Author: Giuseppe Grosso,Giuseppe Pastori Parravicini
Publisher: Academic Press
Solid State Physics is a textbook for students of physics, material science, chemistry, and engineering. It is the state-of-the-art presentation of the theoretical foundations and application of the quantum structure of matter and materials. This second edition provides timely coverage of the most important scientific breakthroughs of the last decade (especially in low-dimensional systems and quantum transport). It helps build readers' understanding of the newest advances in condensed matter physics with rigorous yet clear mathematics. Examples are an integral part of the text, carefully designed to apply the fundamental principles illustrated in the text to currently active topics of research. Basic concepts and recent advances in the field are explained in tutorial style and organized in an intuitive manner. The book is a basic reference work for students, researchers, and lecturers in any area of solid-state physics. Features additional material on nanostructures, giving students and lecturers the most significant features of low-dimensional systems, with focus on carbon allotropes Offers detailed explanation of dissipative and nondissipative transport, and explains the essential aspects in a field, which is commonly overlooked in textbooks Additional material in the classical and quantum Hall effect offers further aspects on magnetotransport, with particular emphasis on the current profiles Gives a broad overview of the band structure of solids, as well as presenting the foundations of the electronic band structure. Also features reported with new and revised material, which leads to the latest research
Updated to reflect recent work in the field, this book emphasizes crystalline solids, going from the crystal lattice to the ideas of reciprocal space and Brillouin zones, and develops these ideas for lattice vibrations, for the theory of metals, and for semiconductors. The theme of lattice periodicity and its varied consequences runs through eighty percent of the book. Other sections deal with major aspects of solid state physics controlled by other phenomena: superconductivity, dielectric and magnetic properties, and magnetic resonance.
This book provides the basis for a two-semester graduate course on solid-state physics. The first half presents all the knowledge necessary for a one-semester survey of solid-state physics, but in greater depth than most introductory solid state physics courses. The second half includes most of the important research over the past half-century, covering both the fundamental principles and most recent advances. This new edition includes the latest developments in the treatment of strongly interacting two-dimensional electrons and discusses the generalization from small to larger systems. The book provides explanations in a class-tested tutorial style, and each chapter includes problems reviewing key concepts and calculations. The updated exercises and solutions enable students to become familiar with contemporary research activities, such as the electronic properties of massless fermions in graphene and topological insulators.
While the standard solid state topics are covered, the basic ones often have more detailed derivations than is customary (with an empasis on crystalline solids). Several recent topics are introduced, as are some subjects normally included only in condensed matter physics. Lattice vibrations, electrons, interactions, and spin effects (mostly in magnetism) are discussed the most comprehensively. Many problems are included whose level is from "fill in the steps" to long and challenging, and the text is equipped with references and several comments about experiments with figures and tables.
A must–have textbook for any undergraduate studying solid state physics. This successful brief course in solid state physics is now in its second edition. The clear and concise introduction not only describes all the basic phenomena and concepts, but also such advanced issues as magnetism and superconductivity. Each section starts with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. The book is providing qualitative discussions that help undergraduates understand concepts even if they can?t follow all the mathematical detail. The revised edition has been carefully updated to present an up–to–date account of the essential topics and recent developments in this exciting field of physics. The coverage now includes ground–breaking materials with high relevance for applications in communication and energy, like graphene and topological insulators, as well as transparent conductors. The text assumes only basic mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader and includes more than 100 discussion questions and some 70 problems, with solutions free to lecturers from the Wiley–VCH website. The author′s webpage provides Online Notes on x–ray scattering, elastic constants, the quantum Hall effect, tight binding model, atomic magnetism, and topological insulators. This new edition includes the following updates and new features: ∗ Expanded coverage of mechanical properties of solids, including an improved discussion of the yield stress ∗ Crystal structure, mechanical properties, and band structure of graphene ∗ The coverage of electronic properties of metals is expanded by a section on the quantum hall effect including exercises. New topics include the tight–binding model and an expanded discussion on Bloch waves. ∗ With respect to semiconductors, the discussion of solar cells has been extended and improved. ∗ Revised coverage of magnetism, with additional material on atomic magnetism ∗ More extensive treatment of finite solids and nanostructures, now including topological insulators ∗ Recommendations for further reading have been updated and increased. ∗ New exercises on Hall mobility, light penetrating metals, band structure
The objective of Solid State Physics is to introduce college seniors and first-year graduate students in physics, electrical engineering, materials science, chemistry, and related areas to this diverse and fascinating field. I have attempted to present this complex subject matter in a coherent, integrated manner, emphasizing fundamental scientific ideas to give the student a strong understanding and "feel" for the physics and the orders of magnitude involved. The subject is varied, covering many important, sophisticated, and practical areas, which, at first, may appear unrelated but which are actually built on the same foundation: the bonding between atoms, the periodic translational symmetry, and the resulting electron energy levels. The text is comprehensive enough so that the basics of broad areas of present research are covered, yet flexible enough so that courses of varying lengths can be satisfied. the exercises at the end of each chapter serve to reinforce and extend the text.
