Introduction to Population Biology

Author: Dick Neal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521532235

Category: Nature

Page: 393

View: 5763

How do plant and animal populations change genetically to evolve and adapt to their local environments? How do populations grow and interact with one another through competition and predation? How does behaviour influence ecology and evolution? Introduction to Population Biology covers all these areas and more. Taking a quantitative and Darwinian perspective, the basic theory of population processes is developed using mathematical models. To allow students of biology, ecology and evolution to gain a real understanding of the subject, key features include: • step-by-step instructions for spreadsheet simulations of many basic equations to explore the outcomes or predictions of models • worked examples showing how the equations are applied to biological questions • problem sets together with detailed solutions to help the reader test their understanding • real-life examples to help the reader relate the theory to the natural world

Population Biology

Concepts and Models

Author: Alan Hastings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475727313

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 6928

Population biology has been investigated quantitatively for many decades, resulting in a rich body of scientific literature. Ecologists often avoid this literature, put off by its apparently formidable mathematics. This textbook provides an introduction to the biology and ecology of populations by emphasizing the roles of simple mathematical models in explaining the growth and behavior of populations. The author only assumes acquaintance with elementary calculus, and provides tutorial explanations where needed to develop mathematical concepts. Examples, problems, extensive marginal notes and numerous graphs enhance the book's value to students in classes ranging from population biology and population ecology to mathematical biology and mathematical ecology. The book will also be useful as a supplement to introductory courses in ecology.

Mathematics in Population Biology

Author: Horst R. Thieme

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187657

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7319

Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Dawn Bies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475735162

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 9339

The goal of this book is to search for a balance between simple and analyzable models and unsolvable models which are capable of addressing important questions on population biology. Part I focusses on single species simple models including those which have been used to predict the growth of human and animal population in the past. Single population models are, in some sense, the building blocks of more realistic models -- the subject of Part II. Their role is fundamental to the study of ecological and demographic processes including the role of population structure and spatial heterogeneity -- the subject of Part III. This book, which will include both examples and exercises, is of use to practitioners, graduate students, and scientists working in the field.

Mathematical Methods of Population Biology

Author: F. C. Hoppensteadt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521282567

Category: Mathematics

Page: 149

View: 2882

An introduction to mathematical methods used in the study of population phenomena including models of total population and population age structure, models of random population events presented in terms of Markov chains, and methods used to uncover qualitative behavior of more complicated difference equations.

Population Biology

Ecological and Evolutionary Viewpoints

Author: K. Wöhrmann,S.K. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642744745

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 8134

Fascinated by the diversity of living organisms, humans have always been curious about its origin. Darwin was the first to provide the scholary and persuasive thesis for gradual evolution and speciation under natural selection. Although we now have much information on evolution, we still don't understand it in detail. Many questions still remain open due to the complexity and multiplicity of interacting factors. Several approaches mainly arising from population ecology and genetics are presented in this book in order to help understand genetic variation and evolution.

Population Biology of Grasses

Author: G. P. Cheplick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521572057

Category: Nature

Page: 399

View: 6203

Dynamics.

The Evolution of Population Biology

Author: Rama S. Singh,Marcy K. Uyenoyama

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449540

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1409

This 2004 collection of essays deals with the foundation and historical development of population biology and its relationship to population genetics and population ecology on the one hand and to the rapidly growing fields of molecular quantitative genetics, genomics and bioinformatics on the other. Such an interdisciplinary treatment of population biology has never been attempted before. The volume is set in a historical context, but it has an up-to-date coverage of material in various related fields. The areas covered are the foundation of population biology, life history evolution and demography, density and frequency dependent selection, recent advances in quantitative genetics and bioinformatics, evolutionary case history of model organisms focusing on polymorphisms and selection, mating system evolution and evolution in the hybrid zones, and applied population biology including conservation, infectious diseases and human diversity. This is the third of three volumes published in honour of Richard Lewontin.

