Scaling

Why is Animal Size So Important?

Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521319874

Category: Medical

Page: 241

View: 5372

This short, non-mathematical discussion of how the physical size of an animal affects its physiological functions can be read profitably by both students and professional scientists. Elegantly written, the book illuminates those physical laws controlling rates of diffusion and heat transfer, transfer of force and momentum, the strength of structures, the dynamics of locomotion, and so on. It shows how these laws have profound implications for animals of widely different size and scale and why the size of living things is of such fundamental importance.

Scaling Up

Skalieren auch Sie! Weshalb es einige Unternehmen packen… und warum andere stranden

Author: Verne Harnish

Publisher: Masterhouse GmbH

ISBN: 3981801709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 809

Es ist über ein Jahrzehnt her, dass Verne Harnish Bestseller Mastering the Rockefeller Habits in der ersten Auflage erschien. Scaling Up ist die erste große Neubearbeitung dieses Business-Klassikers, in dem praktische Tools und Techniken für das Wachstum zum branchenführenden Unternehmen vorgestellt werden. Dieses Buch wurde geschrieben, damit jeder – vom einfachen bis zum leitenden Angestellten – gleichermaßen zum Wachstum seines Business beträgt. Scaling Up konzentriert sich auf die vier Haupt-Entscheidungsbereiche, die jedes Unternehmen angehen muss: People, Strategy, Execution und Cash. Das Buch beinhaltet eine Reihe von neuen ganzseitigen Arbeits-Tools, darunter der aktualisierte One-Page Strategic Plan und die Rockefeller Habits Checklist™, die bereits von mehr als 40.000 Firmen in aller Welt für ein erfolgreiches Scaling Up verwendet wurden. Viele von ihnen schafften ein Wachstum auf $10 Millionen, $100 Millionen oder gar $1 Milliarde und mehr – und konnten den Aufstieg sogar genießen! Verne Harnish hat bereits in viele Scaleups investiert.

Scaling

A Sourcebook for Behavioral Scientists

Author: Gary Maranell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351492063

Category: Mathematics

Page: 455

View: 9676

Despite the obvious importance of measurement in any scientific endeavor, few students of the social sciences receive adequate training in the principles and problems of assigning numerical values to the subjects, objects, events, groups and operations they study, and still less in the process of translating theoretical ideas and concepts into variables. This kind of casualness with respect to measurement is often in marked contrast to their methodically designed research, which has grown out of subtle and sophisticated theoretical consideration.Scaling is intended to remedy this deficiency by providing a broad and detailed description of the major processes for developing measurement scales. The chapters, which include both classics in the field and the best of modern work, require no great mathematical sophistication, and go well beyond the conventional study of attitudes to the more general uses of scaling. They enable the student and researcher to examine the development of measures of scalability and the problems and weaknesses they present, to become familiar with the development of tests of significance for reproducibility and scalability and the need for them, and to examine the lively history of the subject and experience the excitement that can be secured from sharing with a creative author the first report of his insight.Part One presents a series of general articles that deal in philosophic terms with the problem of measurement, with what is meant by measurement and scaling as well as the notions underlying the process of measuring. Part Two deals with the scaling methods developed by L. L. Thurstone, including paired comparison scaling, equal-appearing interval scaling, and successive interval scaling. The third part focuses upon scalogram analysis, presenting the background, rationale and procedures for Guttman scaling. The fourth part is concerned with summated rating, or Likert scaling. Part Five is a consideration of unfold

Scaling

Author: G. I. Barenblatt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521533942

Category: Mathematics

Page: 171

View: 4390

An advanced 2003 textbook on how to discover and use scaling laws in natural sciences and engineering.

