The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos

A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria

Author: Lucinda Dirven

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004115897

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 6455

This volume provides a reconstruction of the religion of Palmyrenes in Dura-Europos on the basis of archaeological remains, and focuses upon the religious interaction between this migrant community and their new residence.

Barnabas

Author: Markus Öhler

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161479779

Category: Religion

Page: 566

View: 2586

English summary: For a long time, the role of Barnabas as a co-worker of Paul was neglected. Markus Ohler shows that he was in fact more important to early Christianity than Luke's portrait of him in Acts suggests. Barnabas functioned as a mediator between the Jerusalem community centered around the Torah and the Christians in Antioch who tried to establish a mission to the pagans without being bound by the law. In Paul's eyes, Barnabas acted as his patron in Antioch and in his first journey as a missionary, but they differed considerably in their personalities and their theology. Although Luke gives a subtly differentiated portrait of the Cypriot Levite, Barnabas is nevertheless clearly overshadowed by Paul. In this work, the author's purpose is to show Barnabas in a new light. German description: Markus Ohler zeigt die grosse Bedeutung des Barnabas fur die Entwicklung des fruhen Christentums und die besondere Weise der Rezeption dieser Figur in der Apostelgeschichte auf. Historisch erweist sich Barnabas als Bindeglied zwischen dem toratreuen Christentum Jerusalemer Provenienz und dem heidenmissionarisch orientierten Christentum Antiochiens. Fur die Mission im Suden Kleinasiens war er die entscheidende Gestalt und wirkte so auch als Patron des Paulus, der sich jedoch spater von ihm loste.Lukas zeichnet in der Apostelgeschichte ein differenziertes Portrat des Barnabas, stellt ihn freilich auch deutlich in den Schatten des Paulus. Die Untersuchung von Markus Ohler stellt hingegen den grossen Stellenwert des zypriotischen Leviten fur das Urchristentum dar.

Ehrenwerte Männer

Veteranen im römischen Nahen Osten der Kaiserzeit

Author: Oliver Stoll

Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH

ISBN: 3732901750

Category:

Page: 350

View: 8834

In diesem Buch werden erstmals mehr als 160 epigraphische und papyrologische Zeugnisse zu Veteranen des 2.–4. Jh. n. Chr. im römischen Nahen Osten gesammelt vorgelegt. Die auswertende Untersuchung hat einen sozial-, wirtschafts- und kulturgeschichtlichen Fokus, stellt aber auch sicherheitspolitische Fragen: Sie analysiert Veteranen als rechtlich privilegierte Gruppe von „Bindegliedern“ zwischen den Bereichen Militär und „ziviler Gesellschaft“. Die ehemaligen Soldaten zeigen einen hohen Integrationsgrad: Z. B. rückten sie in hohe soziale Positionen im Rahmen der Gebietskörperschaften und städtischen Ansiedlungen des römischen Syrien und der Provinz Arabia auf. Veteranen und Veteranenfamilien stellen ein Segment der provinzialrömischen Gesellschaft dar, an deren Beispiel auch wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Prozesse in den Militärprovinzen Roms im Nahen Osten sichtbar gemacht werden können.

Syriaca

Author: Martin Tamcke

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825858001

Category: Syrian Church

Page: 494

View: 5407

Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World

Author: Nathanael J. Andrade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244560

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7372

By engaging with recent developments in the study of empires, this book examines how inhabitants of Roman imperial Syria reinvented expressions and experiences of Greek, Roman and Syrian identification. It demonstrates how the organization of Greek communities and a peer polity network extending citizenship to ethnic Syrians generated new semiotic frameworks for the performance of Greekness and Syrianness. Within these, Syria's inhabitants reoriented and interwove idioms of diverse cultural origins, including those from the Near East, to express Greek, Roman and Syrian identifications in innovative and complex ways. While exploring a vast array of written and material sources, the book thus posits that Greekness and Syrianness were constantly shifting and transforming categories, and it critiques many assumptions that govern how scholars of antiquity often conceive of Roman imperial Greek identity, ethnicity and culture in the Roman Near East, and processes of 'hybridity' or similar concepts.

Altertum und Mittelmeerraum

die antike Welt diesseits und jenseits der Levante : Festschrift für Peter W. Haider zum 60. Geburtstag

Author: Robert Rollinger,Brigitte Truschnegg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783515087384

Category: History, Ancient

Page: 878

View: 8737

The Sculptural Environment of the Roman Near East

Reflections on Culture, Ideology, and Power

Author: Yaron Z. Eliav,Elise A. Friedland,Sharon Herbert

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 769

View: 8276

Public sculptures were the "mass media" of the Roman world. They populated urban centers throughout the empire, serving as a "plastic language" that communicated political, religious, and social messages. This book brings together twenty-eight experts who otherwise rarely convene: text-based scholars of the Greco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian realms from the fields of classics, history, and religion and specialists in the artistic traditions of Greece and Rome as well as art historians and archaeologists. Utilizing the full spectrum of ancient sources, the book examines the multiple, at times even contradictory, meanings and functions that statues served within the complex world of the Roman Near East. Moreover, it situates the discussion of sculpture in the broader context of antiquity in order to reevaluate long-held scholarly consensuses on such ideas as the essence of Hellenism (the culture that emerged from the encounter of Greco-Romans with the Near East) and the everlasting "conflict" among paganism, Christianity, and Judaism.

Helios Megistos

Zur synkretistischen Theologie der Spätantike

Author: Wolfgang Fauth

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004295852

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9034

This volume analyzing several selected texts of late Greek literature (Orphic hymns, Greek Magical Papyri, Neoplatonic philosophers, Nonnos of Panopolis) adds significantly to our knowledge of ancient sun-worship, and provides a deeper insight into the complex image of the Greek sun-god in a post-classical syncretistic theology.

