Psychology and Dentistry

Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care

Author: William Ayer, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135794839

Category: Medical

Page: 170

View: 9925

Learn to build successful working relationships with your patients Psychology and Dentistry: Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care is a practical guide to an often-neglected aspect of dentistry-the contributions of the behavioral sciences to dental research and practice. Dr. William A. Ayer, Professor of Behavioral Sciences at Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, presents a comprehensive textbook that’s an essential study aid for students preparing for their National Dental Board Examinations and a valuable classroom resource for dental school faculty. This unique book identifies the everyday concerns of dentists, dental students, and dental hygienists, offering proven strategies for patient management and for building—and maintaining—a successful dentist-patient relationship. Psychology and Dentistry examines the contributions of the behavioral sciences to the practice of dentistry, drawing subject matter from a wide range of disciplines that include psychology, sociology, education, anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services, and public health. The book is a practical guide to developing the necessary skills to conduct effective patient interviews, for teaching patients to manage their dental fears and anxieties, and for dealing with patients who need counseling from mental health professionals. It also addresses special issues that have become relevant to dentists and their staffs in recent years, including child abuse and neglect, spousal violence, elder abuse, aging and changes associated with age, death and dying, and bereavement. Psychology and Dentistry examines: behavior therapies behavioral interventions management techniques for patients with acute and/or chronic pain how to train patients to manage their oral habits how to get patients to comply with health care recommendations pain perception and pain expression the therapeutic use of hypnosis how to make psychological referrals for patients the effect of stress on dentists and dental students and much more! Psychology and Dentistry: Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care is an essential resource for anyone working in the dental field. The book’s practical approach and unique insights are invaluable for helping you develop healthy relationships with your patients.

The Special Care Patient

Author: Burton S. Wasserman

Publisher: W B Saunders Company

ISBN: 9781437704679

Category: Medical

Page: 397

View: 648

A comprehensive and important issue devoted to the special needs dental patient! Topics will include dental treatment planning, the anxious or phobic patient, oral and general sedation, treatment of mentally disabled patients, management of older patients with neurologic disease, seizure disorders, management of HIV patients, a review of cerebral palsy, management of children with challenging behaviors, patient learning and home oral health efforts, and much more!

C D A Journal

Author: California Dental Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dentistry

Page: N.A

View: 4479

Scully's Medical Problems in Dentistry

Author: Crispian Scully

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702059633

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 5591

This text offers an authoritative account of general medical and surgical conditions as they apply to the practice of dentistry and oral healthcare. Now established as the standard reference on the subject, Medical Problems in Dentistry is essential for students learning for the first time or practitioners needing to keep up-to-date with their knowledge. Detailed coverage outlines the complete relevance of systemic diseases and their treatment to dentistry – essential knowledge for the whole dental team User-friendly format allows ease of access to information whether for exam revision purposes or for a specific issue confronting staff in a busy clinical environment Clearly written with excellent use of illustrations, the book is an essential, easy to use, reliable source of information Text completely updated and re-organised to increase focus on the more dentally-relevant aspects of medicine and subject areas that have undergone recent change Entries more fully alphabetized to improve access to information Accompanying ‘key points boxes’ highlight the most crucial aspects of specific medical conditions Content peer-reviewed by a specialist Advisory Board to ensure accuracy of information and the inclusion of the latest advances Additional coverage of autoinflammatory disorders, biological response modifiers, craniofacial transplantation, drug reactions, drug-resistant microbial infections, osteonecrosis, and immune reconstitution syndrome Completely new entries such as alternative and complementary medicine, health promotion, men’s issues and occupational health New national and international guidelines, selected recent references and up-to-date websites

Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals

Author: Brian P. Hinote,Jason Adam Wasserman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249722

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 8570

Intended for courses in sociology and allied health, Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals examines social and behavioral factors affecting health and illness, and how these phenomena directly inform clinical practice. The text introduces interdisciplinary insights from fields like sociology, psychology, and epidemiology to elucidate critical features of contemporary patient care routinely confronting health practitioners. Directly correlated to the new MCAT standards, the text is invaluable to students planning a career in the medical professions.

