Author: Jo Handelsman,Sarah Miller,Christine Pfund
Seasoned classroom veterans, pre-tenured faculty, and neophyte teaching assistants alike will find this book invaluable. HHMI Professor Jo Handelsman and her colleagues at the Wisconsin Program for Scientific Teaching (WPST) have distilled key findings from education, learning, and cognitive psychology and translated them into six chapters of digestible research points and practical classroom examples. The recommendations have been tried and tested in the National Academies Summer Institute on Undergraduate Education in Biology and through the WPST. Scientific Teaching is not a prescription for better teaching. Rather, it encourages the reader to approach teaching in a way that captures the spirit and rigor of scientific research and to contribute to transforming how students learn science.
Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: what constitutes an appropriate science curriculum for all students; how science should be taught in traditional cultures; how scientific literacy can be promoted; and the conflict which can occur between science curriculum and deep-seated religious or cultural values and knowledge. Outlining the history of liberal approaches to the teaching of science, Michael Matthews elaborates contemporary curriculum developments that explicitly address questions about the nature and the history of science. He provides examples of classroom teaching and develops useful arguments on constructivism, multicultural science education and teacher education.
This book is based on a series of Pathways articles that illustrate effective instructional methods to help students gain conceptual understanding in ecology. It presents a philosophy of scientific teaching based on pedagogical principles designed to improve learning.
Over the past twenty years, much has been written about the knowledge bases thought necessary to teach science. Shulman has outlined seven knowledge domains needed for teaching, and others, such as Tamir, have proposed somewhat similar domains of knowledge, specifically for science teachers. Aspects of this knowledge have changed because of shifts in curriculum thinking, and the current trends in science education have seen a sharp increase in the significance of the knowledge bases. The development of a standards-based approach to the quality of science teaching has become common in the Western world, and phrases such as “evidence-based practice” have been tossed around in the attempt to “measure” such quality. The Professional Knowledge Base of Science Teaching explores the knowledge bases considered necessary for science teaching. It brings together a number of researchers who have worked with science teachers, and they address what constitutes evidence of high quality science teaching, on what basis such evidence can be judged, and how such evidence reflects the knowledge basis of the modern day professional science teacher. This is the second book produced from the Monash University- King’s College London International Centre for the Study of Science and Mathematics Curriculum. The first book presented a big picture of what science education might be like if values once again become central while this book explores what classroom practices may look like based on such a big picture.
Issues in Science Teaching covers a wide range of important issues which will interest teachers at all phases in the education system. The issues discussed include: the nature and purposes of science education in a multicultural society, including the idea of science for all the role and purposes of investigational work in science education assessment, curriculum progression and pupil attitudes to their science experience supporting basic skills development in literacy, numeracy and ICT, through science teaching supporting cross-curricular work through science teaching taking account of individual differences including ability, special needs, learning style and the case for inclusion The articles are strongly based on current research and are intended to stimulate and broaden debate among the readers. Written by practising science educators and teachers, this book offers new and interesting ways of developing science education at all levels.
Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Great Britain
The Committee's report examines science and mathematics teaching in secondary schools in England, focusing on the following issues: the take-up of science and mathematics at GCSE and A-level, the provision of careers advice to students, problems in the recruitment and retention of teachers, the quality of teaching methods and the role of continuing professional development. The Committee finds that effective science teaching in schools is essential, both in order to ensure a satisfactory general level of scientific literacy in society, and to enable the next generation of scientists and engineers to progress into higher education and beyond. It argues that the current examination system forces students to study an excessively narrow range of subjects at too early an age, and it recommends that the Government should reconsider the Tomlinson proposals for a broader diploma-based system for 14-19 year old students based on the International Baccalaureate. This would ensure that students receive a more rounded education and are not made to over-specialise before they are able to see the merits of studying science and mathematics. Concerns are also raised about the shortage of science teachers, particularly specialist physics and chemistry teachers, the quality of careers advice in schools, and the importance of practical science in schools.
“Since K–12 students taught using the new [Next Generation Science Standards]will be arriving in college classrooms prepared in a different way from those in our classrooms currently, it would behoove college teachers to be prepared to alter their teaching methods ... or be perceived to be dinosaurs using the older teaching methods.” — From Exemplary College Science Teaching If you’re looking for inspiration to alter your teaching methods to match new standards and new times, this book is for you. As the first in the Exemplary Science series to focus exclusively on college science teaching, this book offers 16 examples of college teaching that builds on what students learned in high school. Understanding that college does not exist in a vacuum, the chapter authors demonstrate how to adapt the methods and frameworks under which secondary students have been working and make them their own for the college classroom, adding new technologies when appropriate and letting the students take an active role in their learning. Among the innovative topics and techniques the essays in this book explore are • Lecture-free college science teaching • Peer-led study groups as learning communities • Jigsaw techniques that enhance learning • Inquiry incorporated into large-group settings • Interactive video conferences for assessing student attitudes and behaviors The clichéd image of the professor droning on before a packed lecture hall is a thing of the past. The essays in this book explain why—and offer the promise of a better future.
Strategies for Successful Science Teaching is an exciting new text for science education classes, and a supplement for teachers of science (especially new teachers). It is aimed at K-8 teachers, but can also help 9-12 teachers. For administrators and others, the book will quickly become a standard reference on current science education strategies. The book is a must-have for science educators. A comprehensive resource, it never loses sight of the wonder of science and the pleasure of teaching it.
To provide future science teachers with the methods and tools to present science, this text integrates new methods and theories with more traditional existing programs to meet the needs of almost every instructor. It encourages personal development of critical-thinking skills in students as well as professional development for the future teacher by encouraging establishment of curriculum guidelines. The text also stresses an active learning environment by utilizing learning cycles and in-depth science investigation activities.
