Principles of General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry

Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith, Dr.

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780073511191

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 2318

Serious Science with an Approach Built for Today’s Students This one-semester Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry textbook is written with the same student-focused, direct writing style that has been so successful in the Smith: Organic Chemistry and two-semester General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry texts. Janice Smith draws on her extensive teaching background to deliver a student-friendly format--with limited use of text paragraphs, through concisely written bulleted lists and highly detailed, well-labeled “teaching” illustrations--that provides need-to-know information in a succinct style for today’s students. Armed with an excellent macro-to-micro illustration program and many applications to biological, medical, consumer, and environmental topics, this book is a powerhouse of student learning. Don’t make your text decision without seeing Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, second edition by Janice Gorzynski Smith!

General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry

Author: Janice Smith

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 1259298426

Category: Science

Page: 960

View: 6726

This text is different--by design. By relating fundamental concepts of general, organic, and biological chemistry to the everyday world, Jan Smith effectively engages students with bulleted lists, extensive illustrations, and step-by-step problem solving. Smith writes with an approach that delivers need-to-know information in a succinct style for today’s students. Armed with an excellent illustration program full of macro-to-micro art, as well as many applications to biological, medical, consumer, and environmental topics, this book is a powerhouse of learning for students.

Loose Leaf Version for Principles of General, Organic, & Biochemistry

Author: Janice Smith

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780077633738

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1874

Serious Science with an Approach Built for Today’s Students This one-semester Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry textbook is written with the same student-focused, direct writing style that has been so successful in the Smith: Organic Chemistry and two-semester General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry texts. Janice Smith draws on her extensive teaching background to deliver a student-friendly format--with limited use of text paragraphs, through concisely written bulleted lists and highly detailed, well-labeled “teaching” illustrations--that provides need-to-know information in a succinct style for today’s students. Armed with an excellent macro-to-micro illustration program and many applications to biological, medical, consumer, and environmental topics, this book is a powerhouse of student learning. Don’t make your text decision without seeing Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, second edition by Janice Gorzynski Smith!

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: H. Stephen Stoker

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305686187

Category: Science

Page: 1232

View: 7744

Emphasizing the applications of chemistry and minimizing complicated mathematics, GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 7E is written throughout to help students succeed in the course and master the biochemistry content so important to their future careers. The Seventh Edition's clear explanations, visual support, and effective pedagogy combine to make the text ideal for allied health majors. Early chapters focus on fundamental chemical principles while later chapters build on the foundations of these principles. Mathematics is introduced at point-of-use and only as needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 149707553X

Category: Education

Page: 338

View: 3129

Facts101 is your complete guide to Principles of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry. In this book, you will learn topics such as Ionic and Covalent Compounds, Energy and Matter, Chemical Reactions, and Gases plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: John McMurry,Carl A. Hoeger,Virginia E. Peterson

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780321750839

Category: Education

Page: 893

View: 3430

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry by McMurry, Ballantine, Hoeger, and Peterson provides background in chemistry and biochemistry with a relatable context to ensure students of all disciplines gain an appreciation of chemistry's significance in everyday life. Known for its clarity and concise presentation, this book balances chemical concepts with examples, drawn from students' everyday lives and experiences, to explain the quantitative aspects of chemistry and provide deeper insight into theoretical principles. The Seventh Edition focuses on making connections between General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry through a number of new and updated features -- including all-new Mastering Reactions boxes, Chemistry in Action boxes, new and revised chapter problems that strengthen the ties between major concepts in each chapter, practical applications, and much more. NOTE: this is just the standalone book, if you want the book/access card order the ISBN below: 032175011X / 9780321750112 Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0321750837 / 9780321750839 Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 0321776461 / 9780321776464 MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText -- Valuepack Access Card -- for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Advanced organic chemistry

Author: Francis A. Carey,Richard J. Sundberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527292172

