Welche Rolle hat die Reformation für die Kunst gespielt, wie hat sie das christliche Bild verändert? Joseph Leo Koerner, einer der weltweit besten Kenner der Kunst der Lutherzeit, legt mit diesem Buch eine umfassende und faszinierende Studie zur Entwicklung der christlichen Kunst nach dem Bildersturm vor. Die Ereignisse einer Zeit, in der die Dominanz des Wortes gegenüber dem Bild propagiert wurde, in der man Bilder als Idole und Fetische verachtete und vernichtete, hatten gravierende Auswirkungen auf die bildende Kunst. Im Zentrum des Buches steht Cranachs „Reformationsaltar“ in der Stadtkirche zu Wittenberg – der Ort, an dem die protestantische Bilderzerstörung ihren Ausgang nahm. Cranachs Bild entstand als Reaktion auf diese umwälzenden historischen Ereignisse, die auch in der Kunstgeschichte einen Wendepunkt markieren. Wie kann man einen verborgenen Gott sichtbar darstellen? Die Antworten, die Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen auf diese zentrale, bildkritische Frage fanden, sind bis in die heutige Zeit wirksam.
Essays on Religion, Politics, and the Public Sphere in Early Modern England
Author: W.J.T. Kirby
A popular ‘culture of persuasion’ fostered by the Reformation promoted a displacement of late-medieval ‘sacramental culture’ through argument, textual interpretation, exhortation, reasoned opinion, and moral advice in both pulpit and press. This collection of essays addresses the dynamic interaction of religion and politics in the emerging ‘public sphere'.
The history of the European Reformation is intimately bound-up with the development of printing. With the ability of the printed word to distribute new ideas, theologies and philosophies widely and cheaply, early-modern society was quick to recognise the importance of being able to control what was published. Whilst much has been written on censorship within Catholic lands, much less scholarship is available on how Protestant territories sought to control the flow of information. In this ground-breaking study, Allyson F. Creasman reassesses the Reformation's spread by examining how censorship impacted upon public support for reform in the German cities. Drawing upon criminal court records, trial manuscripts and contemporary journals – mainly from the city of Augsburg – the study exposes the networks of rumour, gossip, cheap print and popular songs that spread the Reformation message and shows how ordinary Germans adapted these messages to their own purposes. In analysing how print and oral culture intersected to fuel popular protest and frustrate official control, the book highlights the limits of both the reformers's influence and the magistrates's authority. The study concludes that German cities were forced to adapt their censorship policies to the political and social pressures within their communities – in effect meaning that censorship was as much a product of public opinion as it was a force acting upon it. As such this study furthers debates, not only on the spread and control of information within early modern society, but also with regards to where exactly within that society the impetus for reform was most strong.
Contesting the Reformation provides a comprehensive surveyof the most influential works in the field of Reformation studiesfrom a comparative, cross-national, interdisciplinaryperspective. Represents the only English-language single-authored syntheticstudy of Reformation historiography Addresses both the English and the Continental debates onReformation history Provides a thematic approach which takes in the main trends inmodern Reformation history Draws on the most recent publications relating to Reformationstudies Considers the social, political, cultural, and intellectualimplications of the Reformation and the associated literature
Das wichtigste Buch zur Islam-Debatte: Ayaan Hirsi Ali und ihr Plädoyer für eine Reformation des Islam Ihre eigene Biographie und intime Kenntnis der islamischen Gesellschaften und Kultur sowie ihre Forschungen machen Ayaan Hirsi Ali zu einer der wichtigsten Stimmen in der Debatte über den Islam. Ihr neues, von Optimismus getragenes Buch, an dem sie seit Jahren arbeitet, kommt im richtigen Moment: Es nimmt die Terroranschläge in Paris zum Ausgangspunkt, bietet fundierte Einordnung und Hintergründe, vor allem aber bezieht Hirsi Ali klar Stellung: gegen einen erstarrten Islam und dessen Tolerierung durch den Westen. Und für eine Reformation ihrer Religion durch die Muslime, die sie bereits auf dem Weg sieht.
