Statistical Analysis Techniques in Particle Physics

Fits, Density Estimation and Supervised Learning

Author: Ilya Narsky,Frank C. Porter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527677291

Category: Science

Page: 459

View: 6439

Modern analysis of HEP data needs advanced statistical tools to separate signal from background. This is the first book which focuses on machine learning techniques. It will be of interest to almost every high energy physicist, and, due to its coverage, suitable for students.

Data Analysis Techniques for High-Energy Physics

Author: R. K. Bock,H. Grote,D. Notz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521635486

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 3439

Up-dated indispensable guide to handling and analysing data obtained from high-energy and nuclear physics experiments.

Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 1275

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Statistical Methods for Data Analysis in Particle Physics

Author: Luca Lista

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319628402

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 3936

This concise set of course-based notes provides the reader with the main concepts and tools needed to perform statistical analyses of experimental data, in particular in the field of high-energy physics (HEP). First, the book provides an introduction to probability theory and basic statistics, mainly intended as a refresher from readers’ advanced undergraduate studies, but also to help them clearly distinguish between the Frequentist and Bayesian approaches and interpretations in subsequent applications. More advanced concepts and applications are gradually introduced, culminating in the chapter on both discoveries and upper limits, as many applications in HEP concern hypothesis testing, where the main goal is often to provide better and better limits so as to eventually be able to distinguish between competing hypotheses, or to rule out some of them altogether. Many worked-out examples will help newcomers to the field and graduate students alike understand the pitfalls involved in applying theoretical concepts to actual data. This new second edition significantly expands on the original material, with more background content (e.g. the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, best linear unbiased estimator), applications (unfolding and regularization procedures, control regions and simultaneous fits, machine learning concepts) and examples (e.g. look-elsewhere effect calculation).

Statistical Problems in Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology

PHYSTAT05, Oxford, UK, 12-15 September 2005

Author: Louis Lyons,Mge Karag”z šnel

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860946496

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 4028

These proceedings comprise current statistical issues in analyzing data in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, as discussed at the PHYSTAT05 conference in Oxford. This is a continuation of the popular PHYSTAT series; previous meetings were held at CERN (2000), Fermilab (2000), Durham (2002) and Stanford (2003).In-depth discussions on topical issues are presented by leading statisticians and research workers in their relevant fields. Included are invited reviews and contributed research papers presenting the latest, state-of-the-art techniques.

Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung

Author: Konrad Kleinknecht

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322822052

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7889

Der Leser erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über Aufbau und Funktionsweise von Teilchendetektoren. In der 4. Auflage werden neuere Entwicklungen wie Silizium-Streifendetektoren, Pixeldetektoren, szintillierende Fasern, neue elektromagnetische Kalorimeter und kompensierende Hadronkalorimeter behandelt. Vertiefend wird nun auch auf aktuelle Forschungsgebiete wie Astroteilchenphysik, kosmische Strahlung, Neutrinophysik und die dunkle Materie im Kosmos eingegangen.

Statistical Data Analysis

Author: Glen Cowan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198501560

Category: Mathematics

Page: 197

View: 3463

This book is a guide to the practical application of statistics in data analysis as typically encountered in the physical sciences. It is primarily addressed at students and professionals who need to draw quantitative conclusions from experimental data. Although most of the examples are taken from particle physics, the material is presented in a sufficiently general way as to be useful to people from most branches of the physical sciences. The first part of the book describes the basic tools of data analysis: concepts of probability and random variables, Monte Carlo techniques, statistical tests, and methods of parameter estimation. The last three chapters are somewhat more specialized than those preceding, covering interval estimation, characteristic functions, and the problem of correcting distributions for the effects of measurement errors (unfolding).

