Street Corner Society is one of a handful of works that can justifiably be called classics of sociological research. William Foote Whyte's account of the Italian American slum he called "Cornerville"—Boston's North End—has been the model for urban ethnography for fifty years. By mapping the intricate social worlds of street gangs and "corner boys," Whyte was among the first to demonstrate that a poor community need not be socially disorganized. His writing set a standard for vivid portrayals of real people in real situations. And his frank discussion of his methodology—participant observation—has served as an essential casebook in field research for generations of students and scholars. This fiftieth anniversary edition includes a new preface and revisions to the methodological appendix. In a new section on the book's legacy, Whyte responds to recent challenges to the validity, interpretation, and uses of his data. "The Whyte Impact on the Underdog," the moving statement by a gang leader who became the author's first research assistant, is preserved. "Street Corner Society broke new ground and set a standard for field research in American cities that remains a source of intellectual challenge."—Robert Washington, Reviews in Anthropology
Der Band umfasst Beiträge, die einen orientierenden Überblick über klassische Schlüsselwerke der Migrationsforschung geben. Die Beiträge erläutern die ideengeschichtliche und theoretische Verortung der Schlüsseltexte, ihre Forschungsperspektive, zentrale empirische Befunde sowie ihre interdisziplinäre Rezeption und aktuellen Bezugsfelder. Der Band ist in zwei Abschnitte unterteilt. Im ersten stehen Pionierstudien der kultur- wie sozialwissenschaftlichen Migrationsforschung in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts im Vordergrund; der zweite Abschnitt behandelt Referenztheorien und -konzepte einer kritischen Migrationsforschung. Der Band ist im Wesentlichen als Einstiegslektüre für Studierende und als Lehrbuch für Dozent_innen konzipiert, die sich mit dem Thema Migration aus wissenschaftlicher Perspektive befassen.
Kriminalität ist ein zwar ungeliebtes, aber durch und durch soziales Verhalten, das nur in seinem gesellschaftlichen Kontext verstanden werden kann. Das macht dieser Reader deutlich, der eine Auswahl klassischer und aktueller Grundlagentexte zur Entwicklung kriminologischer Theorien bietet und dabei eine internationale Perspektive einnimmt. Den Anfang macht eine Standortbestimmung der Devianz-Forschung von H. S. Becker, die zum ersten Mal auf Deutsch vorgelegt wird. Thematisch behandelt der Band von Durkheim und seiner Analyse der Funktionen von Kriminalität bis zu den Konzeptualisierungen einer Disziplinar- und Kontrollgesellschaft in den Werken von Foucault, Deleuze und Garland die gesamte Palette kriminologisch relevanter Themen.
Sprachkompetenz als Machtquelle in multinationalen Unternehmen
Author: Katharina Gläsener
Category: Business & Economics
Katharina Gläsener betrachtet in diesem Buch Sprache als eigenständige Diversitätsdimension und präsentiert Macht in multilingualen Teams als dynamischen Prozess. Auf Basis von zwei qualitativen Studien wird verdeutlicht, dass sich Macht in multilingualen Teams in interessengeleiteten Aushandlungen der Teamsprache, der situativen Anwendung von Mikropolitik und subtilen sowie expliziten sprachbasierten Ausgrenzungen einzelner Teammitglieder zeigt. Dabei kann die individuelle Sprachkompetenz eine wichtige Machtquelle sein. Auf dieser Grundlage gibt Katharina Gläsener Handlungsempfehlungen für einen kooperativen Umgang mit sprachlicher Vielfalt und zeigt, wie multilinguale Teams bestmöglich in ihrer täglichen Zusammenarbeit unterstützt werden können.
Christoph Engelbrecht weist einen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen dem Outsourcinggrad und dem Erfolg der Logistik nach. Er untermauert die Bedeutung der Flussorientierung eines Unternehmens und zeigt, dass eine zu starke Fixierung auf die Senkung der Logistikkosten kontraproduktiv ist.
Anyone living or working in a city has feared or experienced street crime at one time or another; whether it be a mugging, purse snatching, or a more violent crime. In the U.S., street crime has recently hovered near historic lows; hence, the declaration of certain analysts that street life in America has never been safer. But is it really? Street crime has changed over past decades, especially with the advent of surveillance cameras in public places—the territory of the street criminal—but at the same time, criminals have found ways to adapt. This encyclopedic reference focuses primarily on urban lifestyle and its associated crimes, ranging from burglary to drug peddling to murder to new, more sophisticated forms of street crime and scams. This traditional A-to-Z reference has significant coverage of police and courts and other criminal justice sub-disciplines while also featuring thematic articles on the sociology of street crime. Features & Benefits: 175 signed entries within a single volume in print and electronic formats provide in-depth coverage to the topic of street crime in America. Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings guide readers to additional resources. Entries are supported by vivid photos and illustrations to better bring the material alive. A thematic Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and, within the electronic version, combines with Cross-References and a detailed Index for convenient search-and-browse capabilities. A Chronology provides readers with a historical perspective of street crime in America. Appendices provide sources of data and statistics, annotated to highlight their relevance.
