What if structures could build themselves or adapt to fluctuating environments? Skylar Tibbits, Director of the Self-Assembly Lab in the Department of Architecture at MIT, Cambridge, MA, crosses the boundaries between architecture, biology, materials science and the arts, to envision a world where material components can self-assemble to provide adapting structures and optimized fabrication solutions. The book examines the three main ingredients for self-assembly, includes interviews with practitioners involved in the work and presents research projects related to these topics to provide a complete first look at exciting future technologies in construction and self-transforming material products.
Unsere Produktwelt ist zunehmend reaktiv, anthropomorph und entscheidungsfähig gestaltet. Sie provoziert eine beseelende Umgangsweise mit Unbelebtem. Haben wir es mit einer neuen Form von Animismus, einem Techno-Animismus, zu tun? Welche Rolle spielt hier das Design? Ist Beseeltheit gestaltbar oder eigentlich eine situative Erscheinung, die ereignisbezogen im Handeln zwischen Mensch und Artefakt entsteht? In diesem Band diskutieren Kultur- und Designwissenschaftler, inwiefern ein Ding als beseelt und wirkmächtig und Technologie als menschenähnlich verstanden werden kann.
Buildings are increasingly ‘dynamic’: equipped with sensors, actuators and controllers, they ‘self-adjust’ in response to changes in the external and internal environments and patterns of use. Building Dynamics asks how this change manifests itself and what it means for architecture as buildings weather, programs change, envelopes adapt, interiors are reconfigured, systems replaced. Contributors including Chuck Hoberman, Robert Kronenburg, David Leatherbarrow, Kas Oosterhuis, Enric Ruiz-Geli, and many others explore the changes buildings undergo – and the scale and speed at which these occur – examining which changes are necessary, useful, desirable, and possible. The first book to offer a coherent, comprehensive approach to this topic, it draws together arguments previously only available in scattered form. Featuring the latest technologies and design approaches used in contemporary practice, the editors provide numerous examples of cutting-edge work from leading designers and engineering firms working today. An essential text for students taking design studio classes or courses in theory or technology at any level, as well as professionals interested in the latest mechatronic technologies and design techniques.
Designing for a New Era of Collective Construction
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
We are now on the brink of a new era in construction – that of autonomous assembly. For some time, the widespread adoption of robotic and digital fabrication technologies has made it possible for architects and academic researchers to design non-standard, highly customised structures. These technologies have largely been limited by scalability, focusing mainly on top-down, bespoke fabrication projects, such as experimental pavilions and structures. Autonomous assembly and bottom-up construction techniques hold the promise of greater scalability, adaptability and potentially evolved design possibilities. By capitalising on the advances made in swarm robotics, the collective construction of the animal/insect kingdom, and advances in physical computational, programmable materials or self-assembly, architects and designers are now able to build from the bottom up. This issue presents future scenarios of autonomous assembly by highlighting the viability of decentralised, collective assembly systems, demonstrating the potential to deliver reconfigurable and adaptive solutions. Contributors include: Marcelo Coelho, Andong Liu, Robin Meier, Kieran Murphy and Heinrich Jaeger, Radhika Nagpal and Kirstin Petersen, and Zorana Zeravcic. Featured architects: Aranda\Lasch, Arup, Philippe Block, Gramazio Kohler Architects, Ibañez Kim, Achim Menges, Caitlin Mueller, Jose Sanchez, Athina Papadopoulou and Jared Laucks, and Skylar Tibbits.
Elemente einer kritischen Internetkultur (übersetzt aus dem Englischen von Andreas Kallfelz)
Author: Geert Lovink
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Category: Social Science
In diesem dritten Band seiner kritischen Studien zur Internetkultur hinterfragt Geert Lovink den jüngsten »Web 2.0«-Hype um Blogs, Wikis oder Netzgemeinschaften. Anstatt den »Bürger-Journalismus« zu idealisieren, untersucht der Autor den »nihilistischen Impuls« der Blogs, etablierte Bedeutungsstrukturen auszuhöhlen und - voller Stolz auf ihren Insider-Charakter - das Verlinken, Indexieren und Ranking zum Hauptantrieb zu erheben. Darüber hinaus behandelt das Buch die stille Globalisierung des Internets, in der nicht mehr der Westen, sondern Länder wie Indien, China und Brasilien sich zu einflussreichen Akteuren entwickeln. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt ist die Revision des Theoriebestands: Geert Lovink aktualisiert überholte Konzepte wie die der Globalen Internet-Zeit, der Taktischen Medien oder der Krise der Medienkunst und widmet sich dem schwierigen Verhältnis zwischen Architektur und Netz. Das Buch schließt mit spekulativen Bemerkungen zu Modellen wie Organisierte Netzwerke, Freie Kooperation und Verteilte Ästhetik.
