Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Author: James E. House

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080550503

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9335

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Author: Gorden Hammes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323157963

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1327

Principles of Chemical Kinetics is devoted to the principles and applications of chemical kinetics. The phenomenology and commonly used theories of chemical kinetics are presented in a critical manner, with particular emphasis on collision dynamics. How and what mechanistic information can be obtained from various experimental approaches is stressed throughout this book. Comprised of nine chapters, this text opens with an overview of reaction rates and their empirical analysis, along with theories of chemical kinetics. The following chapters consider reactions and unimolecular decompositions in the gas phase; chemical reactions in molecular beams; and energy transfer and partitioning in chemical reactions. Kinetics in liquid solutions and fast reactions in liquids are also described. The final chapter looks at the kinetics of enzymes, with particular reference to steady state and transient state kinetics, the pH and temperature dependence of kinetic parameters, and the mechanism underlying enzymatic action. This monograph is intended for students with a general college background in chemistry, physics, and mathematics, and with a typical undergraduate course in physical chemistry.

Chemical Kinetic Methods : Principles Of Fast Reaction Techniques And Applications

Author: C. Kalidas

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122415674

Category: Chemical kinetics

Page: 356

View: 4666

The Present Edition Is A Revised And Enlarged Edition Of The Earlier Book (Chemical Kinetic Methods, Principles Of Relaxation Techniques And Applications). Four New Chapters, Dealing With The Fast Kinetic Methods, Viz. Flow Methods Pulse Radiolysis, Flash Photolysis And Fluoresence Quenching Method Have Been Added With A View To Bring More Such Methods In One Comprehensive Volume. As These Techniques Do Not Come Under The Category Of Relaxation Methods, The Title Of The Book Has Been Generalised As Chemical Kinetic Methods, Principles Of Fast Reaction Techniques And Applications . Some New Features Of This Book Are (I) The Inclusion Of Worked Out Examples And (Ii) Addition Of More Practice Problems Supplementing The Earlier Ones In All Chapters (Except Chapters I And Xi).It Is Hoped That Both These Features Will Be Welcomed By The Student Community Especially, Postgraduate Students Of Chemistry Who Wish To Have A Comprehensive Understanding Of This Area Of Kinetics. The Addition Of Many Numerical Problems (Worked Out Examples And Practice Problems) Might Also Provide Teachers Of This Subject (Fast Kinetic Methods) As Well As Those Teaching A General Course On Chemical Kinetics With A Wider Choice In Selection Of Problems In Their Academic Work. It Is Fervently Hoped That The Book Will Be Welcomed By The Chemistry Faculty Of Various Universities, I.I.Ts And Other Academic Institutions In The Country As Well As By Other Academicians Who Are Interested In The Area Of Chemical Kinetics.

Principles of Enzyme Kinetics

Author: Athel Cornish-Bowden

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483164675

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 7106

Principles of Enzyme Kinetics discusses the principles of enzyme kinetics at an intermediate level. It is primarily written for first-year research students in enzyme kinetics. The book is composed of 10 chapters. Chapter 1 provides the basic principles of enzyme kinetics with a brief discussion of dimensional analysis. Subsequent chapters cover topics on the essential characteristics of steady-state kinetics, temperature dependence, methods for deriving steady-state rate equations, and control of enzyme activity. Integrated rate equations, and introductions to the study of fast reactions and the statistical aspects of enzyme kinetics are provided as well. Chemists and biochemists will find the book invaluable.

Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

Author: Margaret Robson Wright

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047002593X

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 8280

The range of courses requiring a good basic understanding of chemical kinetics is extensive, ranging from chemical engineers and pharmacists to biochemists and providing the fundamentals in chemistry. Due to the wide reaching nature of the subject readers often struggle to find a book which provides in-depth, comprehensive information without focusing on one specific subject too heavily. Here Dr Margaret Wright provides an essential introduction to the subject guiding the reader through the basics but then going on to provide a reference which professionals will continue to dip in to through their careers. Through extensive worked examples, Dr Wright, presents the theories as to why and how reactions occur, before examining the physical and chemical requirements for a reaction and the factors which can influence these. * Carefully structured, each chapter includes learning objectives, summary sections and problems. * Includes numerous applications to show relevance of kinetics and also provides plenty of worked examples integrated throughout the text.

Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

Author: Gordon Skinner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323159788

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 1320

Introduction to Chemical Kinetics is a compilation of lecture notes of the author about principles, concepts, and theories in chemical kinetics. The book tackles the nature of chemical kinetics, reaction rates and order, and thermodynamic consistency of rate laws. The effects of temperature on kinetics, prediction of reaction rates, gas-phase reactions, and controlled reactions are also discussed. The text also explains the reactions catalyzed by enzymes; reactions in solids and heterogenous systems; oxidation of metals; catalysis of reactions by solids; and methods for different reaction rates. The monograph is recommended as a textbook for undergraduate students in chemistry who are currently taking up kinetics, as it is an easily understood and concise book that can also be used as reference.

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Santosh K. Upadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402045476

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 6163

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics brings together the major facts and theories relating to the rates with which chemical reactions occur from both the macroscopic and microscopic point of view. This book helps the reader achieve a thorough understanding of the principles of chemical kinetics and includes: Detailed stereochemical discussions of reaction steps Classical theory based calculations of state-to-state rate constants A collection of matters on kinetics of various special reactions such as micellar catalysis, phase transfer catalysis, inhibition processes, oscillatory reactions, solid-state reactions, and polymerization reactions at a single source. The growth of the chemical industry greatly depends on the application of chemical kinetics, catalysts and catalytic processes. This volume is therefore an invaluable resource for all academics, industrial researchers and students interested in kinetics, molecular reaction dynamics, and the mechanisms of chemical reactions.

Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780884154815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1096

View: 6464

Selecting the best type of reactor for any particular chemical reaction, taking into consideration safety, hazard analysis, scale-up, and many other factors is essential to any industrial problem. An understanding of chemical reaction kinetics and the design of chemical reactors is key to the success of the of the chemist and the chemical engineer in such an endeavor. This valuable reference volume conveys a basic understanding of chemical reactor design methodologies, incorporating control, hazard analysis, and other topics not covered in similar texts. In addition to covering fluid mixing, the treatment of wastewater, and chemical reactor modeling, the author includes sections on safety in chemical reaction and scale-up, two topics that are often neglected or overlooked. As a real-world introduction to the modeling of chemical kinetics and reactor design, the author includes a case study on ammonia synthesis that is integrated throughout the text. The text also features an accompanying CD, which contains computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods. Students, chemists, technologists, and chemical engineers will all benefit from this comprehensive volume. Shows readers how to select the best reactor design, hazard analysis, and safety in design methodology Features computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1134

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div

Fundamentals of Enzyme Kinetics

Author: Athel Cornish-Bowden

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483161196

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 7846

Fundamentals of Enzyme Kinetics details the rate of reactions catalyzed by different enzymes and the effects of varying the conditions on them. The book includes the basic principles of chemical kinetics, especially the order of a reaction and its rate constraints. The text also gives an introduction to enzyme kinetics - the idea of an enzyme-substrate complex; the Michaelis-Menten equation; the steady state treatment; and the validity of its assumption. Practical considerations, the derivation of steady-state rate equations, inhibitors and activators, and two-substrate reactions are also explained. Problems after the end of each chapter have also been added, as well as their solutions at the end of the book, to test the readers' learning. The text is highly recommended for undergraduate students in biochemistry who wish to study about enzymes or focus completely on enzymology, as most of the mathematics used in this book, which have been explained in detail to remove most barriers of understanding, is elementary.

Chemical Kinetics with Mathcad and Maple

Author: Viktor Korobov,Valery Ochkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783709105313

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 5480

The authors explain at length the principles of chemical kinetics and approaches to computerized calculations in modern software suites — mathcad and maple. Mathematics is crucial in determining correlations in chemical processes and requires various numerical approaches. Often significant issues with mathematical formalizations of chemical problems arise and many kinetic problems can ́t be solved without computers. Numerous problems encountered in solving kinetics ́ calculations with detailed descriptions of the numerical tools are given. Special attention is given to electrochemical reactions, which fills a gap in existing texts not covering this topic in detail. The material demonstrates how these suites provide quick and precise behavior predictions for a system over time (for postulated mechanisms).Examples, i.e., oscillating and non-isothermal reactions, help explain the use of mathcad more efficiently. Also included are the results of authors’ own research toward effective computations.

Aquatic Chemical Kinetics

Reaction Rates of Processes in Natural Waters

Author: Werner Stumm

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 545

View: 7741

Aquatic Chemistry An Introduction Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters Second Edition Edited by Werner Stumm and James J. Morgan This second edition of the renowned classic unites concepts, applications, and techniques with the growing amounts of data in the field. Expanded treatment is offered on steady-state and dynamic models employing mass-balance approaches and kinetic information. New chapters address such topics as: environmental aspects of aquatic chemistry; new material on organic compounds in natural water systems; the use of stable and radioactive isotopes in chemical and physical processes; the latest advances in marine chemistry; solid-solution interface; kinetic considerations of equilibria; metal-ligand interactions; and an expanded compilation of thermodynamic data for important reactions in natural water systems. 1981 (0 471-04831-3) Cloth 780 pp. (0 471-09173-1) Paper Chemical Processes in Lakes Edited by Werner Stumm This is a multidisciplinary analysis of recent research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes in aquatic systems. Coverage includes: distribution of elements and compounds in water and sediments; sedimentation and sediment accumulation of nutrients and pollutants; eurtophication and acidification; atmospheric deposition; redox-related geochemistry and sediment-water exchange of nutrients and metals; sediment dating and paleolimnology; and steady-state and dynamic models. Most chapters focus on the role of biological processes and the coupling of elemental cycles by organisms. 1985 (0 471-88261-5) 435 pp. Principles of Aquatic Chemistry Francois M. M. Morel Here is a quantitative treatment of the chemical principles that govern the composition of natural waters. Features include an in-depth examination of the use of conservation principles in chemical systems, a review of thermodynamic and kinetic principles applicable to aquatic systems, and a novel presentation of a systematic methodology for equilibrium calculations. Detailed coverage is provided on the topic of aquatic chemistry, following the traditional divisions of acid-base, precipitation-dissolution, coordination, redox and surface reactions. 1983 (0 471-08683-5) 446 pp.

Kinetics of Enzyme Action

Essential Principles for Drug Hunters

Author: Ross L. Stein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118084403

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2547

Few scientists have the knowledge to perform the studies that are necessary to discover and characterize enzyme inhibitors, despite the vested interest the pharmaceutical industry has in this field. Beginning with the most basic principles pertaining to simple, one-substrate enzyme reactions and their inhibitors, and progressing to a thorough treatment of two-substrate enzymes, Kinetics of Enzyme Action: Essential Principles for Drug Hunters provides biochemists, medicinal chemists, and pharmaceutical scientists with numerous case study examples to outline the tools and techniques necessary to perform, understand, and interpret detailed kinetic studies for drug discovery.

Principles of Environmental Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Fourth Edition

Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj,Elizabeth M. Melvin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429959087

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 407

This book is about applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics to various environmental problems related to air, water, soil, and biota. The new edition contains substantial updates and a new table of contents. The applications are new and extended to include current events in environmentally-based challenges. Demonstrates the theoretical foundations of chemical property estimations for environmental process modeling. Provides a thorough understanding of applications and limitations of various property correlations. It adopts a multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and pollution control design options. Includes numerous worked-out examples and hundreds of problems.

Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences

Author: Gordon G. Hammes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470122021

Category: Medical

Page: 363

View: 4659

Gain a practical, working knowledge of the physical chemistry essential for the biological sciences Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences is an excellent resource for biochemistry and biology/health science professionals and students who need a basic understanding of thermodynamics, kinetics, hydrodynamics of macromolecules, and spectroscopy in order to explore molecular structure and chemical reactions. Approachable, yet thorough, the book presents physical chemistry in conceptual terms with a minimum of mathematics. Providing the basic knowledge and tools that every biologist should have to understand the quantitative interpretation of biological phenomena, it covers: * Fundamentals of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics * Fundamentals of spectroscopy and structure determination * Ligand binding to macromolecules, hydrodynamics, and mass spectrometry All techniques and concepts are clearly illustrated with relevant applications and examples from the biological sciences. Problems at the end of each chapter reinforce the principles. This is a succinct reference for practitioners, including bioorganic chemists, medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical chemists, biologists, and professionals in fields such as pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and biotechnology. It's also an excellent textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in biochemistry, biology, and related fields.

Kinetics of Chemical Reactions

Author: Guy Marin,Gregory S. Yablonsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527317635

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 7243

This systematic presentation covers both experimental and theoretical kinetic methods, as well as fundamental and applied. The identification of dominant reaction paths, reaction intermediates and rate-determining steps allows a quantification of the effects of reaction conditions and catalyst properties, providing guidelines for catalyst optimization. In addition, the form in which the equations are presented allows for their straightforward implementation for scale-up and chemical reactor design purposes. Throughout, the methodologies given are illustrated by many examples.

Electrode Kinetics: Principles and Methodology

Author: C.H. Bamford,C.F.H. Tipper†,R.G. Compton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080868202

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 6308

Volumes 26 and 27 are both concerned with reactions occurring at electrodes arising through the passage of current. They provide a comprehensive review of the study of electrode kinetics. The basic ideas and experimental methodology are presented in Volume 26 whilst Volume 27 deals with reactions at particular types of electrodes. Chapter 1 serves as an introduction to both volumes and is a survey of the fundamental principles of electrode kinetics. Chapter 2 deals with mass transport - how material gets to and from an electrode. Chapter 3 provides a review of linear sweep and cyclic voltammetry which constitutes an extensively used experimental technique in the field. Chapter 4 discusses a.c. and pulse methods which are a rich source of electrochemical information. Finally, chapter 5 discusses the use of electrodes in which there is forced convection, the so-called ``hydrodynamic electrodes''.

Principles of Physical Chemistry

Author: Hans Kuhn,Horst-Dieter Försterling,David H. Waldeck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470089644

Category: Science

Page: 1032

View: 8069

Principles of Physical Chemistry presents a novel approach to physical chemistry that emphasizes the use of a few fundamental principles to quantitatively describe the nature of molecules and their assemblies. It begins with atoms and molecules, using the electron-in-a-box model to illustrate the essential features of quantum mechanics and why atoms and molecules exist. Thermodynamics is not introduced in the classical manner, considering the first and second law as postulates, but approached by studying assemblies of molecules statistically. The authors proceed to molecular assemblies of increasing complexity, evolving from ideal gases to real gases and solutions, then to macromolecules and supramolecular machines, and ending with the search for the logical conditions and chemical requirements for physicochemical processes leading to life's origin, the emergence of matter that carries information. This text is ideal for both undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry, providing a basis for understanding the nature of chemical processes in biology, chemistry, and engineering.

Fundamentals of Chemical Kinetics

Author: S. R. Logan

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited

ISBN: 9780582251854

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 1732

Addresses the progress of chemical reactions towards thermodyamic equilibrium. Fundamentals of Chemical Kinetics deals comprehensively with experiment and theory, putting the role of each in context and treats reactions in the gas phase, in solution and on the surface of solid catalysts. On each topic, a clear distinction is preserved between empirical quantities used to report experimental findings and parameters belonging to a quantitative theory of chemical reactions.