'This is an excellent collection of papers which celebrates the best of traditional approaches to fieldwork, whilst also looking to its future. The Handbook will quickly become essential reading for the novice and experienced fieldworker across many of the social sciences' - Chris Pole, University of Leicester Fieldwork is widely practiced but little written about, yet accounts of the exotic, mundane, complex and often dangerous are central to not only sociology and anthropology but also geography, social psychology and criminology. In all these - increasingly overlapping - fields, experience underlies any comprehensive understanding of social life. The SAGE Handbook of Fieldwork presents the first major overview of this method in all its variety, introducing the reader to the strengths, weaknesses, and 'real world' applications of fieldwork techniques. Its 22 carefully chosen chapters are each based on a substantive field of empirical enquiry, written by an acknowledged expert in the field. The range is impressive: from the traditional to the virtual, concerning subjects as diverse as emotion, sexuality, sport, embodiment, identity, self-narrative, fieldwork in organizations, science and technology. Specifically intended for use in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in qualitative research design and methodology in sociology, anthropology, criminology, urban studies, social geography, public health and education, the handbook will also prove beneficial to academic researchers in these and other disciplines.
Social scientists are unprepared for many of the ethical problems that arise in their research, and for criticisms of their ethics that seem to ignore such cherished scientific values as objectivity and freedom of inquiry. Yet, they possess method ological talent and insight into human nature that can be used to understand and resolve these problems. The contributors to this book demonstrate that criticism of the ethics of social research can stimulate constructive development of meth odology. Both volumes of The Ethics of Social Research were written for and by social scientists to show how ethical dilemmas arise in the day-to-day conduct of social research and how they can be resolved. The topics discussed in the companion volume include ethical problems that arise in experiments and sample surveys; this book deals with the ethical issues involved in fieldwork and in the regulation and publication of research. With candor and humor, many of the contributors describe lessons they have learned about themselves, their methods, and their research participants. Collectively, they illustrate that both humanists and determinists are likely to encounter ethical dilemmas in their research, albeit different ones, and that a blending of deterministic and humanistic approaches may be needed to solve these dilemmas. The aim of this book is to assist investigators in preparing to meet some of the ethical problems that await the unwary. It offers perspectives, values, and guidelines for anticipating problems and devising solutions.
Money, Work, and Culture in the Mexican American Barrio
Author: Dan Dohan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
Drawing on two years of ethnographic fieldwork in two impoverished California communities—one made up of recent immigrants from Mexico, the other of U.S.-born Chicano citizens—this book provides an invaluable comparative perspective on Latino poverty in contemporary America. In northern California’s high-tech Silicon Valley, author Daniel Dohan shows how recent immigrants get by on low-wage babysitting and dish-cleaning jobs. In the housing projects of Los Angeles, he documents how families and communities of U.S.-born Mexican Americans manage the social and economic dislocations of persistent poverty. Taking readers into worlds where public assistance, street crime, competition for low-wage jobs, and family, pride, and cross-cultural experiences intermingle, The Price of Poverty offers vivid portraits of everyday life in these Mexican American communities while addressing urgent policy questions such as: What accounts for joblessness? How can we make sense of crime in poor communities? Does welfare hurt or help?
Describes the social structure, values, and lifestyles of Chicago ethnic groups, discusses America's cultural pluralism, and offers profiles of individuals who played an important part in Chicago's history.
Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.
American social policy today largely serves global corporate interests rather than the general public, according to William Roth. Based on incisive analyses of economic globalization, class, politics, and bureaucracy, The Assault on Social Policy argues that the perfection of the free market is a myth. Roth analyzes the rhetoric used to make poverty seem acceptable, shows how corporations affect the distribution of wealth and other resources, and considers the effect on disabled people, criminals, children, and health care. He concludes that increased transnational corporate power has created the need for large-scale systematic public policy changes.
Anne E. Fortune,William J. Reid,Robert L. Miller, Jr.
Author: Anne E. Fortune,William J. Reid,Robert L. Miller, Jr.
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
In this volume, progressive experts survey recent trends in qualitative study, which relies on small sample groups and interview data to better represent the context and complexity of social work practice. Chapters address different approaches to qualitative inquiry, applications to essential areas of research and practice, integration of qualitative and quantitative methods, and epistemological issues. This second edition brings even greater depth and relevance to social work qualitative research, including new material that tackles traditional research concerns, such as data quality, ethics, and epistemological stances, and updated techniques in data collection and analysis. To increase the usefulness for students and researchers, the editors have reorganized the text to present basic principles first and then their applications, and they have increased their focus on ethics, values, and theory. New and revised illustrative studies highlight more than ever the connection between effective research and improved social functioning among individuals and groups. The collection continues to feature scholars and practitioners who have shaped the social work research practice canon for more than twenty years, while also adding the innovative work of up-and-coming talent.