**Author**: Maciej Dunajski

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press

**ISBN:** 0198570627

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 359

**View:** 6879

The book provides a self-contained and accessible introduction to elementary twistor theory; a technique for solving differential equations in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. It starts with an introduction to integrability of ordinary and partial differential equations. Subsequent chapters explore symmetry analysis, gauge theory, gravitational instantons, twistor transforms, and anti-self-duality equations. The three appendices cover basicdifferential geometry, complex manifold theory and the exterior differential system.

This book provides an introduction to the mathematics of modern physics, presenting concepts and techniques in mathematical physics at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It aims to introduce the reader to modern mathematical thinking within a physics setting. Topics covered include tensor algebra, differential geometry, topology, Lie groups and Lie algebras, distribution theory, fundamental analysis and Hilbert spaces. The book includes exercises and worked examples, to test the students' understanding of the various concepts, as well as extending the themes covered in the main text.

Packed with more than a hundred color illustrations and a wide variety of puzzles and brainteasers, Taking Sudoku Seriously uses this popular craze as the starting point for a fun-filled introduction to higher mathematics. How many Sudoku solution squares are there? What shapes other than three-by-three blocks can serve as acceptable Sudoku regions? What is the fewest number of starting clues a sound Sudoku puzzle can have? Does solving Sudoku require mathematics? Jason Rosenhouse and Laura Taalman show that answering these questions opens the door to a wealth of interesting mathematics. Indeed, they show that Sudoku puzzles and their variants are a gateway into mathematical thinking generally. Among many topics, the authors look at the notion of a Latin square--an object of long-standing interest to mathematicians--of which Sudoku squares are a special case; discuss how one finds interesting Sudoku puzzles; explore the connections between Sudoku, graph theory, and polynomials; and consider Sudoku extremes, including puzzles with the maximal number of vacant regions, with the minimal number of starting clues, and numerous others. The book concludes with a gallery of novel Sudoku variations--just pure solving fun! Most of the puzzles are original to this volume, and all solutions to the puzzles appear in the back of the book or in the text itself. A math book and a puzzle book, Taking Sudoku Seriously will change the way readers look at Sudoku and mathematics, serving both as an introduction to mathematics for puzzle fans and as an exploration of the intricacies of Sudoku for mathematics buffs.

This text is based on lectures given by the author at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels in Measure Theory, Functional Analysis, Banach Algebras, Spectral Theory (of bounded and unbounded operators), Semigroups of Operators, Probability and Mathematical Statistics, and Partial Differential Equations. The first 10 chapters discuss theoretical methods in Measure Theory and Functional Analysis, and contain over 120 end of chapter exercises. The final two chapters apply theory toapplications in Probability Theory and Partial Differential Equations. The Measure Theory chapters discuss the Lebesgue-Radon-Nikodym theorem which is given the Von Neumann Hilbert space proof. Also included are the relatively advanced topics of Haar measure, differentiability of complex Borel measures in Euclidean space with respect to Lebesgue measure, and the Marcinkiewicz' interpolation theorem for operators between Lebesgue spaces. The Functional Analysis chapters cover the usual material on Banach spaces, weak topologies, separation, extremal points, the Stone-Weierstrass theorem, Hilbert spaces, Banach algebras, and Spectral Theory for both bounded and unbounded operators. Relatively advanced topics such as the Gelfand-Naimark-Segal representation theorem and the Von Neumann double commutant theorem are included. The final two chapters deal with applications, where the measure theory and functional analysis methods of the first ten chapters are applied to ProbabilityTheory and the Theory of Distributions and PDE's. Again, some advanced topics are included, such as the Lyapounov Central Limit theorem, the Kolmogoroff "Three Series theorem", the Ehrenpreis-Malgrange-Hormander theorem on fundamental solutions, and Hormander's theory of convolution operators. The Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathematics series aim is to publish textbooks suitable for graduate students in mathematics and its applications. The level of books may range from some suitable for advanced undergraduate courses at one end, to others of interest to research workers. The emphasis is on texts of high mathematical quality in active areas, particularly areas that are not well represented in the literature at present.