Global Scaling

Basis eines neuen wissenschaftlichen Weltbildes

Author: N.A

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3940965219

Category: Scaling laws (Statistical physics)

Page: 371

View: 2835

Scaling, Self-similarity, and Intermediate Asymptotics

Dimensional Analysis and Intermediate Asymptotics

Author: Grigory Isaakovich Barenblatt,Grigorij Isaakovič Barenblatt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521435222

Category: Mathematics

Page: 386

View: 6462

Scaling (power-type) laws reveal the fundamental property of the phenomena--self similarity. Self-similar (scaling) phenomena repeat themselves in time and/or space. The property of self-similarity simplifies substantially the mathematical modeling of phenomena and its analysis--experimental, analytical and computational. The book begins from a non-traditional exposition of dimensional analysis, physical similarity theory and general theory of scaling phenomena. Classical examples of scaling phenomena are presented. It is demonstrated that scaling comes on a stage when the influence of fine details of initial and/or boundary conditions disappeared but the system is still far from ultimate equilibrium state (intermediate asymptotics). It is explained why the dimensional analysis as a rule is insufficient for establishing self-similarity and constructing scaling variables. Important examples of scaling phenomena for which the dimensional analysis is insufficient (self-similarities of the second kind) are presented and discussed. A close connection of intermediate asymptotics and self-similarities of the second kind with a fundamental concept of theoretical physics, the renormalization group, is explained and discussed. Numerous examples from various fields--from theoretical biology to fracture mechanics, turbulence, flame propagation, flow in porous strata, atmospheric and oceanic phenomena are presented for which the ideas of scaling, intermediate asymptotics, self-similarity and renormalization group were of decisive value in modeling.

Scaling Up

Skalieren auch Sie! Weshalb es einige Unternehmen packen… und warum andere stranden

Author: Verne Harnish

Publisher: Masterhouse GmbH

ISBN: 3981801709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 7787

Es ist über ein Jahrzehnt her, dass Verne Harnish Bestseller Mastering the Rockefeller Habits in der ersten Auflage erschien. Scaling Up ist die erste große Neubearbeitung dieses Business-Klassikers, in dem praktische Tools und Techniken für das Wachstum zum branchenführenden Unternehmen vorgestellt werden. Dieses Buch wurde geschrieben, damit jeder – vom einfachen bis zum leitenden Angestellten – gleichermaßen zum Wachstum seines Business beträgt. Scaling Up konzentriert sich auf die vier Haupt-Entscheidungsbereiche, die jedes Unternehmen angehen muss: People, Strategy, Execution und Cash. Das Buch beinhaltet eine Reihe von neuen ganzseitigen Arbeits-Tools, darunter der aktualisierte One-Page Strategic Plan und die Rockefeller Habits Checklist™, die bereits von mehr als 40.000 Firmen in aller Welt für ein erfolgreiches Scaling Up verwendet wurden. Viele von ihnen schafften ein Wachstum auf $10 Millionen, $100 Millionen oder gar $1 Milliarde und mehr – und konnten den Aufstieg sogar genießen! Verne Harnish hat bereits in viele Scaleups investiert.

Scaling in Biology

Author: James H. Brown,Santa Fe Institute (Santa Fe, N.M.)

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195131428

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 2454

Scaling relationships have been a persistent theme in biology at least since the time of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo. Because scaling relationships are among the most general empirical patterns in biology, they have stimulated research to develop mechanistic hypotheses and mathematical models. While there have been many excellent empirical and theoretical investigations, there has been little attempt to synthesize this diverse but interrelated area of biology. In an effort to fill this void, Scaling in Biology, the first general treatment of scaling in biology in over 15 years, covers a broad spectrum of the most relevant topics in a series of chapters written by experts in the field. Some of those topics discussed include allometry and fractal structure, branching of vascular systems of mammals and plants, biomechanical and life history of plants, invertebrates and vertebrates, and species-area patterns of biological diversity. Many more examples are included within this text to complete the broader picture. Scaling in Biology conveys the diversity, promise, and excitement of current research in this area, in a format accessible to a wide audience of not only specialists in the various sub-disciplines, but also students and anyone with a serious interest in biology.

