**Author**: Graham Everest, Alf van der Poorten,Igor Shparlinski,Thomas Ward

**Publisher:** American Mathematical Soc.

**ISBN:** 1470423154

**Category:**

**Page:** 318

**View:** 6055

Recurrence sequences are of great intrinsic interest and have been a central part of number theory for many years. Moreover, these sequences appear almost everywhere in mathematics and computer science. This book surveys the modern theory of linear recurrence sequences and their generalizations. Particular emphasis is placed on the dramatic impact that sophisticated methods from Diophantine analysis and transcendence theory have had on the subject. Related work on bilinear recurrences and an emerging connection between recurrences and graph theory are covered. Applications and links to other areas of mathematics are described, including combinatorics, dynamical systems and cryptography, and computer science. The book is suitable for researchers interested in number theory, combinatorics, and graph theory.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium, ANTS 2006, held in Berlin, July 2006. The book presents 37 revised full papers together with 4 invited papers selected for inclusion. The papers are organized in topical sections on algebraic number theory, analytic and elementary number theory, lattices, curves and varieties over fields of characteristic zero, curves over finite fields and applications, and discrete logarithms.

Contributions by leading experts in the field provide a snapshot of current progress in polynomials and number theory.

The book treats four mathematical concepts which play a fundamental role in many different areas of mathematics: symbolic sums, recurrence (difference) equations, generating functions, and asymptotic estimates. Their key features, in isolation or in combination, their mastery by paper and pencil or by computer programs, and their applications to problems in pure mathematics or to "real world problems" (e.g. the analysis of algorithms) are studied. The book is intended as an algorithmic supplement to the bestselling "Concrete Mathematics" by Graham, Knuth and Patashnik.

This volume contains the papers presented at WoLLIC 2010: 17th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation held during July 6–9, 2010, on the campus of Universidade de Bras ́ ?lia (UnB), Brazil. The Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation (WoL- LIC) is an annual event, meeting every year since 1994, which aims at fostering interdisciplinary research in pure and applied logic. The idea is to have a forum which is large enough in the number of possible interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation, and yet is small enough to allow for concrete and useful interaction among participants. The present volume contains 13 contributed papers that were selected from among 32 submissions after a rigorous review by the Program Committee. Each submission was reviewed by at least two, and on average three, Program C- mittee members. This volume also containspapersor abstractsthat relateto the seven invited talks presented at the workshop. Between them, these papers give a snapshot of some fascinating work taking place at the frontiers between computation, logic, and linguistics. We are grateful to all the people who made this meeting possible and are responsible for its success: the members of the Program Committee and the external reviewers, the invited speakers, the contributors, and the people who were involved in organizing the workshop.

Recurrence sequences are of great intrinsic interest and have been a central part of number theory for many years. Moreover, these sequences appear almost everywhere in mathematics and computer science. This book surveys the modern theory of linear recurrence sequences and their generalizations. Particular emphasis is placed on the dramatic impact that sophisticated methods from Diophantine analysis and transcendence theory have had on the subject. Related work on bilinear recurrences and an emerging connection between recurrences and graph theory are covered. Applications and links to other areas of mathematics are described, including combinatorics, dynamical systems and cryptography, and computer science. The book is suitable for researchers interested in number theory, combinatorics, and graph theory.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Reachability Problems, RP 2012, held in Bordeaux, France, in September, 2012. The 8 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 15 submissions. The papers present current research and original contributions related to reachability problems in different computational models and systems such as algebraic structures, computational models, hybrid systems, logic and verification. Reachability is a fundamental problem that appears in several different contexts: finite- and infinite-state concurrent systems, computational models like cellular automata and Petri nets, decision procedures for classical, modal and temporal logic, program analysis, discrete and continuous systems, time critical systems, and open systems modeled as games.

Der Klassiker zum Thema bietet Lesern, die mit den Grundlagen der algebraischen Zahlentheorie vertraut sind, einen raschen Zugang zur Klassenkörpertheorie. Die Neuauflage ist eine verbesserte Version des 1969 in der Reihe B. I.-Hochschulskripten (Bibliographisches Institut Mannheim) erschienenen gleichnamigen Bandes. Das Werk besteht aus drei Teilen: Im ersten wird die Kohomologie der endlichen Gruppen behandelt, im zweiten die lokale Klassenkörpertheorie, der dritte Teil widmet sich der Klassenkörpertheorie der endlichen algebraischen Zahlkörper.

