Shattered Symmetry

Group Theory from the Eightfold Way to the Periodic Table

Author: Arnout Ceulemans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190611391

Category: Group theory

Page: 536

View: 4280

The standard model of subatomic particles and the periodic table of the atoms have the common goal to bring order in the bewildering chaos of the constituents of matter. Their success relies on the presence of fundamental symmetries in their core. The purpose of the book is to share theadmiration for the power and the beauty of these symmetries. The reader is taken on a journey from the basic geometric symmetry group of a circle to the sublime dynamic symmetries that govern the motions of the particles. The trail follows the lines of parentage linking groups upstream to theunitary symmetry of the eightfold way of quarks, and to the four-dimensional symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Along the way the theory of symmetry groups is gradually introduced with special emphasis on graphical representations. The final challenge is to open up the structure of Mendeleev's tablewhich goes beyond the symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Breaking this symmetry to accommodate the multi-electron atoms requires to leave the common ground of linear algebras and explore the potential of non-linearity.

A Certain Uncertainty

Nature's Random Ways

Author: Mark P. Silverman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139992414

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7844

Based around a series of real-life scenarios, this engaging introduction to statistical reasoning will teach you how to apply powerful statistical, qualitative and probabilistic tools in a technical context. From analysis of electricity bills, baseball statistics, and stock market fluctuations, through to profound questions about physics of fermions and bosons, decaying nuclei, and climate change, each chapter introduces relevant physical, statistical and mathematical principles step-by-step in an engaging narrative style, helping to develop practical proficiency in the use of probability and statistical reasoning. With numerous illustrations making it easy to focus on the most important information, this insightful book is perfect for students and researchers of any discipline interested in the interwoven tapestry of probability, statistics, and physics.

Practical Bayesian Inference

A Primer for Physical Scientists

Author: Coryn A. L. Bailer-Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108127673

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1092

Science is fundamentally about learning from data, and doing so in the presence of uncertainty. This volume is an introduction to the major concepts of probability and statistics, and the computational tools for analysing and interpreting data. It describes the Bayesian approach, and explains how this can be used to fit and compare models in a range of problems. Topics covered include regression, parameter estimation, model assessment, and Monte Carlo methods, as well as widely used classical methods such as regularization and hypothesis testing. The emphasis throughout is on the principles, the unifying probabilistic approach, and showing how the methods can be implemented in practice. R code (with explanations) is included and is available online, so readers can reproduce the plots and results for themselves. Aimed primarily at undergraduate and graduate students, these techniques can be applied to a wide range of data analysis problems beyond the scope of this work.

Multivariate Statistical Methods

A Primer, Fourth Edition

Author: Bryan F.J. Manly,Jorge A. Navarro Alberto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498728995

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 6747

Multivariate Statistical Methods: A Primer provides an introductory overview of multivariate methods without getting too deep into the mathematical details. This fourth edition is a revised and updated version of this bestselling introductory textbook. It retains the clear and concise style of the previous editions of the book and focuses on examples from biological and environmental sciences. The major update with this edition is that R code has been included for each of the analyses described, although in practice any standard statistical package can be used. The original idea with this book still applies. This was to make it as short as possible and enable readers to begin using multivariate methods in an intelligent manner. With updated information on multivariate analyses, new references, and R code included, this book continues to provide a timely introduction to useful tools for multivariate statistical analysis.

The Equation that Couldn't Be Solved

How Mathematical Genius Discovered the Language of Symmetry

Author: Mario Livio

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743274623

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 9463

What do Bach's compositions, Rubik's Cube, the way we choose our mates, and the physics of subatomic particles have in common? All are governed by the laws of symmetry, which elegantly unify scientific and artistic principles. Yet the mathematical language of symmetry-known as group theory-did not emerge from the study of symmetry at all, but from an equation that couldn't be solved. For thousands of years mathematicians solved progressively more difficult algebraic equations, until they encountered the quintic equation, which resisted solution for three centuries. Working independently, two great prodigies ultimately proved that the quintic cannot be solved by a simple formula. These geniuses, a Norwegian named Niels Henrik Abel and a romantic Frenchman named Évariste Galois, both died tragically young. Their incredible labor, however, produced the origins of group theory. The first extensive, popular account of the mathematics of symmetry and order, The Equation That Couldn't Be Solved is told not through abstract formulas but in a beautifully written and dramatic account of the lives and work of some of the greatest and most intriguing mathematicians in history.

Pacific Currents

The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to China's Rise

Author: Evan S. Medeiros

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833044648

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 8313

China1s importance in the Asia-Pacific has been on the rise, raising concerns about competition the United States. The authors examined the reactions of six U.S. allies and partners to China1s rise. All six see China as an economic opportunity. They want it to be engaged productively in regional affairs, but without becoming dominant. They want the United States to remain deeply engaged in the region.

Introduction to High Energy Physics

Author: Donald H. Perkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643371

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8932

This highly-regarded text provides a comprehensive introduction to modern particle physics. Extensively rewritten and updated, this 4th edition includes developments in elementary particle physics, as well as its connections with cosmology and astrophysics. As in previous editions, the balance between experiment and theory is continually emphasised. The stress is on the phenomenological approach and basic theoretical concepts rather than rigorous mathematical detail. Short descriptions are given of some of the key experiments in the field, and how they have influenced our thinking. Although most of the material is presented in the context of the Standard Model of quarks and leptons, the shortcomings of this model and new physics beyond its compass (such as supersymmetry, neutrino mass and oscillations, GUTs and superstrings) are also discussed. The text includes many problems and a detailed and annotated further reading list.

Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics

Multimessenger Astronomy and its Particle Physics Foundations

Author: Alessandro De Angelis,Mário Pimenta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319781812

Category: Science

Page: 733

View: 3888

This book introduces particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. Starting from an experimental perspective, it provides a unified view of these fields that reflects the very rapid advances being made. This new edition has a number of improvements and has been updated to describe the recent discovery of gravitational waves and astrophysical neutrinos, which started the new era of multimessenger astrophysics; it also includes new results on the Higgs particle. Astroparticle and particle physics share a common problem: we still don’t have a description of the main ingredients of the Universe from the point of view of its energy budget. Addressing these fascinating issues, and offering a balanced introduction to particle and astroparticle physics that requires only a basic understanding of quantum and classical physics, this book is a valuable resource, particularly for advanced undergraduate students and for those embarking on graduate courses. It includes exercises that offer readers practical insights. It can be used equally well as a self-study book, a reference and a textbook.

Environmental DNA

For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Author: Pierre Taberlet,Aurélie Bonin,Lucie Zinger,Eric Coissac

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191079995

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3938

Environmental DNA (eDNA) refers to DNA that can be extracted from environmental samples (such as soil, water, feces, or air) without the prior isolation of any target organism. The analysis of environmental DNA has the potential of providing high-throughput information on taxa and functional genes in a given environment, and is easily amenable to the study of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. It can provide an understanding of past or present biological communities as well as their trophic relationships, and can thus offer useful insights into ecosystem functioning. There is now a rapidly-growing interest amongst biologists in applying analysis of environmental DNA to their own research. However, good practices and protocols dealing with environmental DNA are currently widely dispersed across numerous papers, with many of them presenting only preliminary results and using a diversity of methods. In this context, the principal objective of this practical handbook is to provide biologists (both students and researchers) with the scientific background necessary to assist with the understanding and implementation of best practices and analyses based on environmental DNA.

The Foundations of Buddhism

Author: Rupert Gethin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192892231

Category: Religion

Page: 333

View: 3480

In this introduction to the foundations of Buddhism, Rupert Gethin concentrates on the ideas and practices which constitute the common heritage of the different traditions of Buddhism (Thervada, Tibetan and Eastern) which exist in the world today.

Gravity: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Clifton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191045330

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 8498

Gravity is one of the four fundamental interactions that exist in nature. It also has the distinction of being the oldest, weakest, and most difficult force to quantize. Understanding gravity is not only essential for understanding the motion of objects on Earth, but also the motion of all celestial objects, and even the expansion of the Universe itself. It was the study of gravity that led Einstein to his profound realisations about the nature of space and time. Gravity is not only universal, it is also essential for understanding the behaviour of the Universe, and all astrophysical bodies within it. In this Very Short Introduction Timothy Clifton looks at the development of our understanding of gravity since the early observations of Kepler and Newtonian theory. He discusses Einstein's theory of gravity, which now supplants Newton's, showing how it allows us to understand why the frequency of light changes as it passes through a gravitational field, why GPS satellites need their clocks corrected as they orbit the Earth, and why the orbits of distant neutron stars speed up. Today, almost 100 years after Einstein published his theory of gravity, we have even detected the waves of gravitational radiation that he predicted. Clifton concludes by considering the testing and application of general relativity in astrophysics and cosmology, and looks at dark energy and efforts such as string theory to combine gravity with quantum mechanics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The New Harvest

Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Author: Calestous Juma

Publisher: OUP Us

ISBN: 0190237236

Category: Agricultural innovations

Page: 360

View: 4051

African agriculture is currently at a crossroads, at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change. But, as this book argues, Africa can feed itself in a generation and can help contribute to global food security. To achieve this Africa has to define agriculture as a force in economic growth by advancing scientific and technological research, investing in infrastructure, fostering higher technical training, and creating regional markets.

The New Buddhism

The Western Transformation of an Ancient Tradition

Author: James William Coleman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195152418

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 7504

In our multicultural society, faiths formerly seen as exotic have become attractive alternatives for people seeking more satisfying spiritual lives. This is especially true of Buddhism, which is the focus of constant media attention--thanks at least in part to celebrity converts and the popularity of the Dalai Lama. Following this recent trend in the West, author James Coleman argues that a new and radically different form of this ancient faith is emerging. Exploring the appeal of this exotic faith in postmodern society and questioning its future in a global consumer culture, The New Buddhism provides a thorough and fascinating guide to Western Buddhism today.

Man and His Symbols

Author: C. G. Jung

Publisher: Dell

ISBN: 0307800555

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7366

Man and His Symbols owes its existence to one of Jung's own dreams. The great psychologist dreamed that his work was understood by a wide public, rather than just by psychiatrists, and therefore he agreed to write and edit this fascinating book. Here, Jung examines the full world of the unconscious, whose language he believed to be the symbols constantly revealed in dreams. Convinced that dreams offer practical advice, sent from the unconscious to the conscious self, Jung felt that self-understanding would lead to a full and productive life. Thus, the reader will gain new insights into himself from this thoughtful volume, which also illustrates symbols throughout history. Completed just before his death by Jung and his associates, it is clearly addressed to the general reader. Praise for Man and His Symbols “This book, which was the last piece of work undertaken by Jung before his death in 1961, provides a unique opportunity to assess his contribution to the life and thought of our time, for it was also his firsat attempt to present his life-work in psychology to a non-technical public. . . . What emerges with great clarity from the book is that Jung has done immense service both to psychology as a science and to our general understanding of man in society, by insisting that imaginative life must be taken seriously in its own right, as the most distinctive characteristic of human beings.”—Guardian “Straighforward to read and rich in suggestion.”—John Barkham, Saturday Review Syndicate “This book will be a resounding success for those who read it.”—Galveston News-Tribune “A magnificent achievement.”—Main Currents “Factual and revealing.”—Atlanta Times

The Cancer Stage of Capitalism

Author: John McMurtry

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745313474

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 2550

In this bold look at the uncontrolled spread of global capitalism, John McMurtry, professor of philosophy at the University of Guelph, develops his analysis of modern capitalism as a cancer. Its invasive growth, he argues, threatens to break down our society's immune system and--if not soon restrained--could reverse all the progress that has been made toward social equity and stability.John McMurtry traces the causes of this global disorder back to the mutating assumptions of market theory that now govern the world's economy. He diagnoses the malaise as a pathologist would a biological cancer, tracking the delinked circuits of the global system's monetised growth as a carcinogenic disorder at the social level of life-organization. In the wide-lensed tradition of Adam Smith, Marx and Keynes, McMurtry cuts across academic disciplines and boundaries to penetrate the inner logic of the system's problems.Far from pessimistic, he argues that the way out of the global crisis is to be found in an evolving substructure of history which provides a common ground of resolution across ethnic and national divisions.

Development Centre Studies Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 960-2030 AD, Second Edition, Revised and Updated

Author: Maddison Angus

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264037632


Page: 196

View: 8490

This book uses a comparative approach to explain why China’s role in the world economy has changed so dramatically in the last thousand years. This edition has been revised and updated and Chapter 4 is new. It concludes that China will resume its role as the world's largest economy by 2015.

The Gospel of Buddha (Annotated Edition)