Prof Dr Els Stronks,Dr Adam Morton,Asst Prof Feike Dietz,Professor Marc Van Vaeck,Ms Lien Roggen
Author: Prof Dr Els Stronks,Dr Adam Morton,Asst Prof Feike Dietz,Professor Marc Van Vaeck,Ms Lien Roggen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Illustrated Religious Texts in the North of Europe, 1500-1800 provides a new perspective on the role of visual imagery in the Reformation period by focusing on international forms of collaboration, and makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates concerning the history of the book by focusing on the ideological as well as practical side of international contacts.
Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform, 1525-1550
Author: Christopher W. Close
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book offers a new explanation for the spread of urban reform during the sixteenth century, arguing that systems of communication between cities proved crucial for the Reformation's development. This hypothesis explains not only how the Reformation spread to almost every imperial city in southern Germany, but also how it survived attempts to repress religious reform.
Throughout the Reformation period, England's most important public pulpit was Paul's Cross, which stood in the churchyard of St Paul's Cathedral in London. This book offers a detailed history of the Paul's Cross sermons from the reign of Elizabeth I until the destruction of the pulpit under Charles I. It explains the arrangement for the sermons' delivery and the tensions between the different authorities (the royal government, the bishops of London, and theCorporation of London) who controlled them. The increasing role that the Paul's Cross sermons played in London's civic culture after the Reformation is discussed, and an account is given of the narrowing of the sermons' audience in the years preceding the English Civil War. This book explores early modernEnglish homiletics, so that preachers' adaptation of sermon genres to suit sermons on religious controversies or on political anniversaries (such as 5 November) can be described.
'Church Music and Protestantism in Post-Reformation England' breaks new ground in the religious history of Elizabethan England, through a closely focused study of the relationship between the practice of religious music and the complex process of Protestant identity formation. Hearing was of vital importance in the early modern period, and music was one of the most prominent, powerful and emotive elements of religious worship. But in large part, traditional historical narratives of the English Reformation have been distinctly tone deaf. Recent scholarship has begun to take increasing notice of some elements of Reformed musical practice, such as the congregational singing of psalms in meter. This book marks a significant advance in that area, combining an understanding of theory as expressed in contemporary religious and musical discourse, with a detailed study of the practice of church music in key sites of religious worship. Divided into three sections - 'Discourses', 'Sites', and 'Identities' - the book begins with an exploration of the classical and religious discourses which underpinned sixteenth-century understandings of music, and its use in religious worship. It then moves on to an investigation of the actual practice of church music in parish and cathedral churches, before shifting its attention to the people of Elizabethan England, and the ways in which music both served and shaped the difficult process of Protestantisation. Through an exploration of these issues, and by reintegrating music back into the Elizabethan church, we gain an expanded and enriched understanding of the complex evolution of religious identities, and of what it actually meant to be Protestant in post-Reformation England.
