Psychology and Dentistry

Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care

Author: William Ayer, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135794839

Category: Medical

Page: 170

View: 4691

Learn to build successful working relationships with your patients Psychology and Dentistry: Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care is a practical guide to an often-neglected aspect of dentistry-the contributions of the behavioral sciences to dental research and practice. Dr. William A. Ayer, Professor of Behavioral Sciences at Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, presents a comprehensive textbook that’s an essential study aid for students preparing for their National Dental Board Examinations and a valuable classroom resource for dental school faculty. This unique book identifies the everyday concerns of dentists, dental students, and dental hygienists, offering proven strategies for patient management and for building—and maintaining—a successful dentist-patient relationship. Psychology and Dentistry examines the contributions of the behavioral sciences to the practice of dentistry, drawing subject matter from a wide range of disciplines that include psychology, sociology, education, anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services, and public health. The book is a practical guide to developing the necessary skills to conduct effective patient interviews, for teaching patients to manage their dental fears and anxieties, and for dealing with patients who need counseling from mental health professionals. It also addresses special issues that have become relevant to dentists and their staffs in recent years, including child abuse and neglect, spousal violence, elder abuse, aging and changes associated with age, death and dying, and bereavement. Psychology and Dentistry examines: behavior therapies behavioral interventions management techniques for patients with acute and/or chronic pain how to train patients to manage their oral habits how to get patients to comply with health care recommendations pain perception and pain expression the therapeutic use of hypnosis how to make psychological referrals for patients the effect of stress on dentists and dental students and much more! Psychology and Dentistry: Mental Health Aspects of Patient Care is an essential resource for anyone working in the dental field. The book’s practical approach and unique insights are invaluable for helping you develop healthy relationships with your patients.

The Special Care Patient

Author: Burton S. Wasserman

Publisher: W B Saunders Company

ISBN: 9781437704679

Category: Medical

Page: 397

View: 1589

A comprehensive and important issue devoted to the special needs dental patient! Topics will include dental treatment planning, the anxious or phobic patient, oral and general sedation, treatment of mentally disabled patients, management of older patients with neurologic disease, seizure disorders, management of HIV patients, a review of cerebral palsy, management of children with challenging behaviors, patient learning and home oral health efforts, and much more!

C D A Journal

Author: California Dental Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dentistry

Page: N.A

View: 5431

Scully's Medical Problems in Dentistry

Author: Crispian Scully

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702059633

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 3690

This text offers an authoritative account of general medical and surgical conditions as they apply to the practice of dentistry and oral healthcare. Now established as the standard reference on the subject, Medical Problems in Dentistry is essential for students learning for the first time or practitioners needing to keep up-to-date with their knowledge. Detailed coverage outlines the complete relevance of systemic diseases and their treatment to dentistry – essential knowledge for the whole dental team User-friendly format allows ease of access to information whether for exam revision purposes or for a specific issue confronting staff in a busy clinical environment Clearly written with excellent use of illustrations, the book is an essential, easy to use, reliable source of information Text completely updated and re-organised to increase focus on the more dentally-relevant aspects of medicine and subject areas that have undergone recent change Entries more fully alphabetized to improve access to information Accompanying ‘key points boxes’ highlight the most crucial aspects of specific medical conditions Content peer-reviewed by a specialist Advisory Board to ensure accuracy of information and the inclusion of the latest advances Additional coverage of autoinflammatory disorders, biological response modifiers, craniofacial transplantation, drug reactions, drug-resistant microbial infections, osteonecrosis, and immune reconstitution syndrome Completely new entries such as alternative and complementary medicine, health promotion, men’s issues and occupational health New national and international guidelines, selected recent references and up-to-date websites

Medical Problems in Dentistry E-Book

Author: Crispian Scully

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044091

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 5521

This text offers an authoritative account of general medical and surgical conditions as they apply to the practice of dentistry and oral healthcare. Now established as the standard reference on the subject, Medical Problems in Dentistry is essential for students learning for the first time or practitioners needing to keep up-to-date with their knowledge. Detailed coverage outlines the complete relevance of systemic diseases and their treatment to dentistry – essential knowledge for the whole dental team User-friendly format allows ease of access to information whether for exam revision purposes or for a specific issue confronting staff in a busy clinical environment Clearly written with excellent use of illustrations, the book is an essential, easy to use, reliable source of information Text completely updated and re-organised to increase focus on the more dentally-relevant aspects of medicine and subject areas that have undergone recent change Entries more fully alphabetized to improve access to information Accompanying ‘key points boxes’ highlight the most crucial aspects of specific medical conditions Content peer-reviewed by a specialist Advisory Board to ensure accuracy of information and the inclusion of the latest advances Additional coverage of autoinflammatory disorders, biological response modifiers, craniofacial transplantation, drug reactions, drug-resistant microbial infections, osteonecrosis, and immune reconstitution syndrome Completely new entries such as alternative and complementary medicine, health promotion, men’s issues and occupational health New national and international guidelines, selected recent references and up-to-date websites