"He Unfurrowed His Brow and Laughed"

Essays in Honour of Professor Nicolas Wyatt

Author: Wilfred G. E. Watson

Publisher: Ugarit Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Middle East

Page: 410

View: 1685

From Palmyra to Zayton

Epigraphy and Iconography

Author: Iain Gardner,Samuel N. C. Lieu,Kenneth Parry

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: 9782503518831

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 9575

This volume highlights research by Australian scholars on two major Silk Road cities: Palmyra in Syria - long regarded as the finest example of a Caravan City - and Quanzhou (Zayton) in South China which was the destination of the main Maritime Silk Road between Medieval China and the Middle East. The volume exhibits for the first time in a western language publication and in full colour the unique iconography of the Nestorian Christian community in South China under Mongol rule. This material is virtually unknown to western scholars and will be of major importance to the study of the eastward diffusion of Christianity and of East-West contact in the period of Marco Polo. The volume also contains one of the largest collections of Palmyrene inscriptions (Aramaic, Greek, Latin and Hebrew) in English translations with accompanying original texts and detailed analytical indices. The selection focuses on politics and trade but also gives representative texts of almost all genres of Palmyrene inscriptions. The volume should prove indispensable to scholars of East-West contacts and of Roman History given the role played by Palmyra under Zenobia in the Crisis of the Third Century.

BPR

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4705

Die Charakene

ein mesopotamisches Königreich in hellenistisch-parthischer Zeit

Author: Monika Schuol

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515077095

Category: History

Page: 554

View: 8741

Dieser Band befaat sich mit der politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Bedeutung Suedbabyloniens vom 2. Jh. v. Chr.-3. Jh. n. Chr. Mit der Beruecksichtigung zeitgleicher Entwicklungen im Romischen Reich, im Seleukiden- bzw. Partherreich, im arabischen Raum und in der Golfregion wird die Geschichte der Charakene in einen groaeren historischen Kontext gestellt. Besonderes Gewicht wird dabei auf die Klarung des politischen Verhaltnisses zwischen den charakenischen Funktionstragern und ihren arsakidischen Oberherrn gelegt. Gemeinsame wirtschaftliche Interessen von Romern und Parthern und die geographische Lage der Charakene lieaen das Konigreich zeitweilig zu einer Drehscheibe fuer den Fernhandel zwischen dem Mittelmeerraum, der arabischen Halbinsel und den Gebieten ostlich des Zweistromlandes werden. Die Auswertung literarischer, epigraphischer, archaologischer und numismatischer Zeugnisse unterschiedlichster Provenienz laat Charakteristika der acharakenischen Kulturo erkennen, die durch babylonische, aramaische, iranische, juedische und arabische Traditionen gepragt ist. Mit Registern. aMan kann dem Herausgeber J. Wiesehofer nur wuenschen, dass weitere Regionen des multikulturellen Partherreiches erforscht und in ahnlich gehaltvollen Monographien in der neu gegruendeten Reihe Oriens et Occidens publiziert werden. Das vorliegende Werk von Frau Schuol hat in seinem Gehalt und seiner Prazision Maastabe gesetzt.o Welt des Orients "Pionierarbeit und Grundlagenforschung im besten Sinne a eindrucksvoll" H-Soz-u-Kult "The author is to be congratulated with this new evaluation of the history of the South Mesopotamian kingdom of Characene during the Hellenistic and Parthian periods. Because of the diversity of Eastern and Western sources used and Characene's central place in the international trade between East and West, this book is a perfect start of a series called Oriens et Occidens." Bibliotheca Orientalis "a wissenschaftlich fundiert und innovativ." Museum Helveticum "Vor allem wegen der lueckenlosen Erschlieaung der Quellen und der Sekundarliteratur wird die Arbeit von S. auf Jahre hinaus das Standardwerk zur Charakene darstellen." Historische Zeitschrift "ano future study on the Arsacid Empire or the trade within its realm could ignore this work [a] her book should be available in every major library. We are looking forward to the next volumes in this interesting series." Bryn Mawr Classical Review "Die Monographie besticht durch ihren gut gegliederten Aufbau [a] S.s detailreiches Buch stellt insgesamt eine Leistung dar, die fuer kuenftige einschlagige Arbeiten eine unentbehrliche Grundlage bilden wird." Gnomon.

2009

Author: Jan Assmann,Fritz Graf,Tonio Holscher,Ludwig Koenen,Jorg Rupke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110208954

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 411

View: 2956

Volume 11 of the Archive for the History of Religion is dedicated to two main subjects within the field of the history of ancient mediterranean religion. The first is that of the a oesacral economya, the question of the financing of the construction and running of temples, in particular how donations of money were handled, and those in kind were valued. The second theme, which is the subject of another four contributions, looks at a oereligion and literaturea, literary descriptions of religious practices and beliefs, and the relevance of such reflexions for the field of religion itself.

A Companion to Roman Religion

Author: Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405129435

Category: Religion

Page: 576

View: 8660

A comprehensive treatment of the significant symbols and institutions of Roman religion, this companion places the various religious symbols, discourses, and practices, including Judaism and Christianity, into a larger framework to reveal the sprawling landscape of the Roman religion. An innovative introduction to Roman religion Approaches the field with a focus on the human-figures instead of the gods Analyzes religious changes from the eighth century BC to the fourth century AD Offers the first history of religious motifs on coins and household/everyday utensils Presents Roman religion within its cultural, social, and historical contexts

Paulus zwischen Damaskus und Antiochien

die unbekannten Jahre des Apostels

Author: Martin Hengel,Anna Maria Schwemer

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161474699

Category: Religion

Page: 543

View: 7117