This classic study examines the period when Wales struggled to retain its independence and identity in the face of Anglo-Norman conquest and subsequent English rule. Professor Davies explores the nature of power and conflict within native Welsh society as well as the transformation of Wales under the English crown. An account of the last major revolt under Owain Glyn Dwr forms the culmination of this excellent work.
The West, Byzantium and the Islamic World, 300–1100
Author: Clemens Gantner
This volume looks at 'visions of community' in a comparative perspective, from Late Antiquity to the dawning of the age of crusades. It addresses the question of why and how distinctive new political cultures developed after the disintegration of the Roman World, and to what degree their differences had already emerged in the first post-Roman centuries. The Latin West, Orthodox Byzantium and its Slavic periphery, and the Islamic world each retained different parts of the Graeco-Roman heritage, while introducing new elements. For instance, ethnicity became a legitimizing element of rulership in the West, remained a structural element of the imperial periphery in Byzantium, and contributed to the inner dynamic of Islamic states without becoming a resource of political integration. Similarly, the political role of religion also differed between the emerging post-Roman worlds. It is surprising that little systematic research has been done in these fields so far. The 32 contributions to the volume explore this new line of research and look at different aspects of the process, with leading western Medievalists, Byzantinists and Islamicists covering a wide range of pertinent topics. At a closer look, some of the apparent differences between the West and the Islamic world seem less distinctive, and the inner variety of all post-Roman societies becomes more marked. At the same time, new variations in the discourse of community and the practice of power emerge. Anybody interested in the development of the post-Roman Mediterranean, but also in the relationship between the Islamic World and the West, will gain new insights from these studies on the political role of ethnicity and religion in the post-Roman Mediterranean.
The Norman Conquest was one of the most significant events in European history. Over forty years from 1066, England was traumatised and transformed. The Anglo-Saxon ruling class was eliminated, foreign elites took control of Church and State, and England's entire political, social and cultural orientation was changed. Out of the upheaval which followed the Battle of Hastings, a new kind of Englishness emerged and the priorities of England's new rulers set the kingdom on the political course it was to follow for the rest of the Middle Ages. However, the Norman Conquest was more than a purely English phenomenon, for Wales, Scotland and Normandy were all deeply affected by it too. This book's broad sweep successfully encompasses these wider British and French perspectives to offer a fresh, clear and concise introduction to the events which propelled the two nations into the Middle Ages and dramatically altered the course of history.
The title figure of Waltharius, an exclusive research subject of German Studies since the time of the Brothers Grimm, has become interesting for other philologies as well over the last 120 years, repeatedly in the form of “border crossings”. However, it has been impossible to reach a consensus even in the most elementary questions. Romance Studies is directly involved due to the problem complexes of Gualter del Hum, Gaiferos and the mother tongue of the Waltharius poet. Additional border crossings, however, are required to conduct new research on these problem complexes. This has become evident on the basis of new linguistic and onomastic observations in this book. Thus, almost an all-round monograph on one of the most multifaceted figures of medieval literature has evolved.
The Wars of the Roses and the Foundation of Modern Britain
Author: Trevor Royle
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
In this sweeping history, Trevor Royle details one of the bloodiest episodes in British history. The prize was the crown of England, and the players were the rival houses of Lancaster and York. The dynastic quarrel threatened the collapse of the monarchy as a succession of weak rulers failed to deal with an overzealous aristocracy, plunging England into a series of violent encounters. The bloody battles and political intrigue between the rival heirs of King Edward III brought forth one of the most dynamic ruling families of England--the Tudors.
This single volume history of Sir Gar (Carmarthenshire), Wales largest county, spans the period of the earliest recorded occupation through the various phases of history from prehistoric times down to the present day. The emergence, disappearance and re-emergence of the county is traced and developed from the age of the princes to the creation of the present boundaries, which were laid down during the Act of Union of the reign of Henry VIII. Key themes traced relate to politics, the economy, society, culture and religion. Where possible extracts from contemporary sources are used and the most up to date research of modern historians and archaeologists is incorporated into the text. The impact of national events upon the country is also considered from the Roman Invasion, Glyndwrs rebellion, Tudor policy to the various wars of the last two centuries. Significant events and movements which started within the county such as the Circulating Schools and the Rebecca Riots are also examined. Where possible the contribution of leading Carmarthenshire figures in a national context is explored.
