Population Genetics

A Concise Guide

Author: John H. Gillespie

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421401706

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 7432

This book is indispensable for students working in a laboratory setting or studying free-ranging populations.

Population Genetics

A Concise Guide

Author: John H. Gillespie

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801880084

Category: Medical

Page: 214

View: 2067

This concise introduction addresses the theories behind population genetics and relevant empirical evidence, genetic drift, natural selection, nonrandom mating, quantitative genetics, and the evolutionary advantage of sex.

Population Genetics

Author: Matthew Hamilton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444362453

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7143

This book aims to make population genetics approachable, logical and easily understood. To achieve these goals, the book’s design emphasizes well explained introductions to key principles and predictions. These are augmented with case studies as well as illustrations along with introductions to classical hypotheses and debates. Pedagogical features in the text include: Interact boxes that guide readers step-by-step through computer simulations using public domain software. Math boxes that fully explain mathematical derivations. Methods boxes that give insight into the use of actual genetic data. Numerous Problem boxes are integrated into the text to reinforce concepts as they are encountered. Dedicated website at www.wiley.com/go/hamiltongenetics This text also offers a highly accessible introduction to coalescent theory, the major conceptual advance in population genetics of the last two decades.

Elements of Evolutionary Genetics

Author: Brian Charlesworth

Publisher: Roberts Publishers


Category: Science

Page: 734

View: 5679

Evolutionary genetics considers the causes of evolutionary change and the nature of variability in evolution. The methods of evolutionary genetics are critically important for the analysis and interpretation of the massive datasets on DNA sequence variation and evolution that are becoming available, as well for our understanding of evolution in general. This book shows readers how models of the genetic processes involved in evolution are made (including natural selection, migration, mutation, and genetic drift in finite populations), and how the models are used to interpret classical and molecular genetic data. The material is intended for advanced level undergraduate courses in genetics and evolutionary biology, graduate students in evolutionary biology and human genetics, and researchers in related fields who wish to learn evolutionary genetics. The topics covered include genetic variation, DNA sequence variability and its measurement, the different types of natural selection and their effects (e.g. the maintenance of variation, directional selection, and adaptation), the interactions between selection and mutation or migration, the description and analysis of variation at multiple sites in the genome, genetic drift, and the effects of spatial structure. The final two chapters demonstrate how the theory illuminates our understanding of the evolution of breeding systems, sex ratios and life histories, and some aspects of genome evolution.

Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory

Author: Alan R. Templeton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470047216

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 7723

The advances made possible by the development of molecular techniques have in recent years revolutionized quantitative genetics and its relevance for population genetics. Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory takes a modern approach to population genetics, incorporating modern molecular biology, species-level evolutionary biology, and a thorough acknowledgment of quantitative genetics as the theoretical basis for population genetics. Logically organized into three main sections on population structure and history, genotype-phenotype interactions, and selection/adaptation Extensive use of real examples to illustrate concepts Written in a clear and accessible manner and devoid of complex mathematical equations Includes the author's introduction to background material as well as a conclusion for a handy overview of the field and its modern applications Each chapter ends with a set of review questions and answers Offers helpful general references and Internet links

Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Author: Bruce Walsh,Michael Lynch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192566644

Category: Science

Page: 1504

View: 5479

Quantitative traits-be they morphological or physiological characters, aspects of behavior, or genome-level features such as the amount of RNA or protein expression for a specific gene-usually show considerable variation within and among populations. Quantitative genetics, also referred to as the genetics of complex traits, is the study of such characters and is based on mathematical models of evolution in which many genes influence the trait and in which non-genetic factors may also be important. Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits presents a holistic treatment of the subject, showing the interplay between theory and data with extensive discussions on statistical issues relating to the estimation of the biologically relevant parameters for these models. Quantitative genetics is viewed as the bridge between complex mathematical models of trait evolution and real-world data, and the authors have clearly framed their treatment as such. This is the second volume in a planned trilogy that summarizes the modern field of quantitative genetics, informed by empirical observations from wide-ranging fields (agriculture, evolution, ecology, and human biology) as well as population genetics, statistical theory, mathematical modeling, genetics, and genomics. Whilst volume 1 (1998) dealt with the genetics of such traits, the main focus of volume 2 is on their evolution, with a special emphasis on detecting selection (ranging from the use of genomic and historical data through to ecological field data) and examining its consequences.

Introduction to Population Genetics

Author: Richard Halliburton

Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780130163806

Category: Science

Page: 650

View: 7642

Making the theory of population genetics relevant to readers, this book explains the related mathematics with a logical organization.It presents the quantitative aspects of population genetics, and employs examples of human genetics, medical evolution, human evolution, and endangered species.For an introduction to, and understanding of, population genetics.