Scaling Social Impact

Author: Thomas Martin Fojcik

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 364038511X

Category:

Page: 76

View: 7073

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensfuhrung, Management, Organisation, Note: 1,30, Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen (Corporate Management & Economics), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Ausarbeitung befasst sich mit "Scaling Social Impact"-Ansatzen bei Nonprofit-Organisationen. Der "Open-Innovation"-Ansatz, der bislang vor allem bei privatwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen Berucksichtigung fand, wird im Kontext dieser Untersuchung auf die spezifische Form von Nonprofit-Organisationen angewandt. Gepruft wird dabei, inwieweit dieser Ansatz einerseits auf Nonprofit-Organisationen ubertragbar ist, andererseits als neuartige "Scaling"-Strategie zur Anwendung kommen konnte. Die Untersuchungsgrundlage dieser Ausarbeitung baut auf den spezifischen Charakteristika von Nonprofit-Organisationen und den aus bestehenden "Scaling"-Strategien herausgearbeiteten Anforderungskriterien an neue "Scaling"-Ansatze auf. Die theoretisch abgeleiteten Befunde zeigen hierbei, dass der "Open-Innovation"-Ansatz trotz seines privatwirtschaftlichen Ursprungs generell auf Nonprofit-Organisationen ubertragbar ist und unter Berucksichtigung von bestimmten Umsetzungsfaktoren zudem als adaquate "Scaling"-Strategie angesehen werden kann. Insofern erweist sich der "Open-Innovation"-Ansatz gegenuber bestehenden "Scaling"-Strategien als eine erfolgsversprechende Alternative, die im Hinblick auf die Ausgestaltung im Sinne eines fundierten Handlungsrahmens zukunftig noch genauer zu untersuchen ware.

3 Minuten Zusammenfassung von Scaling Up Excellence von Hayagreeva Rao und Robert Sutton

Author: thimblesofplenty

Publisher: thimblesofplenty

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 5

View: 4108

Thimblesofplenty ist eine Gruppe von Freunden, die zufällig auch Geschäftsleute und Bücherwürmer sind. Wir wollten zu halten mit den neuesten Geschäfts-Bücher, fand aber Zeit war ein Faktor. So wir haben die Arbeit geteilt und jeder von uns nahm ein Buch und es für die anderen zusammengefasst haben. Wir haben gedacht dass es eine gute Idee wäre, diese Zusammenfassungen mit Ihnen zu teilen. Für einen kleinen Preis und eine 3 Minuten Zeitaufwand unsere Zusammenfassungen bietet Ihnen einige der Weisheit aus dem Buch, einige Denkanstöße und hoffentlich den Anstoß, Zeit machen, das ganze Buch zu lesen!

Scaling and Renormalization in Statistical Physics

Author: John Cardy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521499590

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 510

A thoroughly modern graduate-level introduction to the theory of critical behaviour. Covers phase transitions, mean field theory, phase diagrams, fixed points, cross-over behaviour, finite-size scaling, a simple approach to the epsilon expansion, low-dimensional systems, surface critical behaviour, random systems, percolation, polymer statistics, critical dynamics and conformal symmetry. Includes many problems.

Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking

Methods and Practices

Author: Michael J. Kolen,Robert L. Brennan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1493903179

Category: Social Science

Page: 566

View: 887

This book provides an introduction to test equating, scaling and linking, including those concepts and practical issues that are critical for developers and all other testing professionals. In addition to statistical procedures, successful equating, scaling and linking involves many aspects of testing, including procedures to develop tests, to administer and score tests and to interpret scores earned on tests. Test equating methods are used with many standardized tests in education and psychology to ensure that scores from multiple test forms can be used interchangeably. Test scaling is the process of developing score scales that are used when scores on standardized tests are reported. In test linking, scores from two or more tests are related to one another. Linking has received much recent attention, due largely to investigations of linking similarly named tests from different test publishers or tests constructed for different purposes. In recent years, researchers from the education, psychology and statistics communities have contributed to the rapidly growing statistical and psychometric methodologies used in test equating, scaling and linking. In addition to the literature covered in previous editions, this new edition presents coverage of significant recent research. In order to assist researchers, advanced graduate students and testing professionals, examples are used frequently and conceptual issues are stressed. New material includes model determination in log-linear smoothing, in-depth presentation of chained linear and equipercentile equating, equating criteria, test scoring and a new section on scores for mixed-format tests. In the third edition, each chapter contains a reference list, rather than having a single reference list at the end of the volume The themes of the third edition include: * the purposes of equating, scaling and linking and their practical context * data collection designs * statistical methodology * designing reasonable and useful equating, scaling, and linking studies * importance of test development and quality control processes to equating * equating error, and the underlying statistical assumptions for equating

Modern Multidimensional Scaling

Theory and Applications

Author: I. Borg,P. J. F. Groenen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038728981X

Category: Social Science

Page: 614

View: 2010

The first edition was released in 1996 and has sold close to 2200 copies. Provides an up-to-date comprehensive treatment of MDS, a statistical technique used to analyze the structure of similarity or dissimilarity data in multidimensional space. The authors have added three chapters and exercise sets. The text is being moved from SSS to SSPP. The book is suitable for courses in statistics for the social or managerial sciences as well as for advanced courses on MDS. All the mathematics required for more advanced topics is developed systematically in the text.

