Differential EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Ordinary Differential Equations in Banach Spaces:IntroductionCauchy Problems via Measure of Noncompactness MethodCauchy Problems via Topological Degree MethodCauchy Problems via Picard Operators TechniqueNotes and RemarksFractional Abstract Evolution Equations:IntroductionEvolution Equations with Riemann–Liouville DerivativeEvolution Equations with Caputo DerivativeNonlocal Problems for Evolution EquationsAbstract Cauchy Problems with Almost Sectorial OperatorsNotes and RemarksFractional Impulsive Differential Equations:IntroductionImpulsive Initial Value ProblemsImpulsive Boundary Value ProblemsImpulsive Langevin EquationsImpulsive Evolution EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Boundary Value Problems:IntroductionSolution for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsMultiple Solutions for BVP with ParametersInfinite Solutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsSolutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional DerivativesNotes and RemarksFractional Partial Differential Equations:IntroductionFractional Navier–Stokes EquationsFractional Euler–Lagrange EquationsFractional Diffusion EquationsFractional Schrödinger EquationsNotes and Remarks Readership: Researchers and graduate or PhD students dealing with fractional calculus and applied analysis, differential equations and related areas of research.

The book presents qualitative results for different classes of fractional equations, including fractional functional differential equations, fractional impulsive differential equations, and fractional impulsive functional differential equations, which have not been covered by other books. It manifests different constructive methods by demonstrating how these techniques can be applied to investigate qualitative properties of the solutions of fractional systems. Since many applications have been included, the demonstrated techniques and models can be used in training students in mathematical modeling and in the study and development of fractional-order models.

This monograph provides an accessible introduction to the regional analysis of fractional diffusion processes. It begins with background coverage of fractional calculus, functional analysis, distributed parameter systems and relevant basic control theory. New research problems are then defined in terms of their actuation and sensing policies within the regional analysis framework. The results presented provide insight into the control-theoretic analysis of fractional-order systems for use in real-life applications such as hard-disk drives, sleep stage identification and classification, and unmanned aerial vehicle control. The results can also be extended to complex fractional-order distributed-parameter systems and various open questions with potential for further investigation are discussed. For instance, the problem of fractional order distributed-parameter systems with mobile actuators/sensors, optimal parameter identification, optimal locations/trajectory of actuators/sensors and regional actuation/sensing configurations are of great interest. The book’s use of illustrations and consistent examples throughout helps readers to understand the significance of the proposed fractional models and methodologies and to enhance their comprehension. The applications treated in the book run the gamut from environmental science to national security. Academics and graduate students working with cyber-physical and distributed systems or interested in the applications of fractional calculus will find this book to be an instructive source of state-of-the-art results and inspiration for further research.

This work aims to present, in a systematic manner, results including the existence and uniqueness of solutions for the Cauchy Type and Cauchy problems involving nonlinear ordinary fractional differential equations.

Topics in Fractional Differential Equations is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions for various classes of Darboux problems for hyperbolic differential equations or inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative. Fractional calculus generalizes the integrals and derivatives to non-integer orders. During the last decade, fractional calculus was found to play a fundamental role in the modeling of a considerable number of phenomena; in particular the modeling of memory-dependent and complex media such as porous media. It has emerged as an important tool for the study of dynamical systems where classical methods reveal strong limitations. Some equations present delays which may be finite, infinite, or state-dependent. Others are subject to an impulsive effect. The above problems are studied using the fixed point approach, the method of upper and lower solution, and the Kuratowski measure of noncompactness. This book is addressed to a wide audience of specialists such as mathematicians, engineers, biologists, and physicists.

In the last two decades, fractional (or non integer) differentiation has played a very important role in various fields such as mechanics, electricity, chemistry, biology, economics, control theory and signal and image processing. For example, in the last three fields, some important considerations such as modelling, curve fitting, filtering, pattern recognition, edge detection, identification, stability, controllability, observability and robustness are now linked to long-range dependence phenomena. Similar progress has been made in other fields listed here. The scope of the book is thus to present the state of the art in the study of fractional systems and the application of fractional differentiation. As this volume covers recent applications of fractional calculus, it will be of interest to engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians.