Genetics of Populations

Author: Philip W. Hedrick

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449656269

Category: Science

Page: 675

View: 4868

The Fourth Edition of Genetics of Populations is the most current, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in genetics, evolution, conservation, and related fields. In the past several years, interest in the application of population genetics principles to new molecular data has increased greatly, and Dr. Hedrick's new edition exemplifies his commitment to keeping pace with this dynamic area of study. Reorganized to allow students to focus more sharply on key material, the Fourth Edition integrates coverage of theoretical issues with a clear presentation of experimental population genetics and empirical data. Drawing examples from both recent and classic studies, and using a variety of organisms to illustrate the vast developments of population genetics, this text provides students and researchers with the most comprehensive resource in the field.

Molecular Population Genetics

Author: Matthew William Hahn

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878939657


Page: 352

View: 3340

Molecular Population Genetics is a general text covering one of the most active and exciting areas in biology. Combining advances in molecular biology and genomics with mathematical and empirical findings from population genetics, work in molecular population genetics has uncovered the extraordinary history of natural selection and demographic shifts in many organisms, including humans. While basic descriptions of the methods and tools of this field can be found in disparate places, no previous book has brought them together in a single volume. Rather than cobble together pieces from books, reviews, and primary research articles, Molecular Population Genetics presents a coherent user's guide to the field. Intended as a text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, the book will also be useful as a detailed reference for active professionals.

Understanding Population Genetics

Author: Torbjörn Säll,Bengt O. Bengtsson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119124034

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 9814

Interpretations, extensions and comments -- Altruism and natural selection via individuals and groups -- Frequency-dependent selection and resource competition -- Rare allele advantage due to infections and self-incompatibility -- Questions -- Chapter 9 Selection on a quantitative trait -- Analysis -- Selection in quantitative genetics -- Selection in population genetics - one more time -- Notations and assumptions -- Combining the tools -- Summing up -- Interpretations, extensions and comments -- The genetic effect of selection on a quantitative trait -- The limits of selection and the nature of -- Threshold selection and disease liability -- Quantitative genetics is not suited for causal analyses -- Chapter 10 Evolutionary genetic analysis of the sex ratio -- Analysis -- Assumptions and notations -- Finding the recursion equation system -- Testing for stability -- Summing up -- Interpretations, extensions and comments -- Sex ratio selection -- An explanation of well-delimited validity -- Meiotic recombination is an evolved genetic system -- Evolutionary genetic analysis -- What's next? -- Estimates and tests in population genetics -- The mutation-selection balance -- Partial genetic isolation -- Segregation distortion and genetic conflicts -- Epilogue -- Thanks -- Glossary -- Answers -- References -- Index -- EULA

The Origins of Genome Architecture

Author: Michael Lynch

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated


Category: Medical

Page: 494

View: 8046

The availability of genomic blueprints for hundreds of species has led to a transformation in biology, encouraging the proliferation of adaptive arguments for the evolution of genomic features, yet often sacrificing simpler, more compelling explanations. This textbook explains why the details matter and presents an explanatory framework for how the architectural diversity of eukarotic genomes and genes came to arise. Presented in non-technical fashion, it is compatible for use in an advanced Genetics course and as a professional reference.

An Introduction to Population Genetics

Theory and Applications

Author: Rasmus Nielsen,Montgomery Slatkin

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9781605351537

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 8495

"A text for a one-semester course in population genetics. It introduces students to classical population genetics (in terms of allele and haplotype frequencies) and modern population genetics (in terms of coalescent theory). It presents numerous applications of population genetic methods to practical problems, including testing for natural selection, detecting genetic hitchhiking and inferring the history of populations"--Provided by publisher.

Principles of Population Genetics

Author: Daniel L. Hartl,Andrew G. Clark

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878933082

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 4244

This edition provides a balanced presentation of theory and observation. It introduces the principles of genetics and statistics that are relevant to population studies, and examines the forces affecting genetic variation from the molecular to the organismic level.

A Biologist's Guide to Mathematical Modeling in Ecology and Evolution

Author: Sarah P. Otto,Troy Day

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400840910

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 4349

Thirty years ago, biologists could get by with a rudimentary grasp of mathematics and modeling. Not so today. In seeking to answer fundamental questions about how biological systems function and change over time, the modern biologist is as likely to rely on sophisticated mathematical and computer-based models as traditional fieldwork. In this book, Sarah Otto and Troy Day provide biology students with the tools necessary to both interpret models and to build their own. The book starts at an elementary level of mathematical modeling, assuming that the reader has had high school mathematics and first-year calculus. Otto and Day then gradually build in depth and complexity, from classic models in ecology and evolution to more intricate class-structured and probabilistic models. The authors provide primers with instructive exercises to introduce readers to the more advanced subjects of linear algebra and probability theory. Through examples, they describe how models have been used to understand such topics as the spread of HIV, chaos, the age structure of a country, speciation, and extinction. Ecologists and evolutionary biologists today need enough mathematical training to be able to assess the power and limits of biological models and to develop theories and models themselves. This innovative book will be an indispensable guide to the world of mathematical models for the next generation of biologists. A how-to guide for developing new mathematical models in biology Provides step-by-step recipes for constructing and analyzing models Interesting biological applications Explores classical models in ecology and evolution Questions at the end of every chapter Primers cover important mathematical topics Exercises with answers Appendixes summarize useful rules Labs and advanced material available

Primer Of Population Biology

Author: Edward O. Wilson,Honorary Curator in Entomology and University Research Professor Emeritus Edward O Wilson,NA Wilson,William H. Bossert,Willam A Bossert

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated


Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6312

How to learn population biology. Population genetics. Ecology. Biogeography: species equilibrium theory.