Population Biology of Plants

Author: John L. Harper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 892

View: 8570

This book, written in 1977, brought together for the first time, the current knowledge of plants that might be relevant to understanding their population biology. ¿This monumental volume did more than summarize the state of plant biology; ¿it linked the conceptual and theoretical developments in population ecology, mostly derived from the study of animals, with field observations and experimental evidence of population regulation and life history evolution in plants. ¿¿The field of population biology was already well established in the 1960s although with a clear zoocentric emphasis, however, it is because of Harper¿s work that the field experienced a veritable explosion, reached maturity and became a mainstream scientific endeavour worldwide. This field is so vast now that it would be pointless, if not impossible, for someone to summarise it. It is precisely because of this that PBP is as relevant now as it was in 1977. John Harper¿s style of highlighting unanswered questions and the limitations of both theory and empirical evidence served and still serves as foundation for research agendas worldwide. Much remains to be done in this field and this alone makes PBP an essential element in the library of every student/researcher of population biology, whether interested in plants or animals.¿From the ¿Preface to the 2010 Printing¿ written by José Sarukhán, Rodolfo Dirzo and Miguel Franco.

Population Biology

Author: Simon A. Levin,American Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821867389

Category: Science

Page: 101

View: 9781

The lecture notes contained in this volume were presented at the AMS Short Course on Population Biology, held August 6-7, 1983, in Albany, New York in conjunction with the summer meeting of the American Mathematical Society. These notes will acquaint the reader with the mathematical ideas that pervade almost every level of thinking in population biology and provide an introduction to the many applications of mathematics in the field. Research mathematicians, college teachers of mathematics, and graduate students all should find this book of interest. Population biology is probably the oldest area in mathematical biology, but remains a constant source of new mathematical problems and the area of biology best integrated with mathematical theory. The need for mathematical approaches has never been greater, as evolutionary theory is challenged by new interpretations of the paleontological record and new discoveries at the molecular level, as world resources for feeding populations become limiting, as the problems of pollution increase, and as both animal and plant epidemiological problems receive closer scrutiny. A background of advanced calculus, introduction to ordinary and partial differential equations, and linear algebra will make the book accessible. All of the papers included have high research value. A list of the contents follows.

The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Author: Christopher Dye

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140086657X

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 3237

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains among the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. Reenvisioning tuberculosis from the perspective of population biology, this book examines why the disease is so persistent and what must be done to fight it. Treating tuberculosis and its human hosts as dynamic, interacting populations, Christopher Dye seeks new answers to key questions by drawing on demography, ecology, epidemiology, evolution, and population genetics. Dye uses simple mathematical models to investigate how cases and deaths could be reduced, and how interventions could lead to TB elimination. Dye's analysis reveals a striking gap between the actual and potential impact of current interventions, especially drug treatment, and he suggests placing more emphasis on early case detection and the treatment of active or incipient tuberculosis. He argues that the response to disappointingly slow rates of disease decline is not to abandon long-established principles of chemotherapy, but to implement them with greater vigor. Summarizing epidemiological insights from population biology, Dye stresses the need to take a more inclusive view of the factors that affect disease, including characteristics of the pathogen, individuals and populations, health care systems, and physical and social environments. In broadening the horizons of TB research, The Population Biology of Tuberculosis demonstrates what must be done to prevent, control, and defeat this global threat in the twenty-first century.

Dynamical Systems in Population Biology

Author: Xiao-Qiang Zhao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319564331

Category: Mathematics

Page: 406

View: 3398

This research monograph provides an introduction to the theory of nonautonomous semiflows with applications to population dynamics. It develops dynamical system approaches to various evolutionary equations such as difference, ordinary, functional, and partial differential equations, and pays more attention to periodic and almost periodic phenomena. The presentation includes persistence theory, monotone dynamics, periodic and almost periodic semiflows, basic reproduction ratios, traveling waves, and global analysis of prototypical population models in ecology and epidemiology. Research mathematicians working with nonlinear dynamics, particularly those interested in applications to biology, will find this book useful. It may also be used as a textbook or as supplementary reading for a graduate special topics course on the theory and applications of dynamical systems. Dr. Xiao-Qiang Zhao is a University Research Professor at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada. His main research interests involve applied dynamical systems, nonlinear differential equations, and mathematical biology. He is the author of more than 100 papers, and his research has played an important role in the development of the theory and applications of monotone dynamical systems, periodic and almost periodic semiflows, uniform persistence, and basic reproduction ratios.