Author: Paul Carus

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849622525


Page: 362

View: 1332

This is the extended and annotated edition including * an extensive annotation of more than 10.000 words about the history and basics of Buddhism * many illustrations * an interactive table-of-contents * perfect formatting for electronic reading devices The best evidence that this book characterizes the spirit of Buddhism correctly can be found in the welcome it has received throughout the entire Buddhist world. It has even been officially introduced in Buddhist schools and temples of Japan and Ceylon. The eminent feature of the work is its grasp of the difficult subject and the clear enunciation of the doctrine of the most puzzling problem of ātman, as taught in Buddhism. So far as we have examined the question of ātman ourselves from the works of the Southern canon, the view taken by Dr. Paul Cams is accurate, and we venture to think that it is not opposed to the doctrine of Northern Buddhism. Contents: Buddhism Rejoice! Samsāra And Nirvāna. Truth The Saviour. Prince Siddhattha Becomes Buddha The Bodhisatta's Birth The Ties Of Life. The Three Woes. The Bodhisatta's Renunciation. King Bimbisāra. The Bodhisatta's Search. Uruvelā, The Place Of Mortification. Māra The Evil One. Enlightenment. The First Converts. Brahmās Request. The Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Righteousness. Upaka. The Sermon At Benares. The Sangha. Yasa, The Youth Of Benares. Kassapa. The Sermon At Rājagaha. The King's Gift. Sāriputta And Moggallāna. Anāthapindika. The Sermon On Charity. Jetavana. The Three Characteristics And The Uncreate. The Buddha's Father. Yasodharā. Rāhula. Consolidation Of The Buddha's Religion. Jīvaka, The Physician. The Buddha's Parents Attain Nirvāna. Women Admitted To The Sangha. The Bhikkhus' Conduct Toward Women. Visākhā. The Uposatha And Pātimokkha. The Schism. The Re-Establishment Of Concord. The Bhikkhus Rebuked. Devadatta. Name And Form. The Goal. Miracles Forbidden. The Vanity Of Worldliness. Secrecy And Publicity. The Annihilation Of Suffering. Avoiding The Ten Evils. The Preacher's Mission. The Teacher. The Dhammapada. The Two Brahmans. Guard The Six Quarters. Simha's Question Concerning Annihilation. All Existence Is Spiritual. Identity And Non-Identity. The Buddha Omnipresent. One Essence, One Law, One Aim. The Lesson Given To Rāhula. The Sermon On Abuse. The Buddha Replies To The Deva. Words Of Instruction. Amitābha. The Teacher Unknown. Parables And Stories. Parables. The Widow's Two Mites And The Parable Of The Three Merchants. The Man Born Blind. The Lost Son. The Giddy Fish. The Cruel Crane Outwitted. Four Kinds Of Merit. The Light Of The World. Luxurious Living. The Communication Of Bliss. The Listless Fool. Rescue In The Desert. The Sower. The Outcast. The Woman At The Well. The Peacemaker. The Hungry Dog. The Despot. Vāsavadattā. The Marriage-Feast In Jambūnada. A Party In Search Of A Thief. In The Realm Of Yamarāja. The Mustard Seed. Following The Master Over The Stream. The Sick Bhikkhu. The Patient Elephant. The Last Days. The Conditions Of Welfare. Sāriputta's Faith. Pātaliputta. The Mirror Of Truth. Ambapālī. The Buddha's Farewell Address. The Buddha Announces His Death. Chunda, The Smith. Metteyya. The Buddha's Final Entering Into Nirvāna. Conclusion. The Three Personalities Of The Buddha. The Purpose Of Being. The Praise Of All The Buddhas.

Computational Chemistry

Introduction to the Theory and Applications of Molecular and Quantum Mechanics

Author: Errol G. Lewars

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319309161

Category: Science

Page: 728

View: 4379

This is the third edition of the successful text-reference book that covers computational chemistry. It features changes to the presentation of key concepts and includes revised and new material with several expanded exercises at various levels such as 'harder questions' for those ready to be tested in greater depth - this aspect is absent from other textbooks in the field. Although introductory and assuming no prior knowledge of computational chemistry, it covers the essential aspects of the subject. There are several introductory textbooks on computational chemistry; this one is (as in its previous editions) a unique textbook in the field with copious exercises (and questions) and solutions with discussions. Noteworthy is the fact that it is the only book at the introductory level that shows in detail yet clearly how matrices are used in one important aspect of computational chemistry. It also serves as an essential guide for researchers, and as a reference book. div“/div>

Introduction to Elementary Particles

Author: David Griffiths

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527618473

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 5411

This is the first quantitative treatment of elementary particle theory that is accessible to undergraduates. Using a lively, informal writing style, the author strikes a balance between quantitative rigor and intuitive understanding. The first chapter provides a detailed historical introduction to the subject. Subsequent chapters offer a consistent and modern presentation, covering the quark model, Feynman diagrams, quantum electrodynamics, and gauge theories. A clear introduction to the Feynman rules, using a simple model, helps readers learn the calculational techniques without the complications of spin. And an accessible treatment of QED shows how to evaluate tree-level diagrams. Contains an abundance of worked examples and many end-of-chapter problems.

Crystallography of Quasicrystals

Concepts, Methods and Structures

Author: Walter Steurer,Sofia Deloudi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642018998

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9086

From tilings to quasicrystal structures and from surfaces to the n-dimensional approach, this book gives a full, self-contained in-depth description of the crystallography of quasicrystals. It aims not only at conveying the concepts and a precise picture of the structures of quasicrystals, but it also enables the interested reader to enter the field of quasicrystal structure analysis. Going beyond metallic quasicrystals, it also describes the new, dynamically growing field of photonic quasicrystals. The readership will be graduate students and researchers in crystallography, solid-state physics, materials science, solid- state chemistry and applied mathematics.