Author: Helen Margetts,Peter John,Scott Hale,Taha Yasseri
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
As people spend increasing proportions of their daily lives using social media, such as Twitter and Facebook, they are being invited to support myriad political causes by sharing, liking, endorsing, or downloading. Chain reactions caused by these tiny acts of participation form a growing part of collective action today, from neighborhood campaigns to global political movements. Political Turbulence reveals that, in fact, most attempts at collective action online do not succeed, but some give rise to huge mobilizations—even revolutions. Drawing on large-scale data generated from the Internet and real-world events, this book shows how mobilizations that succeed are unpredictable, unstable, and often unsustainable. To better understand this unruly new force in the political world, the authors use experiments that test how social media influence citizens deciding whether or not to participate. They show how different personality types react to social influences and identify which types of people are willing to participate at an early stage in a mobilization when there are few supporters or signals of viability. The authors argue that pluralism is the model of democracy that is emerging in the social media age—not the ordered, organized vision of early pluralists, but a chaotic, turbulent form of politics. This book demonstrates how data science and experimentation with social data can provide a methodological toolkit for understanding, shaping, and perhaps even predicting the outcomes of this democratic turbulence.
The world is in the midst of a social media paradigm. Once viewed as trivial and peripheral, social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and WeChat have become an important part of the information and communication infrastructure of society. They are bound up with business and politics as well as everyday life, work, and personal relationships. This international Handbook addresses the most significant research themes, methodological approaches and debates in the study of social media. It contains substantial chapters written especially for this book by leading scholars from a range of disciplinary perspectives, covering everything from computational social science to sexual self-expression. Part 1: Histories And Pre-Histories Part 2: Approaches And Methods Part 3: Platforms, Technologies And Business Models Part 4: Cultures And Practices Part 5: Social And Economic Domains
The rise of social media has changed politics forever. No longer must citizens go through the trouble of writing letters to their representatives to be heard. In turn, politicians have been given a direct line to their constituents. Is this accessibility an asset or a liability? How has the use of social media changed the campaign and election process? What happens when the president blocks you on Twitter? The thought-provoking viewpoints in this volume explore the finer points of a newly emerging controversy.
Дослідження, що стало світовим бестселером № 1 за версією The New York Times та лідером продажів на Amazon.com, ламає усталені уявлення про земну історію від появи людини й народження мови до сьогодення і примушує задуматися: шлях розвитку наших предків міг бути зовсім іншим. Долучіться до історичної розвідки, і вас приголомшать неочікувані й сміливі припущення. У книжці ви не знайдете нудної хронології та сухих дат, але разом з автором розмірковуватимете про численні «чому?». ▶ Чому Людина Розумна отримала шанс на майбутнє та що винищило її найближчих древніх родичів? ▶ Чому перехід від збиральництва до сільського господарства став пасткою для людини й погіршив її життя? ▶ Чому могутні імперії інків та монголів зазнали краху та були переможені нечисленними групами європейців? ▶ Що таке «теорія пліток» і як розмови про те, чого насправді не існує, підняли людину на вищий щабель цивілізації? ▶ Що спільного між релігією та ідеологією? Чим відрізняються християнство та буддизм? ▶ Як гроші та кредити стали однією з основних рушійних сил цивілізації? ▶ Чому зруйновані імперії досі керують людством?
Harry Potter thinks he is an ordinary boy until he is rescued by an owl, taken to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, learns to play Quiddich, and engages in a deadly duel. The reason: Harry is a wizard.
When the Chamber of Secrets is opened again at the Hogwarts School for Witchcraft and Wizardry, second-year student Harry Potter finds himself in danger from a dark power that has once more been released on the school.
Drawing on social movement theory, this book presents a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of collective action during Guatemalaa (TM)s democratic transition (1985-1996) and the accompanying impact of social movements on democratisation, focusing on three indigenous peoplesa (TM) social movement organisations.
What took place Tiananmen Square was a dramatic conflict. And it was, to a great extent, a media-aided conflict. Without the active involvement of both the Chinese national news media and the international news media, the conflict could never have reached such a magnitude and cast such an extensive impact on the Chinese people and on people around the world. This book adopts a theoretical framework that combines the following lines: the general social environment in which the conflict occurred and the news media operated; the societal, ideological, organisational and professional factors that influenced the news media's operations; and the interaction between the news media and the conflict. This book concentrates on the following areas to examine the effects of the news media on the movement: 1) the goals, strategies and discourse of the movement; 2) legitimisation or de-legitimisation of the movement; 3) information provision; 4) messages as signals for actions; and 5) people's attitudes.
Chester A. Crocker,Fen Osler Hampson,Pamela R. Aall
Author: Chester A. Crocker,Fen Osler Hampson,Pamela R. Aall
Publisher: United States Inst of Peace Pr
Please see the new, replacement volume Leashing the Dogs of War . Like its predecessor,Managing Global Chaos,this comprehensive volume explores the sources of contemporary conflict and the vast array of possible responses to it. The authors'50 of the most influential and innovative analysts of international affairs'present multiple perspectives on how best to prevent, manage, or resolve conflicts around the world. In the five years since Managing Global Chaoswas published, the geopolitical landscape has changed in significant ways and we have learned important lessons. Turbulent Peaceunderlines the volatility and vulnerability of states and peoples in a world that is both increasingly interconnected and ever more differentiated and decentralized in its political and social structures. Four new themes emerge from Turbulent Peace:the return of geopolitics; the recognition that different societies require different peacemaking strategies; the pull and tug between conflict management and post-conflict governance issues, such as democratization; and the understanding that creating a sustainable peace is as difficult as making peace in the first place. Although this volume features many of the contributors to Managing Global Chaos(in most cases with updated and revised chapters), almost 70 percent of the contributors are new. The editors commissioned the new essays to address emergent themes in conflict analysis and management, to offer a wide range of viewpoints in contentious areas, and to respond to feedback from readers and the needs of educators. The result is a volume of unparalleled breadth and depth, an invaluable resource for teachers and students no less than for practitioners and policymakers.
Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Business & Economics
There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
Author: Martin Minogue,Charles Polidano,David Hulme
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Category: Political Science
This text brings together a number of specialists who examine the range of ideas and concepts of the new models of reform, paying particular attention to the "new public management" model and to strategies of good governance. It evaluates progress made by governments and aid donors in putting these ideas into practice. Using case studies from both the developed and developing world, it emphasizes the extent to which public management and governance reforms are being applied throughout the international arena. The examples used focus on the problems of policy and institutional transfers between the industrialized world and developing countries. Multidisciplinary in its approach, it draws on literature and research from management studies, political science, sociology, economics and devolopment studies, and points to issues likely to dominate research agenda.
Don't just survive--learn to thrive in times of change!
Author: Peter Garber
Publisher: American Society for Training and Development
Category: Business & Economics
Companies change all the time. Technology changes and economies shift, so it is tough for everyone: employees, managers, and executives. Today, there are more turbulent changes than ever—and they happen faster, so everyone has to quickly adjust. In More Turbulent Change, you learn early warning signs to detect change, common reactions, and new ways to face workplace change. Find out how you react, and create change within yourself to meet your new surroundings. Develop the skills needed to create a positive workforce with more engaged and productive employees.