Probability and Statistics for Particle Physics

Author: Carlos Maña

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319557386

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 8329

This book comprehensively presents the basic concepts of probability and Bayesian inference with sufficient generality to make them applicable to current problems in scientific research. The first chapter provides the fundamentals of probability theory that are essential for the analysis of random phenomena. The second chapter includes a full and pragmatic review of the Bayesian methods that constitute a natural and coherent framework with enough freedom to analyze all the information available from experimental data in a conceptually simple manner. The third chapter presents the basic Monte Carlo techniques used in scientific research, allowing a large variety of problems to be handled difficult to tackle by other procedures. The author also introduces a basic algorithm, which enables readers to simulate samples from simple distribution, and describes useful cases for researchers in particle physics.The final chapter is devoted to the basic ideas of Information Theory, which are important in the Bayesian methodology. This highly readable book is appropriate for graduate-level courses, while at the same time being useful for scientific researches in general and for physicists in particular since most of the examples are from the field of Particle Physics.

Essenzielle Quantenmechanik

für Elektrotechniker und Informatiker

Author: Peter Deák

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527683852

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 7491

Der Autor zeigt an Beispielen aus der Festkörperelektronik und der Quanteninformationstechnologie, welche Rolle quantenmechanische Konzepte in der modernen Energie-, Kommunikations- und Informationstechnik spielen.

Statistics for Nuclear and Particle Physicists

Author: Louis Lyons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379342

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 7748

This practical approach to statistical problems arising regularly in analyzing data from nuclear and high energy physics experiments is geared toward non-statisticians.

Computational Many-Particle Physics

Author: Holger Fehske,Ralf Schneider,Alexander Weiße

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540746854

Category: Science

Page: 780

View: 2302

Looking for the real state of play in computational many-particle physics? Look no further. This book presents an overview of state-of-the-art numerical methods for studying interacting classical and quantum many-particle systems. A broad range of techniques and algorithms are covered, and emphasis is placed on their implementation on modern high-performance computers. This excellent book comes complete with online files and updates allowing readers to stay right up to date.

Lectures on Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Proceedings of the Third IDPASC School, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, January 21 -- February 2, 2013

Author: Carlos Merino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331912238X

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 4054

This volume gathers the content of the courses held at the Third IDPASC School, which took place in San Martiño Pinario, Hospederia and Seminario Maior, in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galiza, Spain, from January 21st to February 2nd, 2013. This school is the annual joint program of the International Doctorate Network in Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology (IDPASC). The purpose of the school series is to present doctoral students from different universities and laboratories in Europe and beyond with a broad range of the latest results and current state of the art in the fields of Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology, and to further introduce them to both the questions now posed by the potentials of physics and to challenges connected with current and future experiments – in particular, with the newly available energy ranges. Following these guidelines, the content of this third edition of the IDPASC School was jointly planned by the Academic Council and by the network’s International Committee, whose members ensure every year its timely formulation, keeping up with the constant evolution of these fields. The program covers a balanced range of the latest developments in these fields worldwide, with courses offered by internationally acknowledged physicists on the Basic Features of Hadronic Processes, Quantum Chromodynamics, Physics and Technology of ALICE, LHCb Physics-Parity Violation, the Higgs System in and beyond the Standard Model, Higgs Searches at the LHC, Theory and Experiments with Cosmic Rays, Numerical Methods and Data Analysis in Particle Physics, Theoretical Cosmology, and AdS/CFT Correspondence. Most of these courses were complemented by practical and discussion sessions.

Statistics

A Guide to the Use of Statistical Methods in the Physical Sciences

Author: R. J. Barlow

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471922957

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 3493

The Manchester Physics Series General Editors: D. J. Sandiford; F.Mandl; A. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy,University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E.Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. ThomsonStatistical Physics Second Edition F. Mandl Electromagnetism SecondEdition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. BarlowSolid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. HallQuantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R.Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A.C.Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. BarnettWritten by a physicist, Statistics is tailored to the needs ofphysical scientists, containing and explaining all they need toknow. It concentrates on parameter estimation, especially themethods of Least Squares and Maximum Likelihood, but othertechniques, such as hypothesis testing, Bayesian statistics andnon-parametric methods are also included. Intended for reasonablynumerate scientists it contains all the basic formulae, theirderivations and applications, together with some more advancedones. Statistics features: * Comprehensive coverage of the essential techniques physicalscientists are likely to need. * A wealth of examples, and problems with their answers. * Flexible structure and organisation allows it to be used as acourse text and a reference. * A review of the basics, so that little prior knowledge isrequired.

Teilchen und Kerne

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte

Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642974759

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2505

Die Grundidee dieses einführenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist seine erste Botschaft. Die Botschaft des zweiten Teils, der den Aufbau des Quarks über die Nukleonen zu den Kernen beschreibt, ist, daß Komplexität, die aus der Vielkörper-Wechselwirkung entsteht, immer mehr die Gesetzmäßigkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Entstanden aus Vorlesungen an der Heidelberger Universität eignet sich dieses straff und klar abgefaßte, durch Übungsaufgaben ergänzte Lehrbuch gut als Begleittext zu einführenden Kursusvorlesungen an Hochschulen.

Grundriss der Atom- und Kernphysik

Author: Helmut Lindner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663140970

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2246

,,Möchten die ungeheuren Möglichkeiten, die mit der Verwertung der Kernumwand lungen verbunden sind, zum Segen der Menschheit und nicht zu ihrer Vernich tung führen!" 0Tro HAHN Es bedarf wohl keiner besonderen Betonung, daß die Atom-und Kernphysik in den letzten Jahrzehnten immer mehr an Bedeutung gewonnen haben. Mit fortschreitender Vertiefung der Erkenntnisse, der Verwendung immer neuer und gewaltigerer technischer Hilfsmittel in der Forschung und der von Jahr zu Jahr größer werdenden praktischen Bedeutung wachsen naturgemäß auch das ~lgemeine Interesse und der Wunsch nach einer zusammenfassenden Darstellung aller damit verbundenen Grundfragen. Diesem Zweck möchte dieses Buch dienen, das zudem möglichst übersichtlich und leicht verständlich sein soll. Es will vor allem den Studierenden unserer Fachschulen, den Hochschulstudenten, für welche die Physik nicht Hauptfach ist, und allen gebildeten Laien eine Hilfe sein, denen nur elementare mathematische Kenntnisse zur Verfügung stehen. Das Eindringen in die eigentliche Theorie setzt bekanntlich umfangreiche mathematische Hilfsmittel voraus. Um so stärker tritt andererseits das Be dürfnis nach anschaulicher Vorstellung a!lf, was wiederum auf Schwierigkeiten stößt, weil die Hauptgegenstände, um die es hier geht - das Atom, die Elementarteilchen und Energie quanten-, der unmittelbaren Anschauung nicht zugänglich sind. Wenn es der Verfasser dennoch versucht, weitgehend bildliehe Darstellungen heranzuziehen, dann muß betont werden, daß es sich nur um Modell-, also Hilfsvorstellungen handelt, die das Verständnis erleichtern sollen, keinesfalls aber um naturgetreue, vergrößerte Wiedergaben der wirklichen Verhältnisse. In ähnlicher Weise werden auch manche theoretische Grundlagen, z. B. die Unschärfe beziehung, mit möglichst anschaulichen Mitteln erläutert.

Statistical Methods in Experimental Physics

Author: Frederick James

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981256795X

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 6593

The first edition of this classic book has become the authoritative reference for physicists desiring to master the finer points of statistical data analysis. This second edition contains all the important material of the first, much of it unavailable from any other sources. In addition, many chapters have been updated with considerable new material, especially in areas concerning the theory and practice of confidence intervals, including the important Feldman-Cousins method. Both frequentist and Bayesian methodologies are presented, with a strong emphasis on techniques useful to physicists and other scientists in the interpretation of experimental data and comparison with scientific theories. This is a valuable textbook for advanced graduate students in the physical sciences as well as a reference for active researchers.