Category: Science

Page: 1635

View: 4391

Endlich gibt es ein weiterführendes Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie in deutscher Sprache! Es wird die Studenten auf den Gebieten Reaktionsmechanismen, Stereochemie und insbesondere Organische Synthese bis zum Diplom begleiten, und darüber hinaus ist es ein äußerst nützliches Nachschlagewerk auch für Diplomanden und Doktoranden. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde gegenüber dem Original nochmals erweitert und aktualisiert. Erste Dozentenstimmen: 'Die erste deutsche Ausgabe des Carey/Sundberg erfüllt alle Erwartungen an ein modernes Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie.' - 'Es ist zur Zeit das beste Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie und unentbehrlich für fortgeschrittene Studenten, Diplomanden und Doktoranden.' - 'Endlich! Ich empfehle dieses Buch bereits seit Jahren fortgeschrittenen Studenten.' - 'Es ist bezeichnend, daß es immer besonders motivierte und leistungsstarke Studenten waren, die mich fragten, ob ich ihnen den Carey/Sundberg empfehlen kann. Ich kann es.' - 'Endlich wird es ein ausgewogenes Lehrbuch zur Organischen Chemie für Fortgeschrittene in deutscher Sprache geben. Die Kompetenz der Herausgeber bürgt für hohen Standard.'

Essentials of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: Howard Stephen Stoker

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780618192823

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 6834

The compact disc, Math review, "offers brief tutorials on basic mathematical concepts that appear in the text including solving simple algebraic equations, scientific notation, conversions, reading a graph, and ratio and proportion."--Page x.

Fundamentals of general, organic, and biological chemistry

Author: John R. Holum

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 4685

User-friendly, this comprehensive and up-to-date edition is organized according to the principle that life in both health and disease has a molecular basis. Carefully worked example exercises, enhanced by ``Analysis'' and ``Check'' sections enable students to examine and think about a problem—not just answer it. Includes numerous environmental applications.

Ecology of Protozoa

The Biology of Free-living Phagotropic Protists

Author: Tom Fenchel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662259818

Category: Science

Page: 197

View: 2802

Organische Chemie

Author: Harold Hart

Publisher: VCH

ISBN: 9783527318018

Category: Chemistry, Organic

Page: 740

View: 1930

Organic and Biological Chemistry

Author: H. Stephen Stoker

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305686454

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 9041

Emphasizing the applications of chemistry and minimizing complicated mathematics, GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 6e is written throughout to help students succeed in the course and master the biochemistry content so important to their future careers. The Sixth Edition's clear explanations, visual support, and effective pedagogy combine to make the text ideal for allied health majors. Early chapters focus on fundamental chemical principles while later chapters build on the foundations of these principles. Mathematics is introduced at point-of-use and only as needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Organische Chemie

Author: Kurt Peter C. Vollhardt,Neil Eric Schore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527327541

Category: Chemistry, Organic

Page: 1452

View: 2858

Besser Konzepte und Ideen der organischen Chemie verstehen, als eine Vielzahl von Fakten auswendig beherrschen! Diesem Motto bleibt der "Vollhardt/Schore" auch in der neuesten Auflage treu. Das neu gestaltete Layout, beispielhaft gelöste Übungsaufgaben und die deutlich erweiterten Verständnisübungen führen einprägsam an die Methodik zur Lösung organisch-chemischer Probleme heran. So werden nicht nur die stofflichen Grundlagen der organischen Chemie, sondern auch das "Gewusst wie" fast schon spielerisch vermittelt. Nicht nur für Chemiestudenten, auch für Biochemiker, Pharmazeuten, Biologen und Mediziner ist der "Vollhardt/Schore" der fachliche Grundstock für die organische Chemie.

