The spaces of functions with derivatives in p, called the Sobolev spaces, play an important role in modern analysis. During the last decades, these spaces have been intensively studied and by now many problems associated with them have been solved. However, the theory of these function classes for domains with nonsmooth boundaries is still in an unsatisfactory state.In this book, which partially fills this gap, certain aspects of the theory of Sobolev spaces for domains with singularities are studied. We mainly focus on the so-called imbedding theorems, extension theorems and trace theorems that have numerous applications to partial differential equations. Some of such applications are given.Much attention is also paid to counter examples showing, in particular, the difference between Sobolev spaces of the first and higher orders. A considerable part of the monograph is devoted to Sobolev classes for parameter dependent domains and domains with cusps, which are the simplest non-Lipschitz domains frequently used in applications.This book will be interesting not only to specialists in analysis but also to postgraduate students.
The book deals with the two scales Bsp,q and Fsp,q of spaces of distributions, where ‐∞s∞ and 0p,q≤∞, which include many classical and modern spaces, such as Hölder spaces, Zygmund classes, Sobolev spaces, Besov spaces, Bessel-potential spaces, Hardy spaces and spaces of BMO-type. It is the main aim of this book to give a unified treatment of the corresponding spaces on the Euclidean n-space Rsubn
This research monograph focusses on a large class of variational elliptic problems with mixed boundary conditions on domains with various corner singularities, edges, polyhedral vertices, cracks, slits. In a natural functional framework (ordinary Sobolev Hilbert spaces) Fredholm and semi-Fredholm properties of induced operators are completely characterized. By specially choosing the classes of operators and domains and the functional spaces used, precise and general results may be obtained on the smoothness and asymptotics of solutions. A new type of characteristic condition is introduced which involves the spectrum of associated operator pencils and some ideals of polynomials satisfying some boundary conditions on cones. The methods involve many perturbation arguments and a new use of Mellin transform. Basic knowledge about BVP on smooth domains in Sobolev spaces is the main prerequisite to the understanding of this book. Readers interested in the general theory of corner domains will find here a new basic theory (new approaches and results) as well as a synthesis of many already known results; those who need regularity conditions and descriptions of singularities for numerical analysis will find precise statements and also a means to obtain further one in many explicit situtations.
Sobolev Spaces presents an introduction to the theory of Sobolev Spaces and other related spaces of function, also to the imbedding characteristics of these spaces. This theory is widely used in pure and Applied Mathematics and in the Physical Sciences. This second edition of Adam's 'classic' reference text contains many additions and much modernizing and refining of material. The basic premise of the book remains unchanged: Sobolev Spaces is intended to provide a solid foundation in these spaces for graduate students and researchers alike. Self-contained and accessible for readers in other disciplines Written at elementary level making it accessible to graduate students
The analysis of Euclidean space is well-developed. The classical Lie groups that act naturally on Euclidean space-the rotations, dilations, and trans lations-have both shaped and guided this development. In particular, the Fourier transform and the theory of translation invariant operators (convolution transforms) have played a central role in this analysis. Much modern work in analysis takes place on a domain in space. In this context the tools, perforce, must be different. No longer can we expect there to be symmetries. Correspondingly, there is no longer any natural way to apply the Fourier transform. Pseudodifferential operators and Fourier integral operators can playa role in solving some of the problems, but other problems require new, more geometric, ideas. At a more basic level, the analysis of a smoothly bounded domain in space requires a great deal of preliminary spadework. Tubular neighbor hoods, the second fundamental form, the notion of "positive reach", and the implicit function theorem are just some of the tools that need to be invoked regularly to set up this analysis. The normal and tangent bundles become part of the language of classical analysis when that analysis is done on a domain. Many of the ideas in partial differential equations-such as Egorov's canonical transformation theorem-become rather natural when viewed in geometric language. Many of the questions that are natural to an analyst-such as extension theorems for various classes of functions-are most naturally formulated using ideas from geometry.
From the Preface: The finite element method is now widely used in many areas of applied mathematics, physics and engineering....The object of this book is to give a thorough introduction to a number of theoretical fields connected with the finite element method....It has developed as a result of various lectures on the analysis of the finite element method taught by the author at the ETH in Zurich. Encouraged by the response to these lectures, the author feels that the book has become a readable text which can help ordinary mortals to start to understand the theory of finite element methods. The reader is assumed to have only an undergraduate background in mathematical analysis.
This book is about differentiation of functions. It is divided into two parts, which can be used as different textbooks, one for an advanced undergraduate course in functions of one variable and one for a graduate course on Sobolev functions. The first part develops the theory of monotone, absolutely continuous, and bounded variation functions of one variable and their relationship with Lebesgue–Stieltjes measures and Sobolev functions. It also studies decreasing rearrangement and curves. The second edition includes a chapter on functions mapping time into Banach spaces. The second part of the book studies functions of several variables. It begins with an overview of classical results such as Rademacher's and Stepanoff's differentiability theorems, Whitney's extension theorem, Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the divergence theorem for Lipschitz domains. It then moves to distributions, Fourier transforms and tempered distributions. The remaining chapters are a treatise on Sobolev functions. The second edition focuses more on higher order derivatives and it includes the interpolation theorems of Gagliardo and Nirenberg. It studies embedding theorems, extension domains, chain rule, superposition, Poincaré's inequalities and traces. A major change compared to the first edition is the chapter on Besov spaces, which are now treated using interpolation theory.