Medical Problems in Dentistry E-Book

Author: Crispian Scully

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044091

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 4176

This text offers an authoritative account of general medical and surgical conditions as they apply to the practice of dentistry and oral healthcare. Now established as the standard reference on the subject, Medical Problems in Dentistry is essential for students learning for the first time or practitioners needing to keep up-to-date with their knowledge. Detailed coverage outlines the complete relevance of systemic diseases and their treatment to dentistry – essential knowledge for the whole dental team User-friendly format allows ease of access to information whether for exam revision purposes or for a specific issue confronting staff in a busy clinical environment Clearly written with excellent use of illustrations, the book is an essential, easy to use, reliable source of information Text completely updated and re-organised to increase focus on the more dentally-relevant aspects of medicine and subject areas that have undergone recent change Entries more fully alphabetized to improve access to information Accompanying ‘key points boxes’ highlight the most crucial aspects of specific medical conditions Content peer-reviewed by a specialist Advisory Board to ensure accuracy of information and the inclusion of the latest advances Additional coverage of autoinflammatory disorders, biological response modifiers, craniofacial transplantation, drug reactions, drug-resistant microbial infections, osteonecrosis, and immune reconstitution syndrome Completely new entries such as alternative and complementary medicine, health promotion, men’s issues and occupational health New national and international guidelines, selected recent references and up-to-date websites

Handbook of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

Author: Ronald H. Rozensky,Jerry J. Sweet,Steven M. Tovian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461537924

Category: Psychology

Page: 642

View: 6161

For two decades, I have been responding to questions about the nature of health psychology and how it differs from medical psychology, behavioral medicine, and clinical psychology. From the beginning, I have taken the position that any applica tion of psychological theory or practice to problems and issues of the health system is health psychology. I have repeatedly used an analogy to Newell and Simon's "General Problem Solver" program of the late 1950s and early 1960s, which had two major functional parts, in addition to the "executive" component. One was the "problem-solving core" (the procedural competence); the other was the representa tion of the "problem environment. " In the analogy, the concepts, knowledge, and techniques of psychology constitute the core competence; the health system in all its complexity is the problem environment. A health psychologist is one whose basic competence in psychology is augmented by a working knowledge of some aspect of the health system. Quite apparently, there are functionally distinct aspects of health psychology to the degree that there are meaningful subdivisions in psychological competence and significantly different microenvironments within the health system. I hesitate to refer to them as areas of specialization, as the man who gave health psychology its formal definition, Joseph Matarazzo, has said that there are no specialties in psychology (cited in the editors' preface to this book).

Handbook of Pediatric Psychology, Fifth Edition

Author: Michael C. Roberts,Ric G. Steele

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 146252978X

Category: Medical

Page: 682

View: 937

"Subject Areas/Keywords: adolescents, behavioral health, childhood, children, chronic, conditions, developmental disabilities, diseases, eHealth applications, families, family, health behaviors, health promotion, health psychology, illnesses, integrated healthcare, interventions, medical disorders, pain, pediatric psychology, prevention, primary care, problems, psychological disorders, psychotherapy, schools, Society of Pediatric Psychology, telehealth, treatments DESCRIPTION Thousands of practitioners and students have relied on this handbook, now thoroughly revised, for authoritative information on the links between psychological and medical issues from infancy through adolescence. Sponsored by the Society of Pediatric Psychology, the volume explores psychosocial aspects of specific medical problems, as well as issues in managing developmental and behavioral concerns that are frequently seen in pediatric settings. The book describes best practices in training and service delivery and presents evidence-based approaches to intervention with children and families. All chapters have been rigorously peer reviewed by experts in the field"--

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®)

Author: American Psychiatric Association

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 0890425574

Category: Medical

Page: 991

View: 444

This new edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. Their dedication and hard work have yielded an authoritative volume that defines and classifies mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. The criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings -- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. New features and enhancements make DSM-5® easier to use across all settings: The chapter organization reflects a lifespan approach, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood (such as neurodevelopmental disorders) at the beginning of the manual, and those more typical of older adults (such as neurocognitive disorders) placed at the end. Also included are age-related factors specific to diagnosis. The latest findings in neuroimaging and genetics have been integrated into each disorder along with gender and cultural considerations. The revised organizational structure recognizes symptoms that span multiple diagnostic categories, providing new clinical insight in diagnosis. Specific criteria have been streamlined, consolidated, or clarified to be consistent with clinical practice (including the consolidation of autism disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder into autism spectrum disorder; the streamlined classification of bipolar and depressive disorders; the restructuring of substance use disorders for consistency and clarity; and the enhanced specificity for major and mild neurocognitive disorders). Dimensional assessments for research and validation of clinical results have been provided. Both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are included for each disorder, and the organizational structure is consistent with the new ICD-11 in development. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to today's mental health clinicians and researchers of all orientations. The information contained in the manual is also valuable to other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists.