The past few decades brought a revolution in computer software and hardware; today we are on the cusp of a materials revolution. If yesterday we programmed computers and other machines, today we program matter itself. This has created new capabilities in design, computing, and fabrication, which allow us to program proteins and bacteria, to generate self-transforming wood products and architectural details, and to create clothing from "intelligent textiles" that grow themselves. This book offers essays and sample projects from the front lines of the emerging field of active matter. Active matter and programmable materials are at the intersection of science, art, design, and engineering, with applications in fields from biology and computer science to architecture and fashion. These essays contextualize current work and explore recent research. Sample projects, generously illustrated in color, show the range of possibilities envisioned by their makers. Contributors explore the design of active material at scales from nano to micro, kilo, and even planetary. They investigate processes of self-assembly at a microscopic level; test new materials that can sense and actuate themselves; and examine the potential of active matter in the built environment and in living and artificial systems. Active Matter is an essential guide to a field that could shape the future of design.
A pioneering title, High Definition explores the onslaught of new and highly accurate digital metrology tools in large- and small-scale 3-D scanning and 3-D modelling. Capable of measuring space to an accuracy of less than 1 mm, these tools offer unprecedented precision for the development and interrogation of design before, during and post production. Over the last decade or so, the array of designers’ digital tools to propose and make their ideas have evolved significantly, but the absence of high-accuracy, zero-tolerance design production has often remained the missing piece between design and fulfilment. Innovative technologies are thus substantially recalibrating the way that designers operate in the world between the drawn and the made, having the power to transform the architect’s role from that of visualiser to one that is intensely involved with the realisation of objects and buildings. High Definition will examine the capabilities of advanced technologies in design production through their impact on design theory, practice and greater levels of collaboration between design and manufacturing. It will permeate the entangled world between means and meaning and unravel a new understanding between the representation and production of architectural design. Contributors include: Philip Beesley, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Gehry Technologies, Ruairi Glynn, Zaha Hadid Architects, ScanLAB Projects, Territorial Agency, Skylar Tibbits, Mike Webb.
Jenseits aller Ideologien Der Homo sapiens der Zukunft hat zwei Möglichkeiten, um über sich hinauszuwachsen: Entweder er ist ein Former und lässt seine Gene gezielt manipulieren, oder er ist ein Anhänger der Mechs, die ihre Körper durch implantierte Chips und Cyborg-Modifikationen aufrüsten. Beide Gruppen führen seit Jahrzehnten einen Kampf darum, wessen Technologie die bessere ist. Abélard Lindsay, ein Mech, der bei den Formern ein diplomatisches Training absolviert hat, lehnt sich gegen die Dogmen beider Gesellschaften auf und wird auf dem Mond ins Exil geschickt. Durch seine Ausbildung fällt es ihm nicht schwer, sich in eine günstige Position zu bringen – doch eine emotionale Entscheidung lässt ihn alles über Bord werfen und ins All aufbrechen, wo sich das Schicksal der Menschheit entscheiden wird ...
Despite the exaggerated news of the untimely 'death of the detail' by Greg Lynn, the architectural detail is now more lifelike and active than ever before. In this era of digital design and production technologies, new materials, parametrics, building information modeling (BIM), augmented realities and the nano-bio-information-computation consilience, the detail is now an increasingly vital force in architecture. Though such digitally designed and produced details are diminishing in size to the molecular and nano levels, they are increasingly becoming more complex, multi-functional, high performance and self-replicating. Far from being a non-essential and final finish, this new type of highly evolved high-tech detail is rapidly becoming the indispensable and critical core, the (sometimes iconic) DNA of an innovative new species of built environmental form that is spawning in scale and prominence, across product, interior, urban and landscape design. This issue of AD re-examines the history, theories and design of the world’s most significant spatial details, and explores their innovative potentials and possibilities for the future of architecture. Contributors include: Rachel Armstrong, Nic Clear, Edward Ford, Dennis Shelden, Skylar Tibbits. Featured architects: Ben van Berkel, Hernan Diaz Alonso, Peter Macapia, Carlo Ratti, Philippe Rahm, Patrik Schumacher, Neil Spiller.