The importance of mathematics competitions has been widely recognised for three reasons: they help to develop imaginative capacity and thinking skills whose value far transcends mathematics; they constitute the most effective way of discovering and nurturing mathematical talent; and they provide a means to combat the prevalent false image of mathematics held by high school students, as either a fearsomely difficult or a dull and uncreative subject. This book provides a comprehensive training resource for competitions from local and provincial to national Olympiad level, containing hundreds of diagrams, and graced by many light-hearted cartoons. It features a large collection of what mathematicians call "beautiful" problems - non-routine, provocative, fascinating, and challenging problems, often with elegant solutions. It features careful, systematic exposition of a selection of the most important topics encountered in mathematics competitions, assuming little prior knowledge. Geometry, trigonometry, mathematical induction, inequalities, Diophantine equations, number theory, sequences and series, the binomial theorem, and combinatorics - are all developed in a gentle but lively manner, liberally illustrated with examples, and consistently motivated by attractive "appetiser" problems, whose solution appears after the relevant theory has been expounded. Each chapter is presented as a "toolchest" of instruments designed for cracking the problems collected at the end of the chapter. Other topics, such as algebra, co-ordinate geometry, functional equations and probability, are introduced and elucidated in the posing and solving of the large collection of miscellaneous problems in the final toolchest. An unusual feature of this book is the attention paid throughout to the history of mathematics - the origins of the ideas, the terminology and some of the problems, and the celebration of mathematics as a multicultural, cooperative human achievement. As a bonus the aspiring "mathlete" may encounter, in the most enjoyable way possible, many of the topics that form the core of the standard school curriculum.

This book presents an introduction to the wide range of techniques and applications for dynamic mathematical modeling that are useful in studying systemic change over time. The author expertly explains how the key to studying change is to determine a relationship between occurring events and events that transpire in the near future. Mathematical modeling of such cause-and-effect relationships can often lead to accurate predictions of events that occur farther in the future. Sandefur's approach uses many examples from algebra--such as factoring, exponentials and logarithms--and includes many interesting applications, such as amortization of loans, balances in savings accounts, growth of populations, optimal harvesting strategies, genetic selection and mutation, and economic models. This book will be invaluable to students seeking to apply dynamic modeling to any field in which change is observed, and will encourage them to develop a different way of thinking about the world of mathematics.

This book develops the Weyr matrix canonical form, a largely unknown cousin of the Jordan form. It explores novel applications, including include matrix commutativity problems, approximate simultaneous diagonalization, and algebraic geometry. Module theory and algebraic geometry are employed but with self-contained accounts.

With a foreword by Freeman Dyson, the Oxford Handbook of Random Matrix Theory brings together leading mathematicians and physicists to offer a comprehensive overview of random matrix theory, including a guide to new developments and the diverse range of applications of this approach.In the first part of this book, all modern and classical techniques of solving random matrix models are explored, including orthogonal polynomials, exact replicasor supersymmetry. Further, all main

Overview of classical solutions and their consequences in quantum field theory, high energy physics and cosmology for graduates and researchers.

Now in an accessible paperback edition, this classic work is just as relevant as when it first appeared in 1974, due to the increased use of nonlinear waves. It covers the behavior of waves in two parts, with the first part addressing hyperbolic waves and the second addressing dispersive waves. The mathematical principles are presented along with examples of specific cases in communications and specific physical fields, including flood waves in rivers, waves in glaciers, traffic flow, sonic booms, blast waves, and ocean waves from storms.

Beginning with the concept of random processes and Brownian motion and building on the theory and research directions in a self-contained manner, this book provides an introduction to stochastic analysis for graduate students, researchers and applied scientists interested in stochastic processes and their applications.

In analytic number theory a large number of problems can be "reduced" to problems involving the estimation of exponential sums in one or several variables. This book is a thorough treatment of the developments arising from the method developed by Bombieri and Iwaniec in 1986 for estimating the Riemann zeta function on the line *s = 1/2. Huxley and his coworkers (mostly Huxley) have taken this method and vastly extended and improved it. The powerful techniques presented here go considerably beyond older methods for estimating exponential sums such as van de Corput's method. The potential for the method is far from being exhausted, and there is considerable motivation for other researchers to try to master this subject. However, anyone currently trying to learn all of this material has the formidable task of wading through numerous papers in the literature. This book simplifies that task by presenting all of the relevant literature and a good part of the background in one package. The audience for the book will be mathematics graduate students and faculties with a research interest in analytic theory; more specifically, those with an interest in exponential sum methods. The book is self-contained; any graduate student with a one semester course in analytic number theory should have a more than sufficient background.