Teeth

The Story of Beauty, Inequality, and the Struggle for Oral Health in America

Author: Mary Otto

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1620972816

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3656

An NPR Best Book of 2017 "[Teeth is] . . . more than an exploration of a two-tiered system—it is a call for sweeping, radical change." —New York Times Book Review “Show me your teeth,” the great naturalist Georges Cuvier is credited with saying, “and I will tell you who you are.” In this shattering new work, veteran health journalist Mary Otto looks inside America’s mouth, revealing unsettling truths about our unequal society. Teeth takes readers on a disturbing journey into America’s silent epidemic of oral disease, exposing the hidden connections between tooth decay and stunted job prospects, low educational achievement, social mobility, and the troubling state of our public health. Otto’s subjects include the pioneering dentist who made Shirley Temple and Judy Garland’s teeth sparkle on the silver screen and helped create the all-American image of “pearly whites”; Deamonte Driver, the young Maryland boy whose tragic death from an abscessed tooth sparked congressional hearings; and a marketing guru who offers advice to dentists on how to push new and expensive treatments and how to keep Medicaid patients at bay. In one of its most disturbing findings, Teeth reveals that toothaches are not an occasional inconvenience, but rather a chronic reality for millions of people, including disproportionate numbers of the elderly and people of color. Many people, Otto reveals, resort to prayer to counteract the uniquely devastating effects of dental pain. Otto also goes back in time to understand the roots of our predicament in the history of dentistry, showing how it became separated from mainstream medicine, despite a century of growing evidence that oral health and general bodily health are closely related. Muckraking and paradigm-shifting, Teeth exposes for the first time the extent and meaning of our oral health crisis. It joins the small shelf of books that change the way we view society and ourselves—and will spark an urgent conversation about why our teeth matter.

The Impact of AIDS: Psychological and Social Aspects of HIV Infection, 3rd Edition

Author: Jose Catalan,Barbara Hedge,Lorraine Sherr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789057020407

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 8052

This volume contains a selection of key contributions to the discussion on the psychological and social implications on HIV infection. It contains up-to-date and authoritative papers by senior practitioners and researchers in the field of the psychological and social aspects of HIV infection. The book will appeal to those involved in providing care for people with HIV infections, be they physicians and nurses or psychologists, social workers and psychiatrists, as well as those involved in preventing the spread of the HIV infection. From the start of the HIV epidemic, the psychological and social aspects of the AIDS infection have been recognized. What could have been regarded simply as an infectious disease was soon acknowledged as a global problem that raised important issues about its transmission and prevention; economic, ethical and legal questions regarding the mental health consequences and the need for access to medical and social care.

Sociology and Psychology for the Dental Team

Author: Sasha Scambler,Suzanne Scott,Koula Asimakopoulou

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 244

View: 5328

The role that the social and behavioural sciences play in the daily practice of dentistry is now an essential part of all dentistry training, but it can often seem distant from the reality of daily clinical practice. Dentists often ask: what is sociology? Why do I need to know about psychology? Why do I need sociology to be an effective dentist? How can sociology and psychology help improve my clinical practice? This new textbook answers these important questions and shows how the social and behavioural sciences can inform the practice of dentistry and allied healthcare services in the twenty–first century. It provides a comprehensive, accessible introduction to sociology and psychology for dentistry students with no prior knowledge of the subject, as well as postgraduate (post–qualification) practising dentists with experience of dealing with social and behavioural issues in their daily work. Although the book assumes little or no previous knowledge of psychology or sociology it also provides enough depth to meet the needs of those with some background in these fields. Throughout, the links between sociology and psychology and everyday practice are emphasised and explained and theoretical concepts are put into the context of everyday clinical work. The book provides clearly defined learning aims and objectives and summaries of important concepts and questions for discussion. The authors have extensive experience in teaching and researching the social and behavioural sciences from basic undergraduate to post–doctoral levels. This book will be an indispensable teaching aid within dental health education, and other allied health and social care disciplines.

Oral Psychophysiology

Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care

Author: Ilana Eli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849301599

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 6924

Oral Psychophysiology: Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care presents the many different behavioral aspects of dental treatment, including specific dento-related behavioral dysfunctions (fear, anxiety and phobia, excessive gagging reflex, orofacial pain). Special attention is given to the specific problems of elderly dental patients, including possible problems in adapting to dentures. The effects of stress on physiological conditions in the oral cavity and stress-related behavior, such as syncope or inability to achieve local anesthesia, are discussed. The book also summarizes possible treatment modalities for patients who find it difficult to cope with the various aspects of dental care, such as behavior modification, hypnosis, and pharmaceutical approaches. Oral Psychophysiology: Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care is an indispensable resource for dentists and dental students who occasionally encounter "problematic" patients. The handling of such patients requires more than the usual, familiar, manual skills and is often a source of stress and frustration to the dentist. By developing an understanding of the underlying principles of the behavior of these patients, a clinician will be able to create a better interpersonal relationship with his/her patients, prevent some of the potential problems, and solve others.