Die Ordnung der Dinge

Im Reich der Elemente

Author: Sam Kean

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455850030

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 7848

Woraus besteht die Welt, woraus Mikroben, Meere, der Mensch? Kean gelingt etwas Schönes: Man kapiert’s auch ohne dröge Formeln. Das Hauptgebäude der modernen Chemie, das Periodensystem der Elemente, sieht langweilig aus, doch in ihm verbergen sich spannende Geschichten über Alchimisten, Entdecker und Goldgräber, Medizinalräte und Quacksalber, Kriegsstrategen, Spione, Geschäftemacher und Spinner. So macht Naturwissenschaft Spaß! Das periodische System der Elemente ist nicht nur eine große wissenschaftliche Leistung, sondern auch eine Schatzkiste voller skurriler Episoden, die von Leidenschaft, Abenteuern, Betrug und Besessenheit handeln. Während Kean die Grundbausteine des Universums und die Ordnung, die sie schaffen, erklärt, erzählt er zugleich, welche Rolle sie vom Urknall bis heute gespielt haben. Wie etwa Gerhard Domagk das Leben seiner Tochter riskierte, um die ersten Antibiotika zu entwickeln. Wie Portugal sowohl den Nazis als auch den Alliierten zu astronomischen Preisen Wolfram lieferte, weil beide Seiten es dringend für den Krieg brauchten.

Chemical Principles for Organic Chemistry

Author: Robert Boikess

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285457692

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 8236

Covering all the concepts that carry over from general chemistry to the organic course CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY helps you unlearn some of the approaches you learned in General Chemistry, learn new or different ones, and successfully apply concepts from General Chemistry to organic chemistry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry,6th Ed, Mc Murry-Castellion-Ballantine-Hoeger-Peterson,2010

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: Prentice Hall-Pearson Education, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 8141