Oral Psychophysiology

Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care

Author: Ilana Eli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849301599

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7838

Oral Psychophysiology: Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care presents the many different behavioral aspects of dental treatment, including specific dento-related behavioral dysfunctions (fear, anxiety and phobia, excessive gagging reflex, orofacial pain). Special attention is given to the specific problems of elderly dental patients, including possible problems in adapting to dentures. The effects of stress on physiological conditions in the oral cavity and stress-related behavior, such as syncope or inability to achieve local anesthesia, are discussed. The book also summarizes possible treatment modalities for patients who find it difficult to cope with the various aspects of dental care, such as behavior modification, hypnosis, and pharmaceutical approaches. Oral Psychophysiology: Stress, Pain, and Behavior in Dental Care is an indispensable resource for dentists and dental students who occasionally encounter "problematic" patients. The handling of such patients requires more than the usual, familiar, manual skills and is often a source of stress and frustration to the dentist. By developing an understanding of the underlying principles of the behavior of these patients, a clinician will be able to create a better interpersonal relationship with his/her patients, prevent some of the potential problems, and solve others.

The Impact of AIDS: Psychological and Social Aspects of HIV Infection, 3rd Edition

Author: Jose Catalan,Barbara Hedge,Lorraine Sherr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789057020407

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 6710

This volume contains a selection of key contributions to the discussion on the psychological and social implications on HIV infection. It contains up-to-date and authoritative papers by senior practitioners and researchers in the field of the psychological and social aspects of HIV infection. The book will appeal to those involved in providing care for people with HIV infections, be they physicians and nurses or psychologists, social workers and psychiatrists, as well as those involved in preventing the spread of the HIV infection. From the start of the HIV epidemic, the psychological and social aspects of the AIDS infection have been recognized. What could have been regarded simply as an infectious disease was soon acknowledged as a global problem that raised important issues about its transmission and prevention; economic, ethical and legal questions regarding the mental health consequences and the need for access to medical and social care.

The Psychology of the Dentist-Patient Relationship

Author: Stephen Bochner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461387655

Category: Psychology

Page: 187

View: 4687

The Psychology of the Dentist-Patient Relationship acquaints dentists with the underlying interpersonal dynamics of their professional work. The author has reviewed the dental and psychological literature about the behavior of dentists and their patients, and used this evidence to evaluate critically the various theoretical models of the dentist-patient relationship. A major aim of this book is to show how the application of soundly based psychological theory and practice can improve patient management, reduce the stress of practicing dentistry, and contribute to the design of effective community dental health campaigns.

Aspects of the Computer-based Patient Record

Author: Harold P. Lehmann,Patricia A. Abbott,Nancy K. Roderer,Adam Rothschild,Steven Mandell,Jorge Ferrer,Robert E. Miller,Marion J. Ball

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738730

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 5631

One of the hottest political issues today concerns ways to improve national healthcare systems without incurring further costs. An extensive study by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in the United States formally reported that computer-based patient records are absolutely necessary to help contain the cost explosion in health care. The information obtained from experts, the studies conducted, and the conclusions that went into the IOM's report have now been collected in Aspects of the Computer-Based Patient Record. A large portion of the volume discusses the state-of-the-art in existing computer-based systems as well as the essential needs which must be addressed by future computer-based patients' records. A final section in the book discusses implementation strategies for changing to the electronic system and practical issues: Who will bear the final cost? How and when will healthcare providers who use the system be trained? This volume contains the concise, valuable information which hospital administrators, hospital systems designers, third-party payer groups, and medical technology providers will need if they hope to successfully transit to hospital systems which use a computer-based patient record.

