The field of electrical measurement continues to grow, with new techniques developed each year. From the basic thermocouple to cutting-edge virtual instrumentation, it is also becoming an increasingly "digital" endeavor. Books that attempt to capture the state-of-the-art in electrical measurement are quickly outdated. Recognizing the need for a text devoted to the major areas underlying modern electrical measurement, Slawomir Tumanski developed Principles of Electrical Measurement. This text builds a solid foundation in the necessary background concepts and fundamentals needed to develop and use modern electrical instruments. The author first introduces the fundamentals-including main terms and definitions, methods of estimating accuracy and uncertainty, and standards of electrical quantities-and the classical methods of measurement. He then delves into data acquisition, signal conditioning, and signal processing for both analog and digital signals. The final chapter examines computer measuring systems and virtual measurement techniques. By focusing on the aspects that are common to all types of electrical measurement, the book ensures a solid understanding that can be easily applied in practice. Whether used as an introduction to the field or as a reference to the essential concepts, Principles of Electrical Measurement provides the knowledge necessary to develop measurement solutions for any application.
Based on materials originally developed for Open University courses, Professor Bryant's book has proved very successful for student and practicing engineers working in the radio-frequency and microwave areas. The revised paperback edition contains full explanatory notes and numerical solutions to the problems accompanying each chapter.
Electrical Impedance: Principles, Measurement, and Applications provides a modern and much-needed overview of electrical impedance measurement science and its application in metrology, sensor reading, device and material characterizations. It presents up-to-date coverage of the theory, practical methods, and modeling. The author covers the main impedance measurement techniques, stressing their practical application. The book includes a large set of measurement setup schematics, and diagrams and photos of standards and devices. It also offers an extensive list of references to both historical and recent papers on devices, methods, and traceability issues. Reviews the main definitions of the quantities related to impedance, some theorems of particular interest, the issue of impedance representation, and introduces the problem of impedance definition Lists devices, appliances, circuits, and instruments employed as building blocks of impedance measurement setups Classifies the main impedance measurement methods, including details on their implementation when a specific impedance definition is chosen Discusses the increasing use of mixed-signal electronics in impedance measurement setups Covers applications including details on the measurement of electromagnetic properties of materials Introduces impedance metrology, including artifact impedance standards, and the realization and reproduction of SI impedance units
Principles of Physiological Measurement examines the basic principles underlying the techniques and instruments used in making measurements, including tracer methods and compartmental analysis. It describes measurements of oxygen, carbon dioxide, pH, ammonia, and miscellaneous gases such as hydrogen and nitrogen. The book also describes the general concepts of electrical transduction, amplification, and recording. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of some fundamental concepts of measurement, including basic gas and solution concepts, electronics relevant to measurement methods, and error in designing experiments. Some chapters are dedicated to the measurement of oxygen in gases and in aqueous solutions, partial pressure measurement of carbon dioxide in liquids, measurement of intracellular pH, and measurement of ammonia in gases and in solutions. Other chapters discuss the blood gas measurement, problems of controlling the gaseous environment, and basic principles of flow, velocity, force, displacement, and pressure, along with common methods for their measurement. The final chapters deal with ions and solutions, radioisotope concepts and techniques, and tracer kinetics. This book will be of interest to natural scientists and students in physiology courses.
Principles of Measurement Systems provides a coherent and integrated approach to the topic by covering all the main techniques and devices used, together with the relevant theory and appications that the student needs to understand. The third edition of this highly popular and well-established textbook has been extensively updated and expanded to take account of recent developments in computing, solid-state electronics, optoelectronics and other areas of measurement technology. Divided into three parts, Section A investigates the general principles and system performance under static and dynamic conditions. The principles and characteristics of sensing, signal conditioning and processing, and data presentation are covered by Section B, while Section C examines current and emerging specialised techniques which have important industrial applications.
Electronic Measurement Techniques provides practical information concerning the techniques in electronic measurements and a working knowledge on how to adopt and use the appropriate measuring instruments. SI units are used as the unit of measurement in the book. The text contains chapters focusing on a variety of measurement techniques. The initial chapter discusses the system of measurements and principles used in electronic measurements. Subsequent chapters cover instruments for direct current measurement, electronic voltmeters, methods for the measurement of alternating currents and potential differences, and measurement of power. Chapters are also devoted to the elaboration of the construction of standards for comparison purposes and the measurement of non-electrical quantities. Engineers will find the book very useful.
