Single-case and Small-n Experimental Designs

A Practical Guide To Randomization Tests, Second Edition

Author: Pat Dugard,Portia File,Jonathan Todman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136588477

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 4655

This practical guide explains the use of randomization tests and provides example designs and macros for implementation in IBM SPSS and Excel. It reviews the theory and practice of single-case and small-n designs so readers can draw valid causal inferences from small-scale clinical studies. The macros and example data are provided on the book’s website so that users can run analyses of the text data as well as data from their own studies. The new edition features: More explanation as to why randomization tests are useful and how to apply them. More varied and expanded examples that demonstrate the use of these tests in education, clinical work and psychology. A website with the macros and datasets for all of the text examples in IBM SPSS and Excel. Exercises at the end of most chapters that help readers test their understanding of the material. A new glossary that defines the key words that appear in italics when they are first introduced. A new appendix that reviews the basic skills needed to do randomization tests. New appendices that provide annotated SPSS and Excel macros to help readers write their own or tinker with the ones provided in the book. The book opens with an overview of single case and small n designs -- why they are needed and how they differ from descriptive case studies. Chapter 2 focuses on the basic concepts of randoization tests. Next how to choose and implement a randomization design is reviewed including material on how to perform the randomizations, how to select the number of observations, and how to record the data. Chapter 5 focuses on how to analyze the data including how to use the macros and understand the results. Chapter 6 shows how randomization tests fit into the body of statistical inference. Chapter 7 discusses size and power. The book concludes with a demonstration of how to edit or modify the macros or use parts of them to write your own. Ideal as a text for courses on single-case, small n design, and/or randomization tests taught at the graduate level in psychology (especially clinical, counseling, educational, and school), education, human development, nursing, and other social and health sciences, this inexpensive book also serves as a supplement in statistics or research methods courses. Practitioners and researchers with an applied clinical focus also appreciate this book’s accessible approach. An introduction to basic statistics, SPSS, and Excel is assumed.

Experimental Design and Statistics for Psychology

A First Course

Author: Fabio Sani,John Todman,John B. Todman

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

ISBN: 9781405100243

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 7363

Experimental Design and Statistics for Psychology: A First Course is a concise and accessible introduction to the design of psychology experiments and the statistical tests used to make sense of their results. Written in a straightforward, effective style and making abundant use of charts, diagrams and figures, this book assumes no prior knowledge of statistics and will be of benefit to all students needing a clear pathway into this often confusing area. The book introduces the main aspects of experimental design and statistics, including: how to formulate precise hypotheses and design experiments aimed at testing them. coverage of different aspects of experimental design. descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of experimental data. the difference between experimental and correlational studies. detailed instructions on how to perform statistical tests with SPSS. An invaluable step-by-step guide to all psychology students needing a firm grasp of the basics, Experimental Design and Statistics for Psychology: A First Course will also fire the imagination of more ambitious students by tackling some of the topic’s more complex, controversial issues. This book is also supported by an online password protected lecturer resource site which features test questions, downloadable figures and tables, and sample SPSS data-sets. Visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/sani.

Single Subject Designs in Biomedicine

Author: Janine E. Janosky,Shelley L. Leininger,Michael P. Hoerger,Terry M. Libkuman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048124442

Category: Medical

Page: 124

View: 3568

Single Subject Designs in Biomedicine draws upon the rich history of single case research within the educational and behavioral research settings and extends the application to the field of biomedicine. Biomedical illustrations are used to demonstrate the processes of designing, implementing, and evaluating a single subject design. Strengths and limitations of various methodologies are presented, along with specific clinical areas of application in which these applications would be appropriate. Statistical and visual techniques for data analysis are also discussed. The breadth and depth of information provided is suitable for medical students in research oriented courses, primary care practitioners and medical specialists seeking to apply methods of evidence practice to improve patient care, and medical researchers who are expanding their methodological expertise to include single subject designs. Increasing awareness of the utility in the single subject design could enhance treatment approach and evaluation both in biomedical research and medical care settings.

