Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Author: Jeffrey Kovac,Michael Weisberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912580

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1128

Nobel laureate Roald Hoffmann's contributions to chemistry are well known. Less well known, however, is that over a career that spans nearly fifty years, Hoffmann has thought and written extensively about a wide variety of other topics, such as chemistry's relationship to philosophy, literature, and the arts, including the nature of chemical reasoning, the role of symbolism and writing in science, and the relationship between art and craft and science. In Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry, Jeffrey Kovac and Michael Weisberg bring together twenty-eight of Hoffmann's most important essays. Gathered here are Hoffmann's most philosophically significant and interesting essays and lectures, many of which are not widely accessible. In essays such as "Why Buy That Theory," "Nearly Circular Reasoning," "How Should Chemists Think," "The Metaphor, Unchained," "Art in Science," and "Molecular Beauty," we find the mature reflections of one of America's leading scientists. Organized under the general headings of Chemical Reasoning and Explanation, Writing and Communicating, Art and Science, Education, and Ethics, these stimulating essays provide invaluable insight into the teaching and practice of science.

Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Author: Roald Hoffmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199755906

Category: Art

Page: 390

View: 8670

"Roald Hoffmann's contributions to chemistry are well known; this Nobel laureate has published more than 500 articles and two books. As an "applied theoretical chemist," he has made significant contributions to our understanding of chemical bonding and reactivity, and taught two generations of chemists how to use molecular orbitals for real chemistry. Less well known, however, are Hoffmann's important and insightful contributions to the areas of scholarship surrounding chemistry. Over a career that spans nearly fifty years, Roald Hoffmann has thought and written copiously about the broader context of chemistry and its relationship to the arts and poetry. This book contains Hoffmann's essays and is organized around several major themes: chemical reasoning and explanation, writing and communicating in science, ethics, art and science, and chemical education. A few are unpublished lectures that are valuable additions to the volume. The editors have the full cooperation of Roald Hoffmann in this project. Most of the published work will be reprinted verbatim, but a few of the essays will be revised to eliminate redundancy. The unpublished lectures will also be edited since they were originally intended to be delivered orally at specific occasions. The editors will provide an introduction to the book, and some introductory material for each section. In introducing the material, they will highlight the intrinsic importance and interest of the ideas, as well as the places where Hoffmann's thought makes novel contributions to cognate areas"--

Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Author: Jeffrey Kovac,Michael Weisberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199921075

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 4708

Nobel laureate Roald Hoffmann's contributions to chemistry are well known. Less well known, however, is that over a career that spans nearly fifty years, Hoffmann has thought and written extensively about a wide variety of other topics, such as chemistry's relationship to philosophy, literature, and the arts, including the nature of chemical reasoning, the role of symbolism and writing in science, and the relationship between art and craft and science. In Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry, Jeffrey Kovac and Michael Weisberg bring together twenty-eight of Hoffmann's most important essays. Gathered here are Hoffmann's most philosophically significant and interesting essays and lectures, many of which are not widely accessible. In essays such as "Why Buy That Theory," "Nearly Circular Reasoning," "How Should Chemists Think," "The Metaphor, Unchained," "Art in Science," and "Molecular Beauty," we find the mature reflections of one of America's leading scientists. Organized under the general headings of Chemical Reasoning and Explanation, Writing and Communicating, Art and Science, Education, and Ethics, these stimulating essays provide invaluable insight into the teaching and practice of science.

CHEM IMAGINED PB

Author: Roald Hoffmann,Vivian Torrence

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 9781560985396

Category: Chemistry

Page: 168

View: 4966

Beautifully produced. Intended for non-scientists. The focus in this melding of science and art is on the social, cultural, literary, and psychological context of chemistry. Hoffman (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1981) provides essays, personal commentary, and poems; artist Torrence has prepared intriguing collages to accompany the text. Alas, no index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Beyond the Finite

The Sublime in Art and Science

Author: Roald Hoffmann,Iain Boyd Whyte

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 019973769X

Category: Art

Page: 173

View: 7846

This book, through essays by nine leading scholars with diverse academic backgrounds, explores the sublime's relationship to art and science.

The Same and Not the Same

Author: Roald Hoffmann

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231101387

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 4349

This study confronts some of the major ethical controversies in chemistry today, taking on such touchy subjects as the use of thalidomide, a tranquillizer once given to pregnant women and later found to cause serious birth defects

The Ethical Chemist

Professionalism and Ethics in Science

Author: Jeffrey Kovac

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190668652

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 351

This book is an introduction to professional ethics in chemistry. After a brief overview of ethical theory, it provides a detailed discussion of professional ethic for chemists based on the view that the specific codes of conduct derive from a moral ideal. The moral ideal presented here has three parts. The first refers to the practice of science, the second to relationships within the scientific community and the third to the relationship between science and society, particularly the uses of science. The question of why a scientist should obey the professional code is discussed in terms of the virtue of reverence, after which the ethical issues unique to chemistry are identified. A method for approaching ethical problems is presented. Finally, there is a large collection of specific ethical problems, or cases, each followed by a commentary where the issues raised by that case are discussed.

