Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory

Author: Alan R. Templeton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470047216

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 1554

The advances made possible by the development of molecular techniques have in recent years revolutionized quantitative genetics and its relevance for population genetics. Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory takes a modern approach to population genetics, incorporating modern molecular biology, species-level evolutionary biology, and a thorough acknowledgment of quantitative genetics as the theoretical basis for population genetics. Logically organized into three main sections on population structure and history, genotype-phenotype interactions, and selection/adaptation Extensive use of real examples to illustrate concepts Written in a clear and accessible manner and devoid of complex mathematical equations Includes the author's introduction to background material as well as a conclusion for a handy overview of the field and its modern applications Each chapter ends with a set of review questions and answers Offers helpful general references and Internet links

Human Population Genetics

Author: John H. Relethford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111818162X

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 6111

Introductory guide to human population genetics and microevolutionary theory Providing an introduction to mathematical population genetics, Human Population Genetics gives basic background on the mechanisms of human microevolution. This text combines mathematics, biology, and anthropology and is best suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate study. Thorough and accessible, Human Population Genetics presents concepts and methods of population genetics specific to human population study, utilizing uncomplicated mathematics like high school algebra and basic concepts of probability to explain theories central to the field. By describing changes in the frequency of genetic variants from one generation to the next, this book hones in on the mathematical basis of evolutionary theory. Human Population Genetics includes: Helpful formulae for learning ease Graphs and analogies that make basic points and relate the evolutionary process to mathematical ideas Glossary terms marked in boldface within the book the first time they appear In-text citations that act as reference points for further research Exemplary case studies Topics such as Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, inbreeding, mutation, genetic drift, natural selection, and gene flow Human Population Genetics solidifies knowledge learned in introductory biological anthropology or biology courses and makes it applicable to genetic study. NOTE: errata for the first edition can be found at the author's website: http://employees.oneonta.edu/relethjh/HPG/errata.pdf

Human Population Genetics and Genomics

Author: Alan R. Templeton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123860261

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 1822

Human Population Genetics and Genomics provides researchers/students with knowledge on population genetics and relevant statistical approaches to help them become more effective users of modern genetic, genomic and statistical tools. In-depth chapters offer thorough discussions of systems of mating, genetic drift, gene flow and subdivided populations, human population history, genotype and phenotype, detecting selection, units and targets of natural selection, adaptation to temporally and spatially variable environments, selection in age-structured populations, and genomics and society. As human genetics and genomics research often employs tools and approaches derived from population genetics, this book helps users understand the basic principles of these tools. In addition, studies often employ statistical approaches and analysis, so an understanding of basic statistical theory is also needed. Comprehensively explains the use of population genetics and genomics in medical applications and research Discusses the relevance of population genetics and genomics to major social issues, including race and the dangers of modern eugenics proposals Provides an overview of how population genetics and genomics helps us understand where we came from as a species and how we evolved into who we are now

Migration and Colonization in Human Microevolution

Author: Alan G. Fix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592062

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 1857

An integrative approach linking the causes of migration to genetic consequences for human evolution.

Tinkering

The Microevolution of Development

Author: Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470319406

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 5991

Much recent research in evolutionary developmental biology has focused on the origin of new body plans. However, most evolutionary change at the population and species level consists of tinkering: small-scale alterations in developmental pathways within a single body plan. Such microevolutionary events have been well studied on a population genetic level and from the perspective of adaptive phenotypic evolution, but their developmental mechanisms remain poorly studied. This book explores both theoretical and practical issues of tinkering. It features a wide range of perspectives to address several fundamental questions. How does tinkering occur developmentally, and how is it manifested phenotypically? Are the developmental mechanisms by which tinkering occur different from those that underlie larger evolutionary changes? What are the developmental constraints on tinkering? And how do we test hypotheses about microevolutionary shifts in development from the fossil record? With contributions from experts in a range of fields, this fascinating book makes exciting reading for anyone studying evolution, developmental biology or genetics.

The Evolution of the Genome

Author: T. Ryan Gregory

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470528

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 3087

The Evolution of the Genome provides a much needed overview of genomic study through clear, detailed, expert-authored discussions of the key areas in genome biology. This includes the evolution of genome size, genomic parasites, gene and ancient genome duplications, polypoidy, comparative genomics, and the implications of these genome-level phenomena for evolutionary theory. In addition to reviewing the current state of knowledge of these fields in an accessible way, the various chapters also provide historical and conceptual background information, highlight the ways in which the critical questions are actually being studied, indicate some important areas for future research, and build bridges across traditional professional and taxonomic boundaries. The Evolution of the Genome will serve as a critical resource for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and established scientists alike who are interested in the issue of genome evolution in the broadest sense. Provides detailed, clearly written chapters authored by leading researchers in their respective fields Presents a much-needed overview of the historical and theoretical context of the various areas of genomic study Creates important links between topics in order to promote integration across subdisciplines, including descriptions of how each subject is actually studied Provides information specifically designed to be accessible to established researchers, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students alike