John McMurry, educated at Harvard and Columbia, has taught approximately 17,000 students in general and organic chemistry over a 30-year period. AProfessor of Chemistry at Cornell University since 1980, Dr. McMurry previously spent 13 years on the faculty at the University of California at Santa Cruz. He has received numerous awards, including the Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1969 71), the National Institute of Health Career Development Award (1975 80), the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award (1986 87), and the Max Planck Research Award (1991). About the Authors David S. Ballantine received his B.S. in Chemistry in 1977 from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA, and his Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1983 from the University of Maryland at College Park. After several years as a researcher at the Naval Research Labs in Washington, DC, he joined the faculty in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry of Northern Illinois University, where he has been a professor for the past twenty years. He was awarded the Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award in 1998 and was recently named the departmental Director of Undergraduate Studies. In addition, he is the faculty advisor to the NIU Chemistry Club, an American Chemical Society Student Affiliate program. Carl A.Hoeger received his B.S. in Chemistry from San Diego State University and his Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1983. After a postdoctoral stint at the University of California, Riverside, he joined the Peptide Biology Laboratory at the Salk Institute in 1985 where he ran the NIH Peptide Facility while doing basic research in the development of peptide agonists and antagonists. During this time he also taught general, organic, and biochemistry at San Diego City College, Palomar College, and Miramar College. He joined the teaching faculty at University of Califiornia, San Diego in 1998. Dr. Hoeger has been teaching chemistry to undergraduates for over 20 years, where he continues to explore the use of technology in the classroom. In 2004 he won the Paul and Barbara Saltman Distinguished Teaching Award from UCSD. He is currently the General Chemistry coordinator at UCSD, where he is also responsible for the training and guidance of over 100 teaching assistants in the Chemistry and Biochemistry departments. Virginia E. Peterson received her B.S. in Chemistry in 1967 from the University of Washington in Seattle, and her Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1980 from the University of Maryland at College Park. Between her undergraduate and graduate years she worked in lipid, diabetes, and heart disease research at Stanford University. Following her Ph.D. she took a position in the Biochemistry Department at the University of Missouri in Columbia and is now an Associate Professor. Currently she is the Director of Undergraduate Advising for the department and teaches both senior capstone classes and biochemistry classes for nonscience majors. Awards include both the college level and the university-wide Excellence in Teaching Award and, in 2006, the University s Outstanding Advisor Award and the State of Missouri Outstanding University Advisor Award. Dr. Peterson believes in public service and in 2003 received the Silver Beaver Award for service from the Boy Scouts of America. This textbook is primarily designed to provide students in the allied health sciences with an appropriate background in chemistry and biochemistry. But it also provides a general context for many of the chemical concepts so that students in other disciplines will gain a better appreciation of the importance of chemistry in everyday life. The coverage in this sixth edition includes sufficient breadth and depth to ensure adequate context and to provide students with opportunities to expand their knowledge. To teach chemistry all the way from What is an atom? to How do we get energy from glucose? is a challenge. Throughout our general chemistry and organic chemistry coverage, the focus is on concepts fundamental to the chemistry of living things and everyday life. In our biochemistry coverage we strive to meet the further challenge of providing a context for the application of those concepts in biological systems. Our goal is to provide enough detail for thorough understanding while avoiding so much detail that students are overwhelmed. Many practical and relevant examples are included to illustrate the concepts and enhance student learning. The material covered is ample for a two-term introduction to general, organic, and biological chemistry. While the general and early organic chapters contain concepts that are fundamental to understanding the material in biochemistry, the later chapters can be covered individually and in an order that can be adjusted to meet the needs of the students and the duration of the course. The writing style is clear and concise and punctuated with practical and familiar examples from students personal experience. Art work, diagrams, and molecular models are used extensively to provide graphical illustration of concepts to enhance student understanding. Since the true test of knowledge is the ability to apply that knowledge appropriately, we include numerous worked examples that incorporate consistent problem-solving strategies. Regardless of their career paths, all students will be citizens in an increasingly technological society. When they recognize the principles of chemistry at work not just in their careers but in their daily lives, they are prepared to make informed decisions on scientific issues based on a firm understanding of the underlying concepts. Organization GENERAL CHEMISTRY: CHAPTERS 1 11 The introduction to elements, atoms, the periodic table, and the quantitative nature of chemistry (Chapters 1 3) is followed by chapters that individually highlight the nature of ionic and molecular compounds (Chapters 4 and 5). The next two chapters discuss chemical reactions and their stoichiometry, energies, rates, and equilibria (Chapters 6 and 7). Topics relevant to the chemistry of life follow: Gases, Liquids, and Solids (Chapter 8); Solutions (Chapter 9); and Acids and Bases (Chapter 10). Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 11) closes the general chemistry sequence. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: CHAPTERS 12 17 These chapters concisely focus on what students must know in order to understand biochemistry. The introduction to hydrocarbons (Chapters 12 and 13) includes the basics of nomenclature, which is thereafter kept to a minimum. Discussion of functional groups with single bonds to oxygen, sulfur, or a halogen (Chapter 14) is followed by a short chapter on amines, which are so important to the chemistry of living things and drugs (Chapter 15). After introducing aldehydes and ketones (Chapter 16), the chemistry of carboxylic acids and their derivatives (including amides) is covered (Chapter 17), with a focus on similarities among the derivatives. xv Preface BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY: CHAPTERS 18 29 Rather than proceed through the complexities of protein, carbohydrate, lipid, and nucleic acid structure before getting to the roles of these compounds in the body, structure and function are integrated in this text. Protein structure (Chapter 18) is followed by enzyme and coenzyme chemistry (Chapter 19). After that we cover the function of hormones and neurotransmitters, and the action of drugs (Chapter 20). With enzymes introduced, the central pathways and themes of biochemical energy production can be described (Chapter 21). If the time you have available to cover biochemistry is limited, stop with Chapter 21 and your students will have an excellent preparation in the essentials of metabolism. The following chapters cover carbohydrate chemistry (Chapters 22 and 23), then lipid chemistry (Chapters 24 and 25). Next we discuss nucleic acids and protein synthesis (Chapter 26) and genomics (Chapter 27). The last two chapters cover protein and amino acid metabolism (Chapter 28) and provide an overview of the chemistry of body fluids (Chapter 29). Changes to This Edition COVERAGE OF GENERAL CHEMISTRY Once again, there is a major emphasis in this edition on problem-solving strategies. This is reflected in expanded solutions in the Worked Example problems and the addition of more Key Concept Problems that focus on conceptual understanding. The most significant change in the Worked Example problems is the addition of a Ballpark Estimate at the beginning of many problems. The Ballpark Estimate provides an opportunity for students to evaluate the relationships involved in the problem and allows them to use an intuitive approach to arrive at a first approximation of the final answer. The ability to think through a problem before attempting a mathematical solution is a skill that will be particularly useful on exams, or when solving real world problems. Other specific changes to chapters are provided below: Chapter 1 The Scientific Method is introduced in the text and reinforced in Applications presented in the chapter. Chapter 3 Discussion of the critical experiments of Thomson, Millikan, and Rutherford are included in the Application Are Atoms Real to provide historical perspective on the development of our understanding of atomic structure. Electron dot structures are introduced in Chapter 3 to emphasize the importance of the valence shell electronic configurations with respect to chemical behavior of the elements. Chapter 4 Electron dot structures are used to reinforce the role of valence shell electronic configurations in explaining periodic behavior and the formation of ions. Chapter 5 The two methods for drawing Lewis dot structures (the general method and the streamlined method for molecules containing C, N, O, X, and H) are discussed back-to-back to highlight the underlying principle of the octet rule common to both methods. Chapter 6 The concept of limiting reagents is incorporated in Section 6.7 in the discussion of reaction stoichiometry and percent yields. xvi Preface Chapter 7 The discussion of free energy and entropy in Section 7.4 has been revised to help students develop a more intuitive understanding of the role of entropy in spontaneous processes. Section 7.8 includes more discussion of how the equilibrium constant is calculated and what it tells us about the extent of reaction. Chapter 8 Sections 8.3 8.10 include more emphasis on use of the kinetic molecular theory to understand the behavior of gases described by the gas laws. Section 8.15 includes more discussion on the energetics of phase changes to help students understand the difference between heat transfer associated with a temperature change and heat transfer associated with the phase change of a substance. Chapter 9 Discussion of equivalents in Section 9.10 has been revised to emphasize the relationship between ionic charge and equivalents of ionic compounds. Discussion of osmotic pressure (Section 9.12) now includes the osmotic pressure equation and emphasizes the similarity with the ideal gas law. Chapter 10 Both the algebraic and logarithmic forms of K w are presented in Section 10.8 to give students another approach to solving pH problems. The discussion of buffer systems now introduces the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. This relationship makes it easier to identify the factors that affect the pH of a buffer system and is particularly useful in biochemical applications in later chapters. Discussion of common acid-base reactions has been moved back in the chapter to provide a more