Behavioral Dentistry

Author: David I. Mostofsky,Farida Fortune

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118764579

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 5936

Behavioral Dentistry, Second Edition, surveys the vast and absorbing topic of the role of behavioral science in the study and clinical practice of dentistry. An understanding of social sciences has long been a central part of dental education, and essential for developing a clinician’s appreciation of human behavior as it affects efficient dental treatment. This book gathers together contributions from leading experts in each of the major subspecialties of behavioral dentistry. Its aim is not merely to provide the student and clinician with a comprehensive review of the impressive literature or discussion of the theoretical background to the subject, but also with a practical guide to adapting the latest techniques and protocols and applying them to day-to-day clinical practice. This second edition of Behavioral Dentistry discusses biobehavioral processes, including the psychobiology of inflammation and pain, oral health and quality of life, saliva health, and hypnosis in dentistry. The book goes on to examine anxiety, fear, and dental and chronic orofacial pain, and then reviews techniques for designing and managing behavior change. It concludes with a section on professional practice, including care of special needs, geriatric, and diabetic patients, and interpersonal communication in dental education.

Behavioral Aspects of AIDS

Author: David G. Ostrow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475793863

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 2286

As we enter the last decade of the twentieth century, the AIDS epidemic looms ever larger and threatening. The specter of upwards of a million deaths in the United States and perhaps many millions worldwide from a sexually transmitted virus shakes our belief in modem medical science, while challenging the foundations of democratic society. Almost ten years into the epidemic, and with an enormous body of basic science research on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), we still do not know why AIDS emerged when it did or how to stop its spread. A very humbling experience for scientists, clinicians, public health experts, politicians, and the general public. Yet there are signs that a well coordinated multidisciplinary research program can conquer the epidemic and, perhaps, provide the basis for preventing future epidemics. The HIV family of viruses is now better understood, both in terms of structure and function, than any other virus. Genetically engineered peptides and nucleic acids are being tested as specific treatments or vaccines against HIV infection/disease. Most prom ising are the strides which have been made in understanding those aspects of human behavior which have contributed to the spread of HIV infection and which must be substantially modified if AIDS is to be controlled and eventually eradicated. The basis of that understanding has roots in a diverse set of disciplines which have converged in the work presented in this book.

The Psychology of the Dentist-Patient Relationship

Author: Stephen Bochner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461387655

Category: Psychology

Page: 187

View: 8195

The Psychology of the Dentist-Patient Relationship acquaints dentists with the underlying interpersonal dynamics of their professional work. The author has reviewed the dental and psychological literature about the behavior of dentists and their patients, and used this evidence to evaluate critically the various theoretical models of the dentist-patient relationship. A major aim of this book is to show how the application of soundly based psychological theory and practice can improve patient management, reduce the stress of practicing dentistry, and contribute to the design of effective community dental health campaigns.

Aspects of the Computer-based Patient Record

Author: Harold P. Lehmann,Patricia A. Abbott,Nancy K. Roderer,Adam Rothschild,Steven Mandell,Jorge Ferrer,Robert E. Miller,Marion J. Ball

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738730

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 7496

One of the hottest political issues today concerns ways to improve national healthcare systems without incurring further costs. An extensive study by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in the United States formally reported that computer-based patient records are absolutely necessary to help contain the cost explosion in health care. The information obtained from experts, the studies conducted, and the conclusions that went into the IOM's report have now been collected in Aspects of the Computer-Based Patient Record. A large portion of the volume discusses the state-of-the-art in existing computer-based systems as well as the essential needs which must be addressed by future computer-based patients' records. A final section in the book discusses implementation strategies for changing to the electronic system and practical issues: Who will bear the final cost? How and when will healthcare providers who use the system be trained? This volume contains the concise, valuable information which hospital administrators, hospital systems designers, third-party payer groups, and medical technology providers will need if they hope to successfully transit to hospital systems which use a computer-based patient record.

Overcoming Medical Phobias

How to Conquer Fear of Blood, Needles, Doctors, and Dentists

Author: Martin Antony,Mark Watling

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1608823571

Category: Self-Help

Page: 176

View: 3395

Overcome Your Fear of Doctors, Blood, Needles, and More-You Can Do It! Does even the thought of a visit to the doctor's office start your heart racing? You're not alone. Some 30 million of us have a significant fear of doctors, dentists, medical procedures, blood, needles, and so forth. These fears might already have inconvenienced you, but if you're avoiding necessary medical attention, you could be putting yourself in great physical danger. But you don't have to live with these fears anymore. This book can help you overcome your medical phobia, maybe in less time that you ever thought possible. Start by learning about your fears, where they might come from, what factors influence them, and how you can best prepare to overcome them. Then you'll gradually and safely confront your specific fears. The book also includes information about avoiding relapse so you can maintain your progress, as well as steps for helping someone you care about who suffers from a medical phobia. Learn about your fears, how they may have begun, and the methods used to treat them Prepare for treatment, either on your own or with the help of a professional Explore exposure-based strategies for overcoming your fears Learn strategies to prevent fainting Plan relapse-prevention strategies to maintain your progress Engage your family and friends as sources of support