Interventionen bei Lernstörungen

Förderung, Training und Therapie in der Praxis

Author: Gerhard W. Lauth,Matthias Grünke,Joachim C. Brunstein

Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag

ISBN: 3840924863

Category: Education

Page: 591

View: 573

Der Anteil an Kindern und Jugendlichen mit gravierenden Lernschwierigkeiten hat sich in den letzten Jahren nicht verringert – im Gegenteil. Immer mehr Mädchen und Jungen weisen selbst im Hinblick auf grundlegende Lese,- Rechtschreib- und Rechenfertigkeiten massive Rückstände auf. Je länger eine wirksame Hilfe ausbleibt, umso schwieriger wird es, die Kluft zwischen den tatsächlichen Leistungen und den Anforderungen zu verkleinern. Leider orientiert sich die praktische Förderung von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit Lernproblemen hierzulande selten an wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen. Oftmals erfreuen sich vor allem diejenigen Methoden ganz besonderer Beliebtheit, die nachweislich keine nennenswerten Verbesserungen bewirken. Nicht zuletzt macht es die zunehmende schulische Inklusion erforderlich, leistungsschwächere Mädchen und Jungen nicht zu übersehen und effektive Interventionen einzusetzen. Der vorliegende Band präsentiert in seiner überarbeiteten und erweiterten Neuauflage zahlreiche effektive Möglichkeiten der Lernförderung. Führende Expertinnen und Experten stellen Interventionen mit einer empirisch gut belegten Wirksamkeit so dar, dass sie im (Förder-)Unterricht, in Trainings und in Therapien leicht umgesetzt werden können. Im ersten Teil geht es um die wichtigsten Formen von Lernstörungen. Der zweite Teil enthält Informationen über Interventionen zur Förderung spezifischer Lernleistungen. Im dritten Teil werden bereichsübergreifende Techniken präsentiert, die sich bei der Behandlung von Lernschwierigkeiten als nützlich erwiesen haben. Die Beiträge folgen einer einheitlichen Gliederung und zeigen jeweils konkret und verständlich auf, wie eine jeweilige Intervention zu planen und durchzuführen ist. Den Abschluss der Kapitel des zweiten und dritten Teils bilden Hinweise zur organisatorischen Umsetzung der Förderung sowie Angaben zu ihrer Effektivität. Das Buch ist eine unentbehrliche Informationsquelle für alle Fachleute, die mit schulschwachen Kindern oder Jugendlichen arbeiten.

Single-Case Research Design and Analysis (Psychology Revivals)

New Directions for Psychology and Education

Author: Thomas R. Kratochwill,Joel R. Levin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317535642

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 3734

Originally published in 1992, the editors of this volume fulfill three main goals: to take stock of progress in the development of data-analysis procedures for single-subject research; to clearly explain errors of application and consider them within the context of new theoretical and empirical information of the time; and to closely examine new developments in the analysis of data from single-subject or small n experiments. To meet these goals, this book provides examples of applicable single-subject research data analysis. It presents a wide variety of topics and perspectives and hopes that readers will select the data-analysis strategies that best reflect their methodological approaches, statistical sophistication, and philosophical beliefs. These strategies include visual analysis, nonparametric tests, time-series experiments, applications of statistical procedures for multiple behaviors, applications of meta-analysis in single-subject research, and discussions of issues related to the application and misapplication of selected techniques.

Research Methods: A Modular Approach

Author: Sherri Jackson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495098906

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 6550

Sherri Jackson's RESEARCH METHODS: A MODULAR APPROACH combines a lively writing style with a novel approach to offer a refreshing alternative for the research methods course. Topics are treated in relatively compact units that, though logically sequenced, can be used in any order. The critical thinking theme that threads through the book engages your thinking by asking you to continually evaluate evidence. .Brief, yet comprehensive, this text will help you master the material in an engaging way. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 807

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Real data analysis

Author: Shlomo S. Sawilowsky

Publisher: Information Age Publishing

ISBN: 9781593115654

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 2187

The invited authors of this edited volume have been prolific in the arena of Real Data Analysis (RDA) as it applies to the social and behavioral sciences, especially in the disciplines of education and psychology. Combined, this brain trust represents 3,247 articles in refereed journals, 127 books published, US $45.3 Million in extramural research funding, 34 teaching and 92 research awards, serve(d) as Editor/Assistant Editor/Editorial Board Member for 95 peer reviewed journals, and provide( d) ad hoc reviews for 362 journals. Their enormous footprint on real data analysis is showcased for professors, researchers, educators, administrators, and graduate students in the second text in the AERA/SIG ES Quantitative Methods series.