logical segue into titrations in Section 10.15. Chapter 11 Treatment of half-life in Section 11.5 now includes a generic equation to allow students to determine the fraction of isotope remaining after an integral or non-integral number of half-lives, which is more consistent with real world applications. The Applications in this chapter have been expanded to include discussion of new technologies such as Boron Neutron-Capture Therapy (BNCT), or to clear up misconceptions about current methods such as MRI. COVERAGE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Amajor emphasis in this edition was placed on making the fundamental reactions organic molecules undergo much clearer to the reader, with particular vision toward those reactions encountered again in biochemical transformations. Also new to this edition is the expanded use and evaluation of line-angle structure for organic molecules, which are so important when discussing biomolecules. Most of the Applications have been updated to reflect current understanding and research. Other specific changes to chapters are provided below: Chapter 12 This chapter has been significantly rewritten to provide the student with a stronger foundation for the organic chemistry chapters that follow. Aclearer description of what a functional group is, as well as a more systematic approach to drawing alkane isomers have been made. Preface xvii The topic of how to draw and interpret line structures for organic molecules has been added, along with worked examples of such. The discussion of conformations has been expanded. Chapter 13 Amore general discussion of cis and trans isomers has been added. The discussion of organic reaction types, particularly rearrangement reactions, have been simplified. Chapter 14 The topic of oxidation in organic molecules has been clarified. Chapter 15 The role of NO in human biology has been updated to reflect current research. Chapter 16 A more detailed discussion of what is meant by toxic or poisonous has been added. Chapter 17 Adiscussion of ibuprofen has been added. COVERAGE OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY New topics, such as the use of anabolic steroids in sports, have been added to many of these chapters to highlight the relevance of biochemistry in modern society. In this text, nutrition is not treated as a separate subject but is integrated with the discussion of each type of biomolecule. Chapter 18 The discussion of sickle cell anemia has been expanded and the role of an amino acid substitution on hemoglobin structure clarified. The Application Prions Proteins That Cause Disease has been updated to reflect current research. Chapter 19 Incorporated the information about lead poisoning into the discussion of enzyme inhibition. Chapter 20 The discussion of anabolic steroids has been updated. The discussion of drugs and their interaction with the neurotransmitter acetylcholine has been expanded. Chapter 21 The discussion of ATP energy production has been revised. Chapter 22 An explanation of the chair conformation of glucose has been included to enhance understanding of the shape of cyclic sugars. The Application Chirality and Drugs has been updated. The Application Cell Surface Carbohydrates and Blood Type has been revised. xviii Preface Chapter 23 The explanation of substrate level phosphorylation has been expanded for clarity. The emerging medical condition referred to as Metabolic Syndrome has been added to the text discussion of diabetes. The Application Diagnosis and Monitoring of Diabetes has been updated to include metabolic syndrome. Section 23.11 now contains an expanded discussion of gluconeogenesis. The discussion of polysaccharides has been updated. Chapter 24 The description of the cell membrane has been expanded. A discussion of some inhibitors of Cox 1 and Cox 2 enzymes, important in inflammation, has been added. Chapter 25 The discussion of triacylglycerol synthesis has been expanded. The discussion of ketone body formation has been expanded. A thorough explanation of the biosynthesis of fatty acids has been added. Chapter 26 The Application Viruses and AIDS has been updated. Information about the 1918 influenza pandemic was included in the Application Bird Flu : The Next Epidemic? Chapter 27 A discussion of the problems associated with using recombinant DNA for commercial protein manufacture has been added. In Section 27.5, new bioethical issues are pointed out to reflect modern concerns. The discussion of recombinant DNA and polymerase chain reactions has been moved to this chapter from Chapter 26. Focus on Learning WORKED EXAMPLES Most Worked Examples, both quantitative and not quantitative, include an Analysis section that precedes the Solution. The Analysis lays out the approach to solving a problem of the given type. When appropriate, a Ballpark Estimate gives students an overview of the relationships needed to solve the problem, and provides an intuitive approach to arrive at a rough estimate of the answer. The Solution presents the worked-out example using the strategy laid out in the Analysis and, in many cases, includes expanded discussion to enhance student understanding. The use of the two-column format introduced in the fifth edition for quantitative problems has been applied to more Worked Examples throughout the text. Following the Solution there is a Ballpark Check that compares the calculated answer to the Ballpark Estimate, when appropriate, and verifies that the answer makes chemical and physical sense. KEY CONCEPT PROBLEMS are integrated throughout the chapters to focus attention on the use of essential concepts, as do the Understanding Key Concepts problems at the end of each chapter. Understanding Key Concepts problems are designed to test students mastery of the core principles developed in the chapter. Students thus Preface xix