By 1300, a Marcher region had been created between England and Wales, consisting of about forty castle-centered lordships extending along the Anglo-Welsh border and also across southern Wales. The March of Wales thus formed a highly distinctive part of the political geography of Britian for much of the Middle Ages. Expressions like 'the Welsh marches' are today used rather vaguely to refer to the Anglo-Welsh borders
Cardiganshire is the most distinctive of Welsh counties—home of the historic kingdom of Ceredigion, several significant monastic sites, and the National Library of Wales. Covering much of Cardigan’s contribution to Welsh culture, this volume discusses the landscape, people, customs, and significant centers of religions worship that help to define the county’s rich and diverse history, as well as less-trodden aspects of Cardiganshire’s past like emigration, geographical difference, superstition, and sports.
Here is the first serious reassessment of John's reign (1199-1216) which was a turning point in the development of England, with the loss of Normandy, baronial rebellion, and the granting of Magna Carta. It sets John in his full contemporary context, as both man and monarch, stressing throughout the importance of his vast French territories. Turner's rounded portrait of a fascinating but flawed personality will richly reward scholars, students and armchair medievalists alike.
From the end of the 12th century onwards the English castle began to adopt the classical form that defines it to this day, and this period saw the construction and expansion of some of England's most famous fortifications, including the Tower of London. These fortifications were to be thoroughly tested over the course of the 13th century as England was riven by conflict between the monarchy and powerful magnates. As well as providing the focus for warfare, castles increasingly became the centres of the local community providing justice and administration, as well as a more permanent base for the lord, his family and retainers. This title details the design and development of these fortifications throughout England, as well as the major English sites in Wales. Book jacket.
The Taming of the Dragon tells a story full of intrigue, drama and passion that recounts the battles and tactics by which Edward I finally brought Wales into union with England. It also records the legacy and role of Caernarfon, Conwy and other castles.
The aims of this work are to provide as complete a list as possible of all the timber, motte and bailey castles, built in the counties of Gwent and Ergyng, Wales, between AD 1050 and 1250. The list not only records number and place, but also size, shape, type, date of construction and date of disuse. It is also intended, where possible, to assign building and subsequent ownership, to as many of the castles as possible. Using the ensuing combined database, it becomes possible to plot construction development of the timber and earthwork castle across the chosen area. The principal objectives are: To build as complete a database as possible, of the motte and bailey, timber castles of the chosen areas of the Welsh March that can be assigned to the period of 1050-1250. To survey the castles and try to provide a classification system based on size, and shape, using medieval standard measurement. To identify where possible owners or builders of each castle. To recognise any patterns that may be identified i.e. did certain lords, build or favour specific castle types? If so, can a lordAes progress be charted through castle type spread, or alternatively, can castle chronology be dated by historical records. To examine the concept of a rolling frontier as the motivation behind motte and bailey, timber castles. Research the spacing of sites in relation to earlier land use, topography or resources, by study of records, fieldwork and aerial photographs. To examine the instances of multiple castle construction within close proximity. Due to the quantity of material that the research generated it was decided to include a separate data DVD. The volume contains the introduction to the study, followed by a social and historical background to the area and period. Chapter 3 follows with a discussion of castle definitions and introduction to the various types of earthwork and timber castles that can be found. The chapter also discusses the idea of pre-conquest castle in Britain and Normandy. In chapter 4, an assessment is made of present classification systems used to record castles and introduces an alternative method as employed by this study. Chapter 5 introduces the methodology and research strategies employed in this study. Chapter 6 contains the results of the statistical work undertaken on the findings of the study and chapter 7 presents distribution maps of the sites researched. Chapter 8 discusses the study in relation to the original aims and objectives and the results of the statistical analysis and distribution maps. The study is the concluded in chapter 9. A gazetteer is included containing an in-depth coverage of all the castles included in the study. The CD contains, plates, topographical surveys, resistivity surveys, excavation reports, and the spreadsheets.
Author: Stewart Gregory,D. A. Trotter,William Rothwell
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This volume presents the work of leading specialists on the particular variety of French found in medieval Britain (Anglo-Norman), and also French in France itself. Other essays deal with the vernacular language of southern France, Occitan.