Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.
Mathematical Theory of Bayesian Statistics introduces the mathematical foundation of Bayesian inference which is well-known to be more accurate in many real-world problems than the maximum likelihood method. Recent research has uncovered several mathematical laws in Bayesian statistics, by which both the generalization loss and the marginal likelihood are estimated even if the posterior distribution cannot be approximated by any normal distribution. Features Explains Bayesian inference not subjectively but objectively. Provides a mathematical framework for conventional Bayesian theorems. Introduces and proves new theorems. Cross validation and information criteria of Bayesian statistics are studied from the mathematical point of view. Illustrates applications to several statistical problems, for example, model selection, hyperparameter optimization, and hypothesis tests. This book provides basic introductions for students, researchers, and users of Bayesian statistics, as well as applied mathematicians. Author Sumio Watanabe is a professor of Department of Mathematical and Computing Science at Tokyo Institute of Technology. He studies the relationship between algebraic geometry and mathematical statistics.