An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science
Author: Harald Ibach,Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This new edition of the well-received introduction to solid-state physics provides a comprehensive overview of the basic theoretical and experimental concepts of materials science. Experimental aspects and laboratory details are highlighted in separate panels that enrich text and emphasize recent developments. Notably, new material in the third edition includes sections on important new devices, aspects of non- periodic structures of matter, phase transitions, defects, superconductors and nanostructures. Students will benefit significantly from solving the exercises given at the end of each chapter. This book is intended for university students in physics, materials science and electrical engineering. It has been thoroughly updated to maintain its relevance and usefulness to students and professionals.
This Second Edition is aimed at students taking a first course in this subject, although it will also be of interest to professional physicists and electronic engineers requiring a grasp of the fundamentals of this important area of physics. Basic concepts are introduced in an easily accessible context: for example, wave propagation in crystals is introduced using one-and two-dimensional geometries. Only when these basic ideas are familiar are generalisations to three dimensions and the elegant framework of the reciprocal lattice made. Extensively rewritten, the Second Edition now includes new and expanded coverage of semiconductor devices, the quantum Hall effect, quasicrystals, high temperature superconductors and techniques for the study of the surfaces of solids. A chapter on dielectrics and ferroelectrics has also been added. Solid State Physics, Second Edition features: A carefully written and structured text to help students fully understand this exciting subject. A flow diagram allowing topics to be studied in different orders or omitted altogether. Optional "starred" and highlighted sections containing more advanced and specialised material for the more ambitious reader. Carefully selected problems at the end of each chapter designed to assist learning. Solutions are provided at the end of the book.
Solid state physics is the branch of physics that is primarily devoted to the study of matter in its solid phase, especially at the atomic level. This prestigious serial presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physics.
Providing a clear theoretical understanding of MEMS and NEMS, Solid-State Physics, Fluidics, and Analytical Techniques in Micro- and Nanotechnology focuses on nanotechnology and the science behind it, including solid-state physics. It provides a clear understanding of the electronic, mechanical, and optical properties of solids relied on in integrated circuits (ICs), MEMS, and NEMS. After exploring the rise of Si, MEMS, and NEMS in a historical context, the text discusses crystallography, quantum mechanics, the band theory of solids, and the silicon single crystal. It concludes with coverage of photonics, the quantum hall effect, and superconductivity. Fully illustrated in color, the text offers end-of-chapter problems, worked examples, extensive references, and a comprehensive glossary of terms. Topics include: Crystallography and the crystalline materials used in many semiconductor devices Quantum mechanics, the band theory of solids, and the relevance of quantum mechanics in the context of ICs and NEMS Single crystal Si properties that conspire to make Si so important Optical properties of bulk 3D metals, insulators, and semiconductors Effects of electron and photon confinement in lower dimensional structures How evanescent fields on metal surfaces enable the guiding of light below the diffraction limit in plasmonics Metamaterials and how they could make for perfect lenses, changing the photonic field forever Fluidic propulsion mechanisms and the influence of miniaturization on fluid behavior Electromechanical and optical analytical processes in miniaturized components and systems The first volume in Fundamentals of Microfabrication and Nanotechnology, Third Edition, Three-Volume Set, the book presents the electronic, mechanical, and optical properties of solids that are used in integrated circuits, MEMS, and NEMS and covers quantum mechanics, electrochemistry, fluidics, and photonics. It lays the foundation for a qualitative and quantitative theoretical understanding of MEMS and NEMS.