Systems Self-Assembly is the only book to showcase state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines. Written by world experts in each area, it provides a coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor. The unifying thread throughout the text is the computational nature of self-assembling systems. This book consists of 13 chapters dealing with a variety of topics such as the patterns of self-organised nanoparticle assemblies; biomimetic design of dynamic self-assembling systems; computing by self-assembly involving DNA molecules, polyominoes, and cells; evolutionary design of a model of self-assembling chemical structures; self-assembly as an engineering concept across size scales; and probabilistic analysis of self-assembled molecular networks. Other chapters focus on the programming language of dynamic self-assembly; self-assembled computer architectures; simulation of self-assembly processes using abstract reduction systems; computer aided search for optimal self-assembly systems; theoretical aspects of programmable self-assembly; emergent cooperativity in large-scale patterns; and automated self-assembling programming. Systems Self-Assembly is an ideal reference for scientists, researchers and post-graduate students; practitioners in industry, engineering and science; and managers, decision-makers and policy makers. *The only book to showcases state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines *Coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor *Written by world experts in each area
A fundamental resource for understanding and developing effective self-assembly and nanotechnology systems Systematically integrating self-assembly, nanoassembly, and nanofabrication into one easy-to-use source, Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems effectively helps students, professors, and researchers comprehend and develop applicable techniques for use in the field. Through case studies, countless examples, clear questions, and general applications, this book provides experiment-oriented techniques for designing, applying, and characterizing self-assembly and nanotechnology systems. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems includes: Techniques for identifying assembly building units Practical assembly methods to focus on when developing nanomaterials, nanostructures, nanoproperties, nanofabricated systems, and nanomechanics Algorithmic diagrams in each chapter for a general overview Schematics designed to link assembly principles with actual systems Hands-on lab activities This informative reference also analyzes the diverse origins and structures of assembly building units, segmental analysis, and selection of assembly principles, methods, characterization techniques, and predictive models. Complementing the author's previous conceptually based book on this topic, Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems is a practical guide that grants practitioners not only the skills to properly analyze assembly building units but also how to work with applications to exercise and develop their knowledge of this rapidly advancing scientific field.
Macromolecular self-assembly - driven by weak, non-covalent, intermolecular forces - is a common principle of structure formation in natural and synthetic organic materials. The variability in material arrangement on the nanometre length scale makes this an ideal way of matching the structure-function demands of photonic and optoelectronic devices. However, suitable soft matter systems typically lack the appropriate photoactivity, conductivity or chemically stability. This thesis explores the implementation of soft matter design principles for inorganic thin film nanoarchitectures. Sacrificial block copolymers and colloids are employed as structure-directing agents for the co-assembly of solution-based inorganic materials, such as TiO_2 and SiO_2. Novel fabrication and characterization methods allow unprecedented control of material formation on the 10 – 500 nm length scale, allowing the design of material architectures with interesting photonic and optoelectronic properties.
Proceedings of the Deuximes Entretiens de Bures : Institut Des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, Bures-sur-Yvette, France, 27 November-1 December 2001
Author: Noah Hardy,Eric Westhof
Publisher: World Scientific
Category: Electronic books
Organized by Alessandra Carbone ( IHeS, Bures-sur-Yvette, France ) Organized by Misha Gromov ( IHeS, Bures-sur-Yvette, France ) Organized by Fran ois K(r)p s ( CNRS-Genopole-, evry, France ) Organized by Eric Westhof ( Universit(r) Louis-Pasteur, Strasbourg, France ). This proceedings volume explores the pathways and mechanisms by which constituent residues interact and fold to yield native biological macromolecules (catalytic RNA and functional proteins), how ribosomes and other macromolecular complexes self-assemble, and relevant energetics considerations. At the week-long interactive conference, some 20 leading researchers reported their most pertinent results, confronting each other and an audience of more than 150 specialists from a wide range of scientific disciplines, including structural and molecular biology, biophysics, computer science, mathematics, and theoretical physics. The fourteen papers OCo and audience interaction OCo are edited and illustrated versions of the transcribed oral presentations. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: . OCo Biochemistry & Biophysics Citation Index(tm). OCo Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings). OCo CC Proceedings OCo Biomedical, Biological & Agricultural Sciences. Contents: Evolution-Based Genome Analysis: An Alternative to Analyze Folding and Function in Proteins (S Benner); Conformation of Charged Polymers: Polyelectrolytes and Polyampholytes (J-F Joanny); Statistically Derived Rules for RNA Folding (M Zuker); Experimental Approaches to RNA Folding (S Woodson); Some Questions Concerning RNA Folding (F Michel); RNA Folding in Ribosome Assembly (J R Williamson); From RNA Sequences to Folding Pathways and Structures: A Perspective (H Isamber t); An Evolutionary Perspective on the Determinants of Protein Function and Assembly (O Lichtarg e); Some Residues are more Equal than Others: Application to Protein Classification and Structure Prediction (A Kister & I Gelfan d); Structure-Function Relationships in Polymerases (M Delarue); The Protein-Folding Nucleus: From Simple Models to Real Proteins (L Mirn y); Chaperonin-Mediated Protein Folding (D Thirumalai); Virus Assembly and Maturation (J E Johnson); The Animal in the Machine: Is There a Geometric Program in the Genetic Program? (A Danchin). Readership: Researchers, academics and graduate students in structural biology, cellular and molecular biology, biophysics, biochemistry and biomathematics/bioinformatics."