How an Unheralded Monk Turned His Small Town into a Center of Publishing, Made Himself the Most Famous Man in Europe--and Started the Protestant Reformation
Author: Andrew Pettegree
A revolutionary look at Martin Luther, the Reformation, and the birth of publishing, on the eve of the Reformation’s 500th anniversary When Martin Luther posted his “theses” on the door of the Wittenberg church in 1517, protesting corrupt practices, he was virtually unknown. Within months, his ideas spread across Germany, then all of Europe; within years, their author was not just famous, but infamous, responsible for catalyzing the violent wave of religious reform that would come to be known as the Protestant Reformation and engulfing Europe in decades of bloody war. Luther came of age with the printing press, and the path to glory of neither one was obvious to the casual observer of the time. Printing was, and is, a risky business—the questions were how to know how much to print and how to get there before the competition. Pettegree illustrates Luther's great gifts not simply as a theologian, but as a communicator, indeed, as the world's first mass-media figure, its first brand. He recognized in printing the power of pamphlets, written in the colloquial German of everyday people, to win the battle of ideas. But that wasn't enough—not just words, but the medium itself was the message. Fatefully, Luther had a partner in the form of artist and businessman Lucas Cranach, who together with Wittenberg’s printers created the distinctive look of Luther's pamphlets. Together, Luther and Cranach created a product that spread like wildfire—it was both incredibly successful and widely imitated. Soon Germany was overwhelmed by a blizzard of pamphlets, with Wittenberg at its heart; the Reformation itself would blaze on for more than a hundred years. Publishing in advance of the Reformation’s 500th anniversary, Brand Luther fuses the history of religion, of printing, and of capitalism—the literal marketplace of ideas—into one enthralling story, revolutionizing our understanding of one of the pivotal figures and eras in human history. From the Hardcover edition.
This interdisciplinary collection of essays investigates the processes by which Augustine of Hippo's writings were re-invented in other media, including the visual arts, drama and music. Thereby it highlights the crucial role of Augustine's readers in constructing his universal stature.
Author: Asst Prof Verena Theile,Mr Andrew D McCarthy
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Literary Criticism
Engaging with fiction and history-and reading both genres as texts permeated with early modern anxieties, desires, and apprehensions-this collection scrutinizes the historical intersection of early modern European superstitions and English stage literature. Contributors analyze the cultural mechanisms that shape, preserve, and transmit beliefs. They investigate where superstitions come from and how they are sustained and communicated within early modern European society. It has been proposed by scholars that once enacted on stage and thus brought into contact with the literary-dramatic perspective, belief systems that had been preserved and reinforced by historical-literary texts underwent a drastic change. By highlighting the connection between historical-literary and literary-dramatic culture, this volume tests and explores the theory that performance of superstitions opened the way to disbelief.
The Protestant Reformation of 1560 is widely acknowledged as being a watershed moment in Scottish history. However, whilst the antecedents of the reform movement have been widely explored, the actual process of establishing a reformed church in the parishes in the decades following 1560 has been largely ignored. This book helps remedy the situation by examining the foundation of the reformed church and the impact of Protestant discipline in the parishes of Fife. In early modern Scotland, Fife was both a distinct and important region, containing a preponderance of coastal burghs as well as St Andrews, the ecclesiastical capital of medieval Scotland. It also contained many rural and inland parishes, making it an ideal case study for analysing the course of religious reform in diverse communities. Nevertheless, the focus is on the Reformation, rather than on the county, and the book consistently places Fife's experience in the wider Scottish, British and European context. Based on a wide range of under-utilised sources, especially kirk session minutes, the study's focus is on the grass-roots religious life of the parish, rather than the more familiar themes of church politics and theology. It evaluates the success of the reformers in affecting both institutional and ideological change, and provides a detailed account of the workings of the reformed church, and its impact on ordinary people. In so doing it addresses important questions regarding the timescale and geographical patterns of reform, and how such dramatic religious change succeeded and endured without violence, or indeed, widespread opposition.
Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist
De politieke denkbeelden van de rebellen in de Opstand (voorheen de Tachtigjarige Oorlog) zijn al langer onderwerp van wetenschappelijk onderzoek. Dit boek richt zich echter op het grotendeels onbesproken verhaal van het Habsburgse regime en zijn lokale aanhangers. Hoe dachten zij over het conflict en hoe reageerden zij op de beschuldigingen van de opstandelingen? De auteur heeft een verscheidenheid aan mondelinge, schriftelijke en theatrale media onderzocht om te ontdekken hoe het regime gebruikmaakte van de verschillende communicatiekanalen. Daarnaast is de reactie van gewone mensen op het conflict en op de tegenstrijdige berichtgeving in de publieke sfeer onderzocht.