The Behaviour, Population Biology and Physiology of the Petrels

Author: John Warham

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080527789

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 9982

Over a lifetime's work with the group, John Warham has firmly established himself as one of the foremost experts on these birds. In this book he completes the major survey started in his earlier work, The Petrels: Their Ecology and Breeding Systems. The text is comprehensive, well illustrated, and fully referenced. Together with the earlier, companion volume, this encyclopedic treatment presents an amazingly detailed, yet accessible introduction to this important, much-studied bird family, for the biologist, the conservation manager, and the dedicated amateur ornithologist. Key Features * Authored by an authoritative expert in the field * Explores an important, model group of birds * Appeals to a conservation interest

Applied Population Biology

Author: S.K. Jain,L.W. Botsford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0585329117

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 8161

An increasing variety of biological problems involving resource management, conservation and environmental quality have been dealt with using the principles of population biology (defined to include population dynamics, genetics and certain aspects of community ecology). There appears to be a mixed record of successes and failures and almost no critical synthesis or reviews that have attempted to discuss the reasons and ways in which population biology, with its remarkable theoretical as well as experimental advances, could find more useful application in agriculture, forestry, fishery, medicine and resource and environmental management. This book provides examples of state-of-the-art applications by a distinguished group of researchers in several fields. The diversity of topics richly illustrates the scientific and economic breadth of their discussions as well as epistemological and comparative analyses by the authors and editors. Several principles and common themes are emphasized and both strengths and potential sources of uncertainty in applications are discussed. This volume will hopefully stimulate new interdisciplinary avenues of problem-solving research.

Human Population Biology

A Transdisciplinary Science

Author: Michael A. Little,Jere D. Haas

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195050169

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 970

This book is a careful integration of the social and biological sciences, drawing on anthropology, biology, human ecology and medicine to provide a comprehensive understanding of how our species adapts to natural and man-made environments. Part I presents techniques to adapt and apply demographic methods to small populations, particularly important for studying non-Western populations. Part II discusses the relationship of medical genetics to human adaptability and patterns of disease in non-Western populations. Part III covers capacity, climatic stress, and nutrition. Part IV presents methods for growth assessment and prediction and addresses the topic of aging. The final section, Part V, presents integrated case studies of human adaptation to high altitude, and patterns of modernization and stress resulting from cultural change.

Population Biology and Criticality

From Critical Birth-death Processes to Self-organized Criticality in Mutation Pathogen Systems

Author: Nico Stollenwerk,Vincent Jansen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1848164017

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 1233

The present book describes novel theories of mutation pathogen systems showing critical fluctuations, as a paradigmatic example of an application of the mathematics of critical phenomena to the life sciences. It will enable the reader to understand the implications and future impact of these findings, yet at same time allow him to actively follow the mathematical tools and scientific origins of critical phenomena. This book also seeks to pave the way to further fruitful applications of the mathematics of critical phenomena in other fields of the life sciences.

Some Mathematical Questions in Biology

Models in Population Biology

Author: Alan Hastings

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821897157

Category: Science

Page: 123

View: 6956

Population biology has had a long history of mathematical modeling. The 1920s and 1930s saw major strides with the work of Lotka and Volterra in ecology and Fisher, Haldane, and Wright in genetics. In recent years, much more sophisticated mathematical techniques have been brought to bear on questions in population biology. Simultaneously, advances in experimental and field work have produced a wealth of new data. While this growth has tended to fragment the field, one unifying theme is that similar mathematical questions arise in a range of biological contexts. This volume contains the proceedings of a symposium on Some Mathematical Questions in Biology, held in Chicago in 1987. The papers all deal with different aspects of population biology, but there are overlaps in the mathematical techniques used; for example, dynamics of nonlinear differential and difference equations form a common theme. The topics covered are cultural evolution, multilocus population genetics, spatially structured population genetics, chaos and the dynamics of epidemics, and the dynamics of ecological communities.

Population Biology

Author: Thomas C. Emmel

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Animal ecology

Page: 371

View: 8641

Introduction to population biology; The genetic structure of populations; Evolution at the population level; Population size: growth and dynamics; Regulatory systems in populations; Dispersion, dispersal, and populations; Population structure: age and sex; Life history patterns and selection in populations; Mating systens and behavior in populations; Seasonality and populations; Interactions of unrelated populations in communities.

Primer Of Population Biology

Author: Edward O. Wilson,Honorary Curator in Entomology and University Research Professor Emeritus Edward O Wilson,NA Wilson,William H. Bossert,Willam A Bossert

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 5683

How to learn population biology. Population genetics. Ecology. Biogeography: species equilibrium theory.