Islamic Law (RLE Politics of Islam)

Social and Historical Contexts

Author: Aziz Al-Azmeh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113461005X

Category: Reference

Page: 296

View: 5717

This book underlines the mutability of Islamic law and attempts to relate its substantive and institutional varieties and transformations to social, political, economic and other historical circumstances. The studies in the book range from discussion of the received wisdom in Islamic law to studies of legal institutions and the theoretical means employed by Islamic law for the accommodation of changing historical circumstances. First published in 1988.

Agency and Gender in Gaza

Masculinity, Femininity and Family during the Second Intifada

Author: Dr Aitemad Muhanna

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472407202

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 9372

Drawing on rich interview material and adopting a life history approach, this book examines the agency of women living in insecure and uncertain conflict situations. It explores the effects of the Israeli policy of closure against Gaza and the resulting humanitarian crisis in relation to gender relations and gender subjectivity. With attention to the changing roles of men in the household and community as a result of the loss of male employment, the author explores the extension of poor women’s mobility, particularly that of young wives with dependent children, for whom the meaning of agency has shifted from being providers in the domestic sphere to becoming publicly dependent on humanitarian aid. Without conflating women’s agency with resistance to patriarchy, Agency and Gender in Gaza extends the concept of agency to include its subjective and intersubjective elements, shedding light on the recent distortion of the traditional gender order and the reasons for which women resist the masculine power that they have acquired as a result. An empirically grounded examination of the attempt to maintain the meaning of social existence through the preservation of socially constructed images of masculinity and femininity, this book will be of interest to social scientists with interests in gender studies, masculinities and the sociology of the family.

Arab Women in the Field

Studying Your Own Society

Author: Soraya Altorki,Camillia Fawzi El-Solh

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815624509

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 8268

For the first time, Arab women researchers perform field work in their own societies and discuss the experience. As a group, they also provide an excellent overview of the issues involved in a number of different Arab communities: Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, and a Bedouin community in the Egyptian Western Desert. Cloth ed. $27.95 (0-8156-2449-2) not seen. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Women and Power in the Middle East

Author: Suad Joseph,Susan Slyomovics

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812206908

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8785

The seventeen essays in Women and Power in the Middle East analyze the social, political, economic, and cultural forces that shape gender systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Published at different times in Middle East Report, the journal of the Middle East Research and Information Project, the essays document empirically the similarities and differences in the gendering of relations of power in twelve countries—Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Together they seek to build a framework for understanding broad patterns of gender in the Arab-Islamic world. Challenging questions are addressed throughout. What roles have women played in politics in this region? When and why are women politically mobilized, and which women? Does the nature and impact of their mobilization differ if it is initiated by the state, nationalist movements, revolutionary parties, or spontaneous revolt? And what happens to women when those agents of mobilization win or lose? In investigating these and other issues, the essays take a look at the impact of rapid social change in the Arab-Islamic world. They also analyze Arab disillusionment with the radical nationalisms of the 1950s and 1960s and with leftist ideologies, as well as the rise of political Islamist movements. Indeed the essays present rich new approaches to assessing what political participation has meant for women in this region and how emerging national states there have dealt with organized efforts by women to influence the institutions that govern their lives. Designed for courses in Middle East, women's, and cultural studies, Women and Power in the Middle East offers to both students and scholars an excellent introduction to the study of gender in the Arab-Islamic world.

Education in the Arab Gulf States and the Arab World

An Annotated Bibliographic Guide

Author: Nagat El-Sanabary

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780824082499

Category: Education

Page: 572

View: 1035

This annotated guide of English-language material on education in the Arab world includes books, journal articles, national and international reports and documents and Ph.D. dissertations. The author opens with an introductory essay on the development of education in the Arab Gulf states and an analysis of current issues in educational research. Chapters cover the social context of education; educational systems and structures; country reports on educational developments between 1950 and 1980; religion and education; education at the pre-college level; and higher education with special attention to systems and institutions, curriculum and evaluation, management, students in national and foreign universities, research, sciences, and technology. The book also examines women's education; teachers and teacher education; educational planning; manpower and education; educational guidance and counseling; special education; literacy and adult education; and educational media and instructional technology. Author and subject indexes are provided.