Fractals, Scaling and Growth Far from Equilibrium

Author: Paul Meakin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521452533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 674

View: 649

A comprehensive, 1998 account of the practical aspects and pitfalls of the applications of fractal modelling in the physical sciences.

Multidimensional Scaling

Author: Joseph B. Kruskal,Myron Wish

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803909403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 93

View: 5542

Outlines a set of techniques that enables a researcher to explore the hidden structure of large databases. These techniques use proximities to find a configuration of points that reflect the structure in the data. Learn more about "The Little Green Book" - QASS Series! Click Here

Scaling of Structural Strength

Author: Zdenek P. Bazant

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080461352

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 5985

This book is concerned with a leading-edge topic of great interest and importance, exemplifying the relationship between experimental research, material modeling, structural analysis and design. It focuses on the effect of structure size on structural strength and failure behaviour. Bazant's theory has found wide application to all quasibrittle materials, including rocks, ice, modern fiber composites and tough ceramics. The topic of energetic scaling, considered controversial until recently, is finally getting the attention it deserves, mainly as a result of Bazant's pioneering work. In this new edition an extra section of data and new appendices covering twelve new application developments are included. The first book to show the 'size effect' theory of structure size on strength Presents the principles and applications of Bazant's pioneering work on structural strength Revised edition with new material on topics including asymptotic matching, flexural strength of fiber-composite laminates, polymeric foam fractures and the design of reinforced concrete beams

Scaling Up Health Service Delivery

From Pilot Innovations to Policies and Programmes

Author: Ruth Simmons,Peter Fajans,Laura Ghiron

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563516

Category: Medical

Page: 183

View: 4678

"The focus here is on ways to increase impact of health service innovations that have been tested in pilot or experimental projects so as to benefit more people and to foster policy and programme development on a lasting, sustainable basis." -- p.i Preface.

Dimensional Scaling in Chemical Physics

Author: D.R. Herschbach,John S. Avery,John Avery,O. Goscinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792320364

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 7925

Dimensional scaling offers a new approach to quantum dynamical correlations. This is the first book dealing with dimensional scaling methods in the quantum theory of atoms and molecules. Appropriately, it is a multiauthor production, derived chiefly from papers presented at a workshop held in June 1991 at the Ørsted Institute in Copenhagen. Although focused on dimensional scaling, the volume includes contributions on other unorthodox methods for treating nonseparable dynamical problems and electronic correlation. In shaping the book, the editors serve three needs: an introductory tutorial for this still fledgling field; a guide to the literature; and an inventory of current research results and prospects. Part I treats basic aspects of dimensional scaling. Addressed to readers entirely unfamiliar with the subject, it provides both a qualitative overview, and a tour of elementary quantum mechanics. Part II surveys the research frontier. The eight chapters exemplify current techniques and outline results. Part III presents other methods, including nonseparable dynamics, and electron correlation in pseudomolecular excited states of atoms. Although procrustean conformity was not imposed, unifying and complementary themes are emphasized throughout the book.

Multidimensional Scaling, Second Edition

Author: Trevor F. Cox,M.A.A. Cox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420036121

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 8307

Multidimensional scaling covers a variety of statistical techniques in the area of multivariate data analysis. Geared toward dimensional reduction and graphical representation of data, it arose within the field of the behavioral sciences, but now holds techniques widely used in many disciplines. Multidimensional Scaling, Second Edition extends the popular first edition and brings it up to date. It concisely but comprehensively covers the area, summarizing the mathematical ideas behind the various techniques and illustrating the techniques with real-life examples. A computer disk containing programs and data sets accompanies the book.