This book, which is based on several courses of lectures given by the author at the Independent University of Moscow, is devoted to Sobolev-type spaces and boundary value problems for linear elliptic partial differential equations. Its main focus is on problems in non-smooth (Lipschitz) domains for strongly elliptic systems. The author, who is a prominent expert in the theory of linear partial differential equations, spectral theory and pseudodifferential operators, has included his own very recent findings in the present book. The book is well suited as a modern graduate textbook, utilizing a thorough and clear format that strikes a good balance between the choice of material and the style of exposition. It can be used both as an introduction to recent advances in elliptic equations and boundary value problems and as a valuable survey and reference work. It also includes a good deal of new and extremely useful material not available in standard textbooks to date. Graduate and post-graduate students, as well as specialists working in the fields of partial differential equations, functional analysis, operator theory and mathematical physics will find this book particularly valuable.
A cognitive journey towards the reliable simulation of scattering problems using finite element methods, with the pre-asymptotic analysis of Galerkin FEM for the Helmholtz equation with moderate and large wave number forming the core of this book. Starting from the basic physical assumptions, the author methodically develops both the strong and weak forms of the governing equations, while the main chapter on finite element analysis is preceded by a systematic treatment of Galerkin methods for indefinite sesquilinear forms. In the final chapter, three dimensional computational simulations are presented and compared with experimental data. The author also includes broad reference material on numerical methods for the Helmholtz equation in unbounded domains, including Dirichlet-to-Neumann methods, absorbing boundary conditions, infinite elements and the perfectly matched layer. A self-contained and easily readable work.
Applications in Analysis and Partial Differential Equations
Author: Vladimir Maz'ya
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Sobolev spaces become the established and universal language of partial differential equations and mathematical analysis. Among a huge variety of problems where Sobolev spaces are used, the following important topics are the focus of this volume: boundary value problems in domains with singularities, higher order partial differential equations, local polynomial approximations, inequalities in Sobolev-Lorentz spaces, function spaces in cellular domains, the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator with negative potential and other spectral problems, criteria for the complete integration of systems of differential equations with applications to differential geometry, some aspects of differential forms on Riemannian manifolds related to Sobolev inequalities, Brownian motion on a Cartan-Hadamard manifold, etc. Two short biographical articles on the works of Sobolev in the 1930s and the foundation of Akademgorodok in Siberia, supplied with unique archive photos of S. Sobolev are included.
The objective of this self-contained book is two-fold. First, the reader is introduced to the modelling and mathematical analysis used in fluid mechanics, especially concerning the Navier-Stokes equations which is the basic model for the flow of incompressible viscous fluids. Authors introduce mathematical tools so that the reader is able to use them for studying many other kinds of partial differential equations, in particular nonlinear evolution problems. The background needed are basic results in calculus, integration, and functional analysis. Some sections certainly contain more advanced topics than others. Nevertheless, the authors’ aim is that graduate or PhD students, as well as researchers who are not specialized in nonlinear analysis or in mathematical fluid mechanics, can find a detailed introduction to this subject. .
Several books deal with Sobolev spaces on open subsets of R (n), but none yet with Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds, despite the fact that the theory of Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds already goes back about 20 years. The book of Emmanuel Hebey will fill this gap, and become a necessary reading for all using Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds. Hebey's presentation is very detailed, and includes the most recent developments due mainly to the author himself and to Hebey-Vaugon. He makes numerous things more precise, and discusses the hypotheses to test whether they can be weakened, and also presents new results.
AMS Special Sessions, March 12-13, 2011, Statesboro, Georgia : the JAMI Conference, March 21-25, 2011, Baltimore, Maryland
Author: Andrea R. Nahmod
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
This volume is based on the AMS Special Session on Harmonic Analysis and Partial Differential Equations and the AMS Special Session on Nonlinear Analysis of Partial Differential Equations, both held March 12-13, 2011, at Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia, as well as the JAMI Conference on Analysis of PDEs, held March 21-25, 2011, at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. These conferences all concentrated on problems of current interest in harmonic analysis and PDE, with emphasis on the interaction between them. This volume consists of invited expositions as well as research papers that address prospects of the recent significant development in the field of analysis and PDE. The central topics mainly focused on using Fourier, spectral and geometrical methods to treat wellposedness, scattering and stability problems in PDE, including dispersive type evolution equations, higher-order systems and Sobolev spaces theory that arise in aspects of mathematical physics. The study of all these problems involves state-of-the-art techniques and approaches that have been used and developed in the last decade. The interrelationship between the theory and the tools reflects the richness and deep connections between various subjects in both classical and modern analysis.
The Sobolev spaces, i. e. the classes of functions with derivatives in L , occupy p an outstanding place in analysis. During the last two decades a substantial contribution to the study of these spaces has been made; so now solutions to many important problems connected with them are known. In the present monograph we consider various aspects of Sobolev space theory. Attention is paid mainly to the so called imbedding theorems. Such theorems, originally established by S. L. Sobolev in the 1930s, proved to be a useful tool in functional analysis and in the theory of linear and nonlinear par tial differential equations. We list some questions considered in this book. 1. What are the requirements on the measure f1, for the inequality q