Coalescent Theory

An Introduction

Author: John Wakeley

Publisher: Roberts Publishers

ISBN: 9780974707754

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 6255

"An introduction to coalescent theory, which provides the foundation for molecular population genetics and genomics. Coalescent theory is the conceptual framework for studies of DNA sequence variation within species, and is the source of essential tools for making inferences about mutation, recombination, population structure and natural selection from DNA sequence data"--Provided by publisher.

A Primer of Population Genetics

Author: Daniel L. Hartl

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878933044

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 6414

In response to many requests, the Third Edition of A Primer of Population Genetics has been dramatically shortened and streamlined for greater accessibility. Designed primarily for undergraduates, it will also serve for graduate students and professionals in biology and other sciences who desire a concise but comprehensive overview of the field with a primary focus on the integration of experimental results with theory. The abundance of experimental data generated by the use of molecular methods to study genetic polymorphisms sparked a transformation in the field of population genetics. Present in virtually all organisms, molecular polymorphisms allow populations to be studied without regard to species or habitat, and without the need for controlled crosses, mutant genes, or for any prior genetic studies. Thus a familiarity with population genetics has become essential for any biologist whose work is at the population level. These fields include evolution, ecology, systematics, plant breeding, animal breeding, conservation and wildlife management, human genetics, and anthropology. Population genetics seeks to understand the causes of genetic differences within and among species, and molecular biology provides a rich repertoire of techniques for identifying these differences.

The Causes of Molecular Evolution

Author: John H. Gillespie

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195092716

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 1900

This work provides a unified theory that addresses the important problem of the origin and maintenance of genetic variation in natural populations. With modern molecular techniques, variation is found in all species, sometimes at astonishingly high levels. Yet, despite these observations, the forces that maintain variation within and between species have been difficult subjects of study. Because they act very weakly and operate over vast time scales, scientists must rely on indirect inferences and speculative mathematical models. However, despite these obstacles, many advances have been made. The author's research in molecular genetics, evolution, and bio-mathematics has enabled him to draw on this work, and present a coherent and valuable view of the field. The book is divided into three parts. The first consists of three chapters on protein evolution, DNA evolution, and molecular mechanisms. This section reviews the experimental observations on genetic variation. The second part gives a unified treatment of the mathematical theory of selection in a fluctuating environment. The final two chapters combine the earlier assessments in a treatment of the scientific status of two competing theories for the maintenance of genetic variation. Steeped in the enormous advances population genetics has made over the past 25 years, this book has proven highly popular among human geneticists, biologists, evolutionary theorists, and bio-mathematicians.

Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics

Author: Masatoshi Nei,Sudhir Kumar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199881227

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 6701

During the last ten years, remarkable progress has occurred in the study of molecular evolution. Among the most important factors that are responsible for this progress are the development of new statistical methods and advances in computational technology. In particular, phylogenetic analysis of DNA or protein sequences has become a powerful tool for studying molecular evolution. Along with this developing technology, the application of the new statistical and computational methods has become more complicated and there is no comprehensive volume that treats these methods in depth. Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics fills this gap and present various statistical methods that are easily accessible to general biologists as well as biochemists, bioinformatists and graduate students. The text covers measurement of sequence divergence, construction of phylogenetic trees, statistical tests for detection of positive Darwinian selection, inference of ancestral amino acid sequences, construction of linearized trees, and analysis of allele frequency data. Emphasis is given to practical methods of data analysis, and methods can be learned by working through numerical examples using the computer program MEGA2 that is provided.

Population Biology

Concepts and Models

Author: Alan Hastings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475727313

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 5081

Population biology has been investigated quantitatively for many decades, resulting in a rich body of scientific literature. Ecologists often avoid this literature, put off by its apparently formidable mathematics. This textbook provides an introduction to the biology and ecology of populations by emphasizing the roles of simple mathematical models in explaining the growth and behavior of populations. The author only assumes acquaintance with elementary calculus, and provides tutorial explanations where needed to develop mathematical concepts. Examples, problems, extensive marginal notes and numerous graphs enhance the book's value to students in classes ranging from population biology and population ecology to mathematical biology and mathematical ecology. The book will also be useful as a supplement to introductory courses in ecology.