Handbook of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

Author: Ronald H. Rozensky,Jerry J. Sweet,Steven M. Tovian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461537924

Category: Psychology

Page: 642

View: 3667

For two decades, I have been responding to questions about the nature of health psychology and how it differs from medical psychology, behavioral medicine, and clinical psychology. From the beginning, I have taken the position that any applica tion of psychological theory or practice to problems and issues of the health system is health psychology. I have repeatedly used an analogy to Newell and Simon's "General Problem Solver" program of the late 1950s and early 1960s, which had two major functional parts, in addition to the "executive" component. One was the "problem-solving core" (the procedural competence); the other was the representa tion of the "problem environment. " In the analogy, the concepts, knowledge, and techniques of psychology constitute the core competence; the health system in all its complexity is the problem environment. A health psychologist is one whose basic competence in psychology is augmented by a working knowledge of some aspect of the health system. Quite apparently, there are functionally distinct aspects of health psychology to the degree that there are meaningful subdivisions in psychological competence and significantly different microenvironments within the health system. I hesitate to refer to them as areas of specialization, as the man who gave health psychology its formal definition, Joseph Matarazzo, has said that there are no specialties in psychology (cited in the editors' preface to this book).

Behavioral Aspects of AIDS

Author: David G. Ostrow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475793863

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 914

As we enter the last decade of the twentieth century, the AIDS epidemic looms ever larger and threatening. The specter of upwards of a million deaths in the United States and perhaps many millions worldwide from a sexually transmitted virus shakes our belief in modem medical science, while challenging the foundations of democratic society. Almost ten years into the epidemic, and with an enormous body of basic science research on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), we still do not know why AIDS emerged when it did or how to stop its spread. A very humbling experience for scientists, clinicians, public health experts, politicians, and the general public. Yet there are signs that a well coordinated multidisciplinary research program can conquer the epidemic and, perhaps, provide the basis for preventing future epidemics. The HIV family of viruses is now better understood, both in terms of structure and function, than any other virus. Genetically engineered peptides and nucleic acids are being tested as specific treatments or vaccines against HIV infection/disease. Most prom ising are the strides which have been made in understanding those aspects of human behavior which have contributed to the spread of HIV infection and which must be substantially modified if AIDS is to be controlled and eventually eradicated. The basis of that understanding has roots in a diverse set of disciplines which have converged in the work presented in this book.

Master Dentistry E-Book

Volume 1: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radiology, Pathology and Oral Medicine

Author: Paul Coulthard,Keith Horner,Philip Sloan,Elizabeth D. Theaker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040045

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 7593

MASTER DESTISTRY is designed as a revision guide for dental students and offers the "curriculum essentials" in an easy-to-digest format. Each section is fully illustrated throughout and is supported by extensive self-assessment questions which allow the reader to assess their own knowledge of the topic and perfect their exam techniques. Now in colour, this second edition addresses oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine and is perfect for both undergraduate students and post-graduates preparing for the MFDS or international equivalents. Quick reference revision aid for dental students – ideal for exam preparation! Integrates specialist areas of knowledge to enhance skills in clinical problem solving Evidence-based approach enables understanding of the strength of the evidence supporting current practice Includes extensive self-testing material – short answers, essays, MCQs and EMQs – enabling students to assess their knowledge and perfect exam techniques Suitable for post-graduate students who will find the book useful for the MJDF or international equivalent New chapter on evidenced-based practice Extensive revisions to sections on surgical implantology and assessment of trauma Updated self-assessment material to reflect current exam formats Now published with colour!

Treatment Planning in Dentistry - E-Book

Author: Stephen J. Stefanac,Samuel P. Nesbit

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323078230

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 7440

This book provides essential knowledge for creating treatment plans for adult dental patients. Treatment planning strategies are presented to help with balancing the ideal with the practical, with emphasis placed on the central role of the patient — whose needs should drive the treatment planning process. The focus is on planning of treatment, not on the comprehensive details of every treatment modality in dentistry. CD-ROM bound into book presents five cases of varying difficulty with interactive exercises that allow users to plan treatment. What's the Evidence? boxes link clinical decision-making and treatment planning strategies to current research. In Clinical Practice boxes highlight specific clinical situations faced by the general dentist. Review Questions and Suggested Projects, located at the end of each chapter, summarize and reinforce important concepts presented in the book. Key Terms and Glossary highlights the terms that are most important to the reader. Suggested Readings lists included at the end of most chapters provide supplemental resources. Chapter on Treatment Planning for Smokers and Patients with Oral Cancer addresses the dentist's role in managing patients with oral cancer, recognizing oral cancer and differential diagnosis of oral lesions, planning treatment for patients undergoing cancer therapy, and smoking cessation strategies. Chapter on Treatment Planning for the Special Care/Special Needs Patient examines the role of the general dentist in the management of patients with a variety of conditions including physical handicaps, mental handicaps, head trauma, hemophilia, and patients' needs before, during, or after major surgery. Chapter on Treatment Planning for the Alcohol and Substance Abuser discusses the challenges of treating this patient population, as well as how to recognize the problem, delivery of care, scope of treatment, and behavioral/compliance issues. Expanded content on Ethical and Legal Issues in Treatment Planning reflects new accreditation guidelines. Dental Team Focus boxes highlight the relevance of chapter content to the dental team. Ethics Topics boxes emphasize the ethical topics found within each chapter. International Tooth Numbering is listed alongside the U.S. tooth numbers in examples and illustrations.