Old Wine, New Flasks

Reflections on Science and Jewish Tradition

Author: Roald Hoffmann,Shira Leibowitz Schmidt

Publisher: W H Freeman & Company

ISBN: 9780716728993

Category: Religion

Page: 362

View: 7707

Old Wine, New Flasks is a unique and provocative look at how science and religion - too often considered at odds with one another - are actually parallel ways of trying to make sense of the same material world, each a voice intertwining with the other to help shape true human understanding. With great humor and wit, the authors - one a Nobel laureate and the other an Israeli-American writer and student of religion - show how daily experience and seemingly innocuous questions such as "What is this mixture?" "How do I tell right from left?" and "How can one make the bitter sweet?" can lead to deeper philosophical issues concerning religion, art, and science. Old Wine, New Flasks discusses how authority is conferred and contested, what it means to be impure, whether humans have a right to dominate the environment, and the difference between the natural and the unnatural. Exploring these and other topics, the authors reveal how science and Jewish religious tradition, although different in many ways, nevertheless share the conviction that the world is a very real place, that the actions of beings matter, and that there is an underlying order to the universe.

Simulation and Similarity

Using Models to Understand the World

Author: Michael Weisberg

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199933669

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 8394

This book is an account of modeling and idealization in modern scientific practice, focusing on concrete, mathematical, and computational models. The main topics of this book are the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the nature of the relationship between models and real-world phenomena. In order to elucidate the model/world relationship, Weisberg develops a novel account of similarity called weighted feature matching.

Survival of the Beautiful

Art, Science, and Evolution

Author: David Rothenberg

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408830566

Category: Art and science

Page: 311

View: 4031

'The peacock's tail makes me sick!' said Charles Darwin. That's because the theory of evolution as adaptation can't explain why nature is so beautiful. It took the concept of sexual selection for Darwin to explain that, a process that has more to do with aesthetic taste than adaptive fitness. Survival of the Beautiful is a revolutionary new examination of the interplay of beauty, art, and culture in evolution. Taking inspiration from Darwin's observation that animals have a natural aesthetic sense, philosopher and musician David Rothenberg probes why animals, humans included, have an innate appreciation for beauty - and why nature is, indeed, beautiful.

Drive and Curiosity

What Fuels the Passion for Science

Author: Istvan Hargittai

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616144696

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 1548

What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries? This book examines the careers of fifteen eminent scientists who achieved some of the most notable discoveries of the past century, providing an insider’s perspective on the history of twentieth century science based on these engaging personality profiles. They include: • Dan Shechtman, the 2011 Nobel laureate and discoverer of quasicrystals; • James D. Watson, the Nobel laureate and codiscoverer of the double helix structure of DNA; • Linus Pauling, the Nobel laureate remembered most for his work on the structure of proteins; • Edward Teller, a giant of the 20th century who accomplished breakthroughs in understanding of nuclear fusion; • George Gamow, a pioneering scientist who devised the initially ridiculed and now accepted Big Bang. In each case, the author has uncovered a singular personality characteristic, motivational factor, or circumstance that, in addition to their extraordinary drive and curiosity, led these scientists to make outstanding contributions. For example, Gertrude B. Elion, who discovered drugs that saved millions of lives, was motivated to find new medications after the deaths of her grandfather and later her fiancé. F. Sherwood Rowland, who stumbled upon the environmental harm caused by chlorofluorocarbons, eventually felt a moral imperative to become an environmental activist. Rosalyn Yalow, the codiscoverer of the radioimmunoassay always felt she had to prove herself in the face of prejudice against her as a woman. These and many more fascinating revelations make this a must-read for everyone who wants to know what traits and circumstances contribute to a person’s becoming the scientist who makes the big breakthrough. From the Hardcover edition.

Solids and Surfaces

A Chemist's View of Bonding in Extended Structures

Author: Roald Hoffmann

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9780471187103

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 4340

This unique book shows how chemistry and physics come together in the solid state and on surfaces. Using a lively, graphic, descriptive approach, it teaches chemists the language that is necessary to understand the electronic structure of extended systems. And, at the same time, it demonstrates how a chemical, frontier-orbital, approach to solid state and surface bonding and reactivity may be constructed. The book begins with the language of crystal orbitals, band structures and densities of states. The tools for moving back from the highly delocalized orbitals of the solid are then built up in a transparent manner; they include decompositions of the densities of states and crystal orbital overlap populations. Using these tools, the book shapes a meeting ground between detailed quantum mechanical calculations and a chemical frontier orbital perspec- tive. Applications include a general picture of chemisorption, bond-breaking and making in the solid state, bonding in metals, the electronic structure of selected conducting and supercon- ducting structures, dissociation, migration and coupling on surfaces and the forces controlling deformation of extended systems.