Der erweiterte Phänotyp

Der lange Arm der Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662559673

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 9983

Der erweiterte Phänotyp - ein Klassiker der Evolutionsbiologie Richard Dawkins betrachtet dieses 1982 erschienene, 1999 überarbeitete und ergänzte Buch als seinen Hauptbeitrag zur Evolutionsbiologie und als Nachfolgewerk seines Bestsellers Das egoistische Gen. Für die deutschsprachige Übersetzung hat Richard Dawkins ein neues Vorwort verfasst. Dawkins erweitert in diesem Buch den Begriff des Phänotyps (als Summe aller Merkmale eines Individuums) auf die Auswirkungen der Gene dieses Individuums auf die Umwelt und auf andere Lebewesen. Beispiele sind die durch den Fortpflanzungstrieb des Bibers entstehenden Bauten, die drastische Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt haben können, oder das Gen eines Parasiten, welches das Verhalten seines Wirtes zum Nutzen des Parasiten (Saitenwurm) verändert. Dawkins betont mit diesem Ansatz die genzentrierte Sicht des Lebens. Im letzten Kapitel des Buches unternimmt er den Versuch, den Organismus neu zu definieren. Ich behaupte, dass die meisten Wissenschaftler, die meisten Autoren ein Werk haben, von dem sie sagen würden: Egal, ob Sie noch nie etwas von mir gelesen haben, lesen Sie wenigstens dies! Richard Dawkins

Evolution für Dummies

Author: Greg Krukonis,Tracy Barr

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527669000

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 4754

Von Darwin bis DNA – Ihr Wegweiser durch die Evolution Von Ihrem Körperbau bis zu Ihrem Verhalten bei der Partnerwahl – all Ihre vererbbaren Eigenschaften sind wie bei allen Lebewesen durch die Evolution bestimmt. Aber was ist Evolution überhaupt? Was treibt sie an? In diesem Buch erfahren Sie alles, was Sie über Evolution wissen müssen: Was genetische Variabilität ist, wie neue Arten entstehen, welchen Evolutionsvorteil soziales Verhalten bringt und vieles, vieles mehr. Greg Krukonis und Tracy Barr nehmen Sie mit auf eine spannende Reise durch die Geschichte der Evolution – von Darwins Theorie bis zu den neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 3837

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

PSA

Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association

Author: Philosophy of Science Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780917586194

Category: Science

Page: 730

View: 991

Ecology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Animal ecology

Page: N.A

View: 5997

Evolution and Creation

Author: Ernan McMullin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780268009182

Category: Religion

Page: 307

View: 1232

Evolution From Molecules to Men

Author: D. S. Bendall

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521289337

Category: Science

Page: 607

View: 7462

Giving a broad view of biological evolution the topics discussed here range from the history of the development of evolutionary thought, through current problems in molecular evolution and the evolution of whole organisms, to evolution of behaviour, sociobiology and man's place in evolution.

Philosophy of Biology

Author: Michael Ruse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 7379

Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of time? What moral and social questions arise regarding modern advances in biotechnology? What is more relevant to human nature: genetics or sociocultural influences? Is Darwinism the death-knell of God? These are just some of the vital questions addressed by a distinguished group of philosophers and scientists which includes: Aristotle, Francisco J. Ayala, , Michael Benton, Tom Bethell, Joe Cain, David Castle, Charles Darwin, Richard Dawkins, Michael Denton, A.G.N. Flew, Stephen Jay Gould, J.B.S. Haldane, John F. Haught, D. W. E. Hone, James W. Kirchner, James Lovelock, Jane Maienschein, Ernst Mayr, Gregory M. Mikkelson, Leslie Orgal, William Paley, the Prince of Wales, Christopher Pynes, Richard A. Richards, Mark Ridley, Holmes Rolston III, Michael Ruse, Lee Silver, Elliott Sober, Kim Sterelny, Derek Turner, and Edward O. Wilson. This second edition contains material on design without selection, testing macroevolutionary claims, recent biotechnological issues, key ecological concerns, the Gaia hypothesis, genetically modified foods, and the so-called intelligent design movement.

Paleobiology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 4814

But is it Science?

The Philosophical Question in the Creation/evolution Controversy

Author: Michael Ruse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 6490

Attempts to give the philosophical status as to the scientific claims of evolution and creationism