A powerful argument for why dam removal makes good scientific, economic, and environmental sense—and requires our urgent attention The Snake River, flowing through the Northwest, was once one of the world's greatest salmon rivers. As recently as a hundred years ago, it retained some of its historic bounty with seven million fish coming home to spawn there. Now, due to damming for hydroelectricity over the past fifty years, the salmon population has dropped close to extinction. Efforts at salmon recovery, through fish ladders, hatcheries, and even trucking them over the dams, have failed. Hawley argues that the solution for the Snake River lies in dam removal, pitting the power authority and Army Corps of Engineers against a collection of conservationists, farmers, commercial and recreational fishermen, and the Nez Perce tribe. He also demonstrates the interconnectedness of the river's health to Orca whales in Puget Sound, local economies, fresh water rights, and energy independence. This regional battle has garnered national interest, and is part of a widespread river-restoration movement that stretches from Maine's Kennebec to California's Klamath. In one instance, Butte Creek salmon rebounded from a paltry fourteen fish to twenty thousand within just a few years of rewilding their river, showing the incredible resiliency of nature when given the slightest chance. In this timely book, Hawley shows how river restoration, with dam removal as its centerpiece, is not only virtuous ecological practice, but a growing social and economic enterprise.
What Past Floods, Droughts, and Other Climatic Clues Tell Us about Tomorrow
Author: B. Lynn Ingram,Frances Malamud-Roam
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The West without Water documents the tumultuous climate of the American West over twenty millennia, with tales of past droughts and deluges and predictions about the impacts of future climate change on water resources. Looking at the region’s current water crisis from the perspective of its climate history, the authors ask the central question of what is "normal" climate for the West, and whether the relatively benign climate of the past century will continue into the future. The West without Water merges climate and paleoclimate research from a wide variety of sources as it introduces readers to key discoveries in cracking the secrets of the region’s climatic past. It demonstrates that extended droughts and catastrophic floods have plagued the West with regularity over the past two millennia and recounts the most disastrous flood in the history of California and the West, which occurred in 1861–62. The authors show that, while the West may have temporarily buffered itself from such harsh climatic swings by creating artificial environments and human landscapes, our modern civilization may be ill-prepared for the future climate changes that are predicted to beset the region. They warn that it is time to face the realities of the past and prepare for a future in which fresh water may be less reliable.
Each year wild Pacific salmon leave their oceanic feeding grounds and swim hundreds of miles back to their home rivers. The salmon's annual return is a place-defining event in the Pacific Northwest, with immense ecological, economic, and social significance. However, despite massive spending, efforts to significantly alter the endangered status of salmon have failed. In Salmon, People, and Place, acclaimed fisheries biologist Jim Lichatowich eloquently exposes the misconceptions underlying salmon management and recovery programs that have fueled the catastrophic decline in Northwest salmon populations for more than a century. These programs will continue to fail, he suggests, so long as they regard salmon as products and ignore their essential relationship with their habitat. But Lichatowich offers hope. In Salmon, People, and Place he presents a concrete plan for salmon recovery, one based on the myriad lessons learned from past mistakes. What is needed to successfully restore salmon, Lichatowich states, is an acute commitment to healing the relationships among salmon, people, and place. A significant contribution to the literature on Pacific salmon, Salmon, People, and Place: A Biologist's Search for Salmon Recovery is an essential read for anyone concerned about the fate of this Pacific Northwest icon.
In the spring of 2007, National Geographic warned, "The oceans are in deep blue trouble. From the northernmost reaches of the Greenland Sea to the swirl of the Antarctic Circle, we are gutting our seas of fish." There were legitimate grounds for concern. After increasing more than fourfold between 1950 and 1994, the global wild fish catch reached a plateau and stagnated despite exponential growth in the fishing industry. As numerous scientific reports showed, many fish stocks around the world collapsed, creating a genuine global overfishing crisis. Making Seafood Sustainable analyzes the ramifications of overfishing for the United States by investigating how fishers, seafood processors, retailers, government officials, and others have worked together to respond to the crisis. Historian Mansel G. Blackford examines how these players took steps to make fishing in some American waters, especially in Alaskan waters, sustainable. Critical to these efforts, Blackford argues, has been government and industry collaboration in formulating and enforcing regulations. What can be learned from these successful experiences? Are they applicable elsewhere? What are the drawbacks? Making Seafood Sustainable addresses these questions and suggests that sustainable seafood management can be made to work. The economic and social costs incurred in achieving sustainable resource usage are significant, but there are ways to mitigate them. More broadly, this study illustrates ways to manage commonly held natural resources around the world—land, water, oil, and so on—in sustainable ways.
Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, cheap, and widely available, salmon is often listed as an essential part of any diet. A delicious and versatile fish, it can be used to make sashimi, cold smoked for lox, or shaped into a fishcake as an alternative to hamburgers. But while salmon is enjoyed all over the globe, it also swims at the center of controversy, with commercial fishing, global warming, and loss of freshwater habitats all threatening salmon populations and the ecological and health impacts of intense salmon farming under fire. In this beautifully illustrated book, Nicolaas Mink takes readers on a culinary journey from the coast of Alaska to the rivers of Scotland, tracing salmon’s history from the earliest known records to the present. He tells the story of how the salmon was transformed from an abundant fish found seasonally along coastal regions to a mass-produced canned food and a highly prized culinary delight. Exploring the nutritional benefits of this fish, he examines recent studies that show how these benefits diminish in farm-raised salmon. With many delicious recipes, Salmon is the perfect gift for every fish lover.
Gary Meffe,Larry Nielsen,Richard L. Knight,Dennis Schenborn
Author: Gary Meffe,Larry Nielsen,Richard L. Knight,Dennis Schenborn
Publisher: Island Press
Today's natural resource managers must be able to navigate among the complicated interactions and conflicting interests of diverse stakeholders and decisionmakers. Technical and scientific knowledge, though necessary, are not sufficient. Science is merely one component in a multifaceted world of decision making. And while the demands of resource management have changed greatly, natural resource education and textbooks have not. Until now. Ecosystem Management represents a different kind of textbook for a different kind of course. It offers a new and exciting approach that engages students in active problem solving by using detailed landscape scenarios that reflect the complex issues and conflicting interests that face today's resource managers and scientists. Focusing on the application of the sciences of ecology and conservation biology to real-world concerns, it emphasizes the intricate ecological, socioeconomic, and institutional matrix in which natural resource management functions, and illustrates how to be more effective in that challenging arena. Each chapter is rich with exercises to help facilitate problem-based learning. The main text is supplemented by boxes and figures that provide examples, perspectives, definitions, summaries, and learning tools, along with a variety of essays written by practitioners with on-the-ground experience in applying the principles of ecosystem management. Accompanying the textbook is an instructor's manual that provides a detailed overview of the book and specific guidance on designing a course around it. Ecosystem Management grew out of a training course developed and presented by the authors for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at its National Training Center in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. In 20 offerings to more than 600 natural resource professionals, the authors learned a great deal about what is needed to function successfully as a professional resource manager. The book offers important insights and a unique perspective dervied from that invaluable experience.
Russians and the North Pacific's Strange Beasts of the Sea, 1741-1867
Author: Ryan Tucker Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Russian Empire-already the largest on earth-expanded its dominion onto the ocean. Through a series of government-sponsored voyages of discovery and the establishment of a private fur trade, Russians crossed and re-crossed the Bering Strait and the North Pacific Ocean, establishing colonies in Kamchatka and Alaska and exporting marine mammal furs to Europe and China. In the process they radically transformed the North Pacific, causing environmental catastrophe. In one of the most hotly-contested imperial arenas of the day, the Russian empire organized a host of Siberian and Alaskan native peoples to rapaciously hunt for fur seals, sea otters, and other fur-bearing animals. The animals declined precipitously, and Steller's sea cow went extinct. This destruction captured the attention of natural historians who for the first time began to recognize the threat of species extinction. These experts drew upon Enlightenment and Romantic-era ideas about nature and imperialism but their ideas were refracted through Russian scientific culture and influenced by the region's unique ecology. Cosmopolitan scientific networks ensured the spread of their ideas throughout Europe. Heeding the advice of these scientific experts, Russian colonial governors began long-term management of marine mammal stocks and instituted some of the colonial world's most forward-thinking conservationist policies. Highlighting the importance of the North Pacific in Russian imperial and global environmental history, Empire of Extinction focuses on the development of ideas about the natural world in a crucial location far from what has been considered the center of progressive environmental attitudes.
Biocapitalism, an economic model built on making new commodities from existing forms of life, has fundamentally changed how we understand the boundaries between nature/culture and human/nonhuman. This is the first book to examine its implications for education and how human capital understandings of education are co-evolving with biocapitalism.