Self-contained and comprehensive, this definitive new edition of Gravity and Strings is a unique resource for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics. From basic differential geometry through to the construction and study of black-hole and black-brane solutions in quantum gravity - via all the intermediate stages - this book provides a complete overview of the intersection of gravity, supergravity, and superstrings. Now fully revised, this second edition covers an extensive array of topics, including new material on non-linear electric-magnetic duality, the electric-tensor formalism, matter-coupled supergravity, supersymmetric solutions, the geometries of scalar manifolds appearing in 4- and 5-dimensional supergravities, and much more. Covering reviews of important solutions and numerous solution-generating techniques, and accompanied by an exhaustive index and bibliography, this is an exceptional reference work.

Algebraic Analysis: Papers Dedicated to Professor Mikio Sato on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday, Volume II is a collection of research papers on algebraic analysis and related topics in honor to Professor Mikio Sato’s 60th birthday. This volume is divided into 29 chapters and starts with research works concerning the fundamentals of KP equations, strings, Schottky problem, and the applications of transformation theory for nonlinear integrable systems to linear prediction problems and isospectral deformations,. The subsequent chapters contain papers on the approach to nonlinear integrable systems, the Hodge numbers, the stochastic different equation for the multi-dimensional weakly stationary process, and a method of harmonic analysis on semisimple symmetric spaces. These topics are followed by studies on the quantization of extended vortices, moduli space for Fuchsian groups, microfunctions for boundary value problems, and the issues of multi-dimensional integrable systems. The remaining chapters explore the practical aspects of pseudodifferential operators in hyperfunction theory, the elliptic solitons, and Carlson’s theorem for holomorphic functions. This book will prove useful to mathematicians and advance mathematics students.

Beginning with the concept of random processes and Brownian motion and building on the theory and research directions in a self-contained manner, this book provides an introduction to stochastic analysis for graduate students, researchers and applied scientists interested in stochastic processes and their applications.

An accessible text introducing algebraic groups at advanced undergraduate and early graduate level, this book covers the conjugacy of Borel subgroups and maximal tori, the theory of algebraic groups with a BN-pair, Frobenius maps on affine varieties and algebraic groups, zeta functions and Lefschetz numbers for varieties over finite fields.

Designed to give graduate students an understanding of integrable systems via the study of Riemann surfaces, loop groups, and twistors, this book has its origins in a lecture series given by the internationally renowned authors. Written in an accessible, informal style, it fills a gap in the existing literature.

This book deals with the twistor treatment of certain linear and non-linear partial differential equations. The description in terms of twistors involves algebraic and differential geometry, algebraic topology and results in a new perspective on the properties of space and time. The authors firstly develop the mathematical background, then go on to discuss Yang-Mills fields and gravitational fields in classical language, and in the final part a number of field-theoretic problems are solved. Issued here for the first time in paperback, this self-contained volume should be of use to graduate mathematicians and physicists and research workers in theoretical physics, relativity, and cosmology.

Bundles, connections, metrics and curvature are the 'lingua franca' of modern differential geometry and theoretical physics. This book will supply a graduate student in mathematics or theoretical physics with the fundamentals of these objects. Many of the tools used in differential topology are introduced and the basic results about differentiable manifolds, smooth maps, differential forms, vector fields, Lie groups, and Grassmanians are all presented here. Other material covered includes the basic theorems about geodesics and Jacobi fields, the classification theorem for flat connections, the definition of characteristic classes, and also an introduction to complex and Kähler geometry. Differential Geometry uses many of the classical examples from, and applications of, the subjects it covers, in particular those where closed form expressions are available, to bring abstract ideas to life. Helpfully, proofs are offered for almost all assertions throughout. All of the introductory material is presented in full and this is the only such source with the classical examples presented in detail.