The Science of Things That Put Themselves Together
Author: John A. Pelesko
Publisher: CRC Press
Hailed as one of the key areas of nanoscience likely to shape future scientific research, self-assembly offers the most promising route to true molecular nanotechnology. Focusing on this dynamic new field, Self Assembly: The Science of Things That Put Themselves Together explores nature's self-assembly of structures, the use of it to build engineered systems, and the latest advances in the field. Reflecting the inherent progress of the science of self-assembly, this definitive book first delves into natural self-assembling systems. It addresses crystal growth, soap films, and micelles; examines how nature builds viruses, proteins, and ribosomes; and introduces the protein folding problem. The author then discusses how physicists, chemists, biologists, and engineers are applying nature's principles to self-assemble everything from DNA cubes to millimeter-scale electronic circuits. The final chapters cover theoretical and experimental approaches to understand the phenomenon of self-assembly and overcome its various challenges. With practical activities, profiles of leading experts, chapter highlights, exercises, and references, Self Assembly provides the most current authoritative information on this exciting branch of nanoscience.
A GROUNDBREAKING GUIDE TO THE ART, SCIENCE, TOOLS, AND DEPLOYMENT OF INNOVATION "It has never been more important to educate people and organizations how to out-imagine, out-create, and out-innovate....The insight and experiences captured by [this book] make an important contribution toward reaching this goal." -- From the Foreword by Deborah Wince-Smith, President, Council on Competitiveness Developed by the editors of the International Journal of Innovation Science and featuring contributions from more than 40 innovation experts and thought leaders, Global Innovation Science Handbook presents a proven approach for understanding and implementing innovation in any industry. This pioneering work is based on a defined body of knowledge that includes intent, methodology, tools, and measurements. It challenges the popular paradigm that "learned" innovation is impossible, and lays out a systematic process for developing innovation skills. Each chapter can be independently read and utilized in the daily practice of innovation. Real-world case studies from financial, government, and education sectors illustrate the concepts discussed in this definitive resource. Global Innovation Science Handbook covers: Preparing for innovation--establishing a framework and creating a culture for innovation Key innovation concepts, such as creativity, neuroscience, biomimetics, benchmarking, and ethnography Creativity tools, including Kano analysis, storyboarding, absence thinking, Lotus Blossom, SCAMPER, and others Techniques essential to innovation science, such as Six Thinking Hats, mind mapping, social networks, market research, and lead user analysis Innovation radar, indices, and other measurements Idea management--the process of creating, screening, exploring, and evaluating ideas to bring those most valuable from concept to reality Innovation methodologies, including TRIZ, Brinnovation, crowdsourcing, Eureka, stage gate, and others Deployment--a life-cycle approach involving inspiration, strategy, organization, excellence, culture, measurement, protection of intellectual property, and launch Case studies featuring cutting-edge technological innovations in finance, government, and education
Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.
The self-organization of bionanostructures into well-defined functional machineries found in nature has been a priceless source of ideas for researchers. The molecules of life, proteins, DNA, RNA, etc., as well as the structures and forms that these molecules assume serve as rich sources of ideas for scientists or engineers who are interested in developing bio-inspired materials for innovations in biomedical fields. In nature, molecular self-assembly is a process by which complex three-dimensional structures with well-defined functions are constructed, starting from simple building blocks such as proteins and peptides. This book introduces readers to the theory and mechanisms of peptide self-assembly processes. The authors present the more common peptide self-assembled building blocks and discuss how researchers from different fields can apply self-assembling principles to bionanotechnology applications. The advantages and challenges are mentioned together with examples that reflect the state of the art of the use of self-assembled peptide building blocks in nanotechnology.