Introduction to Solid State Physics, in its Second Edition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical properties of crystalline solids. It explains the structure of crystals, theory of crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice. As the book advances, it describes different kinds of imperfections in crystals, bonding in solids, and vibration in one-dimensional monoatomic and diatomic linear lattice. Different theories of specific heat, thermal conductivity of solids and lattice thermal conductivity are thoroughly dealt with. Coverage also includes the free electron theory, band theory of solids and semiconductors. In addition, the book also describes in detail the magnetic properties of solids and superconductivity. Finally, the book includes discussions on lasers, nanotechnology and the basic principles of fibre optics and holography. Some new topics like cellular method, quantum Hall effect, de Haas van Alphen effect, Pauli paramagnetism and semiconductor laser have been added in the present edition of the book to make it more useful for the students. The book is designed to meet the requirements of undergraduate and postgraduate students of physics for their courses in solid state physics, condensed matter physics and material science. KEY FEATURES • Puts a conceptual emphasis on the subject. • Includes numerous diagrams and figures to clarify the concepts. • Gives step-by-step explanations of theories. • Provides chapter-end exercises to test the knowledge acquired.
The ideal companion in condensed matter physics - now in new and revised edition. Solving homework problems is the single most effective way for students to familiarize themselves with the language and details of solid state physics. Testing problem-solving ability is the best means at the professor's disposal for measuring student progress at critical points in the learning process. This book enables any instructor to supplement end-of-chapter textbook assignments with a large number of challenging and engaging practice problems and discover a host of new ideas for creating exam questions. Designed to be used in tandem with any of the excellent textbooks on this subject, Solid State Physics: Problems and Solutions provides a self-study approach through which advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students can develop and test their skills while acclimating themselves to the demands of the discipline. Each problem has been chosen for its ability to illustrate key concepts, properties, and systems, knowledge of which is crucial in developing a complete understanding of the subject, including: * Crystals, diffraction, and reciprocal lattices. * Phonon dispersion and electronic band structure. * Density of states. * Transport, magnetic, and optical properties. * Interacting electron systems. * Magnetism. * Nanoscale Physics.
This landmark work chronicles the origin and evolution of solid state physics, which grew to maturity between 1920 and 1960. The book examines the early roots of the field in industrial, scientific and artistic efforts and traces them through the 1950s, when many physicists around the world recognized themselves as members of a distinct subfield of physics research centered on solids. The book opens with an account of scientific and social developments that preceded the discovery of quantum mechanics, including the invention of new experimental means for studying solids and the establishment of the first industrial laboratories. The authors set the stage for the modern era by detailing the formulation of the quantum field theory of solids. The core of the book examines six major themes: the band theory of solids; the phenomenology of imperfect crystals; the puzzle of the plastic properties of solids, solved by the discovery of dislocations; magnetism; semiconductor physics; and collective phenomena, the context in which old puzzles such as superconductivity and superfluidity were finally solved. All readers interested in the history of science will find this absorbing volume an essential resource for understanding the emergence of contemporary physics.
Intended as a reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students with a basic knowledge of physics, this text provides an introduction to neutron scattering. It explains how and why neutrons are used to reveal certain fundamental physical properties of solids, provides a guide to the methods and physical problems studied using thermal neutrons, and demonstrates how neutrons have contributed to some of the most recent experimental developments in solid state physics.