have an opportunity to ask Did I get it? before they proceed. Most of these Key Concept Problems use graphics or molecular-level art to illustrate the core principles and will be particularly useful to visual learners. PROBLEMS The problems within the chapters, for which brief answers are given in an appendix, cover every skill and topic to be understood. One or more problems, many of which are new to this edition, follow each Worked Example and others stand alone at the ends of sections. MORE COLOR-KEYED, LABELED EQUATIONS It is entirely too easy to skip looking at a chemical equation while reading. We have extensively used color to call attention to the aspects of chemical equations and structures under discussion, a continuing feature of this book that has been judged very helpful. MOLECULAR MODELS Additional computer-generated molecular models have been introduced, including the use of electrostatic-potential maps for molecular models. KEY WORDS Every key term is boldfaced on its first use, fully defined in the margin adjacent to that use, and listed at the end of the chapter. These are the terms students must understand to get on with the subject at hand. Definitions of all Key Words are collected in the Glossary. END-OF-CHAPTER SUMMARIES Here, the answers to the questions posed at the beginning of the chapter provide a summary of what is covered in that chapter. Where appropriate, the types of chemical reactions in a chapter are also summarized. Focus on Relevancy Chemistry is often considered to be a difficult and tedious subject. But when students make a connection between a concept in class and an application in their daily lives the chemistry comes alive, and they get excited about the subject. The applications in this book strive to capture student interest and emphasize the relevance of the scientific concepts. The use of relevant applications makes the concepts more accessible and increases understanding. Applications are both integrated into the discussions in the text and set off from the text in Application boxes. Each boxed application provides sufficient information for reasonable understanding and, in many cases, extends the concepts discussed in the text in new ways. The boxes end with a cross-reference to end-of-chapter problems that can be assigned by the instructor. Some wellreceived Applications from previous editions that have been retained include Breathing and Oxygen Transport, Buffers in the Body, Prions, Protein Analysis by Electrophoresis, The Biochemistry of Running, and DNA Fingerprinting. New Applications in this edition include Aspirin A Case Study, Temperature- Sensitive Materials, Anemia A Limiting Reagent Problem, GERD: Too Much Acid or Not Enough, and It s a Ribozyme! FOCUS ON MAKING CONNECTIONS AMONG GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY This can be a difficult course to teach. Much of what students are interested in lies in the last part of the course, but the material they need to understand the biochemistry is found in the first two-thirds. It is easy to lose sight of the connections among general, organic, and biological chemistry so we use a feature, Concepts to Review, to call attention to these connections. From Chapter 4 on, the Concepts to Review section at the beginning of the chapter lists topics covered in earlier chapters that form the basis for what is discussed in the current chapter. xx Preface We have also retained the successful concept link icons and Looking Ahead notes. Concept link icons are used extensively to indicate places where previously covered material is relevant to the discussion at hand. These links provide for cross-references and also serve to highlight important chemical themes as they are revisited. Looking Ahead notes call attention to connections between just-covered material and discussions in forthcoming chapters. These notes are designed to illustrate to the students why what they are learning will be useful in what lies ahead. Making It Easier to Teach: Supplements for Instructors MasteringChemistry (www.masteringchemistry.com) MasteringChemistry is the first adaptive-learning online homework system. It provides selected end-of-chapter problems from the text, as well as hundreds of tutorials with automatic grading, immediate answer-specific feedback, and simpler questions on request. Based on extensive research of precise concepts students struggle with, MasteringChemistry uniquely responds to your immediate needs, thereby optimizing your study time. Instructor Resource Manual (0-32-161241-8) Features lecture outlines with presentation suggestions, teaching tips, suggested in-class demonstrations, and topics for classroom discussion. Test Item File (0-32-161514-X) Updated to reflect the revisions in this text and contains questions in a bank of more than 2,000 multiple-choice questions. Transparency Pack (0-32-161513-1) More than 225 full-color transparencies chosen from the text put principles into visual perspective and save you time while you are preparing for your lectures. Instructor Resource Center on CD/DVD (0-32-161242-6) This CD/DVD provides an intergrated collection of resources designed to help you make efficient and effective use of your time. This CD/DVD features most art from the text, including figures and tables in PDF format for high-resolution printing, as well as four pre-built PowerPoint presentations. The first presentation contains the images/ figures/tables embedded within the PowerPoint slides, while the second includes a complete modifiable lecture outline. The final two presentations contain worked in chapter sample exercises and questions to be used with Classroom Response Systems. This CD/DVD also contains movies and animations, as well as the TestGen version of the Test Item File, which allows you to create and tailor exams to your