This text offers comprehensive coverage of electronic instruments and electronics-aided measurements, highlighting the essential components of digital electronic instrumentation and the principles involved in electrical and electronic measurement processes. It also explains the stages involved in data acquisition systems for acquiring, manipulating, processing, storing, displaying and interpreting the sought-for data. The principal instruments presented in this book include cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO), analyzers, signal generators, oscillators, frequency synthesizers, sweep generators, function generators and attenuators. Besides, the book covers several laboratory meters such as phase meters, frequency meters, Q-meters, wattmeters, energy meters, power factor meters, and measurement bridges. Also included are a few important sensors and transducers which are used in the measurement of temperature, pressure, flow rate, liquid level, force, etc. The book also emphasizes the growing use of fibre optic instrumentation. It explains some typical fibre optic sensing systems including the fibre optic gyroscope. Some applications of optical fibre in biomedical area are described as well. The book is intended for a course on Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation prescribed for B.E./B.Tech. students of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Control Engineering, and Electronics and Computer Engineering. It will also be a useful book for diploma level students pursuing courses in electrical/electronics/instrumentation disciplines. A variety of worked-out examples and exercises serve to illustrate and test the understanding of the underlying concepts and principles. ADDITIONAL FEATURES • Provides the essential background knowledge concerning the principles of analogue and digital electronics • Conventional techniques of measurement of electrical quantities are also presented • Shielding, grounding and EMI aspects of instrumentation are highlighted • Units, dimensions, standards, measurement errors and error analysis are dealt with in the appendices • Techniques of automated test and measurement systems are briefly discussed in an appendix
Principles of Measurement and Transduction of Biomedical Variables is a comprehensive text on biomedical transducers covering the principles of functioning, application examples and new technology solutions. It presents technical and theoretical principles to measure biomedical variables, such as arterial blood pressure, blood flow, temperature and CO2 concentration in exhaled air and their transduction to an electrical variable, such as voltage, so they can be more easily quantified, processed and visualized as numerical values and graphics. The book includes the functioning principle, block diagram, modelling equations and basic application of different transducers, and is an ideal resource for teaching measurement and transduction of biomedical variables in undergraduate and postgraduate biomedical engineering programs. Will help you to understand the design and functioning of biomedical transducers through practical examples and applied information Covers MEMS and laser sensors Reviews the range of devices and techniques available plus the advantages and shortcomings for each transducer type
A contemporary new text for preparing students to work with the complex patient-care equipment found in today's modern hospitals and clinics. It begins by presenting fundamental prerequisite concepts of electronic circuit theory, medical equipment history and physiological transducers, as well as a systematic approach to troubleshooting. The text then goes on to offer individual chapters on common and speciality medical equipment, both diagnostic and therapeutic. Self-contained, these chapters can be used in any order, to fit the instructor's class goals and syllabus.
The concept of temperature. The thermodynamic temperature scale. Entropy, temperature and statistical mechanics. The international practical temperature scale. General characteristics of temperature measuring devices and treatment of data. Liquid-in-glass thermometers. Sealed liquid or gas sensing instruments and bimetallic sensors. Electrical resistance temperature measurement using metallic sensors. Thermistors and semiconductors for temperature measurement. Thermoelectric temperature measurement. Theory of radiant heat transfer as a basis for temperature measurement bu radiant techniques. The disappearing filament optical pyrometer. Photoelectric optical pyrometers (automatic and infrared). Total radiation pyrometers. Novel methods of temperature measurement. Pyrometric cones. Calibration methods. Installation effects. Dynamic response of sensors. Temperature instrumentation and control. Thermocouple reference tables.
The CRC Principles and Applications in Engineering series is a library of convenient, economical references sharply focused on particular engineering topics and subspecialties. Each volume in the series comprises chapters carefully selected from CRC's bestselling handbooks, logically organized for optimum convenience, and thoughtfully priced to fit every budget. Electrical Measurement, Signal Processing, and Displays describes the use of instruments and techniques for practical measurement of electromagnetic variables, signal processing equipment and parameters, and various types of displays, from cathode ray tubes to LED devices. For this volume, chapters relevant to these topics were culled from the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook and revised by their original authors to bring them thoroughly up to date. This is a concise, well-illustrated, and highly practical reference. It sets forth the principles, formulas, and equations engineers and scientists need for solving the instrumentation and measurement questions they encounter in practice, particularly when problems arise in areas outside their own specialties.
Measurement and Instrumentation: Theory and Application, Second Edition, introduces undergraduate engineering students to measurement principles and the range of sensors and instruments used for measuring physical variables. This updated edition provides new coverage of the latest developments in measurement technologies, including smart sensors, intelligent instruments, microsensors, digital recorders, displays, and interfaces, also featuring chapters on data acquisition and signal processing with LabVIEW from Dr. Reza Langari. Written clearly and comprehensively, this text provides students and recently graduated engineers with the knowledge and tools to design and build measurement systems for virtually any engineering application. Provides early coverage of measurement system design to facilitate a better framework for understanding the importance of studying measurement and instrumentation Covers the latest developments in measurement technologies, including smart sensors, intelligent instruments, microsensors, digital recorders, displays, and interfaces Includes significant material on data acquisition and signal processing with LabVIEW Extensive coverage of measurement uncertainty aids students’ ability to determine the accuracy of instruments and measurement systems
Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering provides an overview of the basics of electrical and electronic engineering that are required at the undergraduate level. The book allows students outside electrical and electronics engineering to easily
This title presents the general principles of instrumentation processes. It explains the theoretical analysis of physical phenomena used by standard sensors and transducers to transform a physical value into an electrical signal. The pre-processing of these signals through electronic circuits – amplification, signal filtering and analog-to-digital conversion – is then detailed, in order to provide useful basic information. Attention is then given to general complex systems. Topics covered include instrumentation and measurement chains, sensor modeling, digital signal processing and diagnostic methods and the concept of smart sensors, as well as microsystem design and applications. Numerous industrial examples punctuate the discussion, setting the subjects covered in the book in their practical context.