Tales Arab Women Tell and the Behavioral Patterns They Portray

Author: Hasan M. El-Shamy

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253335296

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 1434

"Tales Arab Women Tellis a rare, intriguing, and highly readable collection of Arab tales performed by female narrators. It presents tales from the Arab world in a fluent and attractive way. The arrangement of tales . . . proves to be a source of inspiration, since it invites the readers to view and understand the tales, some of which they might know from a European context, in the social relevance they possess in their original surrounding." – Ulrich Marzolph Tales Arab Women Tellis a cross-cultural examination of kinship and affinal relations as expressed in traditional folktales and other genres of lore. This study is based on field data compiled by the author. The gender factor and its impact on the form, structure, and contents of each item are explored in conjunction with the concepts of multiple role-playing, role transition, and role-strain. The author dates the beginning of awareness of "women's culture" to the field observations and the writings of al-Jahiz [circumflex over the second "a," dot under the "h" and dot under the "z"] (d. 868, or 9 A. D.). The tales are arranged according to an analytical system focusing on the various family and social situations depicted in the texts. Four large groups of social interaction are portrayed, labelled "Parents and Paternal Figures," "Courtship and Marital Relations," "Siblings," and "Boy and Mother's Brother," respectively. Each tale is introduced by a short note providing information about the narrator (family situation, age, regional origin, education, etc.) and the specific or general situational background of narrative performance of the tale. Each introductory note is followed by a commentary on the social aspects of the family situation treated in the tale, giving special emphasis to the circumstances of their Arab Islamic social background. After these two introductory passages, the tales are presented in a clear, fluent, and very readable English style, with an obvious effort to reproduce as close as possible their original language in dialogic structure, verbal rendering, and wording. The presentation of the tales is followed by general notes explaining linguistic details, giving original Arab words and terms and commenting on various minor aspects of the content. An appendix supplies a detailed analysis of tale-types, motifs, and occurrences.

The Arab State and Women's Rights

The Trap of Authoritarian Governance

Author: Elham Manea

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113666310X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5651

Researchers studying gender politics in Arab societies have been puzzled by a phenomenon common in many Arab states – while women are granted suffrage rights, they are often discriminated against by the state in their private lives. This book addresses this phenomenon, maintaining that the Arab state functions according to a certain ‘logic’ and ‘patterns’ which have direct consequences on its gender policies, in both the public and private spheres. Using the features of the Arab Authoritarian state as a basis for a theoretical framework of analysis, the author draws on detailed fieldwork and first-hand interviews to study women’s rights in three countries - Yemen, Syria, and Kuwait. She argues that the puzzle may be resolved once we focus on the features of the Arab state, and its stage of development. Offering a new approach to the study of gender and politics in Arab states, this book will be of great interest to scholars and students of gender studies, international politics and Middle East studies.

The Contemporary Study of the Arab World

Author: Earl L. Sullivan,Tareq Y. Ismael,Jacqueline S. Ismael

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888642110

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 8768

The contributors discuss issues central to the debate about the "proper" study of Arabs and Islam, methodological perspectives on the study of the Arab World, urban studies, women's studies, economics and economic policy, foreign policy and strategic studies.

Gender and Development in the Arab World

Women's Economic Participation : Patterns and Policies

Author: Nabil F. Khoury,Valentine M. Moghadam

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9781856493666

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 7248

This much-needed book explores Arab women's share in employment and their contribution to national economic development. It documents the patterns and trends of female employment and highlights the determinants of labour force participation in a number of countries.

Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance

Lessons from the Arab World

Author: Professor Maha El Said,Doctor Lena Meari,Doctor Nicola Pratt

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1783602856

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5983

Ever since the uprisings that swept the Arab world, the role of Arab women in political transformations received unprecedented media attention. The copious commentary, however, has yet to result in any serious study of the gender dynamics of political upheaval. Rethinking Gender in Revolutions and Resistance is the first book to analyse the interplay between moments of sociopolitical transformation, emerging subjectivities and the different modes of women’s agency in forging new gender norms in the Arab world. Written by scholars and activists from the countries affected, including Palestine, Egypt, Tunisia and Libya, this is an important addition to Middle Eastern gender studies.

Gender and Violence in the Middle East

Author: Moha Ennaji,Fatima Sadiqi

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136824332

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 9512

This book examines the issue of gender and violence in the Middle East and North Africa. Drawing on case studies across the region, the authors examine the historical, cultural, religious, social, legal and political factors affecting the issue.