These six volumes include approximately 20,000 reviews of items in number theory that appeared in Mathematical Reviews between 1984 and 1996. This is the third such set of volumes in number theory. The first was edited by W.J. LeVeque and included reviews from 1940-1972; the second was edited by R.K. Guy and appeared in 1984.

The first comprehensive survey of mathematics' most fascinatingnumber sequences Fibonacci and Lucas numbers have intrigued amateur and professionalmathematicians for centuries. This volume represents the firstattempt to compile a definitive history and authoritative analysisof these famous integer sequences, complete with a wealth ofexciting applications, enlightening examples, and fun exercisesthat offer numerous opportunities for exploration andexperimentation. The author has assembled a myriad of fascinating properties of bothFibonacci and Lucas numbers-as developed by a wide range ofsources-and catalogued their applications in a multitude of widelyvaried disciplines such as art, stock market investing,engineering, and neurophysiology. Most of the engaging anddelightful material here is easily accessible to college and evenhigh school students, though advanced material is included tochallenge more sophisticated Fibonacci enthusiasts. A historicalsurvey of the development of Fibonacci and Lucas numbers,biographical sketches of intriguing personalities involved indeveloping the subject, and illustrative examples round out thisthorough and amusing survey. Most chapters conclude with numericand theoretical exercises that do not rely on long and tediousproofs of theorems. Highlights include: * Balanced blend of theory and real-world applications * Excellent reference material for student reports andprojects * User-friendly, informal, and entertaining writing style * Historical interjections and short biographies that add a richerperspective to the topic * Reference sections providing important symbols, problemsolutions, and fundamental properties from the theory of numbersand matrices Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers with Applications providesmathematicians with a wealth of reference material in oneconvenient volume and presents an in-depth and entertainingresource for enthusiasts at every level and from any background.

Das erforderliche mathematische Hintergrundwissen für den Arithmetikunterricht in der Primarstufe so praxisnah wie möglich und theoretisch fundiert wie nötig aufzubereiten, ist ein wichtiges Anliegen dieses Bandes. Die gezielte Verwendung beispielgebundener Beweisstrategien, die später in ähnlicher Form auch in der eigenen Unterrichtspraxis eingesetzt werden können, ist hierbei hilfreich. Aber auch die Fülle anschaulicher Beispiele und die große Anzahl von Übungsaufgaben unterschiedlichen Schwierigkeitsgrades tragen zur eigenaktiven Auseinandersetzung mit dem Stoff und zu einem besseren Verständnis bei. Bewusst argumentieren wir in diesem Band auf verschiedenen Niveaus, die von den schon erwähnten beispielgebundenen Beweisstrategien bis hin zu formalen Beweisen reichen. So sind beim Beweisen eine gute Abstufung im Schwierigkeitsgrad und eine wechselseitige Stützung bei der Argumentation möglich. Auch die Verzahnung mathematischer Inhalte (Arithmetik) und mathematikdidaktischer Fragestellungen (Didaktik der Arithmetik) ist für uns zentral. Den Studierenden wird so der Zugang zur Arithmetik erleichtert und sie werden zugleich stärker motiviert.

A polytope exchange transformation is a (discontinuous) map from a polytope to itself that is a translation wherever it is defined. The 1-dimensional examples, interval exchange transformations, have been studied fruitfully for many years and have deep connections to other areas of mathematics, such as Teichmüller theory. This book introduces a general method for constructing polytope exchange transformations in higher dimensions and then studies the simplest example of the construction in detail. The simplest case is a 1-parameter family of polygon exchange transformations that turns out to be closely related to outer billiards on semi-regular octagons. The 1-parameter family admits a complete renormalization scheme, and this structure allows for a fairly complete analysis both of the system and of outer billiards on semi-regular octagons. The material in this book was discovered through computer experimentation. On the other hand, the proofs are traditional, except for a few rigorous computer-assisted calculations.