needs. BlackBoard® and WebCT® Practice and assessment materials are available upon request in these course management platforms. Making It Easier to Learn: Supplements for Students Study Guide and Full Solutions Manual (0-32-161238-8) and Study Guide and Selected Solutions Manual (0-32-161239-6), both by Susan McMurry. The selected version provides solutions only to those problems that have a short answer in the Preface xxi text s Selected Answer Appendix (problems numbered in blue in the text). Both versions explain in detail how the answers to the in-text and end-of-chapter problems are obtained. They also contain chapter summaries, study hints, and self-tests for each chapter. For the Laboratory Exploring Chemistry: Laboratory Experiments in General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, 2nd Edition (0-13-047714-1) by Julie R. Peller of Indiana University. Written specifically to accompany Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, this manual contains 34 fresh and accessible experiments specifically for GOB students. Catalyst: The Prentice Hall Custom Laboratory Program for Chemistry. This program allows you to custom-build a chemistry lab manual that matches your content needs and course organization. You can either write your own labs using the Lab Authoring Kit tool, or select from the hundreds of labs available at www. prenhall.com/catalyst. This program also allows you to add your own course notes, syllabi, or other materials. Acknowledgments From conception to completion, the development of a modern textbook requires both a focused attention on the goals and the coordinated efforts of a diverse team. We have been most fortunate to have had the services of many talented and dedicated individuals whose efforts have contributed greatly to the overall quality of this text. First and foremost, we are grateful to Kent Porter Hamann who, as senior editor of this text through many past revisions, provided exemplary leadership and encouragement to the team in the early stages of this project. Very special appreciation goes to Ray Mullaney, editor in chief of book development, who mentored the new team members and managed to coordinate the many and varied details. Irene Nunes, our developmental editor, worked closely with the authors to ensure accuracy and consistency. We also are grateful for the services of Wendy Perez, project manager; Laurie Varites, assistant editor; Lia Tarabokjia, and Jill Traut and Robert Walters, production project managers. Finally, special thanks also to Susan McMurry and Margaret Trombley, whose efforts on the Solutions Manuals and MasteringChemistry tutorial software, respectively, have added value to the overall package. Finally, many instructors and students who have used the fifth edition have provided valuable insights and feedback and improved the accuracy of the current edition. We gratefully acknowledge the following reviewers for their contributions to the sixth edition: xxii Preface Sheikh Ahmed, West Virgina University Stanley Bajue, CUNY-Medgar Evers College Daniel Bender, Sacramento City College Dianne A. Bennett, Sacramento City College Alfredo Castro, Felician College Gezahegn Chaka, Louisiana State University, Alexandria Michael Columbia, Indiana University- Purdue University, Fort Wayne Rajeev B. Dabke, Columbus State University Danae R. Quirk-Dorr, Minnesota State University, Mankato Pamela S. Doyle, Essex County College Marie E. Dunstan, York College of Pennsylvania Karen L. Ericson, Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne Charles P. Gibson, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh Clifford Gottlieb, Shasta College Mildred V. Hall, Clark State Community College Meg Hausman, University of Southern Maine Ronald Hirko, South Dakota State University L. Jaye Hopkins, Spokane Community College Margaret Isbell, Sacramento City College James T. Johnson, Sinclair Community College Margaret G. Kimble, Indiana University- Purdue University Fort Wayne Preface xxiii Grace Lasker, Lake Washington Technical College Ashley Mahoney, Bethel University Matthew G. Marmorino, Indiana University, South Bend Diann Marten, South Central College, Mankato Barbara D. Mowery, York College of Pennsylvania Tracey Arnold Murray, Capital University Andrew M. Napper, Shawnee State University Lisa Nichols, Butte Community College Glenn S. Nomura, Georgia Perimeter College Douglas E. Raynie, South Dakota State University Paul D. Root, Henry Ford Community College Victor V. Ryzhov, Northern Illinois University Karen Sanchez, Florida Community College, Jacksonville-South Mir Shamsuddin, Loyola University, Chicago Jeanne A. Stuckey, University of Michigan John Sullivan, Highland Community College Deborah E. Swain, North Carolina Central University Susan T. Thomas, University of Texas, San Antonio Yakov Woldman, Valdosta State University The authors are committed to maintaining the highest quality and accuracy and look forward to comments from students and instructors regarding any aspect of this text and supporting materials. Questions or comments should be directed to the lead co-author. David S. Ballantine dballant@niu.edu

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Author: David G. Lygre

Publisher: Thomson Higher Education

ISBN: 9780534242527

Category: Chemistry

Page: 670

View: 8332

This revised printing of Lygre's successful text shows students how the chemistry they're learning in class will be used in their chosen fields. Lygre is known for his ability to communicate effectively and directly with beginning chemistry students so that they can focus easily on the chemical principles being conveyed. Interesting and motivating biochemistry applications appear in every chapter of the book, including the early general chemistry chapters, to help students see how chemistry works in everyday life.