Shaman and Kushtaka, both struck terror in the hearts of the Tlingit and Haida, for both possessed frightening supernatural powers. Among the Natives of the Pacific Northwest Coast, the shaman was honored as a person who could heal the body and spirit as well as see into the future. In his struggles to protect his people, he fought the kushtaka---an evil spirit-being who was half human and half land hotter---for the souls of dying persons. Theirs was a battle between the forces of good and evil, and today it remains a cornerstone in Tlingit and Haida mythology. Mary Giraudo Beck provides a powerful mix of history, legend, and adventure to dramatize the values and traditions of Tlingit and Haida societies. The heroic and wondrous incidents in these stories transcend time and culture and, as tales of myth and magic, provide compelling reading for young and old alike.
Der Klassiker unter den Seefahrerepen: Horatio Hornblowers achtes Abenteuer. In der sturmumtosten Ostsee muss der Kommodore Hornblower gleich an zwei Fronten kämpfen: Durch geschickte Diplomatie gelingt es ihm, den russischen Zaren davon zu überzeugen, an der Seite Englands gegen Frankreich in den Krieg zu ziehen. Als aber Riga von Napoleons Truppen belagert wird und es zur unerbittlichen Schlacht kommt, ist es für Hornblower alles andere als sicher, ob auf das Wort des Zaren Verlass ist. Der achte Band der berühmten Romanserie um Horatio Hornblower, einem Meilenstein der maritimen Literatur, ist ein großes Seeabenteuer und ein Lesevergnügen, das bereits Generationen von Lesern begeistert hat.
Der preisgekrönte Autor und passionierte Angler Paul Greenberg nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise über die Flüsse und Meere dieser Welt und erzählt die Geschichte jener vier Fischarten, die mittlerweile überall die Speisekarten beherrschen: Lachs, Barsch, Kabeljau und Thunfisch. Er besucht norwegische Großfarmen, die jährlich 500 000 Tonnen Lachs produzieren - mit Hilfe genetischer Techniken, die ursprünglich bei der Schafzucht zum Einsatz kamen. In Alaska besichtigt er die einzige Fair-Trade-Fischerei der Welt. Er erklärt, warum die Meerestiere zunehmend mit Quecksilber und anderen Schadstoffen belastet sind, und schildert, wie der Mittelmeerbarsch zu einer global nachgefragten Ware werden konnte. Greenberg stellt viele der Fragen, die immer mehr Menschen beim Anblick einer Speisekarte oder der Tiefkühltruhe unseres Supermarkts beschäftigen: Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Wild-, Zucht- und Biofisch? Welchen Fisch können wir bedenkenlos essen? Was bedeutet Überfischung eigentlich? Lassen sich Fische wirklich domestizieren wie andere Tiere auch, oder sollten wir generell aufhören, Fisch zu essen? Fische, so Greenbergs Fazit, sind unser letztes wirklich ?wildes Nahrungsmittel. Womöglich nicht mehr lange. Nur wenn wir besser verstehen, unter welchen Bedingungen und um welchen Preis Fisch auf unseren Tellern landet, werden wir dem Lebensraum - und der Nahrungsquelle - Meer mit neuer, dringend gebotener Achtung begegnen.
Im Tasmanien unserer Tage stößt Sid Hammett, ein kleiner Antiquitätenfälscher, auf einem seiner Streifzüge auf die merkwürdige Hinterlassenschaft eines anderen Kunstfälschers. Das »Buch der Fische« eines gewissen William Buelow Gould birgt nicht nur wundervolle, akribisch hingetupfte Aquarelle der tasmanischen Fischwelt – es stellt auch ein Erinnerungswerk aus unheilvollen Tagen dar. Tiefer und tiefer zieht es Hammett hinein in die dunkelsten Kapitel britischer Kolonialzeit. Bald dämmert ihm, dass ihm der Aufstieg aus den ozeanischen Seelentiefen Goulds niemals mehr gelingen wird.
Alles, was zählt, ist der gegenwärtige Augenblick. Nur wenn wir bewusst im Hier und Jetzt leben, verpassen und vergeuden wir unsere Lebenszeit nicht, dann sind wir offen für tägliche Wunder und können auch mit möglichen Schwierigkeiten besser umgehen. Innerer Friede - Äußerer Friede von Thich Nhat Hanh: im eBook erhältlich!