Music and Media in the Arab World

Author: Michael Aaron Frishkopf

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774162930

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 5264

Since the turn of the twentieth century the dramatic rise of mass media has profoundly transformed music practices in the Arab world. Music has adapted to successive forms of media disseminationfrom phonograph cylinders to MP3seach subjected to the political and economic forces of its particular era and region. Carried by mass media, the broader culture of Arab music has been thoroughly transformed as well. Simultaneously, mass mediated music has become a powerful social force. While parallel processes have unfolded worldwide, their implications in the Arabic-speaking world have thus far received little scholarly attention. This provocative volume features sixteen new essays examining these issues, especially televised music and the controversial new genre of the music video. Perceptive voicesboth emerging and establishedrepresent a wide variety of academic disciplines. Incisive essays by Egyptian critics display the textures of public Arabic discourse to an English readership. Authors address the key issues of contemporary Arab societygender and sexuality, Islam, class, economy, power, and nationas refracted through the culture of mediated music. Interconnected by a web of recurrent concepts, this collection transcends music to become an important resource for the study of contemporary Arab society and culture. Contributors: Wael Abdel Fattah, Yasser Abdel-Latif, Moataz Abdel Aziz, Tamim Al-Barghouti, Mounir Al Wassimi, Walter Armbrust, Elisabeth Cestor, Hani Darwish, Walid El Khachab, Abdel-Wahab Elmessiri, James Grippo, Patricia Kubala, Katherine Meizel, Zein Nassar, Ibrahim Saleh, Laith Ulaby.

Women in the Medieval Islamic World

Author: Gavin Hambly

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312224516

Category: History

Page: 566

View: 1311

Includes bibliographical references p. 551-559 and index.

Sexuality in the Arab World

Author: Samir Khalaf,John Gagnon

Publisher: Saqi

ISBN: 0863564879

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5540

Arab cultural discourse has been slow to respond to changing sexual behaviour. The contributors to this collection pick up the slack, ranging across such disciplines as literature, history, sociology and psychology. Is Damascus the 'chastity capital' of the Middle East, where perceptions of wealth and class fuel female rivalries? How do gay men cruise in Beirut? How do young women in Tunis cope with both social pressures to become thin and family pressures to gain weight? What do Lebanese creative-writing students write about sexual practices versus public behaviour? The fresh, compelling research topi covered include masculinity and migration; colonialism and sexual health; fantasy and violence; and domestic workers and sexual tensions. 'Other people's sex lives have always been a source of fascination, and nowhere more so than in the Middle East ... Ground-breaking.' New Statesman

Contemporary Arab Thought

Cultural Critique in Comparative Perspective

Author: Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231516177

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 6310

During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.

Democracy in the Arab World

Explaining the Deficit

Author: Ibrahim Elbadawi,Samir Makdisi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136979611

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 5409

Despite notable socio-economic development in the Arab region, a deficit in democracy and political rights has continued to prevail. This book examines the major reasons underlying the persistence of this democracy deficit over the past decades and touches on the prospects for deepening the process of democratization in the Arab World. Contributions from major scholars in the region give a cross country analysis of economic development, political institutions and social factors, and the impact of oil wealth and regional wars, and present a model for democracy in the Arab world. Case studies are drawn from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Sudan and the Gulf region, building on these cross-country analyses and probing beyond the model’s main global variables. Looking beyond the effect of oil and conflicts, the chapters illustrate how specific socio-political history of the country concerned, fear of fundamentalist groups, collusion with foreign powers and foreign interventions, and the co-option of the elites by the state contribute to these problems of democratization. Situating the democratic position of the Arab World in a global context, this book is an important contribution to the field of Middle Eastern politics, development studies, and studies on conflict and democracy.

Beyond The Exotic

Women's Histories In Islamic Societies

Author: Amira El Azhary Sonbol

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630555

Category: Religion

Page: 522

View: 1684

Most research has accepted stereotypical images of Muslim women, treating their outward manifestations, such as veiling, as passive and oppressive. By approaching widely used sources with different questions and methodologies, this book redresses these deficiencies. Contributors revisit and reevaluate scripture and scriptural interpretation; church records involving non-Muslim women of the Arab world; archival court records dating from the present back to the Ottoman period; and the oral and material culture and its written record, including oral history, textbooks, sufi practices, and the politics of dress.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 8008

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Women's Roles in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Ruth Margolies Beitler,Angelica R. Martinez

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 4653

Explores the roles of Middle Eastern and North African women, discussing the relationship between women and religion, work, family, law, and culture and noting the differences wrought by time period and location.