Mosby's Pocket Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions - E-Book

Author: Mosby

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323066046

Category: Medical

Page: 1488

View: 4439

This convenient, concise version of the best-selling Mosby’s Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Professions provides condensed definitions to incorporate only the most essential information. Mosby’s Pocket Dictionary includes all of the information you need, including content on diseases, procedures, equipment, drugs, and so much more. Screened thumb tabs make it easy to locate definitions quickly, and a list of common medical abbreviations printed in the front and back covers make this a perfect reference for clinical practice. UNIQUE! Emphasis on nursing and health science terminology makes this the most useful pocket dictionary for students and practitioners in nursing and health professions. Its small size makes it easy to transport, and the sturdy, flexible cover increases the durability. The practical, straightforward alphabetical organization with no subentries and easy-to-use thumb tabs make it easy to find and understand information. UNIQUE! A section on nursing diagnoses with entries for all NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses prepares you for real-world practice. British spellings for selected entries help you recognize alternate spellings. Etymologies aid your understanding of medical terminology and help you develop a professional vocabulary. Pronunciations provided for key entries help you use terminology correctly in everyday practice. Includes 38,700 definitions, with over 5,000 new and 25,000 revised definitions, to reflect the latest information in all areas of nursing, medicine, and health professions. UNIQUE! Current definitions for all NANDA nursing diagnoses, NIC (Nursing Interventions Classifications) and NOC (Nursing Outcomes Classifications) ensure you have the most up-to-date information for clinical documentation, communication, and care evaluation.

Behavioral Dentistry

Author: David I. Mostofsky,Farida Fortune

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118764579

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 4087

Behavioral Dentistry, Second Edition, surveys the vastand absorbing topic of the role of behavioral science in the studyand clinical practice of dentistry. An understanding of socialsciences has long been a central part of dental education, andessential for developing a clinician’s appreciation of humanbehavior as it affects efficient dental treatment. This bookgathers together contributions from leading experts in each of themajor subspecialties of behavioral dentistry. Its aim is not merelyto provide the student and clinician with a comprehensive review ofthe impressive literature or discussion of the theoreticalbackground to the subject, but also with a practical guide toadapting the latest techniques and protocols and applying them today-to-day clinical practice. This second edition of Behavioral Dentistry discussesbiobehavioral processes, including the psychobiology ofinflammation and pain, oral health and quality of life, salivahealth, and hypnosis in dentistry. The book goes on to examineanxiety, fear, and dental and chronic orofacial pain, and thenreviews techniques for designing and managing behavior change. Itconcludes with a section on professional practice, including careof special needs, geriatric, and diabetic patients, andinterpersonal communication in dental education.

Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through Adolescence, 5/e

Author: Paul S. Casamassimo,Henry W. Fields, Jr.,Dennis J. McTigue,Arthur Nowak

Publisher: Elsevier India

ISBN: 9788131235096

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5678

Unique organization begins with an introduction to the basic information and topics pertinent to children of all ages, then divides up the rest of the text by age group to cover the specific changes the child experiences physically, cognitively, emotionally, and socially. In most cases, particular dental issues are discussed only once, at the point in a child's development at which they are most appropriate. Section on children from conception to age three covers conditions such as cleft palate, disturbances in calcification, unusual numbers of teeth, oral habits, caries, and the development of malocclusions that start during these years. Chapter on aesthetic restorative dentistry for the adolescent looks at material selection, tooth color and form, diastemas, discolored teeth, bleaching and more. Chapter on sport dentistry and mouth protection covers how to evaluate child/adolescent athletes, the different types of mouth protection available, and professional activities in sports dentistry. Chapter on the diagnosis of oral lesions and developmental anomalies uses tables and extensive illustrations to depict developmental anomalies, white soft tissue lesions and enlargements, dark soft tissue lesions, ulcerative lesions, radiolucent lesions of bone, mixed radiolucent and radiopaque lesions of bone.

Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology

Author: C. Green,R. Meagher,T. Millon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461334128

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 7068

We seek to throw down the gauntlet with this handbook, challenging the he gemony of the "behavioral medicine" approach to the psychological study and treatment of the physically ill. This volume is not another in that growing surfeit oftexts that pledge allegiance to the doctrinaire purity of behavioristic thinking, or conceptualize their subject in accord with the sterility of medical models. Diseases are not our focus, nor is the narrow band of behavioral assessment and therapy methodologies. Rather, we have sought to redefine this amorphous, yet burgeoning field so as to place it squarely within the province of a broadly-based psychology-specifically, the emerging, substantive discipline of health psy chology and the well-established professionalism and diverse technologies of clinical psychology. The handbook's title-Clinical Health Psychology-reflects this reorientation explicitly, and Chapter 1 addresses its themes and provides its justifications more fully. In the process of developing a relevant and comprehensive health assess ment tool, the editors were struck by the failure of clinical psychologists to avail themselves of the rich vein of materials that comprise the psychosocial world of the physically ill. Perhaps more dismaying was the observation that this field was being mined-less than optimally-by physicians and nonclinical psychologists.

Brave New Brain

Geist - Gehirn - Genom

Author: Nancy C. Andreasen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642559514

Category: Psychology

Page: 430

View: 7907

Nancy Andreasen, führende Neurowissenschaftlerin, Herausgeberin des angesehenen American Journal of Psychiatry und ausgezeichnet mit der National Medal of Science, zeigt uns in ihrem neuen Buch die Zusammenhänge zwischen Gehirn und Genom. Dank modernster Methoden und Entdeckungen in Neurowissenschaften und Molekularbiologie wissen Forscher mehr denn je über die Funktionen des Gehirns. Die Autorin beschreibt auf faszinierende und verständliche Weise, wie alles zusammenhängt - von Milliarden kleinster Neuronen im Thalamus bis hin zur moralischen Kontrollinstanz im präfrontalen Kortex. Sie erklärt die Entschlüsselung des Genoms, dessen 30000-40000 Gene fast alle in irgendeiner Form in unserem Gehirn aktiv sind. In fesselnden Geschichten beleuchtet sie aber auch, wie sich psychische Störungen entwickeln und welche Auswirkungen sie auf Patienten und Angehörige haben. Nancy Andreasen gelingt der Brückenschlag zwischen hochkomplexen Inhalten und spannender Lektüre.

Psychosocial Aspects of Disability

Insider Perspectives and Strategies for Counselors

Author: Noreen M. Glover-Graf, RhD, CRC,Michael J. Millington, PhD, CRC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610603X

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 9741

"What a marvelous and amazing textbook. Drs. Marini, Glover-Graf and Millington have done a remarkable job in the design of this highly unique book, that comprehensively and very thoughtfully addresses the psychosocial aspects of the disability experience. These highly respected scholars have produced a major work that will be a central text in rehabilitation education for years to come." From the Foreword by Michael J. Leahy, Ph.D., LPC, CRC Office of Rehabilitation and Disability Studies Michigan State University "This is an excellent book, but the best parts are the stories of the disabled, which give readers insights into their struggles and triumphs." Score: 94, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews What are the differences between individuals with disabilities who flourish as opposed to those who never really adjust after a trauma? How are those born with a disability different from individuals who acquire one later in life? This is the first textbook about the psychosocial aspects of disability to provide students and practitioners of rehabilitation counseling with vivid insight into the experience of living with a disability. It features the first-person narratives of 16 people living with a variety of disabling conditions, which are integrated with sociological and societal perspectives toward disability, and strategies for counseling persons with disabilities. Using a minority model perspective to address disability, the book focuses on historical perspectives, cultural variants regarding disability, myths and misconceptions, the attitudes of special interest and occupational groups, the psychology of disability with a focus on positive psychology, and adjustments to disability by the individual and family. A wealth of counseling guidelines and useful strategies are geared specifically to individual disabilities. Key Features: Contains narratives of people living with blindness, hearing impairments, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, polio, mental illness, and other disabilities Provides counseling guidelines and strategies specifically geared toward specific disabilities, including "dos and don'ts" Includes psychological and sociological research relating to individual disabilities Discusses ongoing treatment issues and ethical dilemmas for rehabilitation counselors Presents thought-provoking discussion questions in each chapter Authored by prominent professor and researcher who became disabled as a young adult