How Dogs Love Us

A Neuroscientist and His Adopted Dog Decode the Canine Brain

Author: Gregory Berns

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544114515

Category: Pets

Page: 248

View: 7829

A neuroscientist recounts his efforts to overcome administrative and behavioral hurdles to train his dogs to sit still during an MRI scan, an effort that produced evidence about canine empathy and the human-dog bond.

Buried Glory

Portraits of Soviet Scientists

Author: Istvan Hargittai

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199985596

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 1773

A chronicle of the lives of twelve notable and celebrated Soviet scientists from the Cold War era, a time of great scientific achievement in the USSR.

Napoleon's Buttons

17 Molecules that Changed History

Author: Penny Le Couteur,Jay Burreson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781585423316

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 9171

Examines the roles that the molecular properties of such items as the birth control pill, caffeine, and the buttons on the uniforms of Napoleon's army have played in the course of history.

An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Graham Patrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198749694

Category: Pharmaceutical chemistry

Page: 832

View: 5822

For many people, taking some form of medication is part of everyday life, whether for mild or severe illness, acute or chronic disease, to target infection or to relieve pain. However for most it remains a mystery as to what happens once the drug has been taken into the body: how do the drugs actually work? Furthermore, by what processes are new drugs discovered and brought to market?An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, sixthedition, provides an accessible and comprehensive account of this fascinating multidisciplinary field. Assuming little prior knowledge, the text is ideal for those studying the subject for the first time. Inaddition to covering the key principles of drug design and drug action, the text also discusses important current topics in medicinal chemistry. The subject is brought to life throughout by engaging case studies highlighting particular classes of drugs, and the stories behind their discovery and development.

The History of Physics

Author: J. L. Heilbron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968412X

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 3505

How does the physics we know today - a highly professionalized enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry - link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive international projects that hunt down fundamental particles and industrial laboratories that manufacture marvels? This Very Short Introduction introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians calculating the size of the earth while their caliphs conquered much of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating light; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and trying to explain, the universe. We visit the "House of Wisdom" in 9th-century Baghdad; Europe's first universities; the courts of the Renaissance; the Scientific Revolution and the academies of the 18th century; and the increasingly specialized world of 20th and 21st century science. Highlighting the shifting relationship between physics, philosophy, mathematics, and technology - and the implications for humankind's self-understanding - Heilbron explores the changing place and purpose of physics in the cultures and societies that have nurtured it over the centuries. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Career Renewal

Tools for Scientists and Technical Professionals

Author: Stephen Rosen,Celia Paul

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125970600

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 2080

This career guide for the science community is based on a six year programme devised by the author. Aimed specifically at scientists, engineers and other medical and legal professionals, the text seeks to help rejuvenate careers.

Physics, Fun, and Beyond

Electrifying Projects and Inventions from Recycled and Low-Cost Materials

Author: Eduardo de Campos Valadares

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132441691

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 8909

“The best magic is that which involves absolutely no sleight-of-hand, only the unexpected yet natural workings of nature. Physics, Fun, and Beyond is chock full of just this kind of magic–simple yet fascinating experiments, easy to follow and colorful drawings, and fun facts. Simply wonderful!” –Roald Hoffmann, 1981 Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry Pure Fun, Pure Excitement: You’;ve Never Learned Physics Like This Before! Physics is pure excitement: nothing’;s more fun than discovering how the world works and exploring its many possibilities! With Physics, Fun, and Beyond, you’;ll grab the universe in your own two hands as you build more than 110 projects that uncover the physics beneath everyday life! Most of these projects are amazingly easy to build: all you’;ll need are your everyday household tools and cheap (sometimes even free) materials. From wind tunnels to flying saucers, you’;ll learn exactly how to safely build these experiments, why they work, and what they mean. Learn about all this, and more: Step on eggs without breaking them...and understand the principles of material strength Build the “Magic Can” that teaches you about the different kinds of energy Discover why the Earth isn’;t exactly round Learn more about gravity, with the “Astronaut in the Elevator” experiment Use pendulums to visualize radio/TV frequencies and broadcasting Feel pressure by sitting on a bed of nails Build hydraulic robots to discover how you can transmit and amplify forces Construct wings and wind tunnels that show why airplanes fly Learn about optics by making bottles invisible Recreate the sun and sky to realize why the sky is blue Demonstrate the “greenhouse effect” with a homemade solar heater Get water to climb walls–as you understand cohesion and adhesion Build “wireless phones” that capture sound and make acoustics fun Create simple motors that display the basics of electromagnetism Physics, Fun, and Beyond is for kids, teenagers, teachers, parents, homeschoolers...everyone from 10 to 100 with curiosity and a passion for discovery and new challenges! © Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved