Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture
Author: Annabel Jane Wharton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In postwar Europe and the Middle East, Hilton hotels were quite literally "little Americas." For American businessmen and tourists, a Hilton Hotel—with the comfortable familiarity of an English-speaking staff, a restaurant that served cheeseburgers and milkshakes, trans-Atlantic telephone lines, and, most important, air-conditioned modernity—offered a respite from the disturbingly alien. For impoverished local populations, these same features lent the Hilton a utopian aura. The Hilton was a space of luxury and desire, a space that realized, permanently and prominently, the new and powerful presence of the United States. Building the Cold War examines the architectural means by which the Hilton was written into the urban topographies of the major cities of Europe and the Middle East as an effective representation of the United States. Between 1953 and 1966, Hilton International built sixteen luxury hotels abroad. Often the Hilton was the first significant modern structure in the host city, as well as its finest hotel. The Hiltons introduced a striking visual contrast to the traditional architectural forms of such cities as Istanbul, Cairo, Athens, and Jerusalem, where the impact of its new architecture was amplified by the hotel's unprecedented siting and scale. Even in cities familiar with the Modern, the new Hilton often dominated the urban landscape with its height, changing the look of the city. The London Hilton on Park Lane, for example, was the first structure in London that was higher than St. Paul's cathedral. In his autobiography, Conrad N. Hilton claimed that these hotels were constructed for profit and for political impact: "an integral part of my dream was to show the countries most exposed to Communism the other side of the coin—the fruits of the free world." Exploring everything the carefully drafted contracts for the buildings to the remarkable visual and social impact on their host cities, Wharton offers a theoretically sophisticated critique of one of the Cold War's first international businesses and demonstrates that the Hilton's role in the struggle against Communism was, as Conrad Hilton declared, significant, though in ways that he could not have imagined. Many of these postwar Hiltons still flourish. Those who stay in them will learn a great deal about their experience from this new assessment of hotel space.
Sword & Sorcery Fiction Including Complete Conan the Barbarian, Solomon Kane and Kull the Conqueror Series, as well as Weird Fiction, Fantasy Stories of the Weird West, The Cthulhu Mythos Tales and more
Author: Robert E. Howard
This carefully crafted ebook: “ROBERT E. HOWARD Ultimate Collection – 300+ Cult Classics, Adventure Novels, Western, Horror & Detective Stories, Historical Books (Including Poetry, Essays, Articles & Letters) - ALL in One Volume” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Robert Ervin Howard (1906 – 1936) was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre. In the pages of the Depression-era pulp magazine Weird Tales, Howard created Conan the Barbarian, a character whose cultural impact has been compared to such icons as Batman, Count Dracula, James Bond, Sherlock Holmes, and Tarzan. Table of Contents: Fantasy Stories: ‘Conan the Barbarian’ Stories The ‘Kull’ Stories The ‘Solomon Kane’ Stories The ‘Bran Mak Morn’ Stories The ‘Turlogh Dubh O'Brien’ Stories The ‘James Allison’ Stories Other Fantasy Stories Boxing Stories: The ‘Sailor Steve Costigan’ Stories Other Boxing Stories Western Stories: The ‘Breckinridge Elkins’ Stories The 'Pike Bearfield' Stories The 'Buckner Jeopardy Grimes' Stories Other Western Stories Historical Stories: The ‘El Borak’ Stories The ‘Cormac Fitzgeoffrey’ Stories The ‘Kirby O’Donnell’ Stories The 'Black Vulmea' Stories The ‘Helen Tavrel’ Story Other Historical Stories Horror Stories: The ‘John Kirowan’ Stories The Faring Town Saga The ‘De Montour’ Stories The Weird West Stories Other Weird Menace Other Cthulhu Mythos Stories Other Horror Stories Detective Stories: The ‘Steve Harrison’ Stories Spicy Stories: The 'Wild Bill Clanton' Stories Poetry Essays and Articles Letters A Tribute Poem