Evaluating Practice

Guidelines for the Accountable Professional

Author: Martin Bloom,Joel Fischer,John G. Orme

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205466986

Category: Political Science

Page: 721

View: 2892

"Focusing on single-system designs, Evaluating Practice, 6/e presents clear guidelines on conceptualizing and measuring problems, developing practice-oriented evaluation designs, understanding and analyzing data, and ethical guidelines for practice evaluation. Unsurpassed among human service evaluation texts for bringing clarity to evaluation procedures, Evaluating Practice comes with a free CD-ROM featuring numerous programs, including the innovative SINGWIN program for analyzing data (created by Charles Auerbach, David Schnall, and Heidi Heft Laporte of Yeshiva University), and the CASS and CAAP programs (created by Walter Hudson) for managing cases and scoring scales."--Publisher's Website.

Advances in Special Education

Author: Festus E. Obiakor,Jeffrey P. Bakken,Anthony F. Rotatori

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781849509541

Category: Education

Page: 203

View: 5378

This is the second of two themed volumes addressing "Current Issues and Trends in Special Education". Volume 20 covers research, technology, and teacher preparation whilst volume 19 covered identification, assessment and instruction. The field of special education constantly changes as a result of legislation, new instructional formats and current research investigations. It can be difficult for general and special educators, school counselors and psychologists, administrators and practicing clinicians to keep up with these changes and be current in all areas relating to special education. The special education literature knowledge base should reflect these changes; however, there is no current resource that effectively and comprehensively does this. The purpose of Current Issues and Trends in Special Education is to fill this void, providing chapters written by active researchers and practitioners in their respective areas.

Die Macht der Gewohnheit: Warum wir tun, was wir tun

Author: Charles Duhigg

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827070740

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6568

Seit kurzem versuchen Hirnforscher, Verhaltenspsychologen und Soziologen gemeinsam neue Antworten auf eine uralte Frage zu finden: Warum tun wir eigentlich, was wir tun? Was genau prägt unsere Gewohnheiten? Anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der Forschung wie dem Alltag erzählt Charles Duhigg von der Macht der Routine und kommt dem Mechanismus, aber auch den dunklen Seiten der Gewohnheit auf die Spur. Er erklärt, warum einige Menschen es schaffen, über Nacht mit dem Rauchen aufzuhören (und andere nicht), weshalb das Geheimnis sportlicher Höchstleistung in antrainierten Automatismen liegt und wie sich die Anonymen Alkoholiker die Macht der Gewohnheit zunutze machen. Nicht zuletzt schildert er, wie Konzerne Millionen ausgeben, um unsere Angewohnheiten für ihre Zwecke zu manipulieren. Am Ende wird eines klar: Die Macht von Gewohnheiten prägt unser Leben weit mehr, als wir es ahnen.

An Applied Reference Guide to Research Designs: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods

Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods

Author: W. Alex Edmonds,Thomas D. Kennedy

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452205094

Category: Reference

Page: 213

View: 5862

Students often struggle with conceptualizing the most appropriate research design, before they begin collecting data and answering their research question. This book presents quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research designs in education and the social and behavioral sciences using consistent terminology, and in a way that students can understand and apply in their own investigations. The book helps students conceptualize, construct, test, problem solve, and acquire knowledge, through a wealth of visual aids and real-world examples. It is an ideal text for coursework and also a reference in the field.

Die Street Corner Society

Die Sozialstruktur eines Italienerviertels

Author: William Foote Whyte

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110809648

Category: Social Science

Page: 403

View: 4105

Self Continuity

Individual and Collective Perspectives

Author: Fabio Sani

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135599297

Category: Psychology

Page: 289

View: 3785

This volume is the first to bring together the fast-growing research on self-continuity from multiple perspectives within and beyond social psychology. The book covers individual and collective aspects of self-continuity, while a final section explores the relationship between these two forms. Topics include environmental and cultural influences on self-continuity; the interplay of autobiographical memory and personal self-continuity; the psychological function of self-continuity; personal and collective self-continuity; and resistance to change. The volume is rounded off with commentaries on the central issues and themes that have been discussed. The book provides a unique sourcebook for this important topic and will appeal not only to upper-level students and researchers in social psychology, but, in view of the multiple perspectives represented in the volume, it will also appeal to cognitive, developmental, and personality psychologists.