This volume provides a summary of the findings that educational research has to offer on good practice in school science teaching. It offers an overview of scholarship and research in the field, and introduces the ideas and evidence that guide it.
"Haus der kleinen Forscher" Foundation,Stiftung "Haus der kleinen Forscher"
Author: "Haus der kleinen Forscher" Foundation,Stiftung "Haus der kleinen Forscher"
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Scientific contributions authored by distinguished experts from the field of early education are published periodically within the framework of the series Scientific Studies on the Work of the “Haus der kleinen Forscher” Foundation. This publication series serves to foster informed dialogue between the Foundation, scientists, and practitioners with the aim of giving all early childhood education and care centres, after-school centres, and primary schools in Germany scientifically sound support in fulfilling their early education mandate. This fifth volume in the series focuses on goals of science education at the level of the children, the early childhood professionals, and the pedagogical staff at after-school centres and primary schools, and on process-related quality criteria for science teaching at pre-primary and primary level. In their expert reports, Yvonne Anders, Ilonca Hardy, Sabina Pauen, Beate Sodian, and Mirjam Steffensky specify pedagogical content dimensions of the goals of early science education at pre-primary and primary school age. In addition to theoretically underpinning these goals, the authors present instruments for their assessment. In his expert report, Jörg Ramseger formulates ten quality criteria for science teaching. Early childhood professionals and pedagogical staff at after-school centres and primary schools can draw on these process-related criteria when planning lessons and conducting self-evaluations of science learning opportunities at pre-primary and primary level. The concluding chapter of the volume describes the implementation of these expert recommendations in the substantive offerings of, and the accompanying research on, the “Haus der kleinen Forscher“ Foundation.
National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Undergraduate Science Education
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Undergraduate Science Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
Effective science teaching requires creativity, imagination, and innovation. In light of concerns about American science literacy, scientists and educators have struggled to teach this discipline more effectively. Science Teaching Reconsidered provides undergraduate science educators with a path to understanding students, accommodating their individual differences, and helping them grasp the methods--and the wonder--of science. What impact does teaching style have? How do I plan a course curriculum? How do I make lectures, classes, and laboratories more effective? How can I tell what students are thinking? Why don't they understand? This handbook provides productive approaches to these and other questions. Written by scientists who are also educators, the handbook offers suggestions for having a greater impact in the classroom and provides resources for further research.
The Handbook offers models of teaching and learning that go beyond the typical lecture-laboratory format and provides rationales for new practices in the college classroom. It is ideal for graduate teaching assistants, senior faculty and graduate coordinators, and mid-career professors in search of reinvigoration.
Dorothy Gabel,National Science Teachers Association
Author: Dorothy Gabel,National Science Teachers Association
Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference
Sponsored by the National Science Teachers Association, this handbook provides a uniquely comprehensive and current survey of the best reasearch in science eduction complied by the most renowned researchers. More than summaries of findings, the content provides an assessment of the significance of research, evaluates new developments, and examines current conflicts, controversies, and issues in the major science disciplines: biology, chemistry, physics, and earth science.
The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assesses the competencies of 15-year-old students around the world. In 2006, the PISA report focused on the science competencies 15-year-old students developed. The report does not reflect a systematic consideration of science learning environments in schools and their relationship to cognitive and motivational outcomes in terms of scientific literacy. However, in all investigated countries, schools are where young people become familiar with science over an extended period of time. Hence, this book aims to provide detailed information on science teaching and learning in schools in the OECD countries. Data from the PISA 2006 school principals’ and students’ questionnaires is used for the description of science teaching and learning. First, the context of science teaching in schools is described to provide a background for the analyses that follow. Then, the book draws a detailed picture of different components of science teaching relevant for student learning. In addition, international patterns of science teaching and learning are investigated. The investigation focuses on the teaching of scientific enquiry. This focus is chosen because the process of scientific enquiry models the way in which researchers think, and it provides students with ample opportunities to develop science literacy. Further investigations include the effects of different patterns of science teaching on student literacy. The book concludes with implications for policy and practice.
The Investigative Approach in College Science Teaching
Publisher: NSTA Press
These first-person accounts demonstrate how students, including nonscience majors, can learn to do science as it is done in the real world—through hypothesis building, observation, and experimental design.
Humans perceive the world by constructing mental modelsOCotelling a story, interpreting a map, reading a book. Every way we interact with the world involves mental models, whether creating new ones or building on existing models with the introduction of new information. In Models-Based Science Teaching, author and educator Steven Gilbert explores the concept of mental models in relation to the learning of science, and how we can apply this understanding when we teach science."
This book explores sixteen contemporary issues in science education by examining the practical dilemmas these issues provoke for teachers. It is a unique book which presents student-teachers with personal and professional insights into a whole range of science topics including the laws of science, teaching ethics, laboratories and culture, gender and ethnicity. Each chapter takes as its focus one of the sixteen issues and begins with a case-study of a science lesson written by a practising teacher. This is followed by a short, reflective piece by the same teacher on how the lesson went and how opportunities for teaching and learning could be improved. This reflection is followed by commentaries from some of the world's leading science educators on what they felt were the strengths and weaknesses of the lesson. The extensive use of teacher-written case studies and commentaries will make this book suitable for the pre-service courses, where case methods are typically used to provide a context for learning the craft of teaching. The addition of commentaries from distinguished scholars makes the book relevant for postgraduate courses in science education and as a reference volume for teacher researchers.