This book brings together eleven topics on different aspects of fractional calculus in a single volume. It provides readers the basic knowledge of fractional calculus and introduces advanced topics and applications. The information in the book is presented in four parts: Fractional Diffusion Equations: (i) solutions of fractional diffusion equations using wavelet methods, (ii) the maximum principle for time fractional diffusion equations, (iii) nonlinear sub-diffusion equations. Mathematical Analysis: (i) shifted Jacobi polynomials for solving and identifying coupled fractional delay differential equations, (ii) the monotone iteration principle in the theory of Hadamard fractional delay differential equations, (iii) dynamics of fractional order modified Bhalekar-Gejji System, (iv) Grunwald-Letnikov derivatives. Computational Techniques: GPU computing of special mathematical functions used in fractional calculus. Reviews: (i) the popular iterative method NIM, (ii) fractional derivative with non-singular kernels, (iii) some open problems in fractional order nonlinear system This is a useful reference for researchers and graduate level mathematics students seeking knowledge about of fractional calculus and applied mathematics.

Complexity increases with increasing system size in everything from organisms to organizations. The nonlinear dependence of a system’s functionality on its size, by means of an allometry relation, is argued to be a consequence of their joint dependency on complexity (information). In turn, complexity is proven to be the source of allometry and to provide a new kind of force entailed by a system‘s information gradient. Based on first principles, the scaling behavior of the probability density function is determined by the exact solution to a set of fractional differential equations. The resulting lowest order moments in system size and functionality gives rise to the empirical allometry relations. Taking examples from various topics in nature, the book is of interest to researchers in applied mathematics, as well as, investigators in the natural, social, physical and life sciences. Contents Complexity Empirical allometry Statistics, scaling and simulation Allometry theories Strange kinetics Fractional probability calculus

Modeling and Analysis of Modern Fluids helps researchers solve physical problems observed in fluid dynamics and related fields, such as heat and mass transfer, boundary layer phenomena, and numerical heat transfer. These problems are characterized by nonlinearity and large system dimensionality, and ‘exact’ solutions are impossible to provide using the conventional mixture of theoretical and analytical analysis with purely numerical methods. To solve these complex problems, this work provides a toolkit of established and novel methods drawn from the literature across nonlinear approximation theory. It covers Padé approximation theory, embedded-parameters perturbation, Adomian decomposition, homotopy analysis, modified differential transformation, fractal theory, fractional calculus, fractional differential equations, as well as classical numerical techniques for solving nonlinear partial differential equations. In addition, 3D modeling and analysis are also covered in-depth. Systematically describes powerful approximation methods to solve nonlinear equations in fluid problems Includes novel developments in fractional order differential equations with fractal theory applied to fluids Features new methods, including Homotypy Approximation, embedded-parameter perturbation, and 3D models and analysis

This book explains the essentials of fractional calculus and demonstrates its application in control system modeling, analysis and design. It presents original research to find high-precision solutions to fractional-order differentiations and differential equations. Numerical algorithms and their implementations are proposed to analyze multivariable fractional-order control systems. Through high-quality MATLAB programs, it provides engineers and applied mathematicians with theoretical and numerical tools to design control systems. Contents Introduction to fractional calculus and fractional-order control Mathematical prerequisites Definitions and computation algorithms of fractional-order derivatives and Integrals Solutions of linear fractional-order differential equations Approximation of fractional-order operators Modelling and analysis of multivariable fractional-order transfer function Matrices State space modelling and analysis of linear fractional-order Systems Numerical solutions of nonlinear fractional-order differential Equations Design of fractional-order PID controllers Frequency domain controller design for multivariable fractional-order Systems Inverse Laplace transforms involving fractional and irrational Operations FOTF Toolbox functions and models Benchmark problems for the assessment of fractional-order differential equation algorithms