Die 4-Stunden-Woche

Mehr Zeit, mehr Geld, mehr Leben

Author: Timothy Ferriss

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843704457

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 5328

Warum arbeiten wir uns eigentlich zu Tode? Haben wir nichts Besseres zu tun? Und ob! - sagt Timothy Ferriss. Der junge Unternehmer war lange Workaholic mit 80-Stunden-Woche. Doch dann erfand er MBA - Management by Absence - und ist seitdem freier, reicher, glücklicher. Mit viel Humor, provokanten Denkanstößen und erprobten Tipps erklärt Ferriss, wie sich die 4-Stunden-Woche bei vollem Lohnausgleich verwirklichen lässt. Der Wegweiser für eine Flucht aus dem Hamsterrad und ein Manifest für eine neue Gewichtung zwischen Leben und Arbeiten.

Art Therapy, Research and Evidence-based Practice

Author: Andrea Gilroy

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877419

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 4508

`This is an important and topical book coming at a time when there is growing pressure to show evidence of good practice, in order to reassure the prospective client, and to demonstrate financial accountability. It gives valuable guidelines and examples for art therapists. The book is innovative and inspiring, and the author's enthusiasm shines through. I end with the last line of this topical, readable, relevant book - one that encapsulates its content: 'We need the facts, we need the figures, but we need the stories and the pictures, too' - Therapy Today `This book makes a major contribution to the field of art therapy by reviewing, in an accessible and informed manner, the issues around the development of research-informed practice. The author offers an overview of different traditions of inquiry that will be of value to practitioners as well as those actually involved in carrying out research' - John McLeod, Tayside Institute for Health Studies, University of Abertay Dundee `This impressive book is lively, inspiring and innovative. Andrea Gilroy's energetic enthusiasm for her subject is infectious. She breathes life into the topics of research and EBP. This rich exploration combines a rigorous investigation of the existing literature with intelligent, original and practical suggestions. A thorough, informative approach that challenges existing thinking. This is a must for art therapists - at last a book that places art at the centre of our evidence in a convincingly argued, accessible and rewarding read' - Professor Joy Schaverien PhD Art Therapy around the world is under increasing pressure to become more "evidence-based". As a result, practitioners now need to get to grips with what constitutes "evidence", how to apply research in appropriate ways and also how to contribute to the body of evidence through their own research and other related activities. Written specifically for art therapy practitioners and students, Art Therapy, Research & Evidence Based Practice: " traces the background to EBP " critically reviews the existing art therapy research " explains the research process " links research with the development of clinical guidelines, and " describes the knowledge and skills needed to demonstrate efficacy. Drawing on her own experience as a researcher, practitioner and lecturer, Andrea Gilroy looks at the implications of EBP for art therapy and examines common concerns about the threat it may pose to the future provision of art therapy within public services. Art Therapy, Research Evidence-Based Practice addresses issues which are critical to the future development and even the survival of art therapy. Combining insightful analysis with practical guidance and examples, this is an ideal resource for practitioners and for those in training. Andrea Gilroy is Reader in Art Psychotherapy at Goldsmiths, University of London.

The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives

Statistical Methods for Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Single-Case Studies

Author: Bradley Huitema

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118067468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 4149

A complete guide to cutting-edge techniques and best practices for applying covariance analysis methods The Second Edition of Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives sheds new light on its topic, offering in-depth discussions of underlying assumptions, comprehensive interpretations of results, and comparisons of distinct approaches. The book has been extensively revised and updated to feature an in-depth review of prerequisites and the latest developments in the field. The author begins with a discussion of essential topics relating to experimental design and analysis, including analysis of variance, multiple regression, effect size measures and newly developed methods of communicating statistical results. Subsequent chapters feature newly added methods for the analysis of experiments with ordered treatments, including two parametric and nonparametric monotone analyses as well as approaches based on the robust general linear model and reversed ordinal logistic regression. Four groundbreaking chapters on single-case designs introduce powerful new analyses for simple and complex single-case experiments. This Second Edition also features coverage of advanced methods including: Simple and multiple analysis of covariance using both the Fisher approach and the general linear model approach Methods to manage assumption departures, including heterogeneous slopes, nonlinear functions, dichotomous dependent variables, and covariates affected by treatments Power analysis and the application of covariance analysis to randomized-block designs, two-factor designs, pre- and post-test designs, and multiple dependent variable designs Measurement error correction and propensity score methods developed for quasi-experiments, observational studies, and uncontrolled clinical trials Thoroughly updated to reflect the growing nature of the field, Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives is a suitable book for behavioral and medical scineces courses on design of experiments and regression and the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an authoritative reference work for researchers and academics in the fields of medicine, clinical trials, epidemiology, public health, sociology, and engineering.