Presents a systematic treatment of fuzzy fractional differential equations as well as newly developed computational methods to model uncertain physical problems Complete with comprehensive results and solutions, Fuzzy Arbitrary Order System: Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations and Applications details newly developed methods of fuzzy computational techniquesneeded to model solve uncertainty. Fuzzy differential equations are solved via various analytical andnumerical methodologies, and this book presents their importance for problem solving, prototypeengineering design, and systems testing in uncertain environments. In recent years, modeling of differential equations for arbitrary and fractional order systems has been increasing in its applicability, and as such, the authors feature examples from a variety of disciplines to illustrate the practicality and importance of the methods within physics, applied mathematics, engineering, and chemistry, to name a few. The fundamentals of fractional differential equations and the basic preliminaries of fuzzy fractional differential equations are first introduced, followed by numerical solutions, comparisons of various methods, and simulated results. In addition, fuzzy ordinary, partial, linear, and nonlinear fractional differential equations are addressed to solve uncertainty in physical systems. In addition, this book features: Basic preliminaries of fuzzy set theory, an introduction of fuzzy arbitrary order differential equations, and various analytical and numerical procedures for solving associated problems Coverage on a variety of fuzzy fractional differential equations including structural, diffusion, and chemical problems as well as heat equations and biomathematical applications Discussions on how to model physical problems in terms of nonprobabilistic methods and provides systematic coverage of fuzzy fractional differential equations and its applications Uncertainties in systems and processes with a fuzzy concept Fuzzy Arbitrary Order System: Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations and Applications is an ideal resource for practitioners, researchers, and academicians in applied mathematics, physics, biology, engineering, computer science, and chemistry who need to model uncertain physical phenomena and problems. The book is appropriate for graduate-level courses on fractional differential equations for students majoring in applied mathematics, engineering, physics, and computer science.

This book collects papers from the 8th Conference on Non-Integer Order Calculus and Its Applications that have been held on September 20-21, 2016 in Zakopane, Poland. The preceding two conferences were held in Szczecin, Poland in 2015, and in Opole, Poland, in 2014. This conference provides a platform for academic exchange on the theory and application of fractional calculus between domestic and international universities, research institutes, corporate experts and scholars. The Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Non-Integer Order Calculus and Its Applications 2016 brings together rigorously reviewed contributions from leading international experts. The included papers cover novel various important aspects of mathematical foundations of fractional calculus, modeling and control of fractional systems as well as controllability, detectability, observability and stability problems for this systems.

Nonlinear dynamics is still a hot and challenging topic. In this edited book, we focus on fractional dynamics, infinite dimensional dynamics defined by the partial differential equation, network dynamics, fractal dynamics, and their numerical analysis and simulation. Fractional dynamics is a new topic in the research field of nonlinear dynamics which has attracted increasing interest due to its potential applications in the real world, such as modeling memory processes and materials. In this part, basic theory for fractional differential equations and numerical simulations for these equations will be introduced and discussed. In the infinite dimensional dynamics part, we emphasize on numerical calculation and theoretical analysis, including constructing various numerical methods and computing the corresponding limit sets, etc. In the last part, we show interest in network dynamics and fractal dynamics together with numerical simulations as well as their applications. Contents:Gronwall Inequalities (Fanhai Zeng, Jianxiong Cao and Changpin Li)Existence and Uniqueness of the Solutions to the Fractional Differential Equations (Yutian Ma, Fengrong Zhang and Changpin Li)Finite Element Methods for Fractional Differential Equations (Changpin Li and Fanhai Zeng)Fractional Step Method for the Nonlinear Conservation Laws with Fractional Dissipation (Can Li and Weihua Deng)Error Analysis of Spectral Method for the Space and Time Fractional Fokker–Planck Equation (Tinggang Zhao and Haiyan Xuan)A Discontinuous Finite Element Method for a Type of Fractional Cauchy Problem (Yunying Zheng)Asymptotic Analysis of a Singularly Perturbed Parabolic Problem in a General Smooth Domain (Yu-Jiang Wu, Na Zhang and Lun-Ji Song)Incremental Unknowns Methods for the ADI and ADSI Schemes (Ai-Li Yang, Yu-Jiang Wu and Zhong-Hua Yang)Stability of a Collocated FV Scheme for the 3D Navier–Stokes Equations (Xu Li and Shu-qin Wang)Computing the Multiple Positive Solutions to p–Henon Equation on the Unit Square (Zhaoxiang Li and Zhonghua Yang)Multilevel WBIUs Methods for Reaction–Diffusion Equations (Yang Wang, Yu-Jiang Wu and Ai-Li Yang)Models and Dynamics of Deterministically Growing Networks (Weigang Sun, Jingyuan Zhang and Guanrong Chen)On Different Approaches to Synchronization of Spatiotemporal Chaos in Complex Networks (Yuan Chai and Li-Qun Chen)Chaotic Dynamical Systems on Fractals and Their Applications to Image Encryption (Ruisong Ye, Yuru Zou and Jian Lu)Planar Crystallographic Symmetric Tiling Patterns Generated From Invariant Maps (Ruisong Ye, Haiying Zhao and Yuanlin Ma)Complex Dynamics in a Simple Two-Dimensional Discrete System (Huiqing Huang and Ruisong Ye)Approximate Periodic Solutions of Damped Harmonic Oscillators with Delayed Feedback (Qian Guo)The Numerical Methods in Option Pricing Problem (Xiong Bo)Synchronization and Its Control Between Two Coupled Networks (Yongqing Wu and Minghai Lü) Readership: Senior undergraduates, postgraduates and experts in nonlinear dynamics with numerical analysis. Keywords:Fractional Dynamics;Infinite Dimensional Dynamics;Network Dynamics;Fractal DynamicsKey Features:The topics in this edited book are very hot and highly impressiveIssues and methods of such topics in this edited book have not been made available yetThe present edited book is suitable for various levels of researchers, such as senior undergraduates, postgraduates, and experts

"Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Simulation" presents a study of fractional-order chaotic systems accompanied by Matlab programs for simulating their state space trajectories, which are shown in the illustrations in the book. Description of the chaotic systems is clearly presented and their analysis and numerical solution are done in an easy-to-follow manner. Simulink models for the selected fractional-order systems are also presented. The readers will understand the fundamentals of the fractional calculus, how real dynamical systems can be described using fractional derivatives and fractional differential equations, how such equations can be solved, and how to simulate and explore chaotic systems of fractional order. The book addresses to mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and other scientists interested in chaos phenomena or in fractional-order systems. It can be used in courses on dynamical systems, control theory, and applied mathematics at graduate or postgraduate level. Ivo Petráš is an Associate Professor of automatic control and the Director of the Institute of Control and Informatization of Production Processes, Faculty of BERG, Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic. His main research interests include control systems, industrial automation, and applied mathematics.

This book focuses on the recent development of fractional differential equations, integro-differential equations, and inclusions and inequalities involving the Hadamard derivative and integral. Through a comprehensive study based in part on their recent research, the authors address the issues related to initial and boundary value problems involving Hadamard type differential equations and inclusions as well as their functional counterparts. The book covers fundamental concepts of multivalued analysis and introduces a new class of mixed initial value problems involving the Hadamard derivative and Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals. In later chapters, the authors discuss nonlinear Langevin equations as well as coupled systems of Langevin equations with fractional integral conditions. Focused and thorough, this book is a useful resource for readers and researchers interested in the area of fractional calculus.

This book discusses a variety of topics in mathematics and engineering as well as their applications, clearly explaining the mathematical concepts in the simplest possible way and illustrating them with a number of solved examples. The topics include real and complex analysis, special functions and analytic number theory, q-series, Ramanujan’s mathematics, fractional calculus, Clifford and harmonic analysis, graph theory, complex analysis, complex dynamical systems, complex function spaces and operator theory, geometric analysis of complex manifolds, geometric function theory, Riemannian surfaces, Teichmüller spaces and Kleinian groups, engineering applications of complex analytic methods, nonlinear analysis, inequality theory, potential theory, partial differential equations, numerical analysis , fixed-point theory, variational inequality, equilibrium problems, optimization problems, stability of functional equations, and mathematical physics. It includes papers presented at the 24th International Conference on Finite or Infinite Dimensional Complex Analysis and Applications (24ICFIDCAA), held at the Anand International College of Engineering, Jaipur, 22–26 August 2